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Full text of "Statistical atlas of the United States"

L/x\.JL* I\ 1 i^i\i5 



OF THE 



UNITE 



1924 



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Reference Kjqjm 

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

HERBERT HOOVER, Secretary 

^'BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

W. M. Steuart, Director 



H 



STATISTICAL ATLAS 



OF THE 



UNITED STATES 



Prepared under the supervision of 
CHARLES S. SLOANE 
Geographer of the Census 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1925 



iwm. 



i>*** 






LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



Department of Commerce, 

Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, D. C, June 7, 1924. 
Sir: 

I transmit herewith the Statistical Atlas of the United. States. This volume con- 
tains the maps and diagrams used for illustrating the reports of the Fourteenth Census, 
as well as a number of illustrations which have been prepared and published in the 
special and annual reports of the Bureau of the Census. 

The text and illustrations comprising this volume were prepared under the super- 
vision of Charles S. Sloane, Geographer of the Census. 
Respectfully, 

W. M. Steuart, 

Director of the Census. 
Hon. Herbert Hoover, 

Secretary of Commerce. 
ii 



1 



1103 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Area, enumerated at the Fourteenth Census 3 

Area of enumeration 1 3 

Geographic divisions 6 

Centers and median lines 7 

Center of population 7 

Median lines 10 

Median point 11 

Centers of population of states 11 

Center of — 

Area 17 

Foreign-born population 17 

Negro population 18 

Urban and rural population _ 19 

Agriculture 20 

Manufactures 23 

PLATES. 

(Titles descriptive of the plates shown are arranged by subjects on the pages indicated below. See also index.) 

Agriculture (Plates 239-341) 269 

Drainage (Plates 294-322) 272 

Irrigation (Plates 323-341) 272 

Cotton (Plates 362-374) 401 

Encumbered homes (Plates 375-389)-. 417 

Manufactures (Plates 342-350) 375 

Mines and quarries (Plates 351-361) 387 

Population (Plates 1-238) 25 

Occupations (Plates 223-238) 29 

Statistics of cities (Plates 392-395) 439 

Statistics of states (Plates 390-391) 435 

Vital statistics (Plates 396-412) 445 

Births (Plates 396-397) 446 

Deaths (Plates 398-412) 446 

Index to illustrations 465 

in 



STATISTICAL ATLAS 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



AREA ENUMERATED AT THE FOURTEENTH CENSUS. 



AREA OF ENUMERATION. 

The area of enumeration in 1920 embraced the 
United States proper and the outlying possessions of 
Alaska, Hawaii, Porto Rico, Guam, Samoa, and the 
Panama Canal Zone. No provision was made in the 
Fourteenth Census Act for the enumeration of the 
Philippine Islands, a census of those islands having 
been taken by the Philippine government as of 
December 31, 1918, nor of the Virgin Islands, for 
which a special enumeration was made as of Novem- 
ber 1, 1917. The gross area of the territory under the 
jurisdiction "of the United States in 1920 was 3,738,- 
371 scpiare miles, and its population 117,823,165, as 
shown in Table 1. The population was as returned at 
the Fourteenth Census, taken as of January 1, 1920, 
for the United States proper and all of the outlying 
possessions except the Philippine Islands and the 
Virgin Islands, enumerations of their population 
being made at the dates specified above. 



In Table 2 is given the gross area in square miles of 
the United States, including all its outlying posses- 
sions, at each enumeration from 1790 to 1920, together 
with the population; the area — land, water, and 
total — and the population of the United States, 
excluding the outlying possessions; and the gross 
area of the outlying possessions. 



Table 1 



TERRITORY ENUMERATED: 1920. 



United States (with outlying possessions) . 

Continental United States 

Outlying possessions 



Alaska 

American Samoa 

Guam 

Hawaii 

Panama Canal Zone 

Philippine Islands... 

Porto Rico _. 

Virgin Islands of the United States . 

Military and naval, etc., services abroad. 



Gross area 
(land and 
water in 
sq. miles). 



3,738,371 



3, 026, 789 
711, 582 



586, 400 

75 

206 

6,406 

527 

114, 400 

3,435 

133 



Population. 



117,823,165 



105, 710, 620 
11,995,307 



55, 036 

8,056 

13, 275 

255, 912 

22, 858 

10, 314, 310 

1, 299, 809 

2 26, 051 

117, 238 



1 Philippine census, Dec. 31, 1918. 



2 Census, Nov. 1, 1917. 



Table 2 


UNITED STATES AND ITS OUTLYING POSSESSIONS. 




Aggregate 
population. 


Gross area 
(land and 
water) in 

square miles. 


Per cent 

of area in 

1920. 


United States (excluding outlying possessions). 




CENSUS TEAR. 


Population. 


Area in square miles. 


Gross area 
of outlying 
possessions 


> 


Gross area 

(land and 

water). 


Per cent 

of area in 

1920. 


Land. 


Water.i 


in square 
miles. 


1920 - — 


117, 823, 165 
101, 118, 347 
77, 256, 630 
62, 979, 766 
50, 189, 209 

38, 558, 371 
31, 443, 321 
23,191,876 
17, 069, 453 
12, 866, 020 

9, 638, 453 
7,239,881 
5, 308, 483 
3,929,214 


3,738,371 
3, 738, 238 
3, 737, 711 
3,613, 189 
3, 613, 189 

3,613,189 
3, 026, 789 
2,997, 119 
1, 792, 223 
1, 792, 223 

1, 792, 223 

1, 720, 122 

892, 135 

892, 135 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
96. 6 
96.6 

96.6 
80.9 
80. 1 
47.9 
47.9 

47.9 
46.0 
23.8 
23.8 


105, 710, 620 
91, 972, 266 
75, 994, 575 
62,947,714 
50, 155, 783 

38, 558, 371 
31, 443, 321 
23, 191, 876 
17, 069, 453 
12, 866, 020 

9, 638, 453 
7,239,881 
5, 308, 483 
3, 929, 214 


3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 7S9 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 

3, 026, 789 
3, 026, 789 
2, 997, 119 
1, 792, 223 
1, 792, 223 

1, 792, 223 

1, 720, 122 

892, 135 

892, 135 


100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
99.0 
59.2 
59.2 

59.2 
56.8 
29.5 
29.5 


2, 973, 776 

2. 973, 890 

2.974, 159 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 

2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 944, 337 
1, 753, 588 
1, 753, 588 

1, 753, 588 

1, 685, 865 

867, 980 

867, 980 


53, 013 
52, 899 
52, 630 
52, 824 
52, 824 

52, 824 
52, 824 
52, 782 
38, 635 
38, 635 

38, 635 
34, 257 
24, 155 
24, 155 


711, 582 


1910 


711, 449 


1900 


710, 922 


1890 . . - - -- 


586, 400 


1880 - --- 


586, 400 
586, 400 


1870 


1860 _. 


1850 --- - - 




1840 ... - - --- 




1830 - - 




1820 - 




1810 




1800 _ 




1790 









1 Does not include water surface of oceans, Gulf of Mexico, or Great Lakes, lying within jurisdiction of the United States. 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Table 3 gives the gross area with the date of annexa- 
tion of each accession of territory from 1790 to 1920, 
and per cent distribution of aggregate area and area 
of the United States. 

Plate No. 1 shows the boundaries of the original 
13 states and each of the accessions of territory. 



Table 3 


Date 

ac- 
quired. 


GROSS AREA (LAND AND 
WATER) IN SQUARE MILES. 


PER CENT 
DISTRIBUTION. 


ACCESSION. 


Area of 
accession. 


Total area. 


Aggre- 
gate 
area. 


Area 
of the 
United 
States. 


Aggregate, 1920— United 
States and outlying pos- 






3, 738, 371 


100.0 












United States - 




3, 026, 789 
711, 582 


81.0 
19.0 


100.0 


Outlying possessions. ._ 
















Territory in 1790 > 




892, 135 
1, 720, 122 
1, 778, 788 

1, 792, 223 
2, 181, 389 
2, 467, 930 

2, 997, 119 
3, 026, 789 
3,613, 189 

3, 619, 595 
3, 733, 995 

3. 737, 430 
3, 737, 636 
3,737,711 

3. 738, 238 

3, 738, 371 


23.8 

22.1 
1.6 
0.4 

10.4 
7.7 

14. 1 
0.8 

15.7 
0.2 
3. 1 
0.1 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 

( 2 ) 


29. 5 




1803 
1819 
1819 
1845 
1846 
1848 
1853 
1867 
1898 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1900 
1904 

1917 


827, 987 

58, 666 

13, 435 

389, 166 

286, 541 

529, 189 

29,670 

586, 400 

6,406 

114, 400 

3,435 

206 

75 

527 

133 


27.4 


Florida _ 


1.9 


By treaty with Spain__ 

Texas 


0.4 
12.9 




9.5 


Mexican Cession 

Gadsden Purchase 


17.5 

1.0 


Alaska 

Hawaii. . - 




Philippine Islands . _ _ 




Guam _ . 




Samoa . 




Panama Canal Zone -. 

Virgin Islands of the United 
States _- 





1 Includes drainage basin of the Red River of the North, not a part of any acces- 
sion, but in the past sometimes considered a part of the Louisiana Purchase. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

The increase in population from 3,929,214 at the 
census of 1790 to 117,823,165 at the census of 1920 
was 113,893,951, or about 29 persons in 1920 to each 
person returned at the First Census. During the 
same period the area was extended from 892,135 
square miles to 3,738,371 square miles. The area, 
therefore, increased only four times, as compared 
with a population increase of nearly twenty-nine fold. 
The gross area, land and water, of the territory under 
the jurisdiction of the United States at the Fourteenth 
Census was 3,738,371 square miles. The outlying 
territories had an area of 711,582 square miles, con- 
stituting 19.0 per cent, or approximately one-fifth of the 
total area. 

In 1790, at the First Census, the area was 892,135 
square miles, less than one-fourth of the present area, 
and, with the exception of the territory known as 



Florida, was confined to the territory lying between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River, to- 
gether with the drainage basin of the Red River of 
the North. The largest accession of territory at any 
decade was that of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. 
During the decade from 1840 to 1850 there were three 
accessions of territory, aggregating 1,204,896 square 
miles, which, with the area of the Louisiana Purchase, 
covered an area of over 2,000,000 square miles. The 
annexations made in other years, with the exception 
of Alaska, were smaller in area, but more densely 
populated. 

Table 4 shows at each census the population, accu- 
mulative increase, per cent of increase from 1790, 
land area, and number of persons per square mile for 
the United States, exclusive of its outlying possessions. 
The increase in population in 1840, after 50 years of 
growth was 334.4 per cent, having increased a little 
over four times. The increase for 100 years, to 1890, 
was 1,502 per cent, or there were then in the United 
States 16 persons where in 1790 there was one person. 
The increase for 130 years, to 1920, was 2,590.4 per 
cent; in other words, there were 27 persons in conti- 
nental United States to each person returned in 1790. 
The land area has increased almost three and one- 
half times, while the population per square mile has 
increased nearly eight times, the increase in density 
from 1900 to 1910 being greater than during any other 
decade. The increase and decrease in density of 
population is represented by Diagram 1, Plate No. 
139. 

The land area of each of the states and of the entire 
United States is given in Table 5. 



Table 4 

CENSUS TEAR. 


Population of 

continental 

United 

States. 


Accumulative 
increase. 


Per cent 
of in- 
crease 
from 1790. 


Land area 

in square 

miles. 


Popula- 
tion per 
square 
mile. 


1920 


105, 710, 620 
91, 972, 266 
75, 994, 575 
62, 947, 714 
50, 155, 783 
38, 558, 371 
31, 443, 321 
23, 191, 876 
17, 069, 453 
12, 866. 020 
9, 638. 453 
7, 239, 881 
5, 308, 483 
3, 929, 214 


101, 781, 406 
88, 043, 052 
72, 065, 361 
59, 018, 500 
46, 226, 569 
34, 629, 157 
27, 514, 107 
19, 262, 662 
13, 140, 239 
8, 936, 806 
5, 709, 239 
3, 310, 667 
1, 379, 269 


2, 590. 4 

2, 240. 7 

1, 834. 1 

1, 502. 

1, 176. 5 

881.3 

700.2 

490.2 

334.4 

227.4 

145.3 

84.3 

35.1 


2, 973, 776 

2. 973, 890 

2. 974, 159 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 973, 965 
2, 944, 337 
1, 753, 588 
1, 753, 588 
1, 753, 588 
1, 685, 865 

867, 980 
867, 980 


35.5 


1910 

1900 


30.9 
25.6 


1890___ 


21.2 


1880. __ 


16.9 


1870.. 


13.0 


1860 


10.6 


1850 


7.9 


1840 


9.7 


1830 .. 


7.3 


1820 


5.5 


1810 


4.3 


1800 

1790 


6.1 

4.5 











AREA OF ENUMERATION. 5 

Table 5.— LAND AREA OF THE UNITED STATES IN SQUARE MILES, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 

1790^1920. 



STATE OR TERRITORY 


1920 


1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 


1840 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


1790 


United States 


1 2, 973, 776 


2 2,973,890 


3 2, 974, 159 


2, 973, 965 


2, 973, 965 


2, 973, 965 


1 2, 973, 965 


5 2, 944, 337 


1, 753, 588 


1, 753, 588 


6 1, 753, 588 


7 1, 685, 865 


867, 980 


» 867, 980 


Alabama- - 


51, 279 
113,810 

52, 525 
155, 652 
103, 658 

4,820 
1,965 
13 62 

54, 861 
58, 725 

83, 354 
56, 043 
36, 045 

55, 586 
81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 

29, 895 
9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 

68, 727 

28 146, 131 

76, 808 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 

48, 740 

70. 183 

40, 740 

69, 414 

95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 
76, 868 

41, 687 
262, 398 

82. 184 
9,124 

40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 

28 97, 548 


51, 279 
» 113, 810 

52, 525 
1° 155, 652 

103, 658 

4,820 

1,965 

60 

54, 861 

58, 725 

83, 354 

» 56, 043 

"36,045 

55, 586 

81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 

29, 895 
9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 

68, 727 
146, 201 

76, 808 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 

48, 740 

70. 183 

40, 740 

69, 414 

95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 
76, 868 

41, 687 
262, 398 

82. 184 
9,124 

40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 
97, 594 


51, 279 
113,840 

52, 525 
"156,092 

103, 658 

4,820 
1,965 
13 60 

54, 861 
58, 725 

83, 354 

56, 002 
35, 885 

55, 586 
81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 

29, 895 
9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 
68, 727 

146, 201 

76, 808 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 

48, 740 

70. 183 

40, 740 
38, 624 

95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 
76, 868 

41, 687 
262, 398 

82. 184 
9,124 

40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 
97, 594 


51, 279 
113,840 

52, 525 
155, 900 
103, 658 

4,820 

1,965 

58 

54, 861 
58, 725 

83, 354 
56, 002 
35, 885 

55, 586 
81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 

29, 895 
9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 
68, 727 

146, 201 

76, 808 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 

48, 740 
70, 183 

40, 740 
38, 624 

95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 
76, 868 

41, 687 
262, 398 

82, 184 
9,124 
40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 
97, 594 


51, 279 
113,840 

52, 525 
155, 900 
103, 658 

4,820 

1,965 

58 

54, 861 
58, 725 

83, 354 
56, 002 
35, 885 

55, 586 
81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 
29, 895 

9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 
68, 727 

146, 201 

76, 172 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 
48, 740 
(21) 

40, 740 


51, 279 
113,840 

52, 525 
155, 900 
103, 658 

4,820 

1,965 

58 

54, 861 
58, 725 

83, 354 
56, 002 
35, 885 

55, 586 
81, 774 

40, 181 

45, 409 
29, 895 

9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 
80, 858 

46, 362 
68, 727 

146, 195 

76, 172 

109, 821 

9,031 

7,514 

122, 503 

47, 654 

48, 740 

(21) 

40, 740 


51, 279 


51, 279 


51, 279 


51, 279 


51, 279 








Arizona 








Arkansas. . . .- - 


52, 525 

155, 900 

'2103,658 

4,820 

1,965 

58 

54, 861 

58, 725 


52, 525 
155, 900 


52, 525 


52, 525 


105, 275 








California 








Colorado _ - .... 
















4,820 

1,965 

58 

54,861 
58, 725 


4,820 

1,965 

90 

54, 861 

58, 725 


4,820 

1,965 

90 

54, 861 
58, 725 


4,820 

1,965 

90 

54, 861 

58, 725 


4,820 

1,965 

90 


4,820 

1,965 

90 


4,820 




District of Columbia... 




Florida . 






58, 725 


111,877 


145 196 


Idaho . 




Illinois 


56, 002 

35, 885 

55, 586 

12 81, 774 

40, 181 
45, 409 
29, 895 
9,941 
8,039 

57, 480 

12 80,858 

46, 362 

68, 727 


56, 002 
35, 885 
55, 586 


56, 002 
35, 885 
191, 656 


56, 002 
35, 885 


56, 002 
35, 885 


192, 381 
42, 933 






Indiana . 


252, 084 




Iowa 




Kansas 














40, 181 

45, 409 
29, 895 

9,941 
8,041 

57, 480 
163, 457 

46, 362 
68, 727 


40, 181 
45, 409 
29, 895 
9,941 
8,041 

57, 480 


40, 181 
45, 409 
29, 895 
9,941 
8,041 

186, 052 


40, 181 
45, 409 
29, 895 
9,941 
8,041 

186, 052 


40, 181 

1' 34, 065 

18 29, 895 

9,941 

8,041 

42, 625 


40, 181 


i 6 40, 181 


Louisiana 




18 29, 895 
9,941 
8,041 


18 29, 895 
9 999 






8 041 






Minnesota 






Mississippi 


46, 362 

68, 727 


46, 362 
65, 618 


46, 362 


l» 97, 641 


33, 319 




Missouri . 




Montana 










Nebraska 


12 118,915 

■2 61,260 

9,031 

7,514 

"247,782 

47, 654 

48, 740 

(21) 

40, 740 
















Nevada 
















New Hampshire 


9,031 

7,514 

236, 548 

47, 652 

48, 740 


9,031 
7,514 


9,031 
7,514 


9,031 
7,514 


9,031 
7,514 


9,031 
7,514 


9,031 

7,514 


New Mexico 




47, 652 

48, 740 


47, 652 
48, 740 


47, 652 

48, 740 


47, 652 
48, 740 


47, 652 

48, 740 


47, 652 
48, 740 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 


Ohio 


40, 740 


40, 740 


40,228 


40,228 


40,228 


22 40, 228 




Oklahoma 




Oregon 


95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 

(21) 

41, 687 
262, 398 
82, 184 
9,124 
40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 
97, 594 


95, 607 

44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 

(21) 

41, 687 
262, 398 
82, 184 
9,124 
40, 262 

66, 836 
24, 022 
55, 256 
97, 594 


95, 607 

44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 

(21) 

41, 687 

262, 398 

12 122, 887 

9,124 

64,284 

183, 254 


282, 257 

44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 
















44, 832 

1,067 

30, 495 


44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 


44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 


44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 


44,832 

1,067 

30, 495 


23 44, 832 
1 067 


Rhode Island. . _ .. 




30, 495 


South Dakota 


Tennessee.. 

Texas 


41, 687 

232, 398 

230,610 

9,124 

64,284 


41, 687 


41,687 


41, 687 


41,687 


41, 687 


21 46, 977 


Utah 














Vermont . . 


9,124 
64,252 


9,124 
64, 252 


9,124 
64, 252 


9,124 
64, 252 


9,124 
64, 252 


9 124 


Virginia.. _ 


64, 284 


Washington. . .. . 


West Virginia .. 
















Wisconsin . 


55, 256 


55, 256 


82, 643 












Wyoming __ 












Territory northwest of 
Ohio River . . . 














25, 855 
5,290 


318, 167 


Territory south of Ten- 
nessee 


























Missouri Territory 




















608, 565 
52, 750 


674, 183 


2« 777, 940 




Indian Territory and 
unorganized territory. 






30, 790 


30, 790 


69, 414 
147,687 


69, 414 
147, 693 


69, 414 
12 312,094 


535, 003 


511,967 






Dakota Territory 







































1 Net reduction of 114 square miles due to building of Pathfinder and Shoshone 
Reservoirs (46 square miles of water surface) in Wyoming, and several reservoirs 
in connection with irrigation projects, (70 square miles of water surface) in Montana, 
and reclamation of 2 square miles of Potomac River flats in District of Columbia. 

2 Net reduction o f 269 square miles due to drainage of lakes and swamps in Illinois 
and Indiana (201 square miles of land) building of Roosevelt and Laguna Reservoirs 
in Arizona (30 square miles of water surface) and overflow of Colorado River into 
Salton Sea in California (440 square miles of water surface). 

3 Increase of 194 square miles due to reclamation of 2 square miles of Potomac 
River flats in District of Columbia and 192 square miles of Lake Tulare in California. 

4 Includes Gadsden Purchase (29,628 square miles) in 1853. 

6 Includes Texas annexation (385,590 square miles) in 1845; Oregon territory 
(282,257 square miles) in 1846; and Mexican Cession (522,902 square miles) in 1848. 

6 Includes Florida Purchase (54,861 square miles) and territory gained by treaty 
with Spain (12,862 square miles) in 1819. 

7 Includes Louisiana Purchase (817,885 square miles) of 1803. 

8 Includes the drainage basin of the Red River of the North. 

9 Decrease of 25 square miles due to building of Roosevelt Reservoir and 5 square 
miles due to building of Laguna Reservoir. 

i°Decrease of 440 square miles due to overflow of Colorado River into Salton Sea. 
n Increase of 192 square miles due to reclamation of part of Lake Tulare, Cali- 
fornia. 
12 Area given is that in 1861. 



1 3 Increase of 2 square miles due to reclamation of Potomac River flats. 

n Increase of 41 square miles due to drainage of lakes and swamps. 

" Increase of 160 square miles due to drainage of lakes and swamps. 

18 Then part of Virginia; area given is that in 1792, when it was admitted as a 
state. 

17 Then named Orleans territory; includes 4,611 square miles of disputed territory 
attached to state of Louisiana in 1812, and excludes 11,344 square miles gained by 
treaty with Spain in 1819. 

is Then under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts; admitted as a state in 1820. 

" Includes 5,880 square miles of disputed territory attached to Mississippi Terri- 
tory in 1812. 

20 Decrease of 70 square miles due to building of several reservoirs in connection 
with irrigation projects. 

21 Then part of Dakota Territory. 

22 Then part of "territory northwest of the Ohio River;" area given is that in 
1802, when it was admitted as a state. 

23 Includes 314 square miles ceded to the United States by the state of New York 
in 1781 and sold to the state of Pennsylvania in 1792. 

21 Then known as "territory southwest of the Ohio River"; includes 5,290 square 
miles of territory ceded to the United States by the state of South Carolina in 1787. 

25 Decrease of 46 square miles due to building of Pathfinder and Shoshone Reser- 
voirs. 

28 Then named territory of Louisiana. 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. 

In making comparisons of the growth in population, 
manufactures, and agriculture for groups of states, 
it has been found of great advantage to divide the 
United States into certain groups termed geographic 
divisions. The grouping of the country by geographic 
divisions is a natural one, and by the aid of it certain 
characteristic features in the development of groups 
of states are brought out. At the Fourteenth Census 
the United States was divided into nine geographic 
divisions, the boundaries of which are shown on 
Plate No. 2. The states comprised in each division 
are as follows: 



Maine. 

New Hampshire. 



NEW ENGLAND DIVISION. 

Vermont. 
Massachusetts. 



Rhode Island. 
Connecticut. 



New York. 



Ohio. 
Indiana. 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC DIVISION. 

New Jersey. Pennsylvania. 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL DIVISION. 

Illinois. Wisconsin. 

Michigan. 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL DIVISION. 



Minnesota. Missouri. 

Iowa. North Dakota. 

South Dakota. 

SOUTH ATLANTIC DIVISION. 



Delaware. 
Maryland. 
District of Columbia. 



Virginia. 
West Virginia. 
North Carolina. 



Nebraska. 
Kansas. 



South Carolina. 

Georgia. 

Florida. 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL DIVISION. 



Kentucky 



Arkansas. 



Montana. 

Idaho. 

Wyoming. 



Washington. 



Tennessee. 
Alabama. 



Mississippi. 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL DIVISION. 

Louisiana. Texas. 

Oklahoma. 



MOUNTAIN DIVISION. 

Colorado. 
New Mexico. 
Arizona. 

PACIFIC DIVISION. 

Oregon. 



Utah. 
Nevada. 



California. 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



CENTER OF POPULATION. 

After the decennial census has been completed it is 
of great interest to note the direction in which the 
center of population has moved during the decade, 
the movement being shown by the change in its 
location. On the basis of the Fourteenth Census 
returns the center of population and the medi an lines 
for continental United States have been determined 
for January 1, 1920. In these calculations no account 
is taken of the territory and population of Alaska and 
of other noncontiguous territory. The location of the 
center at the dates of the several censuses, 1790 to 
1920, and the movement of the point from decade to 
decade are indicated in the accompanying tables and 
Plates 120 to 138, inclusive, which include, also, a map 
on which are drawn the median parallel of latitud e 
and the median meridian of longitude, 1920. 

A somewhat technical significance, different from 
that frequently given to it, attaches to the term 
" center of population, " as used in census publica- 
tions. The center is often understood to be the point 
of i ntersection of a north and south line, which divides 
the population equally, with an ea st and west line, 
which likewise divides it equally. This point of inter- 
section is, in a certain sense, a center of population; it 
is here, however, designated the median point to dis- 
tinguish it from the point technically defined as the 
center. 

There are points different in character which may 
be termed "center of population," but at each census 
the term " cent er o f pop ulation" has been applied to 
the point which may be considered as the center of 
gravity of the United States; in other words, the 
_Doint upon which the United States would balance, if it 
were a rigid plane without weight and the population 
distributed thereon, each individual being assumed to 
have equal weight and to exert an influence on the 
central point proportional to his distance from the 
point. The pivotal point, therefore, would be its 
cent er of gravity and is the point referred to by the 
term used in the census as "center of population." 
This is sometimes confused with another point which 
we term the "median point." Continuing the above 
analogy it may be noted that the med ian point, which 
may be described as the numerical center of popula- 
tion, is in jqo sense a cente r of gravity. In determin- 
ing the median point distance is not taken into account 
and the location of the units of population is consid- 
ered only in relation to the intersecting median lines — 



as being north or south of the median parallel and 
east or west of the median meridian. It is evident 
that extens ive changes in the geographical distribu- 
tion of the population may take place without affect- 
ing the position of the median point. In this respect 
the median point differs essentially from the center of 
population, which responds to the slightest population 
change in any section of the country. To illustrate: 
Since the median point lies east of Minnesota, a mil- 
lion persons could move from Minnesota to Oregon 
without affecting the median point, while the move- 
ment of 500 persons from one town in Indiana to 
another, across the north and south line passing 
through the median point, would change the location 
of the point. On the other hand, a movement of a 
million persons from Minnesota to Oregon would have 
a very considerable effect on the center of population, 
since, in terms of the above analogy, the pressure 
exerted by each individua l would increase in propor^ 
tion to the distance traveled away from the center. 
If all the people in the United States were to be 
assembled at one place, the center of population 
would be the point which they could reach with the 
minimum aggregate travel, assuming that they all 
traveled in direct lines from their residence to the 
meeting place. No such statement holds true of the 
median point. 

METHOD OF DETERMINING THE CENTER OF POPULATION. 

In making the computations for the location of the 
center of po pul a tion it is necessary to assume that the 
center is at a certain point. Through this point a 
parallel and a meridian are drawn, crossing the entire 
country. In makin g the computations for 1920, the 
same point was selecte d as in 1910; this intersection 
was assumed to be where the parallel^ of 39° north lati- 
tude i nterse cts the meridian of 86° west longitude, 
which lines were taken as the axes of moments. 

The product of the population of a given area by its 
distance from the assumed parallel is called a north or 
south moment, and the product of the population of 
the area by its distance from the assumed meridian is 
called an east or west moment. In calculatin g north 
and south moments the d istances are measured in 
minutes of arc; in calculating east and west moments 



it is necessary to us e miles on account of the unequal 
length of the degrees and minutes in different lati- 
tudes. The population of the country is grouped by 
square degrees — that is, by areas included between 
consecutive parallels and meridians — as they are con- 

(7) 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



venient units with which to work. The population of 
the principal cities is then deducted from that of the 
respective square degrees in which they lie and treated 
separately. The center of population of each square 
degree is assumed to be at its geographical center 
except where such an assumption is manifestly incor- 
rect ; in these cases the position of the center of popu- 
lation of the square degree is estimated as nearly as 
possible. The population of each square degree north 
and south of the assumed parallel is multiplied by the 
distance of its center from that parallel; a similar cal- 
culation is made for the principal cities; and the sum 
of the north moments and the sum of the south 
moments are ascertained. The difference between 
these two sums, divided by the total population of the 
country, gives a correction to the latitude. In a simi- 
lar manner the sums of the east and of the west 
moments are ascertained and from them the correc- 
tion in longitude is made. 

At the Fourteenth Census the center of population 
was in the following position : 

Latitude 39° 10' 21" N. 

Longitude 86° 43' 15" W. 

This point is in southwestern Indiana, 1.9 miles 
west of Whitehall, Clay township, and 8.3 miles 
south-southeast of Spencer, Washington township, 
Owen County, Ind., shown on map on Plate 120. 

During the last decade, 1910 to 1920, the center of 
population moved west 10' 55", approximately 9.8 
miles, the smallest movement the center has ever 
shown, and about one-fourth of its westward move- 
ment from 1900 to 1910, while its northward move- 
ment was only 9", or approximately two-tenths of a 
mile. The great increase in the population of New 
York, Pennsylvania, and certain other states north of 
the thirty-ninth parallel has balanced the increase in 
Texas, Oklahoma, and southern California. The ad- 
vance toward the West is, to a large extent, due to 
the increase in the population of the Pacific Coast 
states, their distance from the center giving any 
increase of population in those states much greater 
weight than an equal increase in the populous states 
east, which are nearer the center. The cities of 
Seattle, San Francisco, and Los Angeles, with a com- 
bined population of 1,398,661, exert a greater influ- 
ence on the center of population than the cities of 
Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Cleveland, Philadelphia, 
and Pittsburgh, with a combined population of 
5,197,624. 

The westward movement from 1910 to 1920 was 
due principally to the increase of over 1,000,000 in 
the population of the state of California, which had 
a greater growth than at the previous decade, from 
1900 to 1910. In this connection it would be well to 
call attention to the fact that individuals in the states 
on the Pacific coast exert an influence on the center of 



population proportional to their distance from the 
center. 

There has been slight change in the northern move- 
ment of the center of population since 1900, as from 
1900 to 1910 the northern movement was 0.7 of a 
mile and from 1910 to 1920 a little less than 0.2 of a 
mile, showing that the weight of the population of the 
United States north and south of the thirty-ninth 
parallel was nearly equal. 

The result of the computations in 1920 for the 
location of the median point shows that it had moved 
east 8.8 miles, while, during the same decade, the 
center of population had a western movement of 9.8 
miles. The movement in opposite directions of the 
two points shows in a striking manner the difference 
in the character of the methods used for their loca- 
tion. There was very slight difference in the northern 
movement of the two points, the median point having 
made practically no change since 1910 (0.019 of a 
mile), and the center of population moving only 0.2 of a 
mile. 

LOCATION OF THE CENTER OF POPULATION AT PRIOR CENSUSES. 

In 1790 the center of population was at 39° 16' 30" 
north latitude and 76° 11' 12" west longitude, which, 
according to the best maps, is a point in Maryland 
about 23 miles east of Baltimore. During the decade 
from 1790 to 1800 it moved almost due west to a 
point about 18 miles west of the same city, latitude 
39° 16' 6", longitude 76° 56' 30". 

From 1800 to 1810 it moved west and slightly south 
to a point in the state of Virginia about 40 miles 
northwest by west of Washington, D. O, latitude 
39° 11' 30", longitude 77° 37' 12". The southward 
movement during this decade was due to the annex- 
ation of the territory of Louisiana, which contained 
quite extensive settlements. 

From 1810 to 1820 the center of population moved 
west and again slightly south to a point in what is 
now West Virginia, about 16 miles east of Moorefield, 
latitude 39° 5' 42", longitude 78° 33'. This second 
southward movement was due principally to the ex- 
tension of settlements in Mississippi, Alabama, and 
eastern Georgia. 

From 1820 to 1830 it again moved west and south 
to a point about 19 miles west-southwest of Moorefield, 
in the area now comprising the state of West Virginia, 
latitude 38° 57' 54", longitude 79° 16' 54". This is 
the most decided southward movement that it has 
made during any decade, owing to the annexation of 
Florida and the great extension of settlements in Ala- 
bama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas, or gener- 
ally, it may be said, in the Southwest. The movement 
from 1870 to 1880 was apparently greater, but this was 
due chiefly to a defective enumeration in 1870, and 
can not be considered as an actual change in the dis- 
tribution of population. 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



From 1830 to 1840 it continued west, but slightly 
changed its course to the north, reaching a point 16 
miles south of Clarksburg, in the area now comprising 
the state of West Virginia, latitude 39° 2', longitude 
80° 18'. During this decade population had increased 
rapidly in the Prairie states and in the southern por- 
tions of Michigan and Wisconsin. 

From 1840 to 1850 the center moved west and 
slightly south again, reaching a point about 23 miles 
southeast of Parkersburg, in the area now comprising 
the state of West Virginia, latitude 38° 59', longitude 
81° 19', the change of direction to the south being 
largely due to the annexation of Texas. 

From 1850 to 1860 it moved west and slightly north, 
reaching a point 20 miles south by east of Chillicothe, 
Ohio, latitude 39° 0' 24", longitude 82° 48' 48". 

From 1860 to 1870 it moved west and sharply north, 
reaching a point about 48 miles east by north of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, in latitude 39° 12', longitude 83° 35' 42". 
This northward movement was due in part to the 
waste and destruction in the South, consecment upon 
the Civil War, and in part to the fact that the census 
of 1870 was defective in its enumeration of the south- 
ern people, especially of the newly enfranchised Negro 
population. 

In 1880 the center of population had returned south 
to nearly the latitude occupied in 1860, being in Ken- 
tucky, just south of the Ohio River, in latitude 
39° 4' 8", longitude 84° 39' 40", 8 miles west by 
south of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

In 1890, owing to the great increase of population 
in the cities of the Northwest and in the state of Wash- 
ington, also in New England, the center moved north 



to latitude 39° 11' 56", longitude 85° 32' 53", to a 
point 20 mUes east of Columbus, Ind. 

During the decade from 1890 to 1900 the center of 
population moved west 16' 1", or 14.6 miles, to longi- 
tude 85° 48' 54", and south 2' 20", or 2.8 miles, to 
latitude 39° 9' 36", to a point 6 miles southeast of 
Columbus, Ind. The great increase in the population 
of Indian Territory, Oklahoma, and Texas was largely 
offset by an increase in the population of the North 
Atlantic states. 

In 1910 the center of population was at the point 
where the parallel of latitude of 39° 10' 12" N. inter- 
sects the meridian of longitude of 86° 32' 20" W. and 
for the first time in its history was located in a city, 
the city of Bloomington, Ind. From 1900 to 1910 it 
moved 0.7 of a mile north and 38.9 miles west, the 
westward movement being nearly three times as great 
as from 1890 to 1900, but was less than the westward 
movement for all previous decades, except between 
1800 and 1810. 

The closeness with which the center of population 
throughout its westward movement has clung to the 
thirty-ninth parallel of latitude is remarkable. The 
point farthest north was reached in 1790 and the 
farthest south in 1830, but the difference was only 
21.4 miles. The greatest movement west was during 
the decade from 1850 to 1860, when the center ad- 
vanced 80.6 miles; the least movement west was dur- 
ing the last decade, from 1910 to 1920, when it advanced 
9.8 miles. The total westward movement from 1790 
to 1920 was 567 miles. Table 6 and the map on Plate 
121 show the location of the center of population 
and its advance during each decade since 1790. 



Table 6.— POSITION OF THE CENTER OF POPULATION: 1790 TO 1920. 



CENSUS TEAR. 


North latitude. 


West longitude. 


APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING PRECEDING 
DECADE. 


From 
point to 
point in 

direct 
line. 


West- 
ward. 


North- 
ward. 


South- 
ward. 


1790 


o / // 

39 16 30 
39 16 6 
39 11 30 

39 5 42 

38 57 54 

39 2 

38 59 

39 24 
39 12 
39 4 8 
39 11 56 
39 9 36 
39 10 12 

39 10 21 


o / // 

76 11 12 

76 56 30 

77 37 12 

78 33 

79 16 54 

80 18 

81 19 

82 48 48 

83 35 42 

84 39 40 

85 32 53 

85 48 54 

86 32 20 

86 43 15 


23 miles east of Baltimore, Md 










1800 

1810 

1820 

1830 


18 miles west of Baltimore, Md 


40.6 
36.9 

50.5 
40.4 
55.0 
54.8 
80.6 
44.1 
58.1 
48.6 
14.6 
39.0 

9.8 


40.6 
36.5 

50.1 
39.4 
54.8 
54.7 
80.6 
42.1 
57.4 
47.7 
14.4 
38.9 

9.8 


4.7 

1.6 
13.3 

9.0 

0.7 

0.2 


0.5 
5.3 

6.7 
9.0 

3.5 

9.1 

2.8 


40 miles northwest by west of Washington, D. C. 

(in Va.). 
16 miles east of Moorefield, W. Va. 1 


19 miles west-southwest of Moorefield, W. Va. 1 .... 
16 miles south of Clarksburg, W. Va. 1 


1840... 


1850 

1860 


23 miles southeast of Parkersburg, W. Va. 1 

20 miles south by east of Chillicothe, Ohio 

48 miles east by north of Cincinnati, Ohio 

8 miles west by south of Cincinnati, Ohio (in Ky.) . . 
20 miles east of Columbus, Ind 


1870 

1880 


1890... 


1900... 


6 miles southeast of Columbus, Ind 


1910 

1920 


In the city of Bloomington, Ind 


f 1.9 miles west of Whitehall, Clay township, Owen 
< County, Ind.; 8.3 miles south-southeast of Spen- 
[ cer, Washington township, Owen County, Ind. 





■ West Virginia was set off from Virginia Dee. 31, 1862; admitted as a state June 19, 1863. 



10 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



MEDIAN LINES. 

In connection with the definition of the median 
point another method of presenting facts with regard 
to the geographical distribution of the population 
has been noted, involving the location of median 
lines. A parallel of latitude is determined which 
evenly divides the population so that the population 
north of that parallel is equal to that south. Simi- 
larly, a meridian of longitude is determined which 
divides the population evenly east and west of the line. 
In calculating these median lines it is necessary, in 
the case of the square degrees of latitude and longi- 
tude which are traversed by the lines themselves, 
to assume that the population is evenly distributed 
through these square degrees or to make an estimated 
adjustment where this is obviously not the case. 

The eastern terminus of the median parallel 
according to the census of 1920, is on the New 
Jersey coast near Seagirt. In its course west this 
line passes through central New Jersey, leaving 
the state near Burlington and entering Pennsyl- 
vania a few miles north of Philadelphia, thence 



passing through Norristown and continuing through 
southern Pennsylvania and across the northern ex- 
tremity of West Virginia, leaving the latter state at 
•a point a few miles north of Wheeling. It nearly 
bisects Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, crossing about 10 
miles north of Columbus, Ohio, 25 miles north of 
Indianapolis, Ind., and about 20 miles north of Spring- 
field, 111. Through Missouri it runs about 30 miles 
south of the Iowa and Missouri line, thence passing 
through Nebraska about 10 miles north of its southern 
boundary, and across the northern part of Colorado, 
passing about 5 miles north of Boulder city. Its 
location in Utah is about 45 miles south of Salt Lake 
City, near Spanish Fork city. There are no large 
towns near its course across the northern part of 
Nevada. In California it passes 5 miles south of 
Red Bluff city, Tehama County. The western ter- 
minus of the median paraUel is on the Pacific coast, in 
Humboldt County, Calif., about 5 miles north of 
Point Delgada and 25 miles south of Cape Mendocino, 
the point of continental United States extending far- 
thest west. 



Table 7.— MEDIAN LINES: 1880 TO 1920. 



CENSUS TEAR. 


Median parallel, 
north latitude. 


Median meridian, 
west longitude. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES 
DURING PRECEDING DECADE. 


Median 

parallel 

northward. 


Median 
meridian 
westward. 


Median 
meridian 
eastward. 


1880 


o / // 

39 57 

40 2 51 
40 4 22 
40 6 24 
40 6 25 


o / // 
84 7 12 
84 40 1 
84 51 29 
84 59 59 
84 49 59 








1890 

1900 

1910 


6.6 

2.4 
2.3 
0.019 


27.0 
10.8 

7.5 








1920 


8.8 







In locating the median meridian, it was found that 
it had moved 8.8 miles east since 1910, and its north- 
ern end was located 8 miles east of Whitefish Point 
in the northern peninsula of Michigan ; from that point 
it passes south through the southern peninsula of 
Michigan, about 10 miles west of Lansing, approxi- 
mately 1 mile west of the eastern boundary of Indiana, 
and crosses the Ohio River about 15 miles west of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, thence through the central part of 
Kentucky, passing through Frankfort. After cross- 
ing eastern Tennessee, it enters Georgia about 20 
miles east of Chattanooga. It then crosses the western 
part of Georgia about 5 miles east of Columbus and 
leaves this state and enters Florida where the Florida- 
Georgia boundary line crosses the Apalachicola 
River and ends in the Gulf of Mexico, 8 miles east of 
Apalachicola. 

During the three decades from 1880 to 1910, there 
was little change in the position of the median parallel, 
the changes being so slight they could not be indicated 



on a small map. During the decade from 1910 to 
1920, the median parallel was practically in the same 
location, but the median meridian moved east 8.8 miles. 
This was due entirely to the great increase in popu- 
lation of the states on the Atlantic slope. 

The greatest change is noted for the decade from 
1880 to 1890, during which period the median parallel 
moved north 6.6 miles, and the median meridian 
west 27 miles. The latitude and longitude of these 
lines at the several censuses, from 1880 to 1920, are 
shown in Table 7, and their location in 1920 is shown 
on the map on Plate No. 122. 

Although the median line exactly bisects the popu- 
lation as a whole it does not necessarily bisect the 
population of the eastern or western parts of the 
country. The median parallel does not bisect even 
approximately the population residing east or west of 
the Mississippi River. The intersecting median lines 
divide the country into four parts, but in neither of 
these parts is there exactly one-fourth of the total 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



11 



population. The diagonally opposite sections, how- 
ever, are necessarily equal in population; l that is, the 
northeastern section exactly equals in population the 
southwestern and, similarly, the population of the 
southeastern section exactly equals the population of 
the northwestern; in other words, the northeastern 
and southwestern quarters each contain a population 
of approximately 31,450,000, while the southeastern 
and northwestern sections each contain about 
21,400,000. 

MEDIAN POINT. 

The movement of the center of population in 1920 
as compared with the movement of the median point, 
shows that the computations are made on an entirely 
different basis and the results are really not comparable. 
In other words, the median point and the center o f 
population ar e affected different ly by the movement 
of p opulatio n. From 1910 to 1920 the center of 
population moved west 9.8 miles, while the median 
point moved east 8.8 miles. The effect of the increase 
in population of 1,000,000 persons in California was 
much less on the median point than it was on the 
center of population, due to the fact that the distance 
of the individual from the median point does not 
affect it. It will also be noted that both the center 
of population and the median point had a very slight 
northern movement, being located on parallels of 
latitude less than a degree apart. 

What is termed by the Census Bureau the " median 
poin t" of the population corresponds, as already 
stated, to a common conception of the center of popu- 
lation; that is, it i s the junction of the median line 
dividing the population equally north and south with 
t he median line divi ding it equally east and we st, dis- 
tance of the population from the center not being 
considered. As already indicated, the changes in the 
median point reflect only the difference between the 
growth of population east of the point and the growth 
west of it and the difference between the growth north 
and south of the point; other differences in relative 
growth do not affect its location. 

In 1920 the median point was located at latitude 
40° 6' 25" north and longitude 84° 49' 59" west, 
near the eighty-fifth meridian. Its location, therefore, 
was 6 miles slightly west of south of Union City, 
Randolph County, Ind. ; its eastward movement during 
the decade was 8.8 miles and its northward movement 
0.019 of a mile. Comparing its movement since 1910 
with that of the center of population, it will be noted 
that the north movement of the center of population 

x The mathematical demonstration of this is simple. If A, B, C, 
and D represent, respectively, the population of the northwestern, 
northeastern, southeastern, and southwestern sections, then: 

A+B=£ population of U. S. 

B+C=J population of U. S. 

A+B=B+C 

Therefore A=C 

Similarly it may be proven that B=D. 



was 0.18 of a mile more than that of the median point; 
the center of population moved west 9.8 miles, while 
the median point moved east 8.8 miles, showing that 
the increase in the population of the Pacific coast had 
a much greater influence on the movement of the center 
of population than upon the median point. 

It will be noted that the location of the median 
point was 121 miles northeast of the center of popula- 
tion in 1920, showing the divergence of the methods 
of finding the two points (the center of population 
and the median point). 

The exact location of the median point is indicated 
by the median lines already shown; in Table 8 its 
approximate location with reference to certain towns 
is described. 

Table 8. — Position of the Median Point: 1880 to 1920. 



CENSUS YEAR. 


Approximate location by important towns. 


1880 

1890 

1900 

1910 

1920 


16 miles nearly due west of Springfield, Ohio. 

5 miles southwest of Greenville, Ohio. 
In Spartanburg, Ind. 

3 miles south of Winchester, Ind. 

6 miles slightly west of south of Union City, Ind. 



CENTERS OF POPULATION OF STATES. 

The center of the population of each of the states 
is shown o n Plates 123 to 136, inclusive, and the loca- 
tion of each of the points, from 1880 to 1920, is shown 
in Table 9 on p ages 13 to 16. 

There have been so many requests as to the location 
of the centers of population of the various states that 
the computations were first made in 1910 for the cen- 
suses beginning with the census of 1880, and they 
have been again computed for 1920. 

The direction of the movement of the center in each 
state during the last 40 years is a matter of interest, 
showing as it does the direction in which the popula- 
tion has grown and, to a certain extent, the direction 
in which the state has developed. 

From 1900 to 1920 the center of population of the 
United States, exclusive of its outlying possessions, 
moved west and north. A comparison of the move- 
ments of the centers of population of the states, in- 
cluding the District of Columbia, during the decade 
from 1910 to 1920 brings out the fact that the centers 
of 23 states -moved north, while for 26 states the 
movement was south; the centers of population of 26 
of the states moved east and of 23 moved west. The 
movement of the center of population of each state 
does not, therefore, coincide with the movement of 
the center of population of the entire United States. 

As an analysis of the movement of the center of 
population for each state was deemed impracticable, 
only a brief description is given of the movement for 
a few of the states in which the variation of the move- 
ment of the center presents some exceptional features. 
The center of population of California from 1880 to 



12 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



1890, advanced 34.9 miles south and 23.1 miles east, 
an actual distance of 41.9 miles; this was the greatest 
advance made during that decade in any state. 
From 1890 to 1900 Oklahoma held this distinction, 
when the movement of the center was 30.7 miles, the 
north movement 13.2 miles and the west movement 
27.7 miles. The greatest movement from 1900 to 
1910 was made in North Dakota, the distance the 
center moved being 44.7 miles, made up of a south 
movement of 1.3 miles and a west movement of 44.7 
miles. The greatest distance any center moved from 
1910 to 1920 was in the state of Montana. It moved 
38.3 miles northeast by east to a point 9.7 miles 
southwest of Utica, Judith Basin County. 

The greatest distance the center of population of 
any state advanced during the 40 years from 1880 to 
1920 was in California. The center moved in a south- 
easterly direction 130 miles, the point in 1880 being 
located 3.3 miles east by south of Moorland, San 
Joaquin County, and in 1920, 36.2 miles south-south- 
west of Fresno, Fresno County. 

It is well, also, to note those states in which the 
least change occurred in the location of the center. 
The center of population of Massachusetts from 1880 
to 1890 advanced one- tenth of a mile east; there was 
no north nor south movement; from 1890 to 1900 there 
was a south movement of two-tenths of a mile, and a 
movement east of 158 feet. From 1900 to 1910 it 
had an eastern movement of 2.6 miles and one-tenth 
of a mile north, while from 1910 to 1920 it moved 
five-tenths of a mile south-southwest. 

In Delaware, from 1900 to 1910, the movement was 
three-tenths of a mile north and four-tenths of a mile 
west; from 1910 to 1920 the movement was accelerated 
when the center moved 15.6 miles north by east, the 
greatest movement that the center has ever made in 
this state. 

The smallest change in the location of the center 
made during the period from 1880 to 1920 was in 
Rhode Island; its center of population during the 40 
years moved 1.7 miles directly north. The center of 
population of this state in 1880 was located 4.1 miles 
southwest by south of Providence and in 1920 it was 
2.3 miles southwest of the same city. 

The center of population of New York state in 1880 
was 3 miles northwest by west of Craigeclare, Sullivan 
County, and in 1920 it was 3.8 miles south by west of 
Forestine, in the same county. The distance trav- 
ersed was 6.5 miles from 1880 to 1890; 9.5 miles from 
1890 to 1900; 11 miles from 1900 to 1910; and 3.9 miles 
from 1910 to 1920. The movement was south and 
east from 1880 to 1920, except from 1900 to 1910, when 
the movement was south and west. 

Although Texas has the greatest area of any state, 
the movements of the center were not large, as the 
development in all parts of the state has been nearly 
uniform. The center in 1880 was located 6.4 miles 



southwest of Thornton, Limestone County; in the 40 
years to 1920, it had shifted to 12.1 miles southwest 
of Waco, McLennan County. The northwestern 
movement from 1880 to 1890 was 13.7 miles; from 
1890 to 1900, 3.2 miles; from 1900 to 1910, 22.6 miles; 
while from 1910 to 1920 it was 5 miles southwest. 

The states which show the greatest variation in the 
location of the center are Arizona, Kansas', Nevada, 
and New Jersey. For Arizona the movement shown 
in 1890 was 2 miles south and one-tenth of a mile 
west; from 1890 to 1900 it reversed the direction to 
21.2 miles north and 9.3 miles east, an actual distance 
of 23.2 miles. During the decade from 1900 to 1910 
it moved 11.5 miles south and 15.7 miles east, and 
from 1910 to 1920 it moved almost directly west 13.3 
miles. For Kansas, while the movement was south 
at each census, from 1880 to 1890 it advanced west- 
ward 24.3 miles; from 1890 to 1900, 22.3 miles east; 
while from 1900 to 1910 the direction again changed 
to the west, 5.7 miles; from 1910 to 1920 the western 
movement was only four-tenths of a mile, a net move- 
ment during the 40 years of 9.9 miles south and 8.1 
miles west. From 1880 to 1890 the movement in 
Nevada was south 11.2 miles and west 2.1 miles; 
from 1890 to 1900 it changed, moving north 22.6 
miles and east 11 miles. The development of the 
mines between 1900 and 1910 in the southeastern 
portion of the state again changed the direction and 
produced the greatest advance at any decade, the 
movement being 40 miles south and 14.2 miles east, 
an actual distance of 42.4 miles; from 1910 to 1920 it 
moved 4.8 miles north-northeast, the smallest change 
it had ever made. During the 40 years from 1880 to 
1920 the net movement was 24.1 miles south and 25 
miles east. New Jersey has also shown considerable 
change in the direction of the movement of its center 
of population. From 1880 to 1890 it was 13.2 miles 
north and seven-tenths of a mile east; in the next 
decade, from 1890 to 1900, the movement was 10.8 
miles south and five-tenths of a mile east; from 1900 
to 1910 it again moved north 1.7 miles and east 2.9 
miles, and from 1910 to 1920 the movement was 
southeast, 2 miles. 

The movement of the center of population of the 
states of Maine, Massachusetts, and Oklahoma varied 
in direction at each decade more than any of the other 
states, the movement in each state being reversed at 
each census. 

Connecticut shows very small but steady movements 
south and west, the distance from 1880 to 1890 being 
1.9 miles; from 1890 to 1900, 1 mile; from 1900 to 
1910, 1.3 miles; and from 1910 to 1920, 1.6 miles. 

In Illinois the effect of the growth of Chicago on 
the center of population is evident from its northeast 
movement at each census, the actual distance from 
1880 to 1890 being 18.4 miles; from 1890 to 1900/10.8 
miles; from 1900 to 1910, 6.4 miles; and from 1910 to 
1920, 7.1 miles northeast. 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



13 



There were only seven states in which the center of 
population moved in the same general direction at 
each census from 1880 to 1920. These states are as 
follows: In the state of Illinois it moved north and 
east; for California and Georgia the movement was 
south and east; for Connecticut, North Carolina, and 
West Virginia the movement was south and west; 
and for Maryland the movement was north and west. 

A comparison of Plates Nos. 123 to 136, on which 
are located the centers of population of the states, 
will bring to our attention the fact that in only nine 



states are the centers of population near the state 
capitals. The nine states are Arkansas, Delaware, 
Indiana, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, Rhode 
Island, South Carolina, and Vermont. As the center 
of population is the point from which all the popula- 
tion is supposed to be equidistant, if it were necessary 
to assemble all the inhabitants of a state at one place, 
each individual to travel in a direct line from his 
residence to the meeting place, the center of popula- 
tion is the point they could all reach with the minimum 
aggregate of travel. 



Table 9.— CENTERS OF POPULATION OF EACH STATE: 1880 TO 1920. 



Alabama . 



Arizona . 



Arkansas . 



California . 



Colorado . 



Connecticut. 



Delaware. 



District of Columbia 



Florida. 



Georgia. 



Idaho. 



Census 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 

1890 

1900 

1910 

1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1900 

1910 

1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



North 
latitude. 



32 51 9 

32 54 38 

32 53 13 

32 54 7 

32 57 26 



33 17 36 

33 15 51 

33 34 20 

33 24 18 

33 21 3 



34 55 41 

34 57 35 

34 56 18 

34 55 16 



34 55 14 

37 55 55 

37 25 35 

37 14 26 

36 42 29 

36 20 23 

39 5 23 

39 9 52 

39 5 45 

39 11 53 

39 14 53 

41 32 49 

41 31 41 

41 31 23 

41 30 54 

41 30 8 

39 9 50 

39 11 9 

39 11 35 

39 11 49 

39 25 14 

78 ft. N. of 
H.St.NW 

159 ft. S. of 
KSt.NW. 

222ft.N.of 
MSt.NW. 

29 43 40 

29 29 15 

29 28 40 

29 19 30 

29 4 36 



33 2 4 

33 

32 56 38 

32 54 25 

32 54 17 

43 59 34 

44 12 41 
44 36 14 
44 30 50 
44 14 12 



West 
longitude. 



86 43 16 

86 44 46 

86 42 18 

86 42 29 

86 43 21 

111 25 32 

111 25 39 

111 15 58 

110 59 38 

111 12 55 



92 30 25 

92 29 41 

92 28 27 

92 25 8 

92 20 48 

121 27 42 

121 2 20 

120 53 11 

120 31 23 

120 10 54 

105 32 53 

105 14 10 

105 16 5 

105 11 28 

105 1 24 

72 46 21 

72 48 

72 49 6 

72 50 20 

72 51 47 



75 35 30 

75 35 36 

75 35 9 

75 35 6 

75 32 9 

20 ft. W. of 

4th St.NW 
111 ft. E. of 
5th St.NW 
57 ft. E. of 
5thSt.NW 

83 17 

83 3 28 

83 7 19 

83 32 

82 46 42 

83 42 
83 40 17 
83 38 24 
83 37 8 
83 36 32 

114 24 4 

114 27 33 

114 37 19 

114 47 38 

114 35 17 



approximate location by IMPORTANT TOWNS. 



County. 



Chilton 

Chilton 

Chilton 

Chill on 

Chilton 

Pinal 

Pinal 

Maricopa 

Gila 

Pinal 

Pulaski 

Faulkner 

Pulaski 

Faulkner 

Pulaski 

San Joaquin 
Stanislaus... 

Merced 

Fresno 

Fresno 

Park 

Douglas 

Teller 

Douglas 

Douglas 

New Haven. 

New Haven. 

New Haven. 

New Haven. 

New Haven. 

Kent 

Kent 

Kent 

Kent 

Newcastle.. 

Lafayette . . . 
Lafayette . . . 
Lafayette . . . 

Levy 

Levy 

Jones 

Jones 

Jones 

Jones 

Jones 

Custer 

Custer 

Lemhi 

Custer 

Custer 



Nearest city or town. 



5.5 miles W. by N. of Clanton, Chilton County . 
3.4 miles S. by E. of Jemison, Chilton County. . 

5.7 miles SSE. of Jemison, Chilton County 

4.7 miles SSE . of Jemison, Chilton County 

2.0 miles E. by S. of Jemison, Chilton County . . 



18.7 miles N. by W. of Florence, Pinal County 

16.6 miles N. by W. of Florence, Pinal County 

9.2 miles SW. of Roosevelt Dam, Maricopa County. 

12.3 miles W. by N. of Globe, Gila County 

23.0 miles NNE. of Florence, Pinal County 



4.8 miles WSW. of Mayflower, Faulkner County. . 

3.9 miles WNW. of Mayflower, Faulkner County. . 
3.2 miles WSW. of Mayflower, Faulkner County. . 
3.0 miles SSW. of Mayflower, Faulkner County. .. . 
9.0 miles NNW. of Levy, Pulaski County 



3.3 miles E. by S. of Moorland, San Joaquin County 

3.1 miles NNE. ofCrows Landing, Stanislaus County. 

6.2 miles NE. of Ingomar, Merced County 

9.5 miles WSW. of Mendota, Fresno County 

36.2 miles SSW. of Fresno, Fresno County 



13.7 miles ENE. of Hartzell, Park County 

3.8 miles WNW. of West Creek, Douglas County 

6.4 miles WSW. of West Creek, Douglas County 

3.6 miles N. by W. of West Creek, Douglas Countv- 
13.0 miles SW.by S. of Castle Rock, Douglas County 

2.0 miles ENE. of Meriden post office, New Haven 

County. 
0.8 mile SSE. of Meriden post office, New Haven 

County. 
1.2 miles SSW. of Meriden post office, New Haven 

County. 

2.5 miles SW. of Meriden post office, New Haven 
County. 

3.1 miles SSW. of Meriden post office, New Haven 
County. 



3.5 miles W. by N. of Dover, Kent County 

4.0 miles NW. of Dover, Itent County 

4.0 miles NW. by N. of Dover, Kent "County 

4.2 miles NW. by N. of Dover, Ivent County 

8.4 miles E . by N . of Townsend, New Castle County. 

Opposite No. 801 Fourth Street N W 

No. 927 Fifth Street NW 



Central Methodist Episcopal Church, 1215-1217 5th 
Street NW. 



1.0 mile SW. of Hines, Lafayette County 

7.0 miles N. by W. of Vista, Levy County 

7.7 miles NW. by N. of Vista, Levy County.. 
5.0 miles SSE. of Vista, Levy Comity 

8.8 miles W. by S. of Lebanon, Levy County. 



723°— 24 f- 



10.2 miles WNW. of Gray, Jones County 

8.3 miles W. of Gray, Jones County 

7.3 miles N. by W. of Macon, Bibb County 

4.5 miles N. by E. of Macon, Bibb County 

7.9 miles SW. by S. of Gray, Jones County 

19.5 miles E. by S. of Pierson, Custer County 

4.8 miles S. by W. of Clayton, Custer County 

13.0 miles S. by E. of Meyers Cove, Lemhi County . 

6.6 miles NE. of Sunbeam, Custer County 

27.4 miles SW. by S. of Chains, Custer County 

i Feet. 



MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 



From 
point 

to 
point 

in 
direct 
line. 



4.3 
2.9 
1.0 
3.9 



2.0 
23.2 
19.5 
13.3 



2.3 
1.9 
3.3 
4.1 



41.9 
15.3 
41.8 
31.7 



17.6 
5.0 
8.2 
9.6 



1.9 
1.0 
1.3 
1.6 



1.5 
0.6 
0.3 

15.6 



1983 
1,521 



21.4 
3.9 

12.5 
22.0 



2.9 
4.3 
2.8 
0.6 



15.4 
28.3 
10.5 
21.7 



North- 
ward. 



4.0 



1.0 
3.8 



21.2 



2.2 



5.2 



7.1 
3.4 



1.5 
0.5 
0.3 

15.4 



1743 
U,520 



15.1 
27.1 



South- 
ward. 



1.6 



2.0 



11.5 
3.7 



1.5 
1.2 

0.04 



34.9 
12.8 
36.7 
25.4 



4.7 



1.3 
0.3 
0.6 
0.9 



16.6 
0.7 
10.5 
17.1 



2.4 
3.9 
2.5 
0.2 



6.2 
19.1 



East- 
ward. 



9.3 

15.7 



0.7 
1.2 
3.1 

4.1 



23.1 

8.4 

20.1 

19.0 



16.8 



4.1 
9.0 



0.4 
"i"6 



13.5 



6.8 
13.9 



1.7 
1.8 
1.2 
0.6 



West- 
ward. 



1.5 



0.2 

0.8 



0.1 



12.8 



1.4 
1.0 
1.1 
1.3 



0.1 

'o.'-i 



1643 
154 



3.8 



2.9 
8.1 

8.5 



14 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 

Table 9.— CENTERS OF POPULATION OF EACTI STATE: 1880 TO 1920— Continued. 



ILIINOIS. 



Indiana. 



Iowa. 



Kansas. 



Kentucky. 



Louisiana . 



Maine . 



Maryland. 



Massachusetts. 



Michigan. 



Minnesota . 



Mississippi . 



Missouri. 



Montana. 



Census 
year. 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 

1910 

1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 

1920 



North 
latitude. 



40 26 47 

40 39 14 

40 46 48 

40 51 29 

40 56 45 

39 51 33 

39 52 53 

39 54 36 

39 56 49 

40 14 

41 51 40 
41 56 2 
41 55 45 
41 57 43 
41 58 45 

38 30 11 

38 33 1 

38 32 25 

38 29 31 

38 27 33 

37 42 40 

37 42 46 

37 42 15 

37 42 29 

37 42 21 



30 49 29 

30 50 40 

30 48 56 

30 48 47 

30 51 28 

44 55 10 

44 57 3 

44 57 52 

44 47 2 

44 46 44 

39 9 4 

39 9 32 

39 9 36 

39 10 1 

39 11 3 

42 22 30 

42 22 30 

42 22 19 

42 22 23 

42 22 18 



43 3 29 

43 15 24 

43 21 

43 19 55 

43 6 17 



45 5 
45 15 



44 47 33 
42 
29 

45 22 23 
45 25 26 

33 2 50 

35 59 52 

32 55 37 

32 54 7 

32 55 35 

38 42 32 

38 38 19 

38 36 11 

38 33 

38 33 17 



46 23 
46 31 



5 
45 

46 34 45 
46 41 31 



46 52 36 



West 
longitude. 



Ill 43 
111 51 



88 57 44 

88 44 34 

88 37 12 

88 33 18 

88 29 1 

86 13 26 

86 14 16 

86 14 3 

86 15 47 

86 17 16 

92 56 53 

92 58 43 

93 15 11 
93 15 18 
93 17 43 

96 41 7 

97 8 
96 43 21 
96 49 41 
96 50 9 

85 26 30 

85 21 52 

85 24 40 

85 21 29 

85 15 24 



91 21 8 

91 29 24 

91 31 46 

91 33 50 

91 36 40 

69 32 46 

69 32 36 

69 33 5 

69 29 49 

69 31 2 

76 41 17 

76 41 21 

76 42 15 

76 42 36 

76 43 40 

71 28 15 

71 28 10 

71 28 8 

71 25 8 

71 25 45 



84 38 36 

84 43 38 

84 46 19 

84 45 

84 24 59 

93 44 41 

93 50 36 

93 59 24 

93 51 29 

93 51 1 

89 42 6 

89 43 26 

89 44 46 

89 45 22 

89 45 37 

92 25 8 

92 27 57 

92 25 55 

92 18 25 

92 16 23 



16 
22 

36 18 



111 

110 59 49 



110 14 



APPROXIMATE location hy important towns. 



County. 



Nearest city or town. 



McLean 

McLean 

Livingston.. 
Livingston.. 
Livingston.. 

Marion 

Marion 

Marion 

Boone 

Boone 

Marshall 

Marshall 

Storv 

Story 

Story 

Morris 

Marion 

Morris 

Marion 

Marion 

Nelson 

Washington 

Marion 

Washington 
Washington 



West Feliciana i. 
West Feliciana ' . 
Pointe Coupee 1 . 
Pointe Coupee ' . 
Pointe Coupee ' . 

Somerset 

Somerset 

Somerset 

Somerset 

Somerset 

Anne Arundel. . . 
Anne Arundel... 
Anne Arundel... 
Anne Arundel... 
Anne Arundel. . . 

Middlesex 

Middlesex 

Middlesex 

Middlesex 

Middlesex 

Clinton 

Gratiot 

Gratiot 

Gratiot 

Clinton 

Carver 

Wright 

Wright 

Sherburne 

Sherburne 

Attala 

Attala 

Attala 

Attala 

Attala 

Moniteau 

Moniteau 

Cole 

Cole 

Cole ; 

Broadwater 

Jefferson 

Broadwater 

Meagher 

Judith Basin 



2.8 miles SE. of Bloomington, McLean County 

2.0 miles E. by N. of Lexington, McLean County 

1.5 miles N. by E. of Weston, McLean County 

4.0 miles SE. of Pontiac, Livingston County 

8.0 miles NE. by E. of Pontiac, Livingston County . 

2.0 miles SE . of New Augusta, Marion County 

0.5 mile N. of New Augusta, Marion County 

2.0 miles N. by E. of New Augusta, Marion County. 

0.3 mile W. by N. of Zionsville, Boone County 

4.4 miles NN W. of Zionsville, Boone County 

1.8 miles SW. of Laurel, Marshall County 

2.9 miles NW. of Laurel, Marshall County 

2.6 miles NE. by E. of Collins, Story County 

4.8 miles SE. of Colo, Story County 

2.8 miles S. by E. of Colo, Story County 



3.3 miles SSW. of Wilsey, Morris County 

1.7 miles E. of Tampa, Marion County 

7.2 miles SSW. of Wilsey, Morris County 

7.0 miles E. by S. of Lincolnville, Marion County 

7.3 miles SE. by E. of Lincolnville, Marion County.. 

1.7 miles N. by W. of Holycross, Marion County 

1 .0 mile E . of Blincoe, Washington County 

2.0 miles ENE. of Holycross, Mai ion County 

1.4 miles E. by S. of Blincoe, Washington County. . 

2.5 miles NW. by W. of Springfield, Washington 
County. 

4.3 miles NNE. of Bayou Sara, West Feliciana Parish. 
4.0 miles SSE. of Brandon, West Feliciana Parish.. 

2.4 miles NE. of Raccourci, Pointe Coupee Parish. . . 
l.OmileN.by E.of Raccourci, Pointe Coupee Parish. 
4.9 miles NNW. of Raccourci, Pointe Coupee Parish. 

4. Smiles ESE. of Athens post office, Somerset County 

4.7 miles E. of Athens post office, Somerset County. . 
4.3 miles ENE. of Athens post office, Somerset 

County. 
2.3 miles E. by S. of Canaan post office, Somerset 

County. 
1.3 miles SE. of Canaan post office, Somerset County 

0.8 mile SE. of Harmans, Anne Arundel County 

.5 mile E . of Harmans, Anne Arundel County 

0.4 mile W.by N.of Harmans, Anne Arundel County. 
0.9 mile NW. of Harmans, Anne Arundel County. . 
2.9 miles NNW. of Harmans, Anne Arundel County. 

3.0 miles W. by S. of Sudbury post office, Middlesex 

County. 
2.9 miles W. by S. of Sudbury post office, Middlesex 

County. 
2.9 miles WSW. of Sudbury post office, Middlesex 

County. 
0.5 mile SSW. of Sudbury post office, Middlesex 

County. 
0.8 mile SSW. of Sudbury post office, Middlesex 

County. 

5.8 miles NNW. of St. Johns, Clinton County 

5.5 miles N. by W. of Middleton, Gratiot County 

9.2 miles WNW. of Ithaca, Gratiot County 

7.7 miles WNW. of Ithaca, Gratiot County 

10.4 miles NE. of St. Johns, Clinton County 



1.6 miles E.by S. of Young America, Carver County. 

3.6 miles ENE. of Montrose, Wright County 

2.2 miles N. by E. of Maple Lake, Wright County. . 

1.9 miles SE. of Becker, Sherburne County 

2.8 miles NNE. of Becker, Sherburne County 



4.0 miles ENE. of Sallis, Attala County 

3.5 miles SE. of Sallis, Attala County 

7.0 miles SE. by S. of Sallis, Attala County. 
8.5 miles S. by E. of Sallis, Attala County. . 
7.0 miles S. by E. of Sallis, Attala County. . 



2.6 miles N W. of Marion, Cole County 

2.9 miles NW. of Centertown, Cole County 

0.6 mile SW. of Centertown, Cole County 

6.5 miles WSW. of Jefferson City, Cole County 

4.0 miles SW. byW. of Jefferson City, Cole County.. 

19.7 miles SE. of Helena, Lewis and Clark County.. . 
9.3 miles ESE. of Helena, Lewis and Clark County. . 
19.7 miles E . b v N . of Helena, Lewis and Clark County. 
9.8 miles NNW. of White Sulphur Springs, Meagher 
County. 

9.7 miles SW. of Utica, Judith Basin County 

1 Parish. 



MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 



From 
point 

to 
point 

in 
direct 
line. 



18.4 
10.8 
6.4 
7.1 



1.7 
2.0 
2.9 
4.3 



5.2 
14.1 
2.3 
2.4 



24.6 

22.3 

6.6 

2.3 



4.2 
2.7 
3.0 
5.6 



8.3 
3.0 
2.0 
4.2 



2.2 
1.0 



12.8 
1.0 



0.5 
0.8 
0.6 
1.6 



0.1 
0.2 
2.6 
0.5 



1.6 

23.1 



21.4 
13.3 
10.2 
3.5 



3.6 
5.1 
1.8 
1.7 



5.4 
3.1 
7.7 
1.8 



11.9 
12.5 
30.0 

38.3 



North- South- 
ward, ward. 



14.3 
8.7 
5.4 

6.1 



1.5 
2.0 
2.5 
3.9 



5.0 



2.3 
1.2 



0.1 

'6."3 



3.1 



2.2 
0.9 



0.5 
0.1 
0.5 
1.2 



0.1 



13.7 
6.4 



20.9 
11.2 
7.9 
3.5 



1.7 



0.3 



10.0 
3.4 

7.8 

12.8 



0.3 



3.6 
0.7 
3.3 
2.3 



0.6 
'6.' 2 



2.0 
0.2 



12.5 
0.3 



0.2 



0.1 



1.2 

15.7 



3.4 
4.9 
1.7 



4.8 
2.5 
3.7 



East- West- 
ward, ward. 



11.6 
6.4 
3.4 
3.7 



0.2 



22.3 



4.2 



2.9 
5.6 



0.1 



2.7 



0.1 

0.Q3 

2.6 



1.1 

16.9 



6.4 
0.4 



1.8 
6.8 
1.8 



12.0 
29.0 



36.1 






0.7 



1.5 
1.7 



1.6 
14.1 
0.1 
2.1 



24.3 



5.7 

0.4 



2.6 



8.2 
2.3 
2.0 
2.8 



0.4 



1.0 



0.1 
0.8 
0.3 
1.0 



0.5 



4.2 
2.2 



4.8 
7.2 



1.3 
1.3 

0.6 
0.2 



2.5 



6.4 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 

Table 9.— CENTERS OF POPULATION OF EACH STATE: 1880 TO 1920— Continued. 



15 



Nebraska. 



Nevada. 



New Hampshire. 



New Jersey. 



New Mexico. 



New York. 



North Carolina. 



North Dakota. 



Ohio. 



Oklahoma. 



Oregon. 



Pennsylvania . 



Rhode Island. 



South Carolina. 



Census 
year. 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 

1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 

1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 

1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 



1900 



1910 
1920 



I sso 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 

1890 

1900 

1910 

1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



North 
latitude. 



40 57 47 

41 5 54 
41 8 43 
41 11 13 
41 12 32 



39 41 41 

39 31 55 

39 51 36 

39 16 48 

39 20 41 



43 26 

43 26 

43 26 

43 21 



34 
34 

34 



43 21 30 



40 25 48 

40 37 19 

40 27 54 

40 29 24 

40 28 19 



35 9 35 

34 58 19 

34 55 

34 49 5 

34 44 34 



42 4 

41 54 51 

41 48 

41 39 29 

41 36 13 

35 38 35 

35 38 22 

35 38 13 

35 37 23 

35 36 48 



47 2 3 

47 28 35 

47 31 40 

47 30 32 

47 28 43 

40 20 17 

40 22 59 

40 24 12 

40 28 48 

40 33 11 

35 18 58 

35 30 25 

35 28 19 

35 28 33 

44 39 37 

44 46 13 

44 55 58 

44 52 12 

44 55 41 

40 35 18 

40 35 14 

40 35 50 

40 32 54 

40 32 5 

41 46 14 
41 46 46 
41 47 5 
41 47 24 
41 47 43 



33 58 47 

33 59 12 

18 

2 2 

2 35 



West 
longitude. 



97 20 43 

97 43 34 

97 42 10 

97 50 17 

97 57 

117 59 22 

118 1 46 
117 49 23 
117 33 18 
117 31 23 

71 35 50 

71 35 23 

71 34 44 

71 32 10 

71 32 17 



74 31 1 

74 30 14 

74 29 37 

74 26 20 

74 24 34 



106 10 35 
9 1 
9 41 



106 

106 9 
105 43 



74 51 56 

74 45 51 

74 51 50 

74 50 59 

79 18 37 

79 25 11 



79 28 37 



79 29 49 
79 31 27 



98 9 37 

98 20 25 

98 42 27 

99 39 47 
99 46 27 



82 53 
82 53 



48 
56 

82 54 45 
82 48 25 
82 41 36 

96 28 1 

96 57 32 

97 5 28 
96 52 48 



122 18 

122 

121 56 

122 12 



122 13 33 

77 10 2 

77 12 30 

77 15 5 

77 17 50 

77 18 30 

71 27 40 

71 27 49 

71 27 42 

71 27 40 

71 26 27 



80 58 46 

80 58 50 

80 59 49 

81 4 1 
81 3 42 



approximate location by important towns. 



County. 



Seward. . 
Polk.... 
Polk.... 
Merrick . 

Merrick . 



Churchill. 

Churchill. 
Churchill. 
Lander... 
Lander. . . 



Belknap. . . 
Merrimack . 
Merrimack. 
Merrimack . 

Merrimack . 



Middlesex. 
Somerset . . 
Middlesex. 



Middlesex. 
Middlesex. 



Santa Fe. . 
Torrance.. 
Bernalillo. 
Torrance. . 
Torrance.. 



Delaware. 
Sullivan . . 



Sullivan. 
Sullivan . 
Sullivan. 



Chatham. 
Chatham. 



Chatham. 



Chatham. 
Chatham. 



Barnes. 
Griggs.. 
Foster. 
Wells.. 
Wells.. 



Seminole. 
Lincoln . . 
Lincoln . . 
Lincoln . . 



Linn 

Marion 

Clackamas. 

Marion 

Clackamas. 



Juniata. 
Juniata. 
Juniata . 
Juniata. 
Juniata. 



Providence. 
Providence. 
Providence. 
Providence. 
Providence. 



Richland- 
Richland . 
Richland- 
Richland. 
Richland. 



Nearest city or town. 



4.7 miles N. by E. of Utica, Seward County. . 

3.5 miles ENE. of Polk, Polk County 

6.2 miles WNW. of Stromburg, Polk County. 

1.7 miles S. of Clarks, Merrick County 

5.8 miles W. by S. of Clarks, Merrick County. 



2.5 miles SSE. of Boyer, Churchill County 

13.8 miles S. by W. of Boyer, Churchill County. 

13.3 miles NE. of Boyer, Churchill County 

20.3 miles SE . of Alpine, Churchill County 

26.2 miles WSW. of Austin, Lander County 



0.2 mile W. by S. of Tillon, Belknap County 

0.6 mile S. by E. of Tilton, Belknap County 

0.9 mile SE. of Tilton, Belknap County 

2.2 miles NE. of Canterbury post office, Merrimack 
County. 

2.4 miles NE. by N. of Canterbury post office, Merri- 
mack County. 

5.5 miles SW. of New Brunswick, Middlesex County 

2.8 miles NW. of Dunellen, Middlesex County 

3.0 miles SW. by W. of New Brunswick, Middlesex 

County. 
First ward of New Brunswick, Middlesex County. . 
2.2 miles SE. of New Brunswick, Middlesex County 



5.0 miles SE. of San Pedro, Santa Fe County 

6.4 miles W. by S. of Moriarty, Torrance County 

7.5 miles WSW. of Moriarty, Torrance County 

19.5 miles ENE. of Estancia, Torrance County 

8.0 miles E. by S. of Estancia, Torrance County 

3.0 miles NW. by W. of Craigeclare, Sullivan County. 
1.8 miles W. by N. of Livingston Manor, Sullivan 
County. 

1.2 miles SW. of Liberty, Sullivan County 

0.7 mile NW. by W. of Forestine, Sullivan County. . 
3.8 miles S. by W. of Forestine, Sullivan County 



Delaware 

Morrow 

Morrow 

Morrow 

Morrow 



2.2 miles NNW. of Goldston, Chatham County , 

2.5 miles S. oi Mount Vernon Springs, Chatham 
County. 

4.2 miles SW. of Mount Vernon Springs, Chatham 
County. 

3.3 miles ENE. of Cheeks, Randolph County 

3.0 miles SW. by S. of Mount Vernon Springs, 

Chatham County. 

2.0 miles SW. of Matteson, Barnes County 

7 .2 miles SW. of Jessie, Origgs County , 

6.6 miles SW. of McHenry, Foster County 

3.5 miles NE. of Bowdon", Wells County 

2.5 miles WNW. of Bowdon, Wells County 



3.7 miles E. by N. of Kilbourne, Delaware County. 
4.9 miles WSW. of Marengo, Morrow County 

5 . 4 miles W. of Marengo. Morrow County 

1.5 miles E. by N. of Fulton, Morrow County 

7.6 miles E. of Mount Gilead, Morrow County 



5.0 miles WSW. of Bearden, Okfuskee County 

3.3 miles W. of Meeker, Lincoln County 

3.0 miles NNE. of Mc Loud, Pottawatomie County . 
2.0 miles SSE. of Meeker, Lincoln County 



9.1 miles WSW. of Detroit, Marion County 

7.8 miles ENE. of Detroit, Marion County 

18. Omiles NE. by N. of Detroit, Marion County. 

10.8 miles NNW. of Detroit, Marion County 

24.6 miles SE. of Marquam, Clackamas County... 



11 .6 miles E. by N. of Mifflinto wn , Juniata County. 
9.5 miles E. by N. of Mifflintown, Juniata County. . 

7.4 miles ENE. of Mifflintown, Juniata County 

5.5 miles SE. by E. of Mifflintown, Juniata County. 
5.2 miles SE. of Mifflintown, Juniata County 



4.1 miles SW. by S. of Providence post office, Provi- 
dence County. 

3.7 miles SW. of Providence post office, Providence 
County. 

3.4 miles SW. of Providence post office, Providence 
County. 

3.1 miles SW. by W. of Providence post office, Provi- 
dence County. 

2.3 miles SW. of Providence post office, Providence 
County. 

3.4 miles SE. by E. of Columbia, Richland County. 

3 .2 miles ESE . of Columbia, Richland County 

1.3 miles E. by N. of Columbia, Richland County. . 

3.3 miles NW. of Columbia, Richland County 

4.0 miles NW. of Columbia, Richland County 



movement in miles during 
preceding decade. 



From 
point 

to 
point 

in 
direct 
line. 



North- 
ward. 



22.0 
3.4 
7.7 
6.0 



11.4 
25.1 

42.4 
4.8 



0.6 
0.5 



0.2 



13.2 
10.8 



3.4 
2.0 



9.3 
3.2 



1.5 



22.6 
' '4.5 



0.2 



13.2 
1.7 



13.1 
3.8 
26.0 
12.6 



6.5 

9.5 
11.0 
3.9 



6.2 
3.2 



1.5 
1.7 



31.6 

17.6 

44.7 

5.6 



3.1 
1.6 

7.7 
7.8 



30.7 
7.9 
11.9 



16.5 
11.7 
13.9 
4.2 



2.2 
2.4 
4.2 
1.1 



0.6 

0.4 
0.4 
1.2 



0.5 
1.6 
4.5 
0.7 



30.5 
3.5 



3.1 
1.4 
5.3 
5.0 



13.2 



7.6 
11.2 



4.0 



0.7 



0.6 
0.4 
0.4 
0.4 



0.5 
1.3 
2.0 
0.6 



South- 
ward. 



11.2 

'40.6 



0.5 

"5. _ 4 



10.8 

"i.2 



13.0 
3.8 
6.8 
5.2 



6.0 

7.9 
9.8 
3.8 



0.2 
0.2 



1.0 
0.7 



1.3 

2.1 



East- 
ward. 



West- 
ward. 



11.0 

14.2 

1.7 



0.4 
0.5 
2.1 



0.7 
0.5 



2.9 
1.6 



1.5 
"25." i 



2.5 

5.2 
'6.' 7 



5.6 
6.0 



11.9 



0.1 



3.4 
0.9 



14.7 
3.4 



19.9 



7.1 
5.8 



0.1 

0.02. 

1.1 



2.1 



0.1 



0.6 

"ii.'j 



5.1 



6.2 
3.2 



1.1 
1.5 



8.4 
17.2 
44.7 

5.2 



0.1 
0.7 



27.7 
7.5 



13.2 
1.2 



2.2 
2.3 
2.4 
0.6 



0.1 



0.3 



0.1 
0.9 
4.0 



16 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 

Table 9.— CENTERS OF POPULATION OF EACH STATE: 1880 TO 1920— Continued. 



South Dakota. 



Tennessee . 



Texas. 



Utah. 



Vermont. 



Virginia. 



Washington . 



West Virginia. 



Wisconsin. 



Wyoming. 



Census 
year. 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 

1890 

1900 

1910 

1920 



1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 

1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 



North 
latitude. 



43 59 28 

44 16 52 
44 21 20 
44 19 48 
44 19 25 

35 50 9 

35 50 7 

35 50 6 

35 49 16 

35 48 53 



31 20 50 

31 26 11 

31 28 35 

31 31 23 

31 28 34 

40 13 56 

40 18 53 

40 16 2 

40 23 6 

40 22 19 



1 45 

2 38 

3 18 
3 
2 46 



37 29 34 

37 28 31 

37 26 19 

37 25 5 

37 23 38 

47 5 32 

47 15 44 

47 19 50 

47 23 6 

47 24 5 

38 53 20 
38 49 59 

38 48 7 

38 45 32 

38 42 36 

43 44 57 

43 53 27 

43 57 29 

43 56 53 

43 55 42 

42 10 48 

42 24 46 

42 32 14 

42 42 

42 48 58 



West 




longitude. 


98 


18 


4 


98 


24 


26 


98 


25 


9 


98 


50 


6 


98 


40 


39 


86 


38 


37 


86 


35 


58 


86 


36 


19 


86 


33 


47 


86 


32 


1 


96 


38 


30 


96 


50 


52 


96 


52 


26 


97 


15 


14 


97 


19 


12 


111 


54 


30 


111 


46 


47 


111 


45 


29 


111 


47 


46 


111 


47 


4 


72 


43 


5 


72 


42 


48 


72 


39 


1 


72 


44 


56 


72 


45 


3 


78 


29 


51 


78 


33 


29 


78 


32 


54 


78 


33 


58 


78 


30 


23 


120 


36 


29 


120 


52 


30 


120 


46 


35 


121 


4 


16 


121 


14 


24 


80 


37 


47 


80 


41 


26 


80 


44 


22 


80 


49 


12 


80 


52 


55 


89 


17 


6 


89 


18 


22 


89 


18 


43 


89 


14 


10 


89 


12 


46 


106 


39 


14 


106 


36 


27 


106 


52 


39 


107 





7 


106 


54 


38 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION I)Y IMPORTANT TOWNS. 



County. 



Sanborn 

Beadle 

Beadle 

Hand 

Beadle 

Williamson . . 
Rutherford. . . 
Rutherford. . . 
Rutherford... 
Rutherford. . . 

Limestone . . . 

Falls 

Falls 

McLennan . . . 

McLennan . . . 

Utah 

Utah 

Utah 

Utah 

Utah 

Washington.. 

Washington. . 

Orange 

Washington. . 

Washington. . 



Buckingham 
Buckingham 
Buckingham 
Buckingham 
Buckingham 

Kittitas 

Kittitas 

Kittitas 

Kittitas 

Kittitas 

Braxton 

Braxton 

Braxton .... 

Braxton .... 
Braxton 

Marquette. . . 
Marquette . . . 
Marquette . . . 
Marquette. . . 
Marquette . . . 

Carbon 

Carbon 

Natrona. . . . 

Natrona 

Natrona .... 



Nearest city or town. 



5.0 miles SSW. of Woonsocket, Sanborn County 

1.5 miles S. by E. of Virgil, Beadle County 

10.0 miles W. by S. of Huron, Beadle County 

8.0 miles N. of Danforth, Hand County 

13.6 miles NW. by W. of Virgil, Beadle County 

4.6 miles SE. of Arlington, Williamson County 

5.4 miles NW. by N. of Rockvale, Rutherford County 
5.6 miles NW. of Rockvale, Rutherford County 

4 . 5 miles W . of Overall, Rutherford County 

8.4 miles SW. by W. of Murfreesboro, Rutherford 

County. 

6.4 miles SW. of Thornton, Limestone County 

3.0 miles WS W. of Otto, Falls County 

4.5 miles NNW. of Otto, Falls County 

7.0 miles WSW. of Waco, McLennan County 

12.1 miles SW. of Waco, McLennan County 



26.6 miles W. by S. of Provo, Utah County 

4.6 miles SSE. of American Fork, Utah County . . 

4.7 miles WNW. of Provo, Utah County 

1.4 miles ENE. of American Fork, Utah County . 

1.5 miles SE. of American Fork, Utah County 



3.8 miles S. by E. of Roxbury post office, Washing- 
ton County. 

3.0 miles SE. by S. of Roxbury post office, Washing- 
ton County. 

2.0 miles NW. of Brookfleld post office, Orange 
County. 

2.6 miles S. by W. of Roxbury post office, Washing- 
ton County. 

H.9 miles SSW. of Roxbury post office, Washington 
County. 

3.2 miles NNE. of Arcanum, Buckingham County. . . 

2.9 miles NW. of Arcanum, Buckingham County 

1.9 miles W. by S. of Arcanum, Buckingham County. 

3.5 miles SW. of Arcanum, Buckingham County 

3.8 miles S. by E. of Arcanum, Buckingham County. 

4.3 miles ENE. of Thorp, Kittitas County 

5.8 miles ENE. of Roslyn, Kittitas County 

7.8 miles NW. of Liberty, Kittitas County 

12.7 miles NNW. of Roslyn, Kittitas County 

17.2 miles NW. by N. of Roslyn, Kittitas County. . . 

2.5 miles NNE. of Burnsville, Braxton County 

2.7 miles SW. of Burnsville, Braxton County 

1.4 miles W. by S. of Delta or Braxton post office, 
Braxton County. 

1.8 miles NW. of Chapel, Braxton County 

4.5 miles N W. of Gassaway, Braxton County 



3.8 miles SE . of Montello, Marquette County 

2.3 miles W. of Germania, Marquette County 

5.1 miles W. by S. of Neshkoro, Marquette County - 

2.2 miles S W. of Neshkoro, Marquette County 

2.6 miles S . of Neshkoro, Marquette County 



4.7 miles S.by E. of Leo, Carbon County 

12.3 miles NNW. of Shirley, Carbon County 

7.8 miles W. by S. of Alcova, Natrona County 

6.8 miles SE. of Oilcity, Natrona County 

10.3 miles NE. by E. of Oilcity, Natrona County. 



movement in mii.es during 
preceding decade. 



From 
point 

to 
point 

in 
direct 
line. 



20.7 
5.1 

20.6 
7.8 



2.5 
0.3 
2.6 
1.7 



13.7 
3.2 

22.6 
5.0 



8.9 
3.5 
8.3 
1.1 



1.0 
3.2 
4.9 
0.3 



3.5 
2.5 
1.7 

3.7 



17.2 



12.0 
8.0 



5.1 
3.3 



5.2 
4.7 



9.9 
4.6 
3.9 
1.8 



16.3 
16.3 
12.9 
9.2 



North- 
ward. 



20.0 
5.1 



6.2 
2.8 
3.2 



5.7 
'8." i' 



1.0 
0.8 



11.7 
4.7 
3.8 
1.1 



9.8 
4.6 



16.1 
8.6 

11.2 
8.0 



South- 
ward 



1.8 
0.4 



0.03 

0.02 

1.0 

0.4 



3.2 



3.3 

"6." 9 



0.3 
0.3 



1.2 
2.5 
1.4 
1.7 



3.9 
2.1 



3.0 
3.4 



0.7 
1.4 



East- 
ward. 



7.8 



2.5 



2.4 
1.7 



1.1 

'6." 6 



0.2 
3.1 



0.5 
"3.3 



4.6 



3.8 
1.2 



2.4 
4.6 



West- 
ward. 



5.3 
0.6 

20.5 



0.3 



12.2 
1.5 

22.4 
3.9 



2.0 



4.9 
0.1 



3.3 

"i.'o 



12.6 



11.4 
7.9 



3.3 
2.6 



4.3 
3.3 



1.1 
0.3 



13.8 
6.4 



CENTEKS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



17 



CENTER OF AREA. 

In connection with the location of the center of 
population of the United States, it is of interest to 
note also the position of what may be termed the 
center of area — that is, the point on which the surface 
of continental United States would balance, if it were 
a plane of uniform weight per unit of area. This 
point is located in northern Kansas, 10 miles north 
of Smith Center, the county seat of Smith County, 
approximate latitude 39° 55', longitude 98° 50', and 
is, therefore, 44' 39" (51.3 miles) north and 12° 6' 45" 
(647.4 miles) west of the center of population. Its 
location is shown on Plate No. 122 designating the 
position of the median lines. This would be the cen- 
ter of population, if the population were distributed 
evenly over the territory of continental United States. 

The Geological Survey, Department of the Interior, 
has determined the center of area of each state as 
given in Table 10 and as shown on the map on Plate 
No. 138. 

Table 10. — Geographic Centers op the States. 



Alabama . . 
Arizona . . . 
Arkansas. . 
California. 
Colorado. . 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia- 
Florida 

Georgia 



Idaho... 
Illinois . . 
Indiana . 



Iowa . . . 
Kansas. 



Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts. 



Michigan . . . 
Minnesota. . 
Mississippi . 

Missouri 

Montana... 



Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 



New York 

North Carolina. 
North Dakota.. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 



Oregon 

Pennsylvania . . 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina . 
South Dakota.. 



Tennessee . 

Texas 

"Utah 

Vermont . . 
Virginia . . . 



Washington... 
West Virginia . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



County. 



Chilton.. 
Yavapai . 
Pulaski . . 
Madera. . . 
Park 



Hartford . 
Kent 



Citrus.. 
Twiggs. 

Custer.. 
Logan.. 
Boone.. 



Story.. 
Barton. 



Marion 

Avoyelles 

Piscataquis — 
Anne Arundel. 
Worcester 



Wexford 

Crow Wing. 

Leake 

Miller 

Fergus 



Custer 

Lander... 
Belknap . 
Mercer . . . 
Torrance . 



Madison 

Chatham.. 
Sheridan . . 
Delaware... 
Oklahoma- 



Crook 

Centre . . . 

Kent 

Richland. 
Hughes . . 



Rutherford... 
McCulloch... 

Sanpete 

Washington.. 
Appomattox . 

Chelan 

Braxton 

Wood 

Fremont 



Approximate location. 



12 miles southwest of Clanton. 
45 miles southeast of Prescott. 
12 miles northwest of Little Rock. 
35 miles northeast of Madera. 
30 miles northwest of Pikes Peak. 

At East Berlin. 

11 miles east of Dover. 

Near corner of 4th and L Streets, NW. 

12 miles north-northwest of Brookville. 
18 miles southeast of Macon. 

At Custer. 

28 miles northeast of Springfield. 

14 miles north-northwest of Indian- 
apolis. 

5 miles northeast of Ames. 

15 miles northeast of Great Bend. 

3 miles north-northwest of Lebanon. 
3 miles southeast of Marksville. 
18 miles north of Dover. 
3 miles east of Collington. 
Northern part of city of Worcester. 

5 miles north-northwest of Cadillac. 
10 miles southwest of Brainerd. 

9 miles west-northwest of Carthage. 
20 miles southwest of Jefferson City. 
12 miles west of Lewiston. 

10 miles northwest of Broken Bow. 

24 miles southeast of Austin. 
3 miles east of Ashland. 

5 miles southeast of Trenton. 

12 miles south-southwest of Willard. 

6 miles south-southeast of Oneida. 

10 miles northwest of Sanford. 

25 miles northeast of Washburn. 

25 miles north-northeast of Columbus. 
8 miles north of Oklahoma City. 

25 miles south-southeast of Prineville. 

2t miles southwest of Bellefonte. 

1 mile south-southwest of Crompton. 

13 miles southeast of Columbia. 

8 miles northeast of Pierre. 

5 miles northeast of Murfreesboro. 
20 miles northeast of Brady. 
3 miles north of Manti. 

3 miles east of Roxbury. 

11 miles east-southeast of Amherst. 

10 miles west-southwest of Wenatchee. 

4 miles east of Sutton. 

9 miles southeast of Marshfield. 
58 miles east-northeast of Lander. 



CENTER OF FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION. 

The movement of the center of the total popula- 
tion from census to census is the result of all migra- 
tion, both interstate and foreign. In view of the 
change in the character of the foreign immigration 
and the large proportion of immigrants who are set- 
tling in the cities, the location of the center of foreign- 
born population and its movement from decade to 
decade is a matter of great interest. 

On the map on Plate No. 121 the center of total 
population at each census from 1790 to 1920 is 
indicated, also the location of the center of the foreign- 
born population from 1880 to 1920. The location of 
the center of population and the median point were 
discussed on pages 7 to 13. At the census of 1910, 
the center of the foreign-born population was com- 
puted from 1880 to 1910, the center of this class of 
the population not having been worked at a previous 
census. 

In 1880 the center of the foreign-born population 
was located in Monroe County, Mich., in latitude 41° 
49' 52", longitude 83° 44' 17", approximately 15.5 
miles northwest of Toledo, Ohio. 

In 1890 the center had advanced almost 2° to the 
west. The opening of Oklahoma and the increase in 
the population of Texas drew the point to the south, 
when it was located in latitude 41 Q 22' 5", longitude 
85 Q 23' 17", in Noble County, Ind., approximately 
54.5 miles southeast of South Bend. 

The falling off in the class of immigrants who settled 
in the far Western states is indicated by the change in 
the direction of the movement from 1890 to 1900, 
for in 1900 the center of the foreign-born population 
was located in Defiance County, Ohio, 18 miles north- 
west of Defiance, bemg in latitude 41° 22' 48", almost 
the same latitude as in 1890, and longitude 84° 43' 21", 
nearly a degree farther east. The eastern movement 
was due, as previously stated, to the newer immigra- 
tion that settled principally in the large cities of the 
East. 

In 1910 the center of foreign-born population was 
again located in Defiance County, Ohio, about 10.5 
miles west of Defiance, in latitude 41° 17' 24", show- 
ing a decided movement south, and in longitude 
84° 36' 7", showing a further advance toward the 
east, but not nearly as great as during the previous 
decade. This was undoubtedly due to the great in- 
crease in the foreign-born population of California, 
which, on account of its great distance from the cen- 
ter, has a much greater weight than an equal number 
of foreign-born in the Eastern and Middle states. 

In 1920 the center of foreign-born population was 
located in latitude 41° 3' 45", longitude 84° 49' 17", 
in the eastern part of Allen County, Ind., about 



18 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



10.8 miles east of New Haven and 16 miles east of 
Fort Wayne. For the first time in three decades the 
center of foreign-born population showed a west- 
ern movement. From 1890 to 1900 it moved 35.6 
miles in a northeasterly direction, and from 1900 to 
1910, 8.2 miles in a southeasterly direction. At the 
latter censuses the center was located in Defiance 
County, Ohio, but in 1920 it moved just across the state 
boundary line into Allen County, Ind. The center in 
1880 was located in Monroe County, Mich., and in 
1890 in Noble County, Ind., so that in 30 years the 
center has returned to the state in which it was lo- 
cated in 1890. 

The change in direction of the movement of this 
center from east to west is due principally to the in- 
crease in foreign-born white population in the state 



of California. The total increase in the foreign-born 
white population of the United States was 367,209 
and the increase in the states of Texas, California, and 
Arizona was 316,222, or 86 per cent of the total in- 
crease. Of the 20 states showing an increase in this 
element of their population from 1910 to 1920, 12 
were located east of the meridian on which the center 
was located in 1920, and 7 were west, while 1 state, 
Michigan, is divided by the meridian. The states 
west of the meridian, however, had much greater in- 
creases in their foreign-born white population than 
the states east; the largest increases were in Cali- 
fornia, Michigan, and Texas. 

The following table gives the center of foreign-born 
population at each census, and its movement in miles, 
also the location in relation to a city: 



Table 11.— CENTER OF FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION: 1880 TO 1920. 





North 
latitude. 


West 
longitude. 


APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 


CENSUS YEAR. 


From 

point to 

point in 

direct 

line. 


East- 
ward. 


West- 
ward. 


North- 
ward. 


South- 
ward. 


1880 


41 49 52 
41 22 5 
41 22 48 
41 17 24 
41 3 45 


83 44 17 
85 23 17 

84 43 21 
84 36 7 
84 49 17 


In Monroe County, Mich., 15.5 miles northwest of Toledo, Ohio 












1890 


In Noble County, Ind., 54.5 miles southeast of South Bend, Ind 

In Defiance County, Ohio, 18 miles northwest of Defiance, Ohio 

In Defiance County, Ohio, 10.5 miles southwest of Defiance, Ohio 

In Allen County, Ind., 10.8 miles east of New Haven, Ind 


91.0 
35.6 
8.2 
18.9 


34.6 
5.4 


85.8 


8.2 


32.0 


1900 




1910 


6.2 


1920 


11.5 




15.0 









CENTER OF NEGRO POPULATION. 

The question of negro migration has always been 
one of great interest and, on the map on Plate 121, 
the location of the center of negro population of 
continental United States is indicated. The center 
of negro population was computed for 1790 and for 
each census from 1880 to 1920, no computations being 
made for the censuses from 1800 to 1870, inclusive. 
The movement of the center of negro population is 
an accurate index of the direction of negro migration. 
In 1790 the center of negro population was located in 
Dinwiddie County, Va., 25 miles west-southwest of 
Petersburg, in latitude 37° 4' 8" north, and longitude 
77° 51' 21" west. In 1880 the center was located in 
northwestern Georgia, 10.4 miles east of Lafayette, in 
the eastern part of Walker County, latitude 34° 42' 14" 
north, longitude 85° 6' 56" west. From 1880 to 1890 
the southwesterly movement of the center was con- 
tinued, and it advanced 20.1 miles, to a point in 
Walker County, Ga., 10.5 miles southwest of Lafayette, 
latitude 34° 36' 18" north, longitude 85° 26' 49"'west, 
about 4 miles east of the Alabama line. In 100 years 
it had moved southwest 463 miles, an average of 
46 miles for each decade. From 1890 to 1900 its 
movement was greatly retarded, and it advanced only 



9.1 miles southwest, across the Alabama-Georgia 
state line into Dekalb County, Ala., 10.7 miles north- 
east of Fort Payne, in northeastern Alabama, about 
4 miles west of the Georgia line, latitude 34° 31' 16" 
north, longitude 85° 34' 35" west. In 1910 the center 
of negro population was located 5.4 miles north- 
northeast of Fort Payne, Dekalb County, Ala., in 
latitude 34° 30' 0" north, and longitude 85° 40' 43" 
west, its movement for the decade being 6.0 miles 
west-southwest. Its movement south was evidently 
greatly retarded by the migration of the negroes to 
the Northern and Eastern states. A study of the 
movement from 1790 to 1910 shows a steady advance 
in a southwesterly direction, but the distance covered 
at each decade is much smaller than the movement at 
the previous decade. In 1920 it moved back across 
the state line into Georgia and was located in latitude 
34° 46' 52", and longitude 85° 30' 48", the eastern 
movement being 9' 55", or approximately 9.4 miles, 
and the northern movement being 16' 52", or 19.4 
miles. Its location was approximately 1.8 miles 
north-northeast of Rising Fawn town, Dade County, 
Ga. For the first time in the history of the country, 
the center of negro population has moved northeast, 
its former movements having been in a southwesterly 
direction; this northeasterly movement was due prin- 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



19 



cipally to the great increase in the negro population of 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and 
Michigan. The total increase in the negro population 
of the United States was 635,368, and it will be noted 
that the increase in the Northern states mentioned 
was 56 per cent of the total increase. This hegira 
north of the negro population was due mainly to the 
expansion of certain industries during the World War, 



the high wages paid being the great attraction. It is 
probably true that this movement has been continued, 
due to the reduction of the cotton crop and the 
demand for common labor at higher wages in the 
North. 

In the following table is given the latitude and longi- 
tude of the center of negro population at each census, 
also the distance moved during the decade, and the 
location of the center relative to a city or town: 



Table 12.— CENTER OF NEGRO POPULATION: 1790 AND 1880 TO 1920. 





North 
latitude. 


West 
longitude. 


APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 


CENSUS YEAR. 


From 

point to 

point in 

direct 

line. 


East- 
ward. 


West- 
ward. 


North- 
ward. 


South- 
ward. 


1790 


37 4 8 
34 42 14 
34 36 18 
34 31 16 
34 30 
34 46 52 


77 51 21 
85 6 56 
85 26 49 
85 34 35 
85 40 43 
85 30 48 


25 miles west-southwest of Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Va 












1880 


10.4 miles east of Lafayette, Walker County, Ga 


>444. 5 
20.1 
9.1 
6.0 
21.6 


9.4 


' 413. 5 
18.9 
7.02 
5.8 


19.4 


i 163. 1 


1890 


10.5 miles southwest of Lafayette, Walker County, Ga 


6.8 


1900 


10.7 miles northeast of Fort Payne, Dekalb County, Ala 


5.8 


1910 


5.4 mi'es north-northeast of Fort Payne, Dekalb County, Ala 


1.5 


1920 . . 


1.8 miles north-northeast of Rising Fawn, Dade County, Ga 











i Movement from 1790 to 1880. 



CENTERS OF URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION. 

On Plate 121, in addition to centers of total and 
foreign-born population, are indicated the locations 
of the centers of urban and rural population in 1910 
and 1920. As the centers of urban and rural popula- 
tion were not computed for previous censuses, no 
statement can be made as to the distance or direction 
in Avhich these centers moved from 1900 to 1910 or 
during any previous decade. In 1910 not only was 
the center of urban population located, but the center 
of rural population was also ascertained — that is, 
the population excluding all places with 2,500 or 
more inhabitants in 1910, as well as the New England 
towns of that size. The center of urban population 
was located in 1910 in latitude 40° 16' 12" and 
longitude 83° 59' 22", in Champaign County, Ohio, 
15.3 miles northeast of Piqua, Miami County, Ohio. 
In 1920 the center of urban population was located in 
latitude 40° 5' 7" and longitude 84° 40' 53", in Darke 
County, Ohio, 2.8 miles west-southwest of Greenville 
city. 

In 1910 the center of rural population was located 
in latitude 38° 12' 36" and longitude 88° 39' 3", in 
Hamilton County, 111., 16.7 miles southeast of Mount 
Vernon, Jefferson County, 111. In 1920 the center of 
rural population was located in latitude 38° 12' 31" 



and longitude 88° 49' 22", in Jefferson County, 111., 
8.5 miles southeast of Mount Vernon. 

The location of these centers shows strikingly the 
preponderance of urban population in the north- 
eastern portion of the United States, the center of 
urban population in 1920 being approximately 129.5 
miles north and 225.4 miles east of the center of rural 
population. In a direct line the center of urban 
population was 260 miles northeast from the center of 
rural population. 

From 1910 to 1920 the center of urban population 
moved 12.7 miles south and 36.7 miles west. During 
the same period the center of rural population moved 
0.1 of a mile south and 9.4 miles west. The greater 
westward movement of the center of urban population 
is surprising, but it is probably due to the decrease in 
the number of immigrants, who usually settle in the 
eastern cities. The movement of the center of rural 
population west is significant as it is due to a decrease 
in the rural population of the east and a fair increase in 
the west. The increase in the rural population of the 
Mountain, Pacific, and West South Central divisions 
was the principal factor in the westward movement. 

The latitude and longitude of these centers at each 
census, also the distance moved during the decade, 
and the location of the center relative to a city or 
town, are given in Tables 13 and 14. 



20 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 

Table 13.— CENTER OF URBAN POPULATION: 1910 AND 1920. 



1 . : 


North 
latitude. 


West 
longitude. 


APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 


CENSUS YEAR. 


From 
point to 
point in 

direct 

line. 


West- 
ward. 


North- 
ward. 


South- 
ward. 


1910.. 


40 16 12 
40 5 7 


o / // 

83 59 22 

84 40 53 


1 5 .3 miles northeast of Piqua , Miami County , Ohio 










1920... 


2.8 miles west-southwest of Greenville, Darke County, Ohio 


38.8 


36.7 





12.7 









Table 14.— CENTER OF RURAL POPULATION: 1910 AND 1920. 





North 
latitude. 


West 
longitude. 


APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 


MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 


CENSUS YEAR. 


From 

point to 

point in 

direct 

line. 


West- 
ward. 


North- 
ward. 


South- 
ward. 


1910 


38 12 36 
38 12 31 


88 39 3 
88 49 22 


In Hamilton County, 111., 16.7 miles southeast of Mount Vernon, Jeffer- 
son County, 111. 
8.5 miles southeast of Mount Vernon, Jefferson County, 111 










1920 


9.4 


9.4 




0.1 









CENTERS OF AGRICULTURE. 

The map on Plate 137 shows the location of center 
of population from 1790 to 1920, and the centers of 
the number of farms, total area in farms, improved 
acreage, farm values, agricultural products, and 
manufactures, from 1850 to 1920, and may be desig- 
nated as a chart of the progress of the Nation, repre- 
senting, as it does, the westward movement of popula- 
tion, agriculture, and manufactures. 

CENTER OF NUMBER OF FARMS. 

The center of the number of farms in 1850 was 
located on the Ohio River, between Ohio and the 
present state of West Virginia, at nearly the same 
point as the center of corn production. From this 
position the center of the number of farms moved 116.8 
miles in a northwesterly direction, and in 1860 reached 
a point 13 miles southeast of Xenia, Ohio. From 1860 
to 1870 the center advanced 20.8 miles almost directly 
south to a position in Brown County, 3 1 miles east-north- 
east of Cincinnati, Ohio. From 1870 to 1880 the dis- 
tance covered was 36.7 miles in a southwesterly direc- 
tion across the Ohio River into Kentucky to a point 
20 miles south by east of Newport. From 1880 to 
1890 its progress of 100.1 miles was nearly due west 
into Indiana. From 1890 to 1900 it moved in a south- 
westerly direction 109.4 miles to a point 10 miles 
southeast of Fairfield, Wayne County, 111. From 
1900 to 1910 the center moved west-southwest 43.2 
miles to a point 6.6 miles north-northwest of Benton, 
Franklin County, 111. From 1910 to 1920 the south- 
western movement was continued and the center ad- 
vanced 25.9 miles and was located 4.2 miles south- 
west of Pinckneyville, Perry County, 111. 



CENTER OF TOTAL FARM AREA. 

The center of the number of acres of farm land, or 
total area in farms, in 1850 was located in Owsley 
County, Ky., the farthest south of any center shown 
on the map except the center of cotton production. 
From 1850 to 1870 it moved to a point 55 miles east 
by north of Evansville, Ind. From 1870 to 1880 it 
advanced in a westerly direction to a position 7.3 
miles northeast of Carmi, 111. From 1880 to 1890 
it moved northwest across the state of Illinois to a 
point 6 miles north by west of Alton, 111., its next 
movement being southwest to a location about 48 
miles southwest of Jefferson City, Mo. The center of 
total farm area has not been computed since 1900. 

CENTER OF IMPROVED ACREAGE. 

The center of improved acreage was first computed 
in 1900 when it was located in Pike County, 111., 14 
miles southeast by south of Pittsfield, in Pike County, 
111. From 1900 to 1910 it moved 65.1 miles, almost 
directly west to a point 9.2 miles east-northeast of 
Paris, Monroe County, Mo. From 1910 to 1920 its 
movement was northwest 47.8 miles to a point 3.8 
miles south-southwest of New Cambria, Macon 
County, Mo. 

CENTER OF VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY. 

The center of the value of farm property, which in 
1850 was located 13 miles northwest of Clarksburg, in 
the present state of West Virginia, in 1860 had ad- 
vanced south and west to a point 14 miles northwest 
of Portsmouth, Ohio. From 1860 to 1870 its move- 
ment was northwest to a position 13 miles northwest 
of Urbana, Ohio. From 1870 to 1900 it moved west 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



21 



in a straight line across Indiana and Illinois to a 
point in Cass County, 16 miles north-northwest of 
Jacksonville, Morgan County, 111. Its greatest west- 
ward movement, and the greatest advance made for 
any decade, approximately 175 miles, was from 1880 
to 1890. 

The center of value of farm property advanced, 
from 1900 to 1910, 103.6 miles directly west and was 
located 14 miles south-southwest of Edina, Knox 
County, Mo. This is not as great an advance as from 
1880 to 1890, nor from 1850 to 1860, but is the third 
largest western advance it has made. From 1910 to 
1920 it advanced 45.1 miles in a westerly direction 
to a point 3.6 miles northeast of Linneus, Linn County, 
Mo. 

CENTER OF PRODUCTION OF CEREALS. 

The center of cereals, comprising corn, wheat, oats, 
barley, buckwheat, and rye, was first computed in 
1900 when it was located 6 miles south of Warsaw, in 
Hancock County, 111. From 1900 to 1910 it moved 
28.6 miles north-northwest to a point 19.1 miles west 
of Fort Madison, in Lee County, Iowa. From 1910 to 
1920 it moved 46.6 miles southwest to a point 4 miles 
south of Edina, in Knox County, Mo. 

CENTER OF CORN PRODUCTION. 

The center of corn production has moved in a west- 
erly direction, but more rapidly than the center of 
population, as from 1850 to 1860 it moved south of 
west 271.7 miles, the distance traversed being greater 
than the entire western movement of the center of 
population from 1850 to 1900. Its movement from 
1860 to 1870 and from 1870 to 1880 was almost 
directly northwest. From 1880 to 1890 it advanced 
south of west to a point 2 miles southwest of Carroll- 
ton, 111. The movement from 1890 to 1900 was so 
slight that it could hardly be indicated on the map, 
being only 17" west and 2' 36" north. The center 
of corn production was not computed in 1910, but 



from 1900 to 1920 it moved almost directly east 
to a point 2.8 miles southeast of Hettick, Macoupin 
County, 111.; the movement was only 24.9 miles. 

CENTER OF WHEAT PRODUCTION. 

The center of wheat production has made a greater 
western and northern movement than any other 
center, as will be noted from its location in 1900. Its 
greatest southern advance was made from 1880 to 
1890, and its greatest northern movement from 1890 
to 1900. The center of wheat production was not 
computed in 1910, but from 1900 to 1920 it moved in 
a southwesterly direction 81.7 miles, to a point 3.2 
miles east of Hamburg, Fremont County, Iowa. 

CENTER OF OATS PRODUCTION. 

The other agricultural centers have moved in various 
erratic courses, but always in a general westerly direc- 
tion, except the center of oats production, which from 
1850 to 1860 moved north and east. From 1860 to 
1890 the center of oats production moved almost due 
west along the forty-first parallel of latitude. From 
1890 to 1900 its course was northwest to a point 8 
miles west of south of Tipton, Iowa. Its greatest 
movement was from 1860 to 1870, approximately 244 
miles. As the center of oats production was not com- 
puted in 1910, the movement is given from 1900 to 
1920. At the latter date it was located 3.7 miles 
north-northwest of Hedrick, Keokuk County, Iowa, a 
movement of 69.8 miles. Since 1900 the general direc- 
tion of the movement has been southwest. 

The movements of the centers of the number of 
farms, value of farm property, area in farms, and of 
oats, corn, and wheat production, as indicated on the 
map, are widely divergent. 

The latitude and longitude of these centers at each 
census, also the distance moved during the decade, 
and the location of the center relative to a city or 
town, are given in Table 15. 



22 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 

Table 15.— POSITIONS OF THE CENTERS OF AGRICULTURE: 1850 TO 1920. 



I 



CENSUS YEAR. 



1850 
1860 
1S70 
1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1850 
I860 
1870 
1880 
1890 
1900 

1900 
1910 
1920 

1850 
1800 
1870 
1880 
1890 
1900 
1910 
1920 

1900 

1900 
1910 
1920 

1850, 
1860, 
1870, 
1880 
1890 
1900. 
1920 

1850, 
1860. 
1870. 
1880. 
1890. 
1900. 
1920. 

1890. 
1860. 
1870. 
1880. 
1890. 
1900. 
1920. 



North 
latitude. 



39 14 54 

39 29 38 

39 11 48 

38 48 30 

38 38 21 

38 17 

4 12 

1 41 



38 
38 



37 26 20 
37 41 1 
5 19 



38 
38 



38 58 22 
38 11 36 



39 26 20 
39 31 12 
39 38 21 



39 25 53 
38 55 39 

40 15 2 



40 8 26 

39 58 4 

39 57 48 

39 57 

39 55 24 



39 18 47 



40 16 13 
40 37 48 
40 3 53 



39 7 

38 1 54 

38 47 13 

39 28 12 
39 16 57 
39 19 33 
39 20 33 



40 14 18 

39 59 59 

40 39 17 

40 36 14 

39 33 53 

41 39 19 

40 36 20 



39 43 22 
41 38 

40 59 13 

41 2 43 
41 10 43 
41 39 15 
41 12 27 



West 
longitude. 



81 43 38 

83 52 36 

83 56 44 

84 24 30 
14 46 
12 30 
57 33 
25 49 



86 



83 36 22 

85 54 30 

86 34 17 
88 2 43 
90 11 44 
92 50 19 



90 39 20 

91 52 13 

92 45 11 



80 28 33 

83 13 39 

83 51 8 

85 44 46 

89 2 15 

90 21 35 
92 18 36 

9 



93 



34 



90 33 10 



91 25 10 

91 41 36 

92 10 37 



81 47 
86 29 



87 14 15 

89 7 43 

90 26 49 
90 27 6 
89 59 12 



81 58 49 

86 1 38 

88 48 40 

90 30 46 

93 9 18 

94 59 23 

95 42 39 



81 35 29 

81 2 5 

85 42 46 

87 13 37 

89 46 52 

91 8 11 

92 20 21 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 



NUMBER OF FARMS. 

10 miles east-southeast of Athens, in Athens County, Ohio 

13 miles southeast of Xenia , in Clinton County, Ohio 

31 miles east-northeast of Cincinnati, in Brown County, Ohio 

20 miles south by east of Newport, in Kenton County, Ky 

82 miles south by west of Indianapolis, in Washington County, Ind. . 

10 miles southeast of Fairfield, in Wayne County, 111 

6.6 miles north-northwest of Benton, in Franklin County, 111 

4.2 miles southwest of Pinekneyville, in Perry County, 111 



TOTAL AREA IN FARMS. 

4. 5 miles southeast of Booneville, in Owsley County, Ky 

40 miles south by west of Louisville, in Hardin County, Ky 

55 miles east by north of Kvansville, in Perry County, Ind 

7.3 miles northeast of Carmi, in White County, 111 

6 miles north by west of Alton, in Madison County, 111 

48 miles southwest of Jefferson City, in Camden County, Mo 

IMPROVED ACREAGE. 

14 miles southeast by south of Pittsfield, in Pike County, 111 

9.2 miles east-northeast of Paris, in Monroe County, Mo 

3.8 miles south-southwest of New Cambria, in Macon County, Mo . 

VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY. 

13 miles northwest of Clarksburg, in Harrison County, W. Va 

14 miles northwest of Portsmouth, in Scioto County, Ohio 

13 miles northwest of Urbana, in Champaign County, Ohio 

33 miles northeast of Indianapolis, in Madison County, Ind 

34 miles east-northeast of Springfield, in Macon County, 111 

16 miles north-northwest of Jacksonville, in Cass County, 111 

14 miles south-southwest of Edina, in Knox County, Mo 

3.6 miles northeast of Linneus, in Linn County, Mo 



GROSS FARM INCOME. 

8 miles west by north of Carrollton, in Greene County, 111. 
PRODUCTION OF CEREALS. 



6 miles south of Warsaw, in Hancock County, 111 

19.1 miles west of Fort Madison, in Lee County, Iowa. 
4 miles south of Edina, in Knox County, Mo 



PRODUCTION OF CORN. 



86 miles east-southeast of Columbus, in Meigs County, Ohio. . . 
17.5 miles north of Hardinsburg, in Breckinridge County, Ky. 
90 miles southwest of Indianapolis, in Daviess County, ind. . . . 

36 miles southeast of Springfield, in Christian County, 111 

2 miles southwest of Carrollton, in Greene County, 111 

3. 5 miles northwest of Springfield, in Greene County, III 

2.8 miles southeast of Hettick, in Macoupin County, 111 



PRODUCTION OF WHEAT. 

57 miles east-northeast of Columbus, in Coshocton County, Ohio 

13. 5 miles north by east of Indianapolis, in Hamilton County, Ind. . . 
74 miles northeast of Springfield, in McLean County, 111. . . . ' 

09 miles northwest of Springfield, in McDonough County, 111 

10 miles north by west of Brunswick, in Chariton County, Mo 

70 miles west of Des Moines, in Audubon County, Iowa 

3.2 miles east of Hamburg, in Fremont County, Iowa 



PRODUCTION OF OATS. 

80 miles east-southeast of Columbus, in Noble County, Ohio 

48 miles southeast of Cleveland, in Portage County, Ohio 

30 miles west by south of Fort Wayne, in Wabash County, Ind., 

6 miles northwest of Rensselaer, in Jasper County, Ind 

39 miles north-northeast of Peoria, in Stark County, 111 

8 miles west of south of Tipton, in Cedar County, Iowa 

3.7 miles north-northwest of Hedrick, in Keokuk County, Iowa. 



MOVEMENT rN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 



From 

point to 

point in 

direct 

line. 



116.8 
20.8 
36.7 
100. 1 
109.4 
43.2 
25.9 



127.3 
38.2 
80.4 
129.2 
153.6 



65.1 
47.8 



152.3 
97.1 

100.5 

175.1 
70.2 

103.6 
45.1 



28.6 
46.6 



271.7 
66.1 

111.5 
71.8 
3.01 

124.9 



215.3 
153. 1 
89.6 
155. 8 
172.6 
181.7 



93.3 
244.0 

79.2 
133.3 

77.3 
169.8 



East- 
ward. 



124.9 



29.1 



West- 
ward. 



115.6 

3.7 

25.0 

99.4 

106.6 
40.6 
25.7 



North- 
ward. 



126. 2 
26.1 
80.3 
115.8 
143.9 



64.9 
47.1 



148.3 
33.0 

100.3 

174.7 
70.2 

103.6 
45.1 



14.4 
25.6 



258.5 
40.7 

101.1 
70.7 
0.3 



214. 7 
146.3 

89.5 
138.4 

95.0 
137.9 



244.0 
79.1 

133. 
70.1 

162.7 



16.9 



16.9 
27.9 
3.6 

57.4 



5.6 
8.2 



91.3 



24.8 



52.1 
47.1 



3.0 
11.1 



45.2 



144.2 



S. 6 



4.0 

9.2 

32.6 



South- 
ward. 



20.5 
26.8 
11.7 
24.5 
14.7 
2.9 



53.8 



34.8 

~~7~.6 
11.9 
0.3 
0.9 
1.8 



39.0 



12.9 



3.5 
71.7 



172.4 



0.3 



130.8 



i Movement Irom 1900 to 1920. 



CENTERS AND MEDIAN LINES. 



23 



CENTER OF COTTON PRODUCTION. 

The location of the center of cotton production is 
indicated in Table 16 and on the map, Plate No. 137, 
for the years 1859, 1879, 1899, 1906, 1910, 1914, 
1916, 1918, and 1919. The center in 1879 showed 
a movement almost directly north from that of 
1859. From 1879 to 1906 the movement was in a 
southwesterly direction, but since 1906 the move- 
ment has been very irregular. In 1910 it moved 
northeast; in 1914 the movement was almost reversed 
and it moved directly south; from 1914 to 1916 it 
moved in a northwesterly direction; from 1916 to 1918 
it moved directly east, to a point almost 20 miles west 
of its location in 1879; from 1918 to 1919 it again 
moved northwest about 75 miles, to a point 5.6 miles 
northeast of Greenwood, Leflore County, Miss., the 
highest northern latitude since 1859, when it was 
located in the eastern part of Mississippi, near the 
Alabama line. 

It will be noted that all of these centers are in the 
state of Mississippi, and have practically crossed the 
state from its eastern to its western boundary. It is 
undoubtedly due to the destruction caused by the 
boll weevil that the center of cotton in 1919 was 
located so much farther north than its location in 
1859 or in any subsequent year. 

Ta.ble 16. — Position of the Center of Cotton Production. 



CENSUS YEAR. 



1859 
1879. 
1899 
1906 
191(1 
1914 
1916 
1918 
1919 



Approximate location by important towns. 



13 miles southeast of Macon, in Noxubee County, Miss. 
11 miles south of Columbus, in Lowndes County, Miss. 
13 miles southeast of Lexington, in Holmes County, Miss. 

5 miles northeast of Mayersville, in Issaquena County, Miss. 
3 miles southwest of Va'iden, in Carroll County, Miss. 

1 mile northwest of Sharpsburg, in Madison County, Miss. 
16 miles southeast of Areola, in Washington County, Miss. 

6 miles southeast of Sturgis, in Oktibbeha County, Miss. 
5.6 miles northeast of Greenwood, in Leflore County, Miss. 



CENTER OF MANUFACTURES. 

In order to ascertain the position of the center of 
manufactures at each census from 1850 to 1920, 
except in 1910, as shown on page 24, the gross value 
of products was distributed by square degrees, and 
the remainder of the computations made as in com- 
puting the center of population. The center of manu- 
factures, therefore, is really the center of the value of 
its gross products, and, as the value of products is 
representative of the industry, so the movement of 
the center of manufactures, during each decade, can 
be considered as the movement of the entire industry. 
On Plate 137 is a sketch map on which is indicated, 
by symbols, the location of the center of manufac- 
tures at each census from 1850 to 1900 and 1920, and 



the center of population from 1790 to 1920, bringing 
out clearly the steady westward movement of both 
manufactures and population. 

The center of manufactures in 1850 was in Penn- 
sylvania, 7.5 miles north by west of MifHintown, and the 
center of population at the same census was located 23 
miles southeast of Parkersburg, in the present state of 
West Virginia, 240 miles southwest of the center of 
manufactures. In 1860 the center of population had 
advanced 80.6 miles nearly due west, while the center 
of manufactures had moved in a westerly direction 
100.2 miles. From 1860 to 1870 the center of popu- 
lation moved 44.1 miles north of west, while the 
center of manufactures moved slightly west of north 
17.4 miles. From 1870 to 1880 the center of population 
moved south and west 58.1 miles, while the center of 
manufactures moved north and west 23.7 miles. From 
1880 to 1890 the center of population moved slightly 
north of west 48.6 miles, while the center of manufac- 
tures moved south of west nearly twice that distance. 
From 1890 to 1900 the center of population moved 
almost due west 14.6 miles, and the center of manu- 
factures in a line almost parallel nearly 40 miles, 
or over twice the westward movement of the center of 
population. In general, the center of manufactures 
has followed the center of population in its westward 
movement, but not always along paraUel lines, the 
greatest variations noted being from 1860 to 1870 
and 1870 to 1880. From 1850 to 1860, 1880 to 1890, 
and 1890 to 1900, the center of manufactures made a 
greater western advance than the center of population. 

The value of products of manufactures was not 
tabulated by counties at the census of 1910, therefore, 
it was impossible to compute the center for that cen- 
sus. In 1920 the center of manufactures was located 
in latitude 40° 28' 13" and longitude 83° 40' 0", 0.7 
of a mile north of Rushsylvania, Logan County, Ohio. 
The point was, therefore, located 71.9 miles west and 
9.6 miles south of the center of manufactures in 1900. 
As the center of population progressed but 48.6 miles 
west, from 1900 to 1920, and the center of manufac- 
tures 71.9 miles west, the center of manufactures made 
a greater western advance than the center of popula- 
tion, due principally to the great increase in the value 
of products of manufactures in the Pacific Coast 
states in 1920, as compared with 1900. The move- 
ment of the center of manufactures from 1850 to 1920 
was 329.2 miles, while the movement of the center 
of population during the same period was 290.2 miles, 
indicating that the movements of manufactures and 
population are closely related. In 1920 the latitude 



24 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



of the center of manufactures was 1° 17' 52" north 
of the center of population, approximately 89.5 miles, 
and east 3° 3' 15", or 162.5 miles. 

In order to show the relation between the total value 
of products and the number of wage earners the center 
of the number of wage earners was computed for 
the first time in 1920, and was located at latitude 
40° 22' 48" and longitude 82° 39' 32", 1° 0' 28", or 



53.2 miles east, and 5' 25", or 6.2 miles, south of the 
center of the total value of products. 

The latitude and longitude of these centers, and 
the location of each center relative to a city or town, 
at each census, are given in Table 17, as well as the 
distance that the center of the value of products 
moved from census to census. 



Table 17.— POSITIONS OF THE CENTERS OF MANUFACTURES: 1850 TO 1900 AND 1920. 



CENSUS TEAR. 



1850 
1860 
1870 
1880 
1890 
1900 
1920 

1920 



North 
latitude. 



40 41 42 

40 33 1 

40 47 13 

40 50 9 

40 42 22 

40 30 30 

40 28 13 



40 22 48 



West 
longitude. 



77 25 9 

79 18 50 

79 25 58 

79 53 

81 33 37 

82 18 7 

83 40 



82 39 32 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION BY IMPORTANT TOWNS. 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS. 



7.5 miles north by west of Mifflintown, Pa __ 

5}4 miles west, 6J-3 miles south oflndiana, Pa 

6 miles east, V/i miles south of Kittanning, Pa 

2 miles east, 2 miles south of Butler, Pa_ ___ 

%Yi miles west, 7 miles south of Canton, Ohio 

3 miles southwest of Loudonville, Ohio 

0.7 mile north of Rushsylvania, Logan County, Ohio. 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF WAGE EARNERS. 
2.4 miles southeast of Sparta, Morrow County, Ohio 



MOVEMENT IN MILES DURING 
PRECEDING DECADE. 



From 
point to 
point in 

direct 
line. 



100.2 
17.4 
23.7 
88.4 
39.4 

' 72.5 



West- 
ward. 



99.7 
6.2 
23.6 
88.0 
39.0 
'71.9 



North- 
ward. 



16.3 
2.4 



South- 
ward. 



10.0 



9.0 
5.8 



i Movement from 1900 to 1920. 



POPULATION 

PLATES 1-238 



(25) 



POPULATION. 



Plate 
No. 

1 



Title. 



10 ^ 



11 < 



12 



13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 



United States, original area and acquisitions of territory: 

1790-1920 (map). 
Geographic divisions: 1920 (map). 

Rural population per square mile, by counties: 1920 (map). 
Rural population per square mile, by counties: 1910 (map). 
Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, by 

counties: 1910-1920 (map). 
Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, by 

counties: 1900-1910 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, 

by states: 1910-1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, by 

states: 1900-1910 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, by 

states: 1890-1900 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase or decrease in total population, by 

states: 1880-1890 (map). 

1. Total population, by geographic divisions: 1920 and 

1910. 

2. Distribution of the per cent of increase in total popu- 

lation, by geographic divisions: 1910-1920 and 1900- 
1910. 

3. Increase in population, by geographic divisions: 1910- 

1920. 

4. Per cent of increase in total population of the United 

States and each geographic division: 1910-1920 and 
1900-1910. 

1. Growth of population in area enumerated in 1790, with 

growth in remainder of country: 1790-1920. 

2. Comparison of rate of increase in total population with 

rate of change of immigration: 1850-1920. 

1. Counties in which population decreased: 1910-1920 

(map) . 

2. Counties in which population decreased: 1880-1920 

(map). 

1. Total population, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

2. Per cent of increase in total population, by states: 

1910-1920 and 1900-1910. 
Per cent of increase or decrease in population, by counties: 

1910-1920 (maps)— 
Alabama (total and rural) . 
Arizona (total and rural) . 
Arkansas (total and rural). 
California (total and rural). 
Colorado (total and rural) . 
Connecticut (total and rural). 
Delaware (total and rural). 

District of Columbia (total 1900-1910 and 1910-1920). 
Florida (total and rural). 
Georgia (total and rural). 
Idaho (total and rural). 
Illinois (total and rural). 
Indiana (total and rural) . 
Iowa (total and rural). 
Kansas (total and rural) . 
Kentucky (total and rural). 
Louisiana (total and rural) . 
Maine (total and rural) . 
Maryland (total and rural). 

(26) 



Plate 
No. Title. 

(Massachusetts (total). 
New Hampshire (total). 
Rhode Island (total). 

Michigan (total and rural). 

Minnesota (total and rural). 

Mississippi (total and rural). 

Missouri (total and rural). 

Montana (total and rural). 

Nebraska (total and rural). 

Nevada (total and rural). 

New Jersey (total and rural) . 

New Mexico (total and rural). 

New York (total and rural) . 

North Carolina (total and rural). 

North Dakota (total and rural). 

Ohio (total and rural). 

Oklahoma (total and rural). 

Oregon (total and rural) . 

Pennsylvania (total and rural). 

South Carolina (total and rural). 

South Dakota (total and rural). 

Tennessee (total and rural). 

Texas (total). 

Texas (rural). 

Utah (total and rural). 

Vermont (total and rural). 

Virginia (total and rural) . 

Washington (total and rural). 

West Virginia (total and rural) . 

Wisconsin (total and rural) . 

Wyoming (total and rural). 

Alaska, judicial districts: 1920 (map). 

Per cent of increase or decrease in population of Hawaii 
(total), by counties: 1910-1920 (map). 

Per cent of increase or decrease in population of Porto 
Rico (total), by municipalities: 1910-1920 (map). 

Towns (shaded) showing decrease: 1910-1920 (maps) — 

Maine. 
[Vermont. 
[New Hampshire. 

Increase or decrease in population of counties: 1900-1920 
(maps) — 

Nevada. 

Iowa. 

Missouri. 

Mississippi. 

(Delaware. 
Maine. 
Vermont. 
(New Hampshire. 
Population per square mile, by counties: 

1920 (map). 
Population per square mile, by counties: 
1910 (map). 

1. Population per square mile, by states: 
1920 (map). 

2. Population per square mile, by states: 
1910 (map). 



33 
34 
35 
36 

37 
38 
39 

40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 

63 



64 

05 



(SO 



67 



68 



09 



70 i 



POPULATION. 



27 



Plate 

No. 



71 

72 
73 
74 
75 
76 
77 
78 
79 
80 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 
86 
87 
88 
89 

90 

91 

92 

93 

94 

95 

96 

97 

98 

99 

100 

101 

102 

103 

104 

105 

106 

107 

108 

109 

110 

111 

112 

113 

114 

115 

116 

117 

118 

119 

120 

121 

122 



123 
124 
125 

126 
127 



1. Population per square mile, by states: 1900 (map). 

2. Population per square mile, by states: 1890 (map). 
Density of population, by counties: 1920 (maps) — 
Alabama (total and rural) . 

Arizona (total and rural) . 

Arkansas (total and rural). 

California (total and rural) . 

Colorado (total and rural) . 

Connecticut (total and rural). 

Delaware (total and rural) . 

Florida (total and rural) . 

Georgia (total and rural) . 

Idaho (total and rural). 

Illinois (total and rural). 

Indiana (total and rural). 

Iowa (total and rural) . 

Kansas (total and rural). 

Kentucky (total and rural). 

Louisiana (total and rural). 

Maine (total and rural). 

Maryland (total and rural) . 

Massachusetts (total). 

New Hampshire (total). 

Rhode Island (total). 

Michigan (total and rural). 

Minnesota (total and rural). 

Mississippi (total and rural) . 

Missouri (total and rural) . 

Montana (total and rural). 

Nebraska (total and rural). 

Nevada (total and rural) . 

New Jersey (total and rural). 

New Mexico (total and rural). 

New York (total and rural). 

North Carolina (total and rural). 

North Dakota (total and rural). 

Ohio (total and rural). 

Oklahoma (total and rural). 

Oregon (total and rural) . 

Pennsylvania (total and rural) . 

South Carolina (total and rural). 

South Dakota (total and rural) . 

Tennessee (tota! and rural). 

Texas (total). 

Texas (rural). 

Utah (total and rural). 

Vermont (total and rural). 

Virginia (total and rural) . 

Washington (total and rural). 

West Virginia (total and rural) . 

Wisconsin (total and rural) . 

Wyoming (total and rural) . 

Hawaii (total). 

Center of population: January 1, 1920 (map). 

Center of total, native white, foreign-born, negro, urban, 

and rural population (map). 
Center of population, center of area, and median lines, 

1920, and median point, 1880-1920 (map). 
Centers of population: 1880-1920 (maps) — 
Alabama, Arkansas, and Arizona. 
California. 
Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, 

Georgia, and Florida. 
Idaho and Illinois. 
Indiana and Iowa. 



Plate 
No. 

128 



129 
130 
131 
132 
133 

134 

135 
136 
137 



138 
139 ( 

140 

141 
142 

143 < 



Maryland, Louisiana, and 



144 

145 
146 



Ohio, 



[1. 



12. 



L. 



2. 



1920 



1910 



1900 



1890 





1. 


147 < 


2. 




1. 


148 < 


2. 




1. 


149 < 


2. 




1. 


150 < 


I 2 ' 



Title. 
Kansas, Maine, Kentucky, 

Massachusetts. 
Michigan and Minnesota. 
Mississippi, Missouri, and Montana. 
Nebraska and Nevada. 

New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York. 
New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, 

Oklahoma, and Oregon. 
Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Rhode Island, and South 

Carolina. 
Texas, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, and Vermont. 
Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. 
Centers of population from 1790 to 1920 and centers of 

farms, agricultural products, and manufactures from 

1850 to 1920 (map). 
Geographic centers (map). 

1. Population per square mile: 1790-1920. 

2. Per cent of increase in total, total white, and negro 

population: 1790-1920, and per cent of increase in 
native white, 1850-1920. 

3. Population per square mile, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

4. Per cent urban in total population, by states: 1920 

and 1910. 
Per cent urban in total population, by states: 

(map) . 
Per cent urban in total population, by states: 

(map). 
Per cent urban in total population, by states: 

(map). 
Per cent urban in total population, by states: 

(map) . 
Per cent urban in total population, by states : 1890-1920. 

1. Urban and rural population: 1880-1920. 

2. Increase in urban population, by classes of cities: 

1890-1920. 

3. Population of cities having, in 1920, 100,000 inhabit- 

ants or more: 1920 and 1910. 

4. Population in places of 8,000 inhabitants or more at 

each census: 1790-1920. 

5. Color or race, nativity, and parentage, by divisions: 

1920, 1910, and 1900. 

1. Per cent of increase in population of territory urban 

in 1920, by states: 1910-1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase in population of territory urban 

in 1910, by states: 1900-1910 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase in population of territory rural in 

1920, by states: 1910-1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase in population of territory rural in 

1910, by states. 1900-1910 (map). 
Total population of great cities at each census: 1790-1920. 
Per cent of native white of native parentage in white 

population, by states: 1920 (map). 
Per cent of native white of native parentage in white 

population, by states: 1910 (map). 
Per cent of native white of native parentage in total 

population, by states: 1920 (map). 
States (shaded) showing increase in foreign-born white: 

1910-1920 (map). 
Per cent of native white of foreign or mixed parentage 

in total population, by states: 1920 (map). 
Per cent of native white of foreign or mixed parentage 

in total population, by states: 1910 (map). 
Per cent of foreign-born white in total population, by 

states: 1920 (map). 
Per cent of foreign-born white in total population, by 

states: 1910 (map). 



28 



POPULATION. 



Plate 
No. 



151 



152 

153 

154 

155 



156 
157 
158 
159 
160 
161 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166 
167 
168 
169 
170 
171 

172 <! 
173 



174 



175 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 
181 
182 
183 
184 



185 < 



186 



Title. 

1. Per cent of foreign-born white and native white of 

foreign or mixed parentage combined in total pop- 
ulation, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of foreign-born white and native white of 

foreign or mixed parentage combined in total pop- 
ulation, by states: 1910 (map). 

Total population and distribution by classes: 1850-1920. 

Color or race, nativity, and parentage, by states: 1920 
and 1910. 

1. Foreign-born population, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

2. Negro population, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

Color or race, nativity, and parentage, for cities having, 
in 1920, 100,000 inhabitants or more: 1920 and 1910. 

Per cent of foreign-born white in total population, by 
counties: 1920 (maps) — 

Massachusetts and Maine. 

Vermont and New Hampshire. 

Connecticut and Rhode Island. 

New York and New Jersey. 

Ohio and Pennsylvania. 

Illinois and Indiana. 

Wisconsin and Michigan. 

Iowa and Kansas. 

Minnesota and Missouri. 

North Dakota and South Dakota. 

Nebraska and Colorado. 

Montana and Wyoming. 

Nevada and Utah. 

Arizona and New Mexico. 

Idaho and California. 

Washington and Oregon. 

1. Per cent of negroes in total population, by states: 

1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of negroes in total population, by states: 

1910 (map). 
Counties in Southern states having at least 50 per cent of 
their population negro: 1860, 1880, 1900, and 1920 
(maps). 

1. States (shaded) in which increase in negro population 

was more than 1,000 and was at a higher rate than 
increase in total population: 1910-1920 (map). 

2. Negro population for 1920 and 1910, in cities having 

100,000 inhabitants or more and at least 10,000 
negroes in 1920. 

3. Cities of 10,000 inhabitants or more in 1920, having 50 

per cent or more of their population negro in either 
1910 or 1920. 
Per cent of negroes in total population, by counties: 

1920 (maps) — 
Delaware and District of Columbia. 
Maryland and North Carolina. 
West Virginia and Virginia. 
Georgia and South Carolina. 
Louisiana and Florida. 
Mississippi and Alabama. 
Kentucky and Tennessee. 
Arkansas and Oklahoma. 
Texas. 
Per cent black and mulatto in total population of Porto 

Rico, by municipalities: 1920 (map). 

1. Distribution of the Indian population of the United 

States, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Distribution of the Indian population of the United 

States, by states: 1910 (map). 
Number and distribution of Indians in Alaska, by lin- 
guistic stock: 1920 (map). 



Plate 
No. 

187 



188 



189 



190 



191 



200 



192 



193 



194 



195 < 



196 { 



197 



198 



199 4 



201 



Title. 

Per cent of Indians in total population of Alaska, by 
judicial districts: 1920 (map). 

Per cent of Hawaiians and part-Hawaiians in total popula- 
tion of Hawaii, by counties: 1920 (map). 

1. Ratio of males to females in total population, by 

states: 1920 (map). 

2. Ratio of males to females in total population, by 

states: 1910 (map). 
Distribution by single years of age for the total popula- 
tion, by sex: 1920. 
Distribution by age periods and sex for total popu- 
lation and for certain principal population classes: 
1920— 

Total population. 
Total white. 
Negro. 

Foreign-born white. 
Distribution by age periods and sex for certain principal 
population classes: 1920 — 
Native white. 

Native white of native parentage. 
Native white of foreign parentage. 
Native white of mixed parentage. 
Marital condition of the population 15 years of age and 
over, by sex and age periods, for principal population 
classes: 1920. 

1. Per cent which population born in each state and 

living in other states formed of total born in each 
state: 1920 (map). 

2. Per cent which population born in each state and 

living in other states formed of total born in each 
state: 1910 (map). 

1. Per cent which population born in other states formed 

of total native population living in each state: 

1920 (map). 
Per cent which population born in other states formed 

of total native population living in each state: 

1910 (map). 
Migration of native population from and to each state: 

1920. 

2. Migration of native population from and to each state: 

1910. 

1. Net gain or net loss through interstate migration : 1920. 

2. Net gain or net loss through interstate migration : 1910. 

1. Distribution of population born in each state as living 

in state of birth or in other states: 1920. 

2. Distribution of population born in each state as living 

in state of birth or in other states: 1910. 

1. Distribution of total population of each state as born 

in state of residence, in other states, or foreign 
born: 1920. 

2. Distribution of total population of each state as 

born in state of residence, in other states, or foreign 
born: 1910. 

1. Per cent of total population born in state of residence, 

born in other states, or foreign born, for cities 
having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 1920. 

2. Per cent of total population born in state of residence, 

born in other states, or foreign born, for cities 
having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 1910. 

3. States having gained or lost through interstate migra- 

tion: 1920 (map). 

1. Foreign-born population of the United States, by 

country of birth: 1920. 

2. Foreign-born population by principal countries of 

birth: 1920 and 1910. 



2. 



1. 



POPULATION. 



29 



Plate 
No. 

202 



Title. 



204 



205 



Distribution of natives of principal foreign countries and 
groups of countries, by states: 1920 — 
Russia. 
Poland. 

Canada and Newfoundland. 
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. 
203 Distribution of natives of principal foreign countries and 
groups of countries, by states: 1920 — 
Italy. 

England, Scotland, and Wales. 
Germany. 
Ireland. 
Foreign-born population in 1920, distributed as arriving 

in the United States before or after 1911. 
[l. Foreign white stock by principal countries of origin: 

1920. 
2. Foreign white stock by principal countries of origin: 
1910. 

206 Per cent distribution of the foreign white stock by principal 

countries of origin: 1920, 1910, and 1900. 

207 Distribution of the foreign white stock originating in 

selected countries and groups of countries, by states: 
1920 and 1910— 

Germany. 

Italy. 

Austria and Hungary. 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. 

208 Distribution of the foreign white stock originating in 

selected countries and groups of countries, by states: 
1920 and 1910— 

Russia. 

Ireland.' 

England, Scotland, and Wales. 

Canada and Newfoundland. 

1. Foreign white stock, by principal mother tongues: 
1920 and 1910. 

2. Elements of foreign white stock, by linguistic groups: 
1920 and 1910. 

Distribution of foreign white stock having specified 
mother tongues, for selected states: 1920 and 1910 — 

English and Celtic. 

French. 

Norwegian. 

Yiddish and Hebrew. 
211 Distribution of foreign white stock having specified mother 
tongues, for selected states: 1920 and 1910 — 

German. 

Italian. 

Swedish. 

Polish. 

1. Citizenship of foreign white persons born in specified 

countries or groups of countries : 1920. 

2. Citizenship of foreign white men 21 years of age and 

over born in specified countries or groups of coun- 
tries: 1920. 

3. Citizenship of foreign white women 21 years of age and 
over born in specified countries or groups of coun- 
tries: 1920. 

4. Per cent naturalized in foreign-born white population, 
by country of birth: 1920. 
723°— 24f 3 



Plate 
No. 



209 < 



210 



212 



213 



214 



215 



216 i 



217 



218 <! 
219 

220 

221 <! 
222 



223 



224 



225 



Title. 

1. Per cent attending school in the total population and 

in certain classes at each year of age from 7 to 20, 
inclusive: 1920. 

2. Per cent attending school in the total population and 

in certain classes at each year of age from 6 to 20, 
inclusive: 1910. 

1. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1920. All classes (map) . 

2. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1910. All classes (map). 

1. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1920. Native white of native 
parents (map). 

2. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1910. Native white . of native 
parents (map). 

1. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1920. Foreign-born white (map). 

2. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1910. Foreign-born white (map). 

1. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1920. Negro (map). 

2. Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1910. Negro (map). 
Per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and over, 
by states: 1920 and 1910- 

1. All classes. 

2. Native white — native parentage. 

3. Foreign-born white. 

4. Negro. 
Foreign-born white population 10 years of age and over 

unable to speak English: 1920 and 1910. 
Number of dwellings per square mile, by states: 

1920 (map). 
Number of dwellings per square mile, by states: 1910 
(map) . 

1. Number of families per square mile, by states: 1920 
(map) . 

2. Number of families per square mile, by states: 1910 
(map) . 

Per cent of homes owned free, owned encumbered, and 
rented, in total number of homes, by states: 1920 
and 1910. 

OCCUPATIONS. 



1. Proportion of population 10 years of age and over 

engaged in gainful occupations, by states: 1920, 
1910, and 1900. 

2. Per cent distribution of native white persons of native 

parentage 10 years of age and over engaged in 

gainful occupations: 1920 (map). 
Proportion that males and females 10 years of age and 
over with gainful occupations formed of all males and 
females 10 years of age and over: 1920 and 1910. 

1. Proportion that males and females 10 years of age and 

over engaged in gainful occupations formed of the 
total population 10 years of age and over occupied, 
1 by states: 1920 and 1910. 

2. Proportion of children of each sex 10 to 15 years of 

age engaged in gainful occupations: 1880-1920. 



30 



POPULATION. 



Plate 

No. 

226 



227 <^ 



228 



229 



230 ^ 



231 



Title. 
Proportion of children of each sex 10 to 15 years of age 
engaged in gainful occupations, by states, arranged by 
geographic divisions: 1920 and 1910. 

1 . Proportion of married and of single, widowed, divorced, 

and unknown women among gainfully occupied 
women 15 years of age and over: 1890-1920. 

2. Proportion of women 15 years of age and over in each 

specified age period and marital class engaged in 
gainful occupations: 1920. 

3. Proportion of women 15 years of age and over in each 

specified marital class engaged in gainful occupations: 
1890-1920. 

4. Proportion of married and of single, widowed, divorced, 

and unknown women 15 years of age and over in 
each principal class of the population engaged in 
gainful occupations: 1920. 

5. Proportion of married and of single, widowed, divorced," 

and unknown women among women 15 years of age 
and over in each general division of gainful occu- 
pations: 1920. 
Proportion of married women 15 years of age and over 
engaged in gainful occupations, by states: 1920 and 
1910. 
Per cent distribution, by marital condition, of the gain- 
fully occupied women 15 years of age and over, by 
states: 1920. 

1. Proportion of males 10 to 13 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Proportion of males 10 to 13 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1910 (map). 

1. Proportion of males 14 and 15 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Proportion of males X4 and 15 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1910 (map). 



Plate 
No. 



238 



232 < 



233 

234 

235 
and 
236 

237 



Title. 

1. Proportion of females 10 to 13 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Proportion of females 10 to 13 years of age engaged in 

gainful occupations, by states: 1910 (map). 

1. Proportion of females 14 and 15 years of age engaged 

in gainful occupations, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Proportion of females 14 and 15 years of age engaged 

in gainful occupations, by states: 1910 (map). 

Proportion of males and females 10 years of age and over 
engaged in certain gainful occupations: 1920. 

Proportion of population 10 years of age and over en- 
gaged in each general division of gainful occupations, 
classified as industrial and nonindustrial, by geographic 
divisions: 1920. 

Proportion of population 10 years of age and over, in 
each state, engaged in each general division of gainful 
occupations: 1920. 

1. Proportion of males and females 10 years of age and 

over engaged in each general division of gainful 
occupations: 1920. 

2. Proportion which gainful workers of both sexes, in 

each specified age group, constituted of all gainful 
workers, and the proportion which males and females 
of each age group formed of total male and female 
workers: 1920. 

3. Proportion of each principal class of population 10 

years of age and over, both sexes, males and females, 
engaged in gainful occupations: 1920. 

4. Proportion of males and females of each specified age 

group engaged in gainful occupations: 1920. 



Department of Commerce 
bureau of the census 



PLATE NO. 1 




1 Ul ULA11U1N 



Plate 

No. " Tl " : - 

')'>V\ Pronortimi nf fliildrcii nf phpIi 



10 In 1 5 \c:ii'k nf ;iirc 



Plate 

No. 



(l Prr>norfi.»n /.f fu 



Title. 









r 



In i / rifMKMT OP COMMtRCe 
fJUKKAU OF TUP CfiHOUS 



UNITED STATES. ORIGINAL AREA AND ACQUISITIONS OF TERRITORY: 1790-1920 



PLATE No. I 




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(35) 



PLATE No. 7 



I. PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910-1920. 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1900-1910. 




C3 DECREASE. 

INCREASE. 

Illlj Less than 10 per cent 
10 to 20 per cent. 
20 to 30 per cent. 
E53 30 to 50 per cent. 
[§§ 50 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (— ) show geographic divisions, 



(36) 



PLATE No. 8 



1. PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1890-1900. 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1880-1890. 




(37) 



PLATE No. 9 



TOTAL POPULATION, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 
1920 AND 1910. 



2. DISTRIBUTION OF THE PER CENT OF INCREASE IN TOTAL POPU- 
LATION, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1910-1920 AND 1900-1910. 



MILLIONS 
10 15 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



SOUTH ATLANTIC 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 



NEW ENGLAND 



PACIFIC 



MOUNTAIN 




PER CENT 
10 15 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



SOUTH ATLANTIC 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL 



y/// / >/ / //////M ^///////A 



^y///y//>////y///^ 



NEW ENGLAND 



MOUNTAIN 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 




||NCREASE 1910-1920 
\ | INCREASE 1900-1910 



3. INCREASE IN POPULATION, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 
1910-1920. 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 



NEW ENGLAND 
MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
EAST NORTH CENTRAL 
WEST NORTH CENTRAL 
SOUTH ATLANTIC 
EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
MOUNTAIN 
PACIFIC 




4. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION OF THE UNITED 
STATES AND EACH GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION: 1910-1920 AND 1900-1910. 



UNITED STATES 

GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 
PACIFIC 
MOUNTAIN 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
SOUTH ATLANTIC 
NEW ENGLAND 
WEST NORTH CENTRAL 
EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 




^■■i 1910 TO 1920 
r',v,".'.'.'A 1900 TO 1910 



(38) 



PLATE No. 10 



I. GROWTH OF POPULATION IN AREA ENUMERATED IN 1790, WITH GROWTH IN 
REMAINDER OF COUNTRY: 1 790- 1 920. 



1790 


1810 


1830 


1850 


1870 


1890 


1910 1921 






























50 
40 
30 
























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2. COMPARISON OF RATE OF INCREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION WITH RATE OF 
CHANGE OF IMMIGRATION: 1850-1920. 




(39) 



PLATE No. 11 



1. COUNTIES (SHADED) IN WHICH POPULATION DECREASED: 1910-1920. 




2. COUNTIES IN WHICH POPULATION DECREASED: 1880-1920. 



^^ Decrease 1880 to 1900 
|ggg Decrease 1900 to 1920 
EH Decrease 1880 to 1920 




(40) 



PLATE No. 12 



I. TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1 920 AND 1910. 



2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 
1910-1920 AND 1900-1910. 





(41) 



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(45) 



PLATE No. 17 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF COLORADO, BY COUNTIES: 19)0-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 Inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




INCREASE 
DECREASE j j | | rrl ^g TMAN 6 PEB „„ ggggj 15 to 26 pe» cent 

I PEB CENT INSERTED 

* 1 W7777\ ^77i 

\ ///X 6 TO IS PEH CIWT YMJtA 2S to BO P*" CENT 

■^f NO RURAL POPULATION 



60 PER Cent AMD OVCM 



(46> 



PLATE No. 18 



PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION OF CONNECTICUT, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




DECREASE 
nn cent inbehteo 



INCREASE 

[Tl LE68 THAN 6 PER CCNT |x<yj 16 TO 26 PtB CEN 



60 Pie ct»T and oven 



6 to 1 6 Ptn mm 



26 TO 60 PER CCNT 



(47) 



PLATE No. 19 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF DELAWARE, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 
TOTAL POPULATION. RURAL POPULATION. 





(48) 



PLATE No. 20 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, BY DISTRICTS: 

1910-1920. 




1900-1910. 




(49) 



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(51) 



PLATE No. 23 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF IDAHO, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 



■ ^■BOUNDARY 




(52) 



PLATE No 24. 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF ILLINOIS, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 
TOTAL POPULATION. RURAL POPULATION. 




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(53) 






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(54) 



PLATE No. 26 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF IOWA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 



1 blOUX 

Www 



1 



AM,LTOn| HARDIN ^or I J^ ^ °-' 

-i.i I -io.6 V///////AV y///y/\ 



CLAYTON 
£5^ U ? HANAN 'oELAWAREJ DUBUQUE 



CRAWFORD 



JJlUTfT 



PRISON 

JLLLLL 



• flAriUC fiTftDW t ... nn ■ ■ «Wt* 



BENTON I LINN 



iiifUni 

LINN 

liJUI 



IOWA | JOHNSON j 



j CEDAR 



fflTri 



fe-t 



,— , | MUSCATINE 



^TTA^TTAM.HJ CASS j AOA.R j M j p|| j MMjI 

L- L_._.L_ ! • j_ i •■': -" - 08 Xj J 

\ ~" S Lo^ j -"a" 3 ! U -"T i CLAR,<E ^y^l ««0«"0= ! WAP^LO .tf^i I " 

1-, J*_ ! 3 I 4 ' 7 I -27 1 '/Wy////ys -101 . -5.1 | ,««> .HENRY. «.< 

J t 1- — TfTCuri'in'drF^^rTinH jii— i - *-' ! „*°o 

[ FREMONT ' PAGE | TAYLOR {rinLooLdJ DECATUR J WAYNE I O ^ ^! '£' ' i 



□ 



DECREASE | 

PGA CENT INSERTED 



60 PER CENT AND OVER 



5 to 16 per cen 



25 TO 60 PER CEN 



(55) 



PLATE No. 27 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF KANSAS, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 





AVENWORTH 
WYANDOTTE 



. JOHNSON 

WrrT fi OSAGE WM 

—6.5 IfRANKLINi MIAMI 

I COFFEY <f K L1NN 

(ILLiLUI -6.3 ■ £/>• \ -6.2 

-> I il I 

ii i i i 

:greenwood' woodson : * llen I BOURBON 

-8.4 L.rf-.?__LrL*-Li! -a.* 



I MORTON J STEVENS („.,„„,, 

Iiiiiii'liiim urn 



! WM, 

l f- wilson: 

elk KT' 

•10.8 frff 

llo""! 1 ! b ™ b ™ S harper i su r 7 ER W^ii^W^x 




RURAL POPULATION. 




ROOKS 
— I 1.7 



3VE f/> TREGO Xj 



WALLACE j LOGAN j CO VE ^T^EG^ 

-12.1 j -24.0 ! _ 2I . 4 J ^ ELLJJ 

• SCOTT y LA-^ y 



SMITH 
—2.5 



OSBORNE 
—3.0 



RUSSELL 
—0.6 



GREELEY j WICHITA 
-23.0 • -^7.6 



'hamilton' K i* 8 R 7 



I 

j REPUBLIC 



JEWELL ! _ g 
— 10.5 j 



\ 

| CLOUD 
MITCHELL ; —6.9 

L " 40 ' 1 

« , 

OTTAWA 

! SALINE 
|ELLSWORTH| —6.9 

-o.6 : j 



IMCPHERSON 

RICE | -4.0 

— in.fi ; 



.DONIPHAN 



-<P I ; I BROWN ! 

jP n • MARSHALL | NEMAHA' _ 6 .9 1 ~ 6 

<^0' I -17.6 ■ -3.1 I S 

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K*V^ °X .JACKSON] "7^7 \ 

I GEARY I WABAUNS £E^>;VJ '*-V-\' 



-LEAVENWORTH 
^WYANDOTTE 



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COFFEY J ,#\ '. LINN 
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KIOWA J -1.6 J KINCMAN ! fi^OV'V^ | WILSON | NEOSHO I CRAWFORD 

l! IrrTrrrr^-H J 'I 1 

CHEROKEE 



"'"'"" ^-^^BMffli 1 ! -«-« j «*-«» J SU :T" ' COWLEV SW^l ^iLAB^TE-CHERO 

mini \ ~ 9 - 6 j j ~ 9 - 2 iiy^iilllL^' j " 6 -° S ~ 23 - 



_L 



J 



INCREASE 
LE88 THAN 6 PER CEWT fjj§§§%%| I S TO 26 PER CENT 



■ ■ DECREASE ^ , , ^g THAN fi p£R CEf|T . 15 T0 26 PER cent 

I I KR CENT W8EIITEO ^^ I UJ 60 MB CENT AND OVt* 

tpy/yj 6 TO 16 PEW CEN7 Jfijjfl 2B TO 6 ° P EB CENT 



^ NO CHANGE IN POPULATION 



(56) 



PLATE No. 28 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF KENTUCKY, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 



»~. y/^SSHT" 'n»« teamen/ 
J-Z£? \ am \y W»*nV,.-^. "-■; 

f/JT^ ■ —119 < uiMwmi > '" v V ^>-3 

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j.ja.u..L| 






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j -11.0 I, 



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DECREASE 
PCR CENT INSERTED 



unm 



INCREASE 
LESS THAN 5 PER CERT fggggg] I 6 TO 26 PER CENT 
6 TO 16 PER CENT IVVZl 2 " TO 60 p£H C£NT 



60 PER CENT AND OVER 



(57) 



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(59) 



PLATE No. 31 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF MARYLAND, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




6 TO IS PER CENT 
16 TO 25 PER CENT 
RZfl 26 T0 6° PER CENT 

10 inffl w per cent * M ° oveh 

* NO RURAL POPULATION 



(60) 



PLATE No. 32 

PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION OF MASSACHUSETTS, NEW HAMPSHIRE, AND RHODE 

ISLAND, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 




723°— 24f 5 



(61) 



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(63) 



PLATE No. 35 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF MISSISSIPPI, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 



Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




□ 



DECREASE 
PER CENT INSERTED 



INCREASE 
LESS THAN & PER CENT Kw?y IS TO 26 PER CEN 



6 TO I 6 PET) CEN 



mk 



26 TO 60 PER CEN 



60 PER CENT AND OVER 



(64) 



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(G5) 



PLATE No. 37 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF MONTANA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 



■ ■■■■■HI 

!!;';mi 

■In 




RURAL POPULATION 




50 PEC CENT AND OVER 



25 TO 60 PEft CENT 



(66) 



PLATE No. 38 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF NEBRASKA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




IFILLMORE; SALINE i 
' -6.8 I -7.6 

n. i I _ — [ V ^r._ 



iN.-'V* -NEMAHAl 

! %% I "4.2 



™ST!X ? ' "" "1 PAWNEE i' C "^\ 



RURAL POPULATION. 




CD 



DECREASE 
PER CENT INSERTED 



INCREASE 
LE89 THAN & PEB CENT K^Xl ' & TO 26 PEfl CENT 
6 TO 16 PCM CENT KlVSi 26 TO 60 PCR CCNT 



60 PER CENT AND OVtR 



(67) 



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(68) 



PLATE No. 40 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF NEW JERSEY, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 
TOTAL POPULATION. RURAL POPULATION. 





CD 



DECREASE 
Kft CENT INSERTED 



rrrrm 



INCREASE 
LESS THAN 6 PER CENT RrVwSl 16 TO 26 PER CEN 



vm 



60 PER CENT AND OVER 



G TO 16 PER CENT YjFjfA 3S TO 50 PCR CC 



(69) 



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(70) 



PLATE No. 42 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF NEW YORK, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 





IORLEAN8I 

-16.8 : 

L,MONROE ■ 

- ! — 23.3 I 

OeNESEE*"}. 



I— < l \ 

' J FULTON \SARATOOAJ.£ 






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6T6UBEN l -«?5^r J ( \_.J 

b%M T.OO*! 6ROOME j 



DECREASE 
P£H CENT mSERTEO 

INCREASE 
LE8» THAN 5 PER CENT 
6 TO 1*6 PER CENT 
16 TO 35 PER CENT 
26 TO 00 PER CENT 
60 PE" CENT ANQ OVER 
"W NO RURAL POPULATION 



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(72) 



PLATE No. 44 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




□ 



DECREASE 
ttR CENT INBEHTEO 



HDH 



INCREASE 

IE09 THAN 6 PER CENT KSv$3 l5 TO 26 PER CEN 
G TO IB FEB CENT K^Sf 2B TO 50 PEB CCN 



im 



60 PIB CENT AND OVER 



(73) 



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(75) 



PLATE No. 47 

PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF OREGON, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




— -■«— i [jjrrrj 

I I Kft CCXT IN8ERTE0 " 



INCREASE 

LCSt THAN 6 PER CERT &8888J I 6 TO 26 PER CENT 



5 to 16 pen cent 



ym 



26 TO 60 PER CENT 



60 PCS CENT AND OVCB 



(76) 



PLATE No. 48 

PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF PENNSYLVANIA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 




PHILADELPHIA 




RURAL POPULATION. 



I 



I 



I 



I 



CRAWFORD 
—6.4. 



WARREN .' McKEAN „„ j BRADFORD j SUSQUEHANNA 

-• e ! -■■ "otter | _ T ;° Q , A i - 24 

| j I -22.3 ! 
. , ^ f (< ^ ^ 

/ F0REST I 0_ V\ J " \ "~*7 WYOMING ^VVA / 

I -20.8 | • tfc^N '.SULLIVAN/ _ s . , t// / ^/' / /\ / 

MERCER j -18.3 f -J U*-^ N V l8 ' 2 I *J. \ LYCOMINO V -./ 

-8.6 / I 



-0.7 



—./■ • FOREST : | s V <— 

! I -20.8 i : %''' \ 

| VENANOO •_(— I r' L ELK l-TV° I 'v 

j -,8.3,-J jJ>N. s -.8. 2 L O^J \ 

./fTi-nY'cLARioN j / ^^ifTw™ ' 




aJJDJJ'^iuj 

^C/ /PERRY f«ff 
• V>CUMBERLAND yf 

FRANKLIN j ADAMS \ I 0R , K \ ) 

-4.2 : -o.6 / 33 v yi 




PHILADELPHIA 



DECREASE 
j KR CCMT IM8CHTEO 



INCREASE 
1 ! [T] LKM THAW 6 MR CE«T R&S&1 I 6 TO 26 MB C£«T 

V77777 1 GrV!/J 

: ^>] 5 to IS rtn «nt l£Mm 

"A"NO RURAL POPULATION 



26 to 60 pen CCnt 



50 PRO CENT AND OVtt* 



723°— 24t 6 



(77) 



PLATE No. 49 

PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF SOUTH CAROLINA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of Incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




mrm 



DECREASE 
PEN CENT IHIEKTEO 

INCREASE 
LEU THAN B MR cent 



l/vyvv/] 6" to is m cent 

$£§$$ 16 TO 25 «R CENT 

P^H 26 TO fiO KR CENT 

BO «» CENT AND OVEH 



(78) 



PLATE No. 50 

PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF SOUTH DAKOTA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




IziebacmI 



I 



rrmrm 

PEHMIMQTOM 

liiLLLUlLLL 



A 



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FALL RIVER 



• WASHINGTON 

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S^^^JUiS 



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RURAL POPULATION. 




60 MB C«flT AMD OVtO 



(79) 



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(80) 



PLATE No. 52 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF TEXAS, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




nan 



DECREASE 
KB CEHT INDEBTED 

INCREASE 
LESS than 6 PER CEHT 



yyy/ZK 6 to re peb cent 

] 16 TO 26 PER CENT 

KiyOrJ 26 to &o f'ER CENT 

Inui iB w per cent **° over 

"A" NO CHANGE IN POPULATION 



(81) 



PLATE No. 53 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF TEXAS, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




L^jiiiiife 



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DECREASE 
1»ER CENT INSERTED 

INCREASE 
LEflB THAN 6 PER CENT 



£$£$£] 16 TO 26 PEB CEf * T 

WfJ\ 25 TO 60 PER CENT 
GO PER CENT AND OVER 
"JT NO CHANGE IN POPULATION 



(82) 



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(83) 



PLATE No. 55 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF VERMONT, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




(84) 



PLATE No. 56 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF VIRGINIA, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 



DECREASE. 

PER CENT iNBFPTEft 

INCREASE 




(85) 



PLATE No. 57 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF WASHINGTON, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




50 PCS CENT AND OVER 



26 to 60 pen cent 



(86) 




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(88) 



PLATE No. 60 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF WYOMING, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




CD 



DECREASE 
n.R CENT IMBEATIO 



[Ml 



INCREASE 
LESS THAN 6 PER CENT Rg§V§§j I 6 TO 25 P«» CENT 
6 TO 18 FID CCNT K££j 2ft TO 60 PER CENT 



60 pic ciHT ano ovi » 



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(90) 



PLATE No. 62 



PER CENT OF INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF HAWAII, BY COUNTIES: 1910-1920. 






~\ OECnEASE 

INCREASE 



tx 




(91) 



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(92) 



PLATE No. 64 



MAINE-TOWNS (SHADED) SHOWING DECREASE: 1910-1920. 



/?:: x :-:r"Zj 

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/ -- \—?^---\~ Jl~'r~ (----W— i^r--f»^0'i 

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Shaded areas show decrease. 
•k No population reported. 



723°— 24t- 



(93) 



PLATE No. 65 



TOWNS (SHADED) SHOWING DECREASE: 1910-1920. 



VERMONT. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 




Shaded areas show decrease. 
■fr No population reported. 



(94) 



PLATE No. 66 



INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF COUNTIES: 1900-1920. 



NEVADA. 



IOWA. 




(95) 



PLATE No. 67 



INCREASE OR DECREASE IN POPULATION OF COUNTIES: 1900-1920. 



DELAWARE. 



MAINE. 




VERMONT. 





NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



I ' Increase both 1910 and 1920 
Decrease 1910 ; increase 1920 
Decrease 1920 ; increase 1910 

E53 Decrease both 1910 and 1920 




(96) 



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(98) 



POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1920. 



PLATE No. 70 




2. POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1910. 




(99) 



PLATE No. 71 



I. POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1900. 




2. POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1890. 




(100) 



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(104) 



PLATE No. 76 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF COLORADO, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population Is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 
TZ 



"mm 




RURAL POPULATION. 




□ 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN 2 V/^y/A 6 TO 18 

2 to 6- j§888§a 1 8 to 46 

it NO RURAL POPULATION 



g^ 



46 to 90) 

90 AND OVER 



(105) 



PLATE No. 77 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF CONNECTICUT, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

I J LESS THAN 2 j^/^ 6 TO 18 ££{2 4S T ° 9 ° 

1 1 ; ; ■ 1 1 a to e 88&H ' s to 45 Villi so and over 



(106) 



PLATE No. 78 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF DELAWARE, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 
TOTAL POPULATION. RURAL POPULATION. 




MUMSER OF INHABITANTS 
PER SQUARE MILE 

LESS THAN, J 

MI\> " « 

^8 TO 18 

fcvXv^ 18 TO 45 

46 TO 9© 

90 *ND OVER 



nil 




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(109) 



PLATE No. 81 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF IDAHO, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




(110) 



PLATE No. 82 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF ILLINOIS, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 
TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 



lis 





PULASKI 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN S ;/^/| 6 TO I 8 |£££| 45 TO 90 

2 to 8 R8888I 18 TO 46 HUH 90 and ovEfl 



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(112) 



PLATE No. 84 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF IOWA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 

I . . I - r .A f MM . 1 J , lyi . .1, ..... , , l .}..l, . I. J 

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RURAL POPULATION. 

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?>x?wowJ^L^^<3cS^^< : f CAL " H " 00 " 

%rS"4f V"T° ib* RR0LL ^ CPEErF J "°~ E l 'TORY Jm\ RS HALl'J. TA " A J BENTON J L,NH 1 J_.W~.~^ 

ARISEN <■ ELC ^* v ^.J^GUTHRe'I DALLAS \ POLK ). JASPER >OWE9h:Ek1: '■ IOWA ,& JOHNSON j| ■'■-■ $ SCOTT -J 

fc«*S^Vrt»^VA,-,«^jA,t-.^_4. ..-^.p-.^^.J^.^^, ^} ^, ^^i^J^.J V ^V^^> ? ^iy V V>^( ^MUSCATINE". 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE- 
LESS THAN S ^ 6 TO 18 8ZZ3 * 5 T ° 9 ° 
2 TO 6 ^^^1 18 TO 4fi Hllll 90 an0 o»E» 



(113) 



PLATE No. 85 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF KANSAS, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants . 

TOTAL POPULATION. 



^VV*" LEAVENWORTH 



fAtf WYANDOTTE 




RURAL POPULATION. 




LESS THAN S 

2 to e 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

EZ3 4s t ° 9 ° 

90 and over 



6 to i 8 
I 8 to 45 






(114) 



PLATE No. 86 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF KENTUCKY, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




LESS THAN 2 

2 to e 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

6 TO 18 IS^^I 45 TO 90 

18 TO 46 Villi 9° ANO OVEfi 



(115) 



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(117) 



PLATE No. 89 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF MARYLAND, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




nil 

* NO RURAL POPULATION 



(118) 



PLATE No. 90 

DENSITY OF TOTAL POPULATION OF MASSACHUSETTS, NEW HAMPSHIRE, AND RHODE ISLAND, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 




(119) 



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(121) 



PLATE No. 93 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF MISSISSIPPI, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or mor 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
1 I LESS THAN 2 ^%%) 6 TO IB ggg 45 TO 90 

EiIH 2T00 ■l8T046 llllll 90 AND OVER 



(122) 




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(123) 



PLATE No. 95 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF MONTANA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 







mm 

SHERIDAN 

ttffi 

ROOSEVELT 



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DAWSON 



i-I.U,l 



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RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN 2 Xty/fl\ 6 T0 ' 8 tfifiA 4S T0 90 

2 TO 8 |88S88| 18 TO 46 Illl 90 A " D omeu 



(124) 



PLATE No. 96 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF NEBRASKA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

i%%j e to i s K83 4s t ° 9 ° 

2 T0 8 !§§§§8| 18 TD4S llllll 9 3 AND 0«B 



LESS THAN 2 



723°— '24f 9 



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(126) 



PLATE No. 98 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF NEW JERSEY, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN 2 ^ 6 TO I 8 S22 * S T ° 90 

2 TO 6 f»Ks?y 18 TO *6. IIIIII 90 AN ° °VEU 



(127) 



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(128) 



PLATE No. 100 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF NEW YORK, BY COUNTIES: 1 920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




.HMON^J-rajP 



RURAL POPULATION. 




mi 



90 AND OVER 
* NO AURAL POPULATION 



(129) 



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(130) 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF NORTH DAKOTA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 



PLATE No. 102 




.1 :,i 
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RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

17777771 TW7W1 

LESS THAN 2 '/AA 6 TO 18 YffA 4S T ° 90 

2 TO 6 f§§§§l I8T0 4S [Hill 90 AN ° 0VEB 



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(133) 



PLATE No. 105 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF OREGON, BY COUNTIES: 



1 920. 



Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated piaces having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




LESS THAN 2 
2 TO e 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

\^z\ e to is B5B * 6 t ° 9 ° 

K^I ' 8 TO 46 lllll! 90 AND OVES 



(134) 



PLATE No. 106 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF PENNSYLVANIA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 




LADELPHIA 



RURAL POPULATION. 




WMmwk 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN 1 T^A 6 TO I 8 K^SI 45 T0 90 

2 to 6 j^j^SJ I 8 TO 46 Bill! a0 aN ° ° VSB 

fc MP RURAL POPULATION 



(135) 



PLATE No. 107 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF SOUTH CAROLINA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




ill 



(136) 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF SOUTH DAKOTA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 



PLATE No. 1( 




j 



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RURAL POPULATION. 




(137) 



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(138) 



PLATE No. 110 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF TEXAS, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 



DALLAM 

IMILUI 



l | : IJ* 

I MOORE i H VJ?J?n'i R OOERTsI I jj* | 




(139) 



PLATE No. 111 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF TEXAS, BY COUNTIES: 1 920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

RURAL POPULATION. 




(140) 




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(141) 



PLATE No. 113 






DENSITY OF POPULATION OF VERMONT, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more 



TOTAL POPULATION. 



RURAL POPULATION. 




(142) 



PLATE No. 114 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF VIRGINIA, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 



NUMBER OF INHABITANTS 
PER SQUARE MILE 




(143) 



PLATE No. 115 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF WASHINGTON, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 
LESS THAN 2 j ^ 6 TO 1 8 ESS * 5 T ° °° 

g§§Sg| I 8 TO 45 mIIH 90 and over 



2 TO 8 



(144) 




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(146) 



PLATE No. 11* 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF WYOMING, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

Rural population is defined as that residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. 

TOTAL POPULATION. 




RURAL POPULATION. 




NUMBER OF INHABITANTS PER SQUARE MILE 

V////A \JJJF\ 

LESS THAN 2 Y/////X 6 TO I 8 VW 

2 TO 8 |j8§8SS| 18 TO 46 I i I! ill 9<J ANO Oven 



46 TO 90' 



(147) 



PLATE No. 119 



DENSITY OF POPULATION OF HAWAII, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 




.KALAWAO 





m 



6 f 18 
18 TO 45 



22 




(148) 



PLATE No. 120 




I 



(149) 



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(151) 



PLATE No. 123 



. CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



ALABAMA 



ARKANSAS 



KMy 





ARIZONA 



Rooseveh 



WAR! C O P A \ 

/» ©1900 \ \7 i ■- r-\ 



> Caxecreeh 



&CUn& 



J2^j$cottsdale 




(152) 



PLATE No. 124 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910,, AND 1920. 



CALIFORNIA 




(153) 



PLATE No. 125 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 

COLORADO 




CONNECTICUT 



/ 



iMtvwjMJMaU f-. J— J I 

X \/ "'\m e 



£/ 7i \ lMlfltf.tr <^ 



1920 

nhfiv 




MIDDLETOWN,; 

1880 
i 

1890 j 



%j3_ '7 :■" 

'ooksvalb 

LWpttuyfbnL j 

W / -— q 

A/ N E N 

»i ,\ ci^jTt J ■' s- North/vnl 
ffamdArvJ / 1 

dLLd 



DELAWARE 



DIST. OF COLUMBIA 




GEORGIA 





FLORIDA 



. / I8~80 v> 
Jena CROSS 



P<ppertvh K*pT) "■. 










(154) 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



PLATE No. 126 



IDAHO 



Yellow Pine 



,■ 'Roosevelt 



■John sons O: 



[/ 



^ 



,-»' 



J 



r 

\ 
\ 



tCape.ffom 



S 



\ 



/ 






/ 



19 

Meyers Cove 



\ 



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/ 
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I900 



20<j 



ijoiMt/vza. 




CHALLIS 



" MoatAof 
YankeeTnil- 

St/inlev 



©I920 




© I89C 



CUSTER 



\ Pierson 

I o 



I 



► I 880" 



X 



/ > 



o 



ILLINOIS 




(155) 



PLATE No. 127 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



INDIANA 




IOWA 




(156) 



PLATE No. 128 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



KANSAS 



MAINE 




723°— 24 f 



(157) 



PLATE No. 129 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



MICHIGAN 




MINNESOTA 




(158) 



PLATE No. 130 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



MISSISSIPPI 



MISSOURI 




MONTANA 




159) 



PLATE No. 131 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



NEBRASKA 




(160) 



t f* Copperad 



NEVADA 



J 



N 



* 



1900 



\ 



s OBoyer 
©1880 



© 1 890 




OWondtr 



-J \ 


or 




w 


■ y 

/ 


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._/ 



19200 



•"V 

1910 X 

OLajieview 



[ Carroll 



A-* 



PLATE No. 132 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 




NEW JERSEY 



NEW YORK 




(161) 



PLATE No. 133 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920, 



NEW MEXICO 




NORTH CAROLINA 




/. Worth *| d 

I ville 

ra'n'doTIph 

4fASHBORO 

,', ! ,\ \floluh 






KA f'HAl/f 



© 



\8on/ee 



■-., \ irec*'*'} ub^ Crossroads- un' f 



Yanoy\jaL^, Carbonton^J 



jyHj*bram 



NORTH DAKOTA 



OHIO 



^_ : / Cttrdaii/lini 




M/OlR\ROWJ 



7 CftrrtUtt/ltiii ~' . • I 

/ „„ A © OrnMl-M. 

/ «<ff<»n,g| j 

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j 01900 
: ©1890 

I \ * l/tt/»}"t I 

WAR E . J*lU_ 

Ctvton 






OKLAHOMA 



OREGON 




(162) 



PLATE No. 134 



CENTERS OF POPULATION; 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 

PENNSYLVANIA 






SOUTH DAKOTA 




H A 


N D \ 


B 


"VV 1^ 
\ i 


ffea/hts 
*VaIi*yvicw 

11/ 
77 — -. 


Jf 

o 

1910 

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A Bates w 


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L \ J^^ i 

=T^aL p > ^Ie !J 


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'920 Hi 5 A 1890 


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6 

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" T 

I'd E R A #H 

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\„ j gCrowlahe | 1 880 V6«x**«-t 


VVeya 


'^LpKtel' 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



RHODE ISLAND 




(163) 



PLATE No. 135 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 



TEXAS 



TENNESSEE 




VERMONT 



(164) 




PLATE No. 136 



CENTERS OF POPULATION: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, AND 1920. 

WASHINGTON 




WEST VIRGINIA 



WISCONSIN 



trillooly 





1900©"' J^S^i 
w . - -©1910 

A/!uiLn,Q | g" 2 
^ Ctrmuu.i 

1890 ' ■ ■ r 

! GREEN JLAXEj 

M m Q UE,T TE'i J&- 

© /-~ " "CJ^tv^W I 

18801 *F^-- —^Lcj/ 

yBngarvilU j j / 

mj Browning I ^Ddhon, 



WYOMING 



Ervay 


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©1920 


V CASPER j m 


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N 


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c 
A 


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T R 


O N A 




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©1900 ° 


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•'Freeiand 

i 








©1890 






leo° 


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C 


A 


R 


BON 

o 
Di/tictUly 



(165) 



LJ 

< 
-J 
0- 




(166) 




(167) 



PLATE No. 139 



I. POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE: 1790-I920. 



POPULATION PER SOUARC MILE 



IS90 
ISIO 
IBOO 
I80O 
ISSO 






































































1870 










I860 


















I860 
















1840 








1830 








1820 
1810 
1800 








IT90 









2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN TOTAL, TOTAL WHITE, AND NEGRO 
POPULATION: 1790-1920, AND PER CENT OF INCREASE IN NATIVE 
WHITE: 1850-1920. 



1730 1800 I B 10 



1890 1640 1660 I860 



1880 1880 1800 1810 



1800 1810 1820 




TOTAL WHITE POPULATION 

NATIVE WHITE POPULATION — °- 
NEGRO POPULATION 



3. POPULATION PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



4. PER CENT URBAN I N TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1 920 AND 1 9 1 0. 



RHODE ISLAND 
MASSACHUSETTS 
NEW JERSEY 
'CONNECTICUT 
NEW YORK 
PE 

MARYLAND 
OHIO 
ILLINOIS 
DELAWARE 




RHODE ISLAND 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEW YORK 

NEW JERSEY" 

CALIFORNIA 

ILLINOIS 

CONNECTICUT 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

MICHIGAN 

MARYLAND 

WASHINGTON 

DELAWARE 

INDIANA 

OREGON 

COLORADO 

UTAH 

WISCONSIN 

MISSOURI 

MINNESOTA 

MAINE 

FLORIDA 

IOWA 

ARIZONA 

LOUISIANA 

KANSAS 

TEXAS 

MONTANA 

NEBRASKA 

VERMONT 

WYOMING 

VIRGINIA 

IDAHO 

OKLAHOMA 

KENTUCKY 

TENNESSEE 

WEST VIRGINIA 

.GEORGIA 

ALABAMA 

NEVADA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

NEW MEXICO 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

ARKANSAS 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

MISSISSIPPI 



PER CENT 

30 6* 




1020 
1910 



(168) 



PLATE No. 140 



1. PER CENT URBAN IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. PER CENT URBAN IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




PER CENT URBAN. 

LLLLI Less than 1 5 per cent. 

15 to 25 per cent. 
^3 25 to 50 per cent. 
KS 50 to 75 per cent. 
|KN] 75 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (— ) show geographio divisions 



(169) 



PLATE No. 141 



I. PER CENT URBAN IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1900. 




i 



2. PER CENT URBAN IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1890. 




PER CENT UBBAN. 

I I None. 

I I I 1 I Less than 15 per cent. 

15 to 25 per cent. 

25 to 50 per cent. 
PSgi 50 to 75 per cent. 
LVCI 75 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (■») show geographic divisions. 



(170) 



PLATE No. 142 



PER CENT URBAN IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1890-1920. 



VT. 



MASS. 



R.I. 



CONN. 



PA. 



DEL. 



VA. 



N. O. 
S. 0. 
OA. 
FLA 

MONT. 

IDAHO 

WYO. 

COLO. 

N. MEX 

ARIZ. 



NEW ENGLAND 

PER CENT 

66 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

PER CENT 
20 30 40 50 



MICH. 



WIS. 



920 










V1IDDL 


; ATLANTIC 
















900 
890 

920 
910 
































900 
8SO 

920 
910 










sq: 


4= 


= 












890 












SOUTh 


1 ATL/ 


\N1 


IC 

















N. DAK. 




KANS. 



MIS9. 



OKLA. 



TEX. 



WA8H. 



OREG. 



OALIF. 




(171) 



PLATE No. 143 

I. URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION: 1880-1920. 

MILLIONS 

4t> eo 




URBAN | | RURAL 



2. INCREASE IN URBAN POPULATION, BY CLASSES OF CITIES: 1890-1920. 



TOTAL URBAN ' 
26,000 AND OVER 

26,000 TO 100,000 
100,000 TO 260,000 
260.000 TO WO .000, 
600,000 AND OVER 




I i9io to i«2o r#y^#^ igooToiBio Tzzzzzzzzn iaao to isoo 



3. POPULATION OF CITIES HAVING, IN 1920, 100,000 INHABITANTS 
OR MORE: 1920 AND 1910. 



4. POPULATION IN PLACES OF 8,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE AT EACH 
CENSUS: 1790-1920. 



M 



NEW YORK 
CHICAGO 

PHILADELPHIA 

DETROIT 

CLEVELAND 

ST. LOUIS 

BOSTON 

BALTIMORE 

PITTSBURGH 

LOS ANGELES 

BUFFALO 

SAN FRANCISCO 

MILWAUKEE 

WASHINGTON. D. C. 

NEWARK 

CINCINNATI! 

NEW ORLEANS 

MINNEAPOLIS 

KANSAS CITY. MO. 

SEATTLE 

INDIANAPOLIS 

JERSEY CITY 

ROCHESTER 

PORTLAND, CREQ 

DENVER 

TOLEDO 
■ PROVIDENCE 
COLUMBUS 

LOUISVILLE 

ST. PAUL 
OAKLANO 

AKRON 

ATLANTA 
■OMAHA 

WORCESTER 
BIRMINGHAM 

SYRACUSE 

RICHMOND 

NEW HAVEN 

MEMPHIS 

SAN ANTONIO 



HOUSTON 

HARTFORD 
SCRANTON 
GRAND RAPIDS 
PATERSON 
YOUNGSTOWN 
SPRINGFIELD 
>DES MOINES 
NEW BEDFORD 



■ NASHVILLE 
SALT LAKE CITY 
CAMDEN 
NORFOLK 
ALBANY 
LOWELL 

CAMBRIDGE 
READING 
FORT WORTH 
SPOKANE 
.KANSAS CITY K, 
VQNKERS 




5Ha 

w 
w 

W 

P 

w 

9 
9 

9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 

r 

9 
9 

r 

w 

9 
? 
1 
9 
9 
9 
! 
9 
I 
1 
J 
I 
f 
9 
9 
t 
I 
J 
f 
I 
! 



(172) 



■ 1920 
31910 






< 


? 


30 


MILLIONS 
46 eo 


76 


to 


101 

1 11 


ibio 


























1 


' 


1900 






















1 








1890' 


















1 






























1880 












I 




















1870 










| 


















I860 










D 












| 






1860 


■ 




















1840 


1 




71 














1830 a 


1 












1620 




1 












1810 


| 


r I OUTSIDE SUCH PLACES 






isoo 


I 




1700 


Z2 





5. COLOR OR RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE, BY DIVISIONS: 1920, 1910, AND 1900. 



1920 

UNITED STATES isio 

1900 

GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

1920 

NEW ENGLAND 1910 

1900 



MID.ATLANTIC 



O 10 SO 



PER CENT 
40 60 



E. NO. CENTRAL 



W. NO. CENTRAL 



60, ATLANTIC 



E.SO.CENTRAL 



W. SO.CENTRAL 



PACIFIC 




1920 
1910 



'^^^ 



; #///i/yj 



NATIVE WHITE. NATIVE PARENTAGE 

NATIVE WHITE, FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE 



WfJJA FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 

MHBJ NEGRO AND ALL OTHER 



PLATE No. 144 
PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION OF TERRITORY URBAN IN 1920, BY STATES: 1910-1920. 
S31 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION OF TERRITORY URBAN IN 1910, BY STATES: 1900-1910. 




723°— 24t 12 



(173) 



PLATE No. 145 

I. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION OF TERRITORY RURAL IN 1920, BY STATES: 1910-1920. 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION OF TERRITORY RURAL IN 1910, BY STATES: 1900-1910. 




(174) 



PLATE No. 146 



TOTAL POPULATION OF GREAT CITIES AT EACH CENSUS: 1790-1920. 



(920 
1910 
1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 
1850 
1840 
1830 
1820 
1810 
1800 
1790 



16 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 

NEW YORK 

20 25 30 35 



40 



45 



50 



CHICAGO 
10 15 



20 



25 



1920 
1910 
1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 
1850 
1840 
1830 
1820 
1810 
1800 
1790 



■ 












! 






PHILADELPHIA 
10 




16 












1 


































1 










































































































1 
1 
1 
1 













DETROIT 

O 5 10- 



■ 



( 

1920 
1910 


) 


( 


LE 


VE 


.U 

f 


\N 


) 
































1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 
1850 
1840 
1830 
1820 
1810 
1800 
1790 


I 









J 




si 


■. 


-Ol 

- 


JiE 












































































■ 














B 


OS 


TO 
| 


M 












































































■ 
1 

1 
1 
1 









BALTIMORE 
5 



■ 
I 

I 

I 



PITTSBURGH LOS ANGELES BUFFALO 

O 5 5 5 



■ 
■ 
I 
I 



■ 



FRANCISCO MILWAUKEE WASHINGTON NEWARK CINCINNATI NEW ORLEANS MINNEAPOLIS KANSAS CITY SEATTLE INDIANAPOLIS 

60 50 50 60 60 O 




1840 
1830 
1820 
1810 
1800 
1790 



I 



B 











■ 
1 









■ 
I 
I 



JERSEY CITY 
( 


ROCHESTER PORTLAND 

) c 


DENVER 


( 


TOLEDO 

) 


PROVIDENCE COLUMBUS LOUISVILLE ST. 



PAUL OAKLAND AKRON 
O O 


I9?0 


1 








■ 

■ 

■ 

■ 

1 








■ 
1 
























■ 
■ 
s 
1 

1 

L_ 






















■ 
1 








■ 
■ 
1 








■ 
■ 
1 
1 






1910 
1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
1860 
1850 
1840 
1830 
1820 
1810 
1800 
1790 


1 






■ 

■ 

■ 

1 

1 






■ 
1 








■ 
1 



ATLANTA 




OMAHA 





■ 
I 

I 



(175) 



PLATE No. 147 

1. PER CENT OF NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTAGE IN WHITE POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 73.3 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 







2. PER CENT OF NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTAGE IN WHITE POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




(176) 



PLATE No. 146 

I. PER CENT OF NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTAGE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 54.7 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. STATES (SHADED) SHOWING INCREASE IN FOREIGN-BORN WHITE: 1910-1920. 




(177) 






PLATE No. 149 

I. PER CENT OF NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 13.4 per cent, not shown separately on the map.) 




2. PER CENT OF NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




(178) 



PLATE No. 150 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 6.5 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




(179) 



PLATE No. 151 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE AND NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE COMBINED IN 

TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 19.9 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE AND NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE COMBINED IN 

TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




(180) 



PLATE No. 152 



TOTAL POPULATION AND DISTRIBUTION, BY CLASSES: 1850-1920. 



I860 



I860 






1880 



1890 



1900 






1910 



1920 



o 


fi 




o 


/ 




■& 

$ 






* \ 


y\ 


FOREIGN 


> N 




OR MIXED 


A 


\ h- 




s . 


\> PARENTAGE 



O 


c 




O 


.?■ 




r o 


£ 




"8. 


.> 




^ 


o 




o 


!/ 


FOREIGN 


^ \ 


/ ul 


OR MIXED 


A 


N. h- 


PARENTAGE 



f >n 



NATIVE PARENTAGE 



NATIVE PARENTAGE 



(181) 



PLATE No. 153 



COLOR OR RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



1920 




jE _, ARK. 
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NATIVE WHITE -FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE 



2Z3 FOREIQN-BORN WHITE 
! -'"■NEGRO AND ALL OTHER 



(182) 



PLATE No. 154 



FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



2. NEGRO POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 
16 20 



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(183) 



PLATE No. 155 

COLOR OR RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE, FOR CITIES HAVING,IN 1920, 




INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1920 AND 1910. 
1910 

PER CENT 



10 



20 



NEW YORK 

MANHATTAN BOROUOH 

BRONX BOROUOH 
BROOKLYN BOROUOH 

QUEENS BOROUOH 

RICHMOND BOROUOH 

CHICAGO 

PHILADELPHIA 

DETROIT 

CLEVELAND 

ST. LOUIS 

BOSTON 

BALTIMORE 

PITTSBURGH 

LOS ANGELES 

BUFFALO 

SAN FRANCISCO 

MILWAUKEE 

WASHINGTON 

NEWARK 

CINCINNATI 

NEW ORLEANS 

MINNEAPOLIS 

KANSAS CITY, MO. 

SEATTLE 

INDIANAPOLIS 

JERSEY CITY 

ROCHESTER 

PORTLAND, OREG. 

DENVER 

TOLEDO 

PROVIDENCE 

COLUMBUS. OHIO 

LOUISVILLE 

ST. PAUL 

OAKLAND 

AKRON 

ATLANTA 

OMAHA 

WORCESTER 

BIRMINGHAM 

SYRACUSE 

RICHMOND 

NEW HAVEN 

MEMPHIS 

SAN ANTONIO 

DALLAS 

DAYTON 

BRIDGEPORT 

HOUSTON 

HARTFORD 

SCRANTON 

GRAND RAPIDS 

PATERSON 

YOUNGSTOWN 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

DES MOINES 

NEW BEDFORD 

FALL RIVER 

TRENTON 

NASHVILLE 

SALT LAKE CrTY 

CAMDEN 

NORFOLK 

ALBANY 

LOWELL 

WILMINGTON ' 

CAMBRIDGE 

READING 

FORT WORTH 

SPOKANE 

KANSAS CITY. KANS , 

YONKERS 



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NATIVE WHITE-NATIVE PARENTAGE 



NATIVE WHITE -FOREIGN OR lylLXED PARENTAGE 



FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 



■ NEGRO AND ALL OTHER 



(184) 



PLATE No. 156 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 




~J L£88 THAN 6 PER CENT 
5 TO 10 PER CENT 

/ ; ] 10 TO 16 PeR OENT 

l: : ; : : -:-:-i] )6 to 25 per cent 

LfifiA 26 TO 36 PER CENT 

HUH 35 TO 60 PER CENT 

M 60 PE R CENT AND OVER 



(185) 



PLATE No. 157 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 
VERMONT. 




j "J LEGS THAN 6 PER CENT 

5 TO !0 PER CENT 

| gj] 10 TO 16 PER CENT 

|&888| 15 TO 26 P ER CENT 

15522 25 TO 36 PER CENT 

1IHII 35 TO 60 PER CENT 

1 *> 



PER DENT AND OVER 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 




(186) 



PLATE No. 158 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

CONNECTICUT. 




| "I L£88 THAN 6 PER CENT 
5 TO 10 PER CENT 
10 TO 16 PER CENT 
16 TO 25 PEB CENT 
^533 26 TO 35 PER CENT 
J HH| 35 TO 60 PER CENT 
Wj/M 60 PEHCtNl AND OVER 



(1ST) 



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(188) 



PLATE No. 160 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 







PHILADELPHIA 



723°— 24f 13 



j | LESS THAN 6 PER CENT 

J! T] 5 TO 10 PERCENT 



p^^j 10 TO 16 PER CENT 

15 TO 25 PER CENT 



25 TO 35 PER CENT 



in 



35 TO 60 PER CENT 

50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(189) 



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(191) 



PLATE No. 163 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1 920. 

IOWA. 

OSCEOLA ; D ICKINSOn[ EMMET i 




KANSAS. 




LEAVENWORTH 
WYANDOTTE 



□ | | 10 TO 15 PER CENT 

LESS THAN 6 PER CENT |s ». ■ ■ , ! j| "i;J 35 TO 50 PER CENT 

:-:>':^] 15 to 25 per cent 



nmn 



5 TO 10 PER CENT 



S3 



25 TO 35 PER CENT 






50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(192) 




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(193) 



PLATE No. 165 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 




SOUTH DAKOTA. 




| | LESS THAN 6 PER CENT 

6 TO (0 PER CENT 



10 TO 15 PER CENT 



WA 



15 TO 25 PER CENT 



25 TO 35 PER CENT 



iimi as 



TO 50 PER CENT 



50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(104) 



PLATE No. 166 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

NEBRASKA. 




COLORADO. 




□ 9\ 10 TO 15 PER CENT 

LESS TH.N 5 PER CENT ^=^ ||I| 35 TO 50 PER 

_^^__ IVYW' 1 ff; TCi OR DCS fCWT H 



6 TO 10 PER CENT 



fvg&$-j 15 TO 26 PER CENT 
C^^j 25 TO 35 PER CENT 



CENT 
M 50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(195) 



PLATE No. 167 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

MONTANA. 




WYOMING. ^ 




| j LESS THAN 6 PER CENT 

| jj|]T| 5 TO 10 PER CENT 



02 



10 TO [5 PER CENT 
15 TO 25 PER CENT 
25 TO 35 PER CENT 



Hll 35 TO 50 PER CENT 
jj W 50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(196) 




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(199) 



PLATE No. 171 



PER CENT OF FOREIGN-BORN WHITE IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

WASHINGTON. 





□ I ^1 10 TO 15 PER CENT 

LESS THAN 6 PERCENT ^ifi!2 T'H^l 36 TO 60 PEC CENT 

: :-:-: : :0| 15 to 25 per cent 

6 to 10 per cent „"!/] ! ii 50 peb cent and over 

^^h 25 to 35 per cent ' 



(200) 



PLATE No. 172 



PER CENT OF NEGROES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 25.1 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. PER CENT OF NEGROES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 




too/v 



V^^;--. 



'°4Ho /?$S$$5J^S| 



I I Less than 1 per cent. "^•'-'''wi_/~' 
I3/-1 1 to 5 per cent. 

5 to 12J percent. 

12J to 25 percent. 

25 to 375 percent. 
^H 37.J to 50 per cent. 
■fell 50 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (^) show geographic divisions. 




(201) 



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(202) 



PLATE No. 174 

1. STATES (SHADED) IN WHICH INCREASE IN NEGRO POPULATION WAS MORE THAN 1 ,000 AND WAS AT A HIGHER RATE 

THAN INCREASE IN TOTAL POPULATION: 1910-1920. 



' 'OAHq ' 





/- N.C. 

TENN. /'' , v 

/ _. x- 1 —?: 

! ARK. / ! \ \ s. c. 

! / i \ 

j { MISS, j ALA. \. 

i } \ \ 

\ LA. /.._._, ! —--A -j 4 



V / V 




2. NEGRO POPULATION FOR 1920 AND 1910, IN CITIES HAVING 100,000 
INHABITANTS OR MORE AND AT LEAST 10,000 NEGROES IN 1920. 



THOUSANDS 



NEW YORK 

PHILADELPHIA 

WASHINGTON 

CHICAGO 

BALTIMORE 

NEW ORLEANS 

BIRMINGHAM 

8T. LOUIS 

ATLANTA 

MEMPHIS 

RICHMOND 

NORFOLK, 

DETROIT 

LOUISVILLE 

PITTSBURGH 

NASHVILLE 

INDIANAPOLIS 

CLEVELAND 

HOUSTON 

KANSAS CITY, MO. 

CINCINNATI 

DALLAS 

COLUMBU8. OHIO 

NEWARK 

BOSTON. 

FORT WORTH 

LOS ANGELES 



KANSAS CITY, KANS. J3J - 



SAN ANTONIO 
WILMINGTON DEL. 
OMAHA 




16 



3. CITIES OF 10,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE IN 1920, HAVING 50 PER 
CENT OR MORE OF THEIR POPULATION NEGRO 
IN EITHER 1910 OR 1920. 



GREENVILLE, MJ SS. 
BESSEMER, ALA. 
NEW BERN. N. C. 
WAYCROSS, GA 
NATCHEZ. MISS. 
ALBANY, GA. 
COLUMBUS, MISS. 
SELMA, ALA, 
VALDOSTA. GA. 
VICKSBURG. MISS. 
BRUNSWICK, GA. 
CHARLESTON, S. C. 
8AVANNAH, GA. 
MONTGOMERY, ALA. 
JACKSONVILLE, FLA. 
ALEXANDRIA. LA. 
MONROE, LA. 
FLORENCE, S. C. 
BATON ROUGE, LA. 



PER CENT 



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(204) 



PER CENT OF NEGROES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 



MARYLAND. 



PLATE No. 176 




| | LESS THAN | 2-j PER CENT 

IINIll l2|TO 26 PERCENT 

[ 7~| 26 TO 37^ PER CENT 

L~: J 9 7 7 T0 60 PER CENT 

£££j 60 TO B2f PER CENT 
llllll 62j TO 76 PER 

m| 76 PER CENT AMD OVER 



NORTH CAROLINA. 



Valleqhany^ 

ASHE • ^---v. f SURRY 

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STANLY 




723°— 24f 14 



(205) 



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(210) 



PLATE No. 182 



PER CENT OF NEGROES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

ARKANSAS. 




| | "-£66 THAN 12^ PEB CENT 

lilllll I 2£ TO 25 PER CENT 
^ 26 TO 37 '- PER CENT 
37$- TO 60 PEH CENT 
££££ 60 TO 62-j PER CENT 
HIIII 62jf TO 75 PER CENT 
|^M[ 75 PER CENT AND OVER 
+ NO NEGRO POPULATION 



OKLAHOMA. 




(211) 



PLATE No. 183 



PER CENT OF NEGROES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 

TEXAS. 

j J LESS THAN | 2-j PER CENT 
HHIIf 12-jTO 26 PERCENT 
26 TO 37j PER CENT 
37j TO 60 PER CENT 
^Kfl 60 TO 62j PER CENT 
IIIH1 ©2jf TO 76 PER CENT 
]l_ H] 76 PER CENT AND OVER 
"A" NO NEGRO POPULATION 




(212) 




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(213) 



PLATE No. 185 



DISTRIBUTION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY STATES: 1 920. 




2. DISTRIBUTION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY STATES: 1910. 




f I Less than 1,000 
Eggj 1,000 to 5,000 

5,000 to 10,000 

10,000 to 15,000 

15,000 to 20,000 
KQ 20,000 to 30,000 
BED 30,000 and over. 
The heavy lines («— ) show geographic divisions. 



(214) 



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(215) 



PLATE No. 187 



PER CENT OF INDIANS IN TOTAL POPULATION OF ALASKA, BY JUDICIAL DISTRICTS: 1920. 



£4-° 



I I [ I I || LESS THAN 40 PER CENT 
40 TO 50 PER CENT 
50 PER CENT AND OVER 




- Vv 






(216) 



PLATE No. 1! 



PER CENT OF HAWAIIANS AND PART-HAWAIIANS IN TOTAL POPULATION OF HAWAII, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 




KAUAI 





KALAWAO 




LESS THAN 15 PER CENT. 

15 TO 50 PER CENT. 

50 PER CENT AND OVER 




(217) 



PLATE No. 189 



RATIO OF MALES TO FEMALES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, females in excess, not shown separately on the map.) 




2. RATIO OF MALES TO FEMALES IN TOTAL POPULATION, BY STATES: 1910. 

[District of Columbia, females in excess, not shown separately on the map.] 




(218) 



PLATE No. 190 



100 



DISTRIBUTION BY SINGLE YEARS OF AGE FOR THE TOTAL POPULATION, BY SEX: 1920. 
MALES FEMALES 



100 



90 



100 YEARS AND OVER 



90 



SO 



80 



70 



I L 



70 



60 



60 



UJ 

O50 
< 



60 O 
< 



40 



40 



30 



30 



20 



20 



10 



10 



J 



oLZL 



UNDER I YEAR 



T 



I 



6 8 10 12 

(219) 



12 10 8 64 20 24 

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 



PLATE No. 191 



DISTRIBUTION BY AGE PERIODS AND SEX FOR TOTAL POPULATION AND FOR CERTAIN PRINCIPAL 

POPULATION CLASSES: 1920. 



TOTAL POPULATION. 

PER CENT AGE PERIOD PER CENT 



0.7 70 + 740.7 

_L 



v 



^ 



65--69 



60- -64 



55--59 



60-54 



45- -49 



40- -44 



15 



35--39 



30- -34 



25--29 



20- -24 



10-14 



<(, 



*, 



6- -9 



UNDER 5 YEARS 

J L 



65432 I I 23459 

PER CENT PER CENT 



TOTAL WHITE. 





PER CENT AGE PERIOD PER CENT 




3.! 
4.0 


J 

2.E 




0.7 70 

1 


^ 1 
-74 0.7 

I 






.8 




1 


1 


65- 


-69 


i 





.5 




60- 


-64 




1 4 




1. 


3 


56- 


-59 


i 


7 


1 


2.4 

_ 






60- 


■64 




2 






46- 


•49 






2. 


3.2 






40- 


■44 






2.e 




1 






35- 


-39 








3.5 








30- 


-34 






3 


4.3 








25- 


-29 






CO 


4.3 
4.4 


4.2 






CO 


20- 


-24 






r 


<</ 


4.4 






16- 


-19 




^ 


f- ■ 


4.4 




5.0 




V 
S- 




10 


"14 


** 




<■ 


1.9 
6.3 


6.4 






^r 






5- 


-9 










.6 










UNDER 5 YEARS 

1 1 1 








6.4 



6 6 4 3 2 

PER CENT 



I 2 3 4 5 8 

PER CENT 



NEGRO. 



FOREIGN-BORN WHITE. 



AGE PERIOD 



PER CENT 



5.0 
6.0 


4. 
4.9 


3 
4.1 


3.1 




i H 

0.6 70 ■ 

_l_ 


p 

•740 
1, 


4 
.6 


5 

2.2 


.7 


.7 




5.S 

e.i 


0. 

I.I 

1.2 


1 

7 65- 
| 


1 

•69o 

1 


60- 


-64 


3.8 


2.2 


55- 


■59 


1.0 






50- 


-54 




1. 






45- 


•49 






2 


.6 






40- 


■44 




2 


7 








35- 


•39 






3 


: 


.2 






30- 


•34 






3. 












25- 


-29 










4. 


5 




7 








20- 


■24 








<b 




6.1 
6.4 






•• 


<o 


o 


15- 


■19 






V 


</ 






.3 


v- 






10- 


■14 


/- 


^ 


?' 








v; 








5- 


-9 


« 










5.4 










UNC 


JER f 


) YE 


<VRS 










6.( 



PER CENT 



PER CENT 


AGE 


PERIOC 


' 


PER CENT 




5.9 




3. 


2.9 


2.0 


.4 


70- 


-74 


1.4 




3.0 


1.8 
4.0 


6 
5.3 








66- 


•69 




.8 










60- 


•64 






2.4 




! 






55- 


■59 








4.8 










50- 


■54 










j.4 












45- 


-49 
















CO 




40- 


■44 








4 










v/ 


</ 




35- 


■39 






^ 


.9 






* 


* 






30- 


•34 




\ 

■-SN- 


- 




5.1 
I-.8 




6.! 


i 










25- 


•29 


< 


f 




i 








3.3 






20 


•24 


X 






3.4 








1.9 

o.: 




15- 


•19 




2.0 
.2 








1.2 


10 


•14 


1.2 






0.6 


5- 


9 


0. 


6 




> UNDE 

1 


R E 


3 Y 


EARS C 

1 




T i 




{ 


4 
PE 


: 

R CE 


! I 

NT 




i 




3 


1 




i 


PE 


) 
R 


4 
CE 


NT 


e 


7 



(220) 



PLATE No. 192 

DISTRIBUTION BY AGE PERIODS AND SEX FOR CERTAIN PRINCIPAL POPULATION CLASSES: 1920. 



NATIVE WHITE. 



PER CENT AGE PERIOD P ER CENT 




4.: 




2 


2.0 


1 n 
0.8 70- 

1 1 


-740.6 

1 1 








6 




0.1 


S 65- 


-69 c 
1 


.8 




1.3 


60- 


-64 


1.2 




.6 


55- 


-59 


1.4 






50^ 


•64 




i.g 


.3 




.6 




45- 


-49 




2 




7 




40- 


■44 






2. 


a 


2 




3.3 






35- 


-39 






3 




4 




J.5 






30- 


-34 








3.6 




1 








25- 


-29 








/ 


4.2 
4 




4.4 










20- 


-24 






< 




i 




<</ 


? 


15- 


-19 






/ 


A 


.8 








5 


G 




^ 


V 

N 


•/ 




10- 


14 


<3 


l- 








6.6 

1 




8.2 












6" 


•9 












a.o 


e.& 












UNI 


>ER 5 
1 


YEA 

I 


RS 










6. 



NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTAGE. 

PER CENT AGE PERIOD PER CENT 



6 4 3 2 

PER CENT 



6 




4.1 


: 


2.0 


I 

0.7 


70- 


-74 


.7 
3.9 




5 






6.9 


1 


.0 


65- 


-69 


1.4 

.6 




60- 


-64 


1.2 




65- 


-59 


1.4 




60- 


-54 




.8 


2 


.5 




45- 


■49 




2 




2.7 




40- 


-44 






2. 


3.4 
1.5 








35- 


-39 






3.2 








30- 


-34 






3.1 








25- 


-29 








4 


1 


4.4 






<*> 


20- 


-24 






<b 


4. 




4.1 


! 




<c 




15- 


-19 






4.8 




.8 






V 




10- 


-14 




V 7 








6. 


6.0 






^ 






5- 


-9 












9 4 
I 












UNDER £ 
1 


YEARS 

1 










8-2 



2 3 4 6 8 

PER CENT 



6 4 3 2 

PER CENT 



2 3 4 6 6 

PER CENT- 



NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN PARENTAGE. 



NATIVE WHITE OF MIXED PARENTAGE. 



«.8 

1 

7 



PER CENT 



AGE PERIOD 



PER CENT 



0.3 70 
I I 



0.7 65-|-69 0.7 
1 



-<0- 



60- -64 



55--59 



50- -54 



45- -49 



40- -44 



35 



20 



74 0.3 



39 



30- -34 



25--29 



24 



5--I9 



0-14 



6--9 



9? 



Jc 



•kr 



UNDER 6 YEARS 



6 6 4 3 2' 

PER CENT 

723°— 24t 15 



4.6 

4.6 



2 3 4 6 6 

PER CENT 



PER CENT 



AGE PERIOD 
70- -74 



PER CENT 



fo 



u, 



65 + 69 
J. 



60- -64 



55--59 



50- -54 



45 --49 



40- -44 



35- 



25--29 



20 



5--9 



■39 



30--34 



24 



I 5 - - 1 9 



I0--I4 



ky 



J 



k/ 



UNDER 5 YEARS 

I I I I 



6 4 3 2 

PER CENT 



2 3 4 5 6 

PER CENT 



(221) 



PLATE No. 193 

MARITAL CONDITION OF THE POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY SEX AND AGE PERIODS, 

FOR PRINCIPAL POPULATION CLASSES: 1920. 



PER CENT 



r::::: , 1 : v , :vv , v . i . v . ":: . v .'. v , v:. 1 :: , .. v . v: . ' . " . " . , "» i . 

FEMALE I 

«»^»»g:::::r//>i 

i ':":■:::';■■' . i :y ii . i » 1 "' yi _ 

I I I I FEMALE 2. 

v/>//////////l ::::'::" •:ywM::;::'"//{Jvn 

MAL E 
. . ,. <& r\ 

FEMAL E O 



..■-'- 



r 1 -". 1 ';"".' ,}>//'■ ■.■.".'■'.:" 



YEARi 




30 - 34 YEARS 



MALE 



SBBSSaSOBB 



1 FEMALE I I I 



36 - 44 YEARS 






MALE 



FEMA LE 
MALE 

r~ ^BBBBBggHBtBBm 

FEMALE I I 

MALE 



!2ZZ?» 



ZZZZZ2ZZZZZM 



22a 
zzzs 



VSSSSSSSM 



•asm 

7ZEZZ* 



yW/«ii 



FEMALE 
MALE | 



' J fZft 



FEMALE I I I I 




| ALL CLASSES 4- NATIVE WHITE - MIXED PARENTAGE V////////A SINGLE 

2 NATIVE WHITE -NATIVE PARENTAGE 5 FOREIGN-BORN WHITE ftBBBM MARRIED 

3 NATIVE WHITE -FOREIGN PARENTAGE Q NEGRO BM^B WIDOWED OR DIVORCED 






(222) 



PLATE No. 194 

1. PER CENT WHICH POPULATION BORN IN EACH STATE AND LIVING IN OTHER STATES FORMED OF 

TOTAL BORN IN EACH STATE: 1920. 



District of Columbia, 29.2 per cent, not shown separately on the map.) 




2. PER CENT WHICH POPULATION BORN IN EACH STATE AND LIVING IN OTHER STATES FORMED OF 

TOTAL BORN IN EACH STATE: 1910. 




(223) 



PLATE No. 195 



I. PER CENT WHICH POPULATION BORN IN OTHER STATES FORMED OF TOTAL NATIVE POPULATION 

LIVING IN EACH STATE: 1 920. 

[District of Columbia, 60.4 per cent, not shown separately on the map.) 




I I Less than 15 per cent. 

nTTTI 15 to 20 per cent. 

E^ 20 to 25 per cent. 

E8SSSa 25 to 30 per cent. 

jgggj 30 to 50 per cent. 

VSSJ, 50 per cent and over. 

The heavy lines (— •) show geographic divisions 



2. PER CENT WHICH POPULATION BORN IN OTHER STATES FORMED OF TOTAL NATIVE POPULATION 

LIVING IN EACH STATE: 1910. 




(224) 



PLATE No. 196 



1. MIGRATION OF NATIVE POPULATION FROM AND TO EACH STATE: 

1920. 



2. MIGRATION OF NATIVE POPULATION FROM AND TO EACH STATE: 

1910. 



BORN IN SPECIFIED STATE, 
LIVING IN OTHER STATES 

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 



LIVING IN SPECIFIED STATE, 
BORN IN OTHER STATES 



BORN IN SPECIFIED STATE. 
LIVING IN OTHER STATES 



LIVING IN SPECIFIED STATE. 
BORN IN OTHER STATES 



ie 


1 


2 


8 


4 







4 




3 


12 


MAINE 
(5 , 
z N. H. 

jj Vt. 

z 

"J MASS. 

S R... 

z 


















' 
























CONN. 








MIDDLE 
ATLANTIC 

c. •< 


























































































EAST 
NORTH CENTRAL 

i 2 F z $ 

co o r □ 5 

I O 












































^^^ 






































































MINN. 
< IOWA 

cr 
h z Ma 
So N. OAK. 
















































































I- S. DAK. 








O NEBR. 
KANS. 






























DEL. 
































MD. 










O 

p D. C. 

z 

< VA. 

< W. VA. 






























jE N. C. 


















D 










O S. C. 








GA. 
























FLA. 








I_,KY. 

§S TENN. 
COH 
























































1-2 ALfl ' 












2o 












£ MISS. 










j^ARK. 
Ocr LA. 












































►-Z OKLA. 

So 

j TEX. 








































MONT. 

IDAHO 
2 WYO. 
2 COLO. 








































Z 

D N MEX. 

O 

£ ARIZ. 

UTAH 

NEV. 


1 


1 






































O WASH. 
























<5 OREG. 
0- CALIF. 









HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 

42 02 46 8 10 12 



MAINE 

NEW HAMP8HIRE 

VERMONT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

RHODE ISLAND 

CONNECTICUT 

NEW YORK 

NEW JERSEY 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

INDIANA 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

MISSOURI 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEBRASKA 

KANSAS 

OELAWARE 

MARYLAND 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

VIRGINIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

GEORGIA 

FLORIDA 

KENTUCKY 

TENNESSEE 

ALABAMA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ARKANSAS 

LOUISIANA 

OKLAHOMA 

TEXAS 

MONTANA 

IDAHO 

WYOMING 

COLORADO 

NEW MEXICO 

ARIZONA 

UTAH 

NEVAOA 

WASHINGTON 

OREGON 

CALIFORNIA 




ii 



(225) 



PLATE No. 197 



I. NET GAIN OR NET LOSS THROUGH INTERSTATE MIGRATION: 

1920. 



2. NET GAIN OR NET LOSS THROUGH INTERSTATE MIGRATION: 
1910. 



1.200 1.000 



NET GAIN 
750 500 



NET LOSS 
THOUSANDS 
250 250 500 



MAINE 












■■■ 






O 

Z N. H. 












■ 






O VT. 












■■ 






z 

w MASS. 










^ 








5 R. 1. 

z 


















CONN. 










g 








IDDLE 
LANTIC 

z z 
























W£8m 






*£pa. 
















< OHIO 
CC 










isjp^s 








£ IND. 










»g ILL. 






oil 

>- MICH. 






DC 




O WIS. 






MINN. 










Hi 








< IOWA 












UZ MO 






ml»l 

So N. DAK. 

jE S. DAK. 










m 
















^ 








O NEBR. 










El 








KANS. 










M 








DEL. 


















MD 


















p 0. c. 

z 










fet&&88 








< VA. 

< W. VA. 














1 








jE N. c. 








1 










3 

o s. c. 






GA. 








FLA. 


^^sm 






^ KY ' 


















Ott TENN. 








(-S-ALA. 


















2 MISS. 






£_,ARK. 
Oar LA. 










US 


I 






I-Z OKLA. 

So 


W&m 


mmmrn 


mmmmmmm 








j TEX. 


^WmMm<% 


MONT. 










fS&KSSS® 








(OAHO 




ESM 


z WYO. 
J5 COLO. 










tn 








W$ ' " 


z 

D N. MEX. 





M 


S ARIZ. 










m® 








UTAH 












1 






NEV. 










I 


























O WASH. 




u. 






5 OREG. 




< 




°- CALIF. 


mmmmmmtmmm 



NET GAIN NET LOSS 
HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 
87664321 123*6 8 7 



MAINE 
N. H. 



w MASS. 
i _ . 



up N. Y. 
§5 N.J. 
2h PA. 



< OHIO 

£ IND. 

»S ILL. 

y. MICH. 
CC 

§ wis. 



MINN. 

< IOWA 

OC 

£ MO. 

So N. DAK. 

I- S. DAK. 

EC 

O NEBR. 

KANS. 



DEL. 

MD. 
O 
p O. C. 

z 

< VA. 

< W. VA. 
jE N.C. 

o s. c. 

(0 

GA. 

FLA. 



f_,KY. 
OK TENN. 



MISS. 



fj ARK. 

3< 

Ol LA. 

101- 

H,Z OKLA. 

> TEX. 



MONT. 

IDAHO 

2 WYO. 

£ COLO. 

Z 

D N MEX. 

O 

S ARIZ. 

UTAH 

NEV. 

O WA8H. 

O OREO. 

< 

a CALIF. 



W22J 



5Z2 



■**********?** 



2Z/2ZZZ/ZZZ2 



ZZ22Z2 



z az azzi 



ZZZZZ 



ZZZZS 



zz 



SI 



zzaaaa 



ozra 



zZza 



22222 



222 



Z2Z2 



EZHZZHSO 



zzzzzzra 



5B 



(226) 



iUREAU OF 1 JENS 



PLATE No. 1< 



v* 



1. DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION BORN IN EACH STATE AS LIVING IN 
STATE OF BIRTH OR IN OTHER STATES; 1920. 



2. DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION BORN IN EACH STATE AS LIVING IN STATE OF 
BIRTH OR IN OTHER STATES: 1910. 




NEW ENGLAND I 

MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 
VERMONT 
MASSACHUSETTS 
RHODE ISLAND 
CONNECTICUT 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

NEW YORK 

NEW JERSEY 

PENNSYLVANIA 
EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

OHIO 

INDIANA 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

MISSOURI 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEBRASKA 

KANSAS 

SOUTH ATLANTIC 

DELAWARE 

MARYLAND 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

VIRGINIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

GEORGIA 

FLORIDA 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

KENTUCKY 
TENNESSEE 
ALABAMA 
MISSISSIPPI 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

ARKANSAS 
LOUISIANA 
OKLAHOMA 
TEXAS 

MOUNTAIN 

MONTANA 
IDAHO 
WYOMING 
COLORADO 
NEW MEXICO 
ARIZONA 
UTAH 
NEVADA 
PACIFIC 

WASHINGTON 

OREGON 
CALIFORNIA 



Z jgZZZE ZZZ 



U77.WMZ77Z77Z 



V////////M 




f ZZZ 



ZB 



#777/7771 



177777m 



ggg 

7Z7a 
ZZZa 



Y7////4 



V7 / ///A 



1 












\T7777jV77j 














w/swj77a 














^77/777/777 


. \ 


f — — 

— , 1 








\T7S//S77. 


— 1 — 


. 1 






1 V7777/777J 















/ 


f////////> 














17777* 
















fJMJJAWA 
















' 


//////// 
















VS/777/777J 
















VSS/7777777a 












! sa 




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1 i- 1: 


1 fj'/77j 

















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rs7d 


7777/7777777 
















77/777/777+ 
















\ TS7777* 
















\rss/777. 


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LIVING IN SPECIFIED STATE 



LIVING IN OTHER STATES 



|OQRN AND LlviNO in THE STATE^^QaORN in THE STATE ANO Ln 



(227) 



PLATE No. 199 



I. DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL POPULATION OF EACH STATE AS BORN IN 
STATE OF RESIDENCE, IN OTHER STATES, OR FOREIGN BORN: I920. 



2. DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL POPULATION OF EACH STATE AS BORN IN STATE OF 
RESIDENCE, IN OTHER STATES, OR FOREIGN BORN: I9I0. 



PER CENT 




NEW ENGLAND 
MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 
VERMONT 
MASSACHUSETTS 
RHODE ISLAND 

CONNECTICUT 
MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

NEW YORK 
NEW JERSEY 
PENNSYLVANIA 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

OHIO 

INDIANA 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 
WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

MISSOURI 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEBRASKA 

KANSAS 

SOUTH ATLANTIC 
DELAWARE 

MARYLAND 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

VIRGINIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

GEORGIA 

FLORIDA 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

KENTUCKY 
TENNESSEE 
ALABAMA 
MISSISSIPPI 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

ARKANSAS 

LOUISIANA 

OKLAHOMA 

TEXAS 
MOUNTAIN 

MONTANA 

IDAHO 
WYOMING 
COLORADO 
NEW MEXICO 
ARIZONA 
UTAH 
NEVADA 
PACIFIC 

WASHINGTON 

OREGON 
CALIFORNIA 



" 7 ' ' ' j 



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BORN IN OTHER STATES 



1 BORN IN OTHER STATE0 



KZZ 



FOAIIOM BOflN 



FOREIGN BORN 



(228) 



PLATE No. 200 



I. PER CENT OF TOTAL POPULATION BORN IN STATE OF RESIDENCE, 
BORN IN OTHER STATES, OR FOREIGN BORN, FOR CITIES HAVING 
100,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1920. 



2. PER CENT OF TOTAL POPULATION BORN IN STATE OF RESIDENCE, 
BORN IN OTHER STATES, OR FOREIGN BORN, FOR CITIES HAVING 
100,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1910. 



PER CENT 



READING 

NASHVILLE 

RICHMOND 

NEW ORLEANS 

ALBANY 

LOUISVILLE 

ATLANTA 

SCRANTON 

SYRACUSE 

COLUMBUS, OHIO 

BALTIMORE 

BIRMINGHAM 

DAYTON 

ROCHESTER 

PITTSBURGH 

BUFFALO 

CINCINNATI 

MILWAUKEE 

GRAND RAPIDS 

INDIANAPOLIS 

PHILADELPHIA 

YONKERS 

HOUSTON 

TOLEDO 

ST. LOUIS 

DALLAS 

FORT WORTH 

DES MOINES 

TRENTON 

FALL RIVER 

WORCESTER 

SAN ANTONIO 

NORFOLK 

CAMBRIDGE 

SALT LAKE CITY 

BOSTON 

NEW HAVEN 

PATERSON 

LOWELL 

NEW YORK 

NEWARK 

ST. PAUL 

WILMINGTON, DEL. 

PROVIDENCE 

JERSEY CITY 

CLEVELAND 

CHICAGO 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

HARTFORD 

NEW BEDFORD 

CAMDEN 

MINNEAPOLIS 

YOUNGSTOWN 

BRIDGEPORT 

MEMPHIS 

KANSAS CITY, MO. 

DETROIT 

SAN FRANCISCO 

OAKLAND 

AKRON 

OMAHA 

KANSAS CITY, KANS. 

WASHINGTON 

PORTLAND, OREG. 

DENVER 

SPOKANE 

SEATTLE 

LOS ANGELES 



>;/;/;;//>/;//;/' ■ j ' j ■ ■ ■ '■ ■ ' ; ■ ? •777777 — ' " '77777 7777777 '"'/'//'/MtAe&xvswiM 




JBOFSN IN STATE OF RESIDENCE 
3 BORN IN OTHER STATES 
IZZZZZk FOREIGN BORN 



RICHMOND 

NASHVILLE 

NEW ORLEANS 

ATLANTA 

ALBANY 

LOUISVILLE 

COLUMBUS, OHIO 

BALTIMORE 

DAYTON 

SYRACUSE 

SCRANTON 

ROCHESTER 

CINCINNATI 

BIRMINGHAM 

BUFFALO 

INDIANAPOLIS 

PHILADELPHIA 

PITTSBURGH 

TOLEDO 

MILWAUKEE 

GRAND RAPIDS 

ST. LOUIS 

WORCESTER 

CAMBRIOGE 

NEW HAVEN 

CLEVELAND 

NEWARK 

DETROIT 

PATERSON 

BOSTON 

NEW YORK 

FALL RIVER 

ST. PAUL 

JERSEY CITY 

LOWELL 

PROVIDENCE 

MEMPHIS 

BRIDGEPORT 

CHICAGO 

8AN FRANCISCO* 

MINNEAPOLIS 

KANSAS CITY, MO. 

OAKLAND 

WASHINGTON 

OMAHA 

OENVER 

PORTLAND, OREG. 

LOS ANGELES 

SPOKANE 

SEATTLE 



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Baaga 



zazzzz* 



I I BORN IN STATE OF RESIDENCE 

KvoMvyjl BORN IN OTHER STATES 

ryyyya foreign born 



ZZZZJ 



3. STATES HAVING GAINED OR LOST THROUGH INTERSTATE 
MIGRATION: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, with net gain, not shown separately on the map.] 




The heavy lin 's i — ) show geographic divisions. 



(229) 



PLATE No. 201 



GERMANY 

ITALY 

RUSSIA 

POLAND 

CANADA 

IRELAND 

ENGLAND 

SWEDEN 

AUSTRIA 

MEXICO 

HUNGARY 

NORWAY 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 

SCOTLAND 

DENMARK 

GREECE 

VOGOSLAVIA 

FRANCE 

FINLAND 

LITHUANIA 

NETHERLANDS 

SWITZERLAND 

RUMANIA 

JAPAN 

PORTUGAL 

WALES 

WEST INDIES 

BELGIUM 

SYRIA 

SPAIN 

ATLANTIC ISLANDS 

CHINA 

ARMENIA 

SOUTH AMERICA 

CUBA 

NEWFOUNDLAND 

LUXEMBURG 

TURKEY IN ASIA 

AUSTRALIA 

BULGARIA 

AFRICA 

ALBANIA 

BORN AT SEA 

TURKEY IN EUROPE 

CENTRAL AMERICA 

INDIA 

PACIFIC ISLANDS 

PALESTINE 



FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH: 1920. 

THOUSANDS 
200 400 600 800 1.000 1,200 I.4O0 1,1 



2. FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF BIRTH: 

1920 AND 1910. 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 
6 10 15 



GERMANY AND 1920 

ALSACE-LORRAINE | 9I0 



^/////>///////W 



RUSSIA .LITHUANIA, 
AND FINLAND 



ITALY 



AUSTRIA , HUNGARY, 
ETC.* 

NORWAY , SWEDEN, 
AND DENMARK 



POLAND 



1920 
1910 



1920 
1910 



1920 
1910 



1920 
1910 



1920 
1910 



'//////////////////////////////////////;/A 



ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, 1920 

AND WALES f9f0 

CANADA AND 1920 

NEWFOUNDLAND '"O 



IRELAND 



1920 
1910 



25 



V////////////rf///////?///////>///////>/M 



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'y//// //////// /J/ m>/M '/// //////// // //// \ 



*• Includes, for 1920, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, and, for 1910, Serbia and Montenegro. 



(230) 



PLATE No. 202 



DISTRIBUTION OF NATIVES OF PRINCIPAL FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND GROUPS OF COUNTRIES, BY STATES: 1920. 













RUSSIA 










THOUSANDS 


[ 
NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 


100 200 300 400 600 




















I 










ILLINOIS 








MASSACHUSETTS 
















NEW JERSEY 








MICHIGAN 








OHIO 
















CONNECTICUT 














NORTH DAKOTA 














CALIFORNIA 












MARYLAND 












WISCONSIN 


■ 








MISSOURI 










COLORADO 


■ 








MINNESOTA 


■ 








NEBRASKA 


M 






KANSAS 


■ 






SOUTH DAKOTA 


■ 






WASHINGTON 


■ 






RHODE ISLAND 


I 




INDIANA 


I 




IOWA 


II 




TEXAS 


1 




OREGON 


1 




VIRGINIA 


1 




MONTANA 


1 




DIST. OF COLUMBIA 


1 




OKLAHOMA 


I 





















POLAND 
THOUSANDS 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

NEW JERSEY 

MASSACHUSETTS 

OHIO 

WISCONSIN 

CONNECTICUT 

MINNESOTA 

INDIANA 

MARYLAND 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

CALIFORNIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

TEXAS 



t) 


100 


200 


























































■ 




• 



MASSACHUSETTS 

MICHIGAN 

NEW YORK 

MAINE 

CALIFORNIA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

WASHINGTON 

ILLINOIS 

RHODE ISLAND 

MINNESOTA 

CONNECTICUT 

VERMONT 

OHIO 

WISCONSIN 

NORTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MONTANA 

OREGON 

NEW JERSEY 

IOWA 

COLORADO 

MISSOURI 

NEBRASKA 

KANSAS 

INDIANA 

IDAHO 



CANADA AND NEWFOUNDLAND 

THOUSANDS 

100 200 




MINNESOTA 

ILLINOIS 

NEW YORK 

WISCONSIN 

WASHINGTON 

CALIFORNIA 

IOWA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MICHIGAN 

NEBRASKA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

CONNECTICUT 

NEW JERSEY 

OREGON 

MONTANA 

UTAH 

COLORADO 

KANSAS 

OHIO 

IDAHO 

TEXAS 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

INDIANA 



NORWAY, SWEDEN, 
AND DENMARK 

THOUSANDS 
100 




(231) 



PLATE No. 203 



DISTRIBUTION OF NATIVES OF PRINCIPAL FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND GROUPS OF COUNTRIES, 

BY STATES: 1920. 



ITALY 
THOUSANDS 

200 300 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW JERSEY 

MASSACHUSETTS 

ILLINOIS 

CALIFORNIA 

CONNECTICUT 

OHIO 

RHODE ISLAND 

MICHIGAN 

LOUISIANA 

MISSOURI 

WEST VIRGINIA 

COLORADO 

WISCONSIN 

WASHINGTON 

MARYLAND 

TEXAS 

MINNESOTA 

INDIANA 



GERMANY 

THOUSANDS 

100 200 



NEW YORK 

ILLINOIS 

WISCONSIN 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA* 

CALIFORNIA 

MISSOURI 

NEBRASKA 

INDIANA 

TEXAS 

KANSAS 

CONNECTICUT 

WASHINGTON 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MARYLAND 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

OREGON 

COLORADO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

KENTUCKY 

MONTANA 

OKLAHOMA 

LOUISIANA 



■ 
■ 
■ 
I 
I 
I 



ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, 

AND WALES 

THOUSANDS 

100 2( 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MASSACHUSETTS 

CALIFORNIA 

ILLINOIS 

NEW JERSEY 

OHIO 

MICHIGAN 

RHODE I8LAND 

CONNECTICUT 

WASHINGTON 

IOWA 

UTAH 

MINNESOTA 

WISCONSIN 

COLORADO 

MISSOURI 

INDIANA 

MONTANA 

OREGON 

KANSAS 

TEXAS 

NEBRASKA 

MAINE 

MARYLAND 

IDAHO 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

FLORIDA 

VIRGINIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 




IRELAND 

THOUSANDS 

100 200 



NEW YORK 

MASSACHUSETTS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

NEW JERSEY 

CONNECTICUT 

CALIFORNIA 

OHIO 

RHODE ISLAND 

MICHIGAN 

MISSOURI 

IOWA 

MINNESOTA 

WASHINGTON 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

WISCONSIN 

INDIANA 

MONTANA 

MARYLAND 

COLORADO 

MAINE 

NEBRASKA 



(232) 






PLATE No. 204 



FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION IN 1920, DISTRIBUTED AS ARRIVING IN THE UNITED STATES BEFORE 

OR AFTER 1911. 



THOUSANDS 
1.000 1.200 



1. 800 



MAINE 


1" 
























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(233) 



PLATE No. 205 



FOREIGN WHITE STOCK BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: 1920. 



GERMANY 
IRELAND 
RUSSIA 
ITALY 

AUSTRIA 

CANADA AND 
NEWFOUNDLAND 

ENGLAND 

SWEDEN 

HUNGARY 

NORWAY 

SCOTLAND 

MEXICO 

DENMARK 

NETHERLANDS 

FRANCE 

SWITZERLAND 

FINLAND 

WALES 



'v////////////////////////////s 2 



~Ml 



m 



MILLIONS 




X///////\ FOREIGN BORN. FATHER BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRY 
NATIVE , BOTH PARENTS BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRY 
NATIVE, ONE PARENT BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRY , OTHER IN UNITED STATES 



2. FOREIGN WHITE STOCK BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: 1910. 










, 


i 






MILLION 

4 


s 

i 




( 


) 




r 


l 


i 


GERMANY 


w/m 


V/////A 


■///////> 


y//////. 


r m. : 


mm 


<SS ; $S ; >fcX;:v:::::Sw 


S&&& 








































IRELAND 


W//// 


v//////, 


fy//A& 


^«s» 


KX8888» 


mm, 


^^■IWHII 
























CANADA 


'//////A 


'///////, 


Mm 


mm 


■■■ 
















i 




RUSSIA 


W/// 


'//////> 


y////A 


•4888888 


wm 


















ENGLAND 


'/////// 


V///M 


mm 


■■■ 
















i 




ITALY 


W///< 


'/////// 


y///m 


mm 




















AUSTRIA 


Ww 


;■■ ' :' ■: 


fim& 


mm 






















SWEDEN 


w///, 


ym^ 


wm 


1 














NORWAY 


W/ft 


WM 






BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRY 










V//////. 




HUNGARY 


W//A 


m 
















NATIVE .BOTH PARENTS BORN IN E 
NATIVE, ONE PARENT BORN IN SPE 






mm 






y//M 


i 


















DENMARK 


y/ ¥% 




CIFIED COUNTRY OTHER IN UNITED STATES 


WALES 


1M 









(234) 



PLATE No. 206 



PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN WHITE STOCK BY PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: 

1920, 1910, AND 1900. 



1920 



I9IO 




/C % A l 

SWEDEN' ;^.V\ 

2 ~^A\ 




HUNGARY __2.2__-- ' ~/? 

1- " ~~ ~~ c 1 ^^*3 / 

\ ^ a / 

\ / .O / en 


1 \ \ '* 



'*«> 



^ 



1900 




(235) 



PLATE No. 207 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN WHITE STOCK ORIGINATING IN SELECTED COUNTRIES AND GROUPS OF COUNTRIES, 

BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



GERMANY 

THOUSANDS 
600 



NEW YORK 

ILLINOIS 

WISCONSIN 

OHIO 

PENNSYl VANIA 

MICHIGAN 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

NEW JERSEY 

MISSOURI 

INDIANA 

CALIFORNIA 

NEBRASKA 

TEXAS 

KANSAS 

MARYLAND 

WASHINGTON 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

CONNECTICUT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

KENTUCKY 

NORTH DAKOTA 

OREGON 

COLORADO 

OKLAHOMA 

MONTANA 

LOUISIANA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

ARKANSAS 

IDAHO 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

VIRGINIA 

FLORIDA 

TENNESSEE 

UTAH 

ALABAMA 




AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY 

THOUSANDS 
400 



PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW YORK 

ILLINOIS 

OHIO 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 

MINNESOTA 

CONNECTICUT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEBRASKA 

TEXAS 

INDIANA 

MISSOURI 

CALIFORNIA 

IOWA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

KANSAS 

WASHINGTON 

MARYLAND 

COLORADO 

MONTANA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

RHODE ISLAND 

OREGON 

OKLAHOMA 








NORWAY. 


SWEDEN. 






AND DENMARK 




THOUSANDS 


1 


) 200 400 60 


MINNESOTA 












ILLINOIS 










WISCONSIN 




IOWA 












NEW YORK 






NORTH DAKOTA 






WASHINGTON 






CALIFORNIA 


. 


M 




SOUTH DAKOTA 


mmmm 








MICHIGAN 






NEBRASKA 






MASSACHUSETTS 






PENNSYLVANIA 


^^^ 




MONTANA 


wf 






UTAH 


777t\ 






OREGON 


77?T 




CONNECTICUT 


^Sr 




NEW JERSEY 


^s 




KANSAS 


^77X 




COLORADO 


WA 




IDAHO 


m 




OHIO 


ff 




TEXAS 


I 




MISSOURI 


1 




INDIANA 


1 




RHODE ISLAND 


9 













(236) 



PLATE No. 208 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE FOREIGN WHITE STOCK ORIGINATING IN SELECTED COUNTRIES AND GROUPS OF COUNTRIES, 

BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



RUSSIA 

THOUSANDS 
600 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

CONNECTICUT 

OHIO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

WISCONSIN 

MARYLAND 

CALIFORNIA 

MISSOURI 

MINNESOTA 

KANSAS 

NEBRASKA 

COLORADO 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

INDIANA 

WASHINGTON 

RHODE ISLAND 

TEXAS 

OKLAHOMA 

IOWA 

OREGON 

MONTANA 

VIRGINIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 




NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MASSACHUSETTS 

ILLINOIS 

CALIFORNIA 

OHIO 

MICHIGAN 

NEW JERSEY 

WASHINGTON 

IOWA 

UTAH 

CONNECTICUT 

WISCONSIN 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

MINNESOTA 

KANSAS 

COLORADO 

INDIANA 

OREGON 

NEBRASKA 

TEXAS 

MONTANA 

IDAHO 

MARYLAND 

MAINE 

OKLAHOMA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

FLORIDA 

VIRGINIA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

WYOMING 

VERMONT 

DIST.OF COLUMBIA 

ARIZONA 

KENTUCKY 

ALABAMA 



CANADA AND NEWFOUNDLAND 

THOUSANDS 
200 400 



MASSACHUSETTS 

MICHIGAN 

NEW YORK 

MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

CALIFORNIA 

MINNESOTA 

RHODE ISLAND 

ILLINOIS 

WASHINGTON 

VERMONT 

CONNECTICUT 

WISCONSIN 

OHIO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MONTANA 

IOWA 

OREGON 

NEW JERSEY 

KANSAS 

NEBRASKA 

COLORADO 

MISSOURI 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

INDIANA 

IDAHO 

TEXAS 



,_ .,,,. 



, ! l ,L, ' .v 



777777777? ///. ■■ . . ; . n 



7777X 

7777% 

Wt7z\ 

H 

W7n 

a 

3 

a 
a 
a 
i 

5 
5 

! 



723°— 24t- 



16 



(237) 



PLATE No. 209 



I. FOREIGN WHITE STOCK, BY PRINCIPAL MOTHER TONGUES: 1920 AND 1910. 



TOTAL. 



ELEMENTS. 



ENGLISH AND 1920 _ 

celtic i9io ■>■■:- \ \ ' ■■''■. :::;. :..'...,./.... :'::. ' : ' , .v.v. , .".v:.|v'. ::.';::' :: i :: ::':::;:.::,':j 



... . . . '. , . .v. . .•.•■•. • . •. , . .,•, " ,,": I;,;::;:.::.::,,: ;,:.: ;.::.::: ::: :,:;:::,;; ';:,:.:* 



YIDDISH AND 1920 
HEBREW 1910 



NORWEGIAN 




ENGLISH 
CELTIC 



NORWEGIAN 









'SS/J 



HZ 



IE 



zzib 



wmm 



l .,\m 



zz3 



z-im 



IZB 




^m^&ztta 



I 



- 



[ j foreign-born white 

£.'■:-:■:'-:>) native white - both parents foreign born 

^jssl native white -one parent foreign born 



2. ELEMENTS OF FOREIGN WHITE STOCK, BY LINGUISTIC GROUPS: 1920 AND 1910. 



TOTAL FOREIGN WHITE STOCK. 
1920 




1910 




FOREIGN-BORN WHITE STOCK. 
1920 




1910 




NATIVE WHITE OF FOREIGN STOCK. 
1920 




(23S) 



PLATE No. 210 

DISTRIBUTION OF FOREIGN WHITE STOCK HAVING SPECIFIED MOTHER TONGUES, FOR SELECTED STATES: 

1920 AND 1910. 



ENGLISH AND CELTIC 



THOUSANDS 
800 



1.000 



1.200 



1.400 



1.600 



NEW YORK 

MASSACHUSETTS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

CALIFORNIA 

NEW JERSEY 

OHIO 

CONNECTICUT 

WASHINGTON 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

WISCONSIN 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

MAINE 

INDIANA 

KANSAS 

COLORADO 

UTAH 

MONTANA 

NEBRASKA 

OREGON 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

TEXAS 

MARYLAND 

NORTH DAKOTA 

VERMONT 

IDAHO 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

OKLAHOMA 

KENTUCKY 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

FLORIDA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

VIRGINIA 

LOUISIANA 

WYOMING 

ARIZONA 

TENNESSEE 

DELAWARE 

ALABAMA 

GEORGIA 

ARKANSAS 

NEVADA 






•::::..:::■: ::••: ,:..:.• ..... , : . . ! 






l "'""'. ' . ..'.'." . ::... 



— m 




?**3 



^? 



•;,;;, ;;;.;. ;;rrrrrr.. t 



gg"ggg?g ^gggg" — 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^w^w^^^^w^^^^^^^^^fl^^^^^^^^^^. 



■±. 



5 



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...••■•..•• • . 1 



H 



•~2 



55?T 



■ S 



Si 



¥ 

1 
1 

a 
i 



3 



...::. ... ...• •.•..•■ •...• , ... ' .;. \ 



( 


NORWEGIAN 

THOUSANDS 
) 200 


MINNESOTA 




WISCONSIN 


^^^^^ 




NORTH DAKOTA 


. . 


1 


ILLINOIS 

WASHINGTON 

IOWA 








SOUTH DAKOTA 


^Wl 




NEW YORK 


w 




MONTANA 


f 




CALIFORNIA 


9 




MICHIGAN 


1 




OREGON 


! 







YIDDISH AND HEBREW 
THOUSANDS 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEW JERSEY 

OHIO 

CONNECTICUT 

MARYLAND 

MICHIGAN 

MISSOURI 

MINNESOTA 

CALIFORNIA 

WISCONSIN 

RHODE ISLAND 






FRENCH 

THOUSANDS 
200 


400 


MASSACHUSETTS 




'////////////////////. 


\ 




NEW YORK 


wmnM, 






NEW HAMPSHIRE 


^^^ 






MAINE 






RHODE ISLAND 


iff 




MICHIGAN 


^^^7) 




CALIFORNIA 


^3 




CONNECTICUT 


^wX 








ILLINOIS 


SB 








VERMONT 


33 






PENNSYLVANIA 


Sa 






MINNESOTA 


wx 






OHIO 


1 






WISCONSIN 


w* 






NEW JERSEY 


¥ 






LOUISIANA 


s 






MISSOURI 


i 






WASHINGTON 


a 






INDIANA 


s 






KANSAS 


i 






TEXAS 


! 






IOWA 


\ 











) 


200 


400 


600 


800 


1.001 


^^^^^« 




















^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 








^^^m 


■ 
















2s 




^y 










IF 








F 








i 
f 








1920 
1910 


AWMIM 




! 




e 





















(239) 



PLATE No. 211 

DISTRIBUTION OF FOREIGN WHITE STOCK HAVING SPECIFIED MOTHER TONGUES, FOR SELECTED STATES: 

1920 AND 1910. 



GERMAN 

THOUSANDS 
600 800 



NEW YORK 

ILLINOIS 

WISCONSIN 

OHIO 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MICHIGAN 

MINNESOTA 

NEW JERSEY 

IOWA 

MISSOURI 

CALIFORNIA 

INDIANA 

NEBRASKA 

TEXAS 

KANSAS 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WASHINGTON 

MARYLAND 

CONNECTICUT 

COLORADO 

MASSACHUSETTS 

KENTUCKY 

OREGON 

OKLAHOMA 

MONTANA 

LOUISIANA 

IDAHO 

WEST VIRGINIA 

ARKANSAS 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

UTAH 

VIRGINIA 

FLORIDA 

TENNESSEE 

WYOMING 

ALABAMA 

RHODE ISLAND 



.. ;: . •; . v , ; , : :,,,;., ,;,;;;;," 



,^-^ r: 



■■ ■■.'■■■ • .. ':'.".: 



".::~ 



mmmmmmmammmkam^ 



y, ,,,,/;/:,•/, ;;.,,;;,: 



400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 



. . . 



, 



'//////////////. 



— 



■"■ •••■ , , ■■• ~ 




WVAW////A 



:. .1 



.'.'~ l 



'///////////, —^ 



ITALIAN 

THOUSANDS 
600 



wM>, 



..:^& 



.^3 

w 

1 
1 

a 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW JERSEY 

MASSACHUSETTS 

ILLINOIS 

CALIFORNIA 

CONNECTICUT 

OHIO 

RHODE ISLAND 

MICHIGAN 

LOUISIANA 

MISSOURI 

COLORADO 

WEST VIRGINIA 

WISCONSIN 

TEXAS 

MARYLAND 

WASHINGTON 

MINNESOTA 

INDIANA 

FLORIDA 



H 



mmm 



^^^f 



, .,,, ? 



,:.,.,, ; ,,,;ZZT 



w 

w 
I 
1 
f 
I 
f 

! 
! 
! 



POLISH 

THOUSANDS 
200 4O0 



PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW YORK 

ILLINOIS 

MICHIGAN 

NEW JERSEY 

WISCONSIN 

MASSACHUSETTS 

OHIO 

CONNECTICUT 

MINNESOTA 

INDIANA 

MARYLAND 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

NEBRASKA 

TEXAS 

WEST VIRGINIA 



' ::.:: ".: : ' 



"™: ^^^ 



■^^^j^ 



^^y 



- " , .1 



w 
i 



mm. 



■■■■1920 







SWEDISH 






THOUSANDS 


c 


200 40 


MINNESOTA 










ILLINOIS 




NEW YORK 








MASSACHUSETTS 


z^B 




WASHINGTON 


^^r 








CALIFORNIA 


Z^ 








MICHIGAN 


^SS 






IOWA 


^^i 






WISCONSIN 


^Bl 






NEBRASKA 


^^1 






PENNSYLVANIA 


^Bl 






CONNECTICUT 


™ 




KANSAS 


s 




NORTH DAKOTA 


I 




COLORADO 


I 




SOUTH DAKOTA 


1 




OREGON 


1 




NEW JERSEY 


1 




UTAH 


I 




MONTANA 


I 




OHIO 


p 




RHODE ISLAND 


5 




IDAHO 


! 




TEXAS 


? 




MISSOURI 


S 




INDIANA 


1 









(240) 



1. CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN WHITE PERSONS BORN IN SPECIFIED 
COUNTRIES OR GROUPS OF COUNTRIES: 1920. 



NATURALIZED 



FIRST PAPERS. ALIEN, 
PER CENT AND NOT REPORTED 




PLATE No. 212 

2. CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN WHITE MEN 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 
BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRIES OR GROUPS OF COUNTRIES: 1920. 



NATURALIZED 



FIRST PAPERS. ALIEN. 
AND NOT REPORTED 
80 




3. CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN WHITE WOMEN 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 
BORN IN SPECIFIED COUNTRIES OR GROUPS OF COUNTRIES: 1920. 



NATURALIZED 



FIRST PAPERS. ALIEN. 
PER CENT AND NOT REPORTED 




4. PER CENT NATURALIZED IN FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION, 
BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH: 1920. 



WALES 

GERMANY 

DENMARK 

SWEDEN 

NORWAY 

IRELAND 

SWITZERLAND 

ENGLAND 

SCOTLAND 

FRANCE 

NETHERLANDS 

CANADA 

BELGIUM 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA 

FINLAND 

RUMANIA 

RUSSIA, 

AUSTRIA 

HUNGARY 

SYRIA 

ITALY 

POLAND 

LITHUANIA 

YUGOSLAVI/t 

GREECE 

PORTUGAL 

MEXICO 






2 


O 


PER ( 
4 


;ent 

3 


60 








--__*" 












^^ m — — 




L ~ 








IVlMM 












■m^Hrwi 












^^™^^ 












^^™b^^ H 


^ 








^^^i" 










™^^^"™" 


"""""" ' 










■^hhimi 












™^ 














































1 


















1 111 1 










mini huh 


























































































■i 







(241) 



PLATE No. 213 



I. PER CENT ATTENDING SCHOOL IN THE TOTAL POPULATION 
AND IN CERTAIN CLASSES AT EACH YEAR OF AGE FROM 7 TO 
20, INCLUSIVE: 1920. 

YEARS OF AGE 

,. 1 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20,„„ 

100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .100 



\- 
z 
w 
" 50 

a 

ui 







! 1 1 

native white 
















> 


,-' 


,'*s 


A.U- 


CU 


ssej 


* 

\ 


















y 




-— 


- — _ _ 


\ \ 


\ 














/ 


*% 


o*e- 


-^ 




\ 














/ 


/ 


/ 








\ \ 
\ 


\\ 












/ 
/ 


/ 












\\ > 


1 










/ 














V 


























\ 


v 
























V 


\ \ V 


























\ \v 
■ V 


\ 


























\ 
















































? \v 


, 






















t 




V 


























N \ 
























\ 

\ 
\ 


V 


\ 






















\ 


\ 


An 
























\ 


\ 


\ 


























K N- 

■^ 





























2. PER CENT ATTENDING SCHOOL IN THE TOTAL POPULATION 
AND IN CERTAIN CLASSES AT EACH YEAR OF AGE FROM 6 TO 
20, INCLUSIVE: 1910. 

YEARS OF AGE 

6 7 S 9 10 II 12 13 14 16 16 IT 18 10 20, , 



80 



h H 

Z z 

m ui 

50 ° O 60 

a. a. 

hi m 

a. a. 



40 



30 





































y 


f£ Wh 




\ 
















, 










^^^r 


V 
















/// 


-•/< 










H 












/ 

II 


t // 
// 












\%\a_ 


















\ 


<e> 


**v. 




* 


- w 


\ 
















/ 
/ 

y 






■-.^ 


\ 


is ' 
\ z 












1 

i 




/ 
/ 










\ 




\\ 










i 

7 


i 


/ 












\ 


\\ 
\\ 












j 
i 














\ 














' 
















\ 

, \ 


\\ 








i 




























/ 


















\ 
\ 


\ \ 


i 
A 






/ 


















\ 
\ 


\ 

\ 


\\ 
























\ 




\\ 


























\ 


\ 

t. 


A 
























\ 


\ 




■k 






















\ 




* 


























\ 






























'"■•- 



90 



80 



60 



SO ° 



20 



7 9 9 10 I 



I 12 13 14 15 18 17 18 19 20 

YEARS OF AGE 



7 8 8 10 U 1.2. 13 |4 15. 18. 17 IS 19 20 

YEARS OF AGE 



(242) 



PLATE No. 214 



I. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1920. 

ALL CLASSES. 
[District of Columbia, 2.8 per cent, not shown separately on the map. 




Less than 1 per cent. 
ITTn 1 to 3 per cent. 

3 to 5 percent. 

5 to 10 per cent. 
KQ 10 to 15 per cent. 
HO) 15 to 25 per cent. 
I— I 25 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (^) show geographic divisions 



2. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1910. 

ALL CLASSES. 

[District of Columbia, 4.9 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




(243) 



PLATE No. 215 

1. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1920. 

NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTS. 
[ District of Columbia, 0.3 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1910. 

NATIVE WHITE OF NATIVE PARENTS. 
[District of Columbia, 0.6 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




(244) 



PLATE No. 216 



PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1920. 



FOREIGN-BORN WHITE. 

District of Columbia, 6.1 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1910. 

FOREIGN-BORN WHITE. 
[District of Columbia, 8.2 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




(245) 



PLATE No. 217 



I. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1920. 

NEGRO. 
[District of Columbia, X.O per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




Less than 1 per cent. 
ITTTl l to 3 per cent. 
V777A 3 to 5 per cent. 
Rssssa 5 to 10 percent. 
2Z2 10 to 15 per cent. 
liiiil 15 to 25 per cent. 
I^mi 25 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (— ) show geographic divisions. 



2. PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1910. 

NEGRO. 
[District of Columbia, 13.5 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




I I T/Css than 1 per cent 
LTH 1 to 3 per cent. 

3 to 5 per cent. 

5 to 10 per cent. 
I55j 10 to 15 per cent. 

15 to 25 per cent. 
HI 25 per cent and over. 
The heavy lines (■— ) show geographic divisions 



( 246 ) 



PLATE No. 218 



PER CENT ILLITERATE IN POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



I. ALL CLASSES. 



2. NATIVE WHITE-NATIVE PARENTAGE. 



LOUISIANA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ALABAMA 

NEW MEXICO 

ARIZONA 

GEORGIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

VIRGINIA 

TENNESSEE 

FLORIDA 

ARKANSAS 

KENTUCKY 

TEXAS 

RHODE ISLAND 

WEST VIRGINIA 

CONNECTICUT 

DELAWARE 

NEVADA 

MARYLAND 

NEW JERSEY 

NEW YORK 

MASSACHUSETTS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 



OKL 



HOMA 



CALIFORNIA 

MAINE 

COLORADO 

MICHIGAN 

MISSOURI 

VERMONT 

DIST. OF COLUME 

OHIO 

WISCONSIN 

MONTANA 

INDIANA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

WYOMING 

UTAH 

MINNESOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WASHINGTON 

KANSAS 

IDAHO 

OREGON 

NEBRASKA 

IOWA 




NEW MEXICO 

LOUISIANA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

TENNESSEE 

KENTUCKY 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

ALABAMA 

VIRGINIA 

GEORGIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

ARKANSAS 

MISSISSIPPI 

FLORIDA 

OKLAHOMA 

MISSOURI 

TEXAS 

DELAWARE 

MARYLAND 

COLORADO 

INDIANA 

ARIZONA 

MAINE 

ILLINOIS 

VERMONT 

OHIO 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW JERSEY 

KANSAS 

MICHIGAN 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NEW YORK 

IOWA 

RHODE ISLAND 

WISCONSIN 

CALIFORNIA 

CONNECTICUT 

MINNESOTA 

OREGON 

NEBRASKA 

NEVADA 

WYOMING 

OlST. OF COLUMBIA 

IDAHO 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MONTANA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

UTAH 

WASHINGTON 




m 

B 

■-• 

1 

& 

h 

h 

I 

\ 

a 
& 



3. FOREIGN-BORN WHITE. 



4. NEGRO. 



PER CENT 



TEXAS 
ARIZONA 

NEW MEXICO 

WEST VIRGINIA 

LOUISIANA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OELAWARE 

CONNECTICUT 

RHODE ISLAND 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NEW JERSEY 

NEW YORK 

OKLAHOMA 

MARYLAND 

MISSISSIPPI 

MASSACHUSETTS 

OHIO 

COLORADO 

INDIANA 

VERMONT 

MAINE 

ILLINOIS 

ALABAMA 

CALIFORNIA 

KANSAS 

MICHIGAN 

MISSOURI 
WYOMING 

NEVADA 

WISCONSIN 

ARKANSAS 

TENNESSEE 

KENTUCKY 

VIRGINIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

IDAHO 

NEBRASKA 

FLORIDA 

UTAH 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

DIST OF COLL MB 

MONTANA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

GEORGIA 

MINNESOTA 

OREGON 

IOWA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WASHINGTON 




LOUISIANA 

ALABAMA 

MISSISSIPPI 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

GEORGIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

VIRGINIA 

TENNESSEE 

ARKANSAS 

FLORIDA 

KENTUCKY 

DELAWARE 

MARYLAND 

TEXAS 

WEST VIRGINIA 

OKLAHOMA 

MISSOURI 

RHODE ISLAND 

INDIANA 

KANSAS 

DIST. OF COLUMB 

IOWA 

OHIO 

MASSACHUSETTS 

ILLINOIS 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

CONNECTICUT 

COLORADO 

VERMONT 

NEW JERSEY 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MONTANA 

MAINE 

IDAHO 

WYOMING 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEVADA 

NEBRASKA 

CALIFORNIA 

OREGON 

ARIZONA 

UTAH 

MEW MEXICO 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 

WASHINGTON 

NORTH DAKOTA 

MINNESOTA 

NEW YORK 




(247) 



PLATE No. 219 



FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER UNABLE TO SPEAK ENGLISH: 1920 AND 1910. 



MALES FEMALES 

HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 



MAINE 
Q 

Z N. H. 
< 

O VT. 

z 

w MASS. 
u R. I. 

z 

CONN. 



n 




1i= 


N. Y. 




N. J. 


- _i 




< 


PA. 


< 


OHIO 


(£ 




h 


IND. 


t-f-, 




%% 


ILL. 


LUT 




1- 


MICH. 


CC 




O 


WIS. 


£ 






MINN. 


_l 
< 


IOWA 


a 




i- 


MO. 


\-± 




05 o 


N. DAK. 


5i 




1- S. DAK. 


DC 




O 

z 


NEBR. 




KANS. 




DEL. 




MD. 


o 




t- 


D. C. 


z 




< 


VA. 


_l 




< 


W. VA. 


I 


N. C. 


3 




O 


S. C. 


to 






GA. 




FLA. 


X 

l-_J 


KY. 


.-)< 




O0C 


TENN. 


COI- 




i_z 

UJ 


ALA. 
MISS. 






1- 1 


ARK. 


3<r 




Onr 


LA. 


tOK 




l-Z 


OKLA. 


01 w 




llll > 




? 


TEX. 




MONT. 




IDAHO 


z 


WYO. 


< 

1- 


COLO. 


z 




3 


N MEX. 


o 




J: 


ARIZ. 




UTAH 




NEV. 



g WASH. 

Ll 

5 OREG. 

< 

0- CALIF. 




11920 



^^1910 



(248) 



PLATE No. 220 



I. NUMBER OF DWELLINGS PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1920. 




less than 5 
6 to 10 
1 TO 16 
16 TO 25 
g^g26 to 50 
HH)60 TO 76 

75 AND OVER 



2. NUMBER OF DWELLINGS PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1910. 




— < 
v. 

] LESS THAN 6 V 

5 TO 10 
10 TO 16 

5 to 25 
VJA 25 to 60 
llM 60 TO 76 

75 AND OVER 



(249) 



PLATE No. 221 



1. NUMBER OF FAMILIES PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1920. 




5 TO 10 
I TO 15 

15 TO 25 

B3 25 t ° 5 ° 

lllll 50 TO 75 

75 AND OVER 



2. NUMBER OF FAMILIES PER SQUARE MILE, BY STATES: 1910. 




(250) 



PLATE No. 222 



PER CENT OF HOMES OWNED FREE, OWNED ENCUMBERED, AND RENTED, IN TOTAL NUMBER OF HOMES, BY STATES: 



MAINE 
D 
Z N. H. 

< 

a vt. 

z 

U MASS. 

S R... 

Z 

CONN. 

up N. Y. 

D z M I 
c < N. J. 

2^ PA 



So N. DAK. 

Si 

1- S. DAK. 

tr 

° NEBR. 

KANS. 



DEL. 
MD. 
D. C. 
VA. 
W. VA 
N. C. 
S. C. 
GA. 



z 
h 1 


KY. 






OCT 


TENN. 


Wl- 




t-£ 


ALA. 


s s 


MISS. 


I 

1- 1 


ARK 


=M 




On- 


LA 


to t- 




h"! 


OKLA. 


(flU 








5 


TEX 



MONT. 
IOAHO 
WYO. 
COLO. 

N. MEX. 
ARIZ. 
UTAH 
NEV. 



1920 AND 1910 



1920 



' ' ' : T' , '"'f '"'■ " ' ; ^ 



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OHIO 


IT 




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ss 


ILL. 


^ h 


MICH. 


DC 




o 


WIS. 








MINN. 


_l 


IOWA 


a 




£ 


MO. 



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O OREG. 

o- calif. 



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OWNED, FREE [XiSyj OWNED, ENCUMBERED |^^| RENTED 



MAINE 
N. H. 
VT 

MASS. 
R I. 
CONN. 
N. Y. 
N. J. 



1910 

PER CENT 

20 30 40 60 60 70 



i ; 



90 100 



< 
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OHIO 
IND. 


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OWNED. FREE piyXvj OWNED, ENCUMBERED Jj^QRENTED 



(251) 



PLATE No. 223 

I. PROPORTION OF POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1920, 

1910, AND 1900. 



DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

NEVADA 

RHODE ISLAND 

MASSACHUSETTS 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

CONNECTICUT 

WYOMING 

MISSISSIPPI 

NEW YORK 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

CALIFORNIA 

NEW JERSEY 

WASHINGTON 

GEORGIA 

ALABAMA 

MARYLAND 

FLORIDA 

ARIZONA 

DELAWARE 

MICHIGAN 

MONTANA 

ILLINOIS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OREGON 

MAINE 



y/vyyyyyyyy/xyyyy/'yy/'y/ , y./-xx 



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v>)}>>>>)»>))>>u)mtik 



a 



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w 



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L^ 



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LOUISIANA 

OHIO 

COLORADO 

ARKANSAS 

VERMONT 

NORTH CAROLINA 

TEXAS 

MINNESOTA 

MISSOURI 

WISCONSIN 

VIRGINIA 

INDIANA 

IDAHO 

TENNESSEE 

KENTUCKY 

NEW MEXICO 

WEST VIRGINIA [j/._ 

NEBRASKA 

OKLAHOMA 

UTAH 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

IOWA 

KANSAS 

NORTH DAKOTA 



^^"^'l^^^f 






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11920 EZ2Z23I9I0 ^ZiZ3l9O0 



2. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF NATIVE WHITE PERSONS OF NATIVE PARENTAGE 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 

ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 




(252) 



PLATE No. 224 



PROPORTION THAT MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER WITH GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS FORMED 
OF ALL MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1920 AND 1910. 



MALES 



NEV. 

D. C. 

R. I. 

WYO. 

CONN. 

MASS. 

N. J. 

N. Y. 

WASH. 

CALIF. 

MD, 

MICH. 

DEL. 

PA. 

ALA. 

OHIO 

N. H. 

MONT. 

ILL. 

MISS. 

GA. 

ARIZ. 

OREG. 

MAINE 

IND. 

FLA. 

ARK. 

S. C. 

MO. 

VT. 

LA. 

KY. 

COLO. 

TEX. 

TENN. 

VA. 

W. VA. 

WIS. 

IDAHO 

N. C. 

MINN. 

N. MEX 

UTAH 

KANS. 

OKLA. 

IOWA 

NEBR. 

S. DAK. 

N. DAK 



90 80 70 60 50 40 



30 



20 



PER CENT 
10 10 



20 



FEMALES 
30 40 



','/ : . : yy///////////////77, 



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wm^mpmm^ 



50 



60 



70 



7777% 



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-17 



(253) 



PLATE No. 225 



I. PROPORTION THAT MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE 
FORMED OF THE TOTAL POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND 



AND OVER ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS 
OVER OCCUPIED, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 






MALES 

PER CENT 



IDAHO 
WYOMING 
NEVADA 
WEST VIRGINIA 
NEW MEXICO 
MONTANA 
NORTH DAKOTA 
SOUTH DAKOTA 
OKLAHOMA- 
ARIZONA 
UTAH 
KANSAS 
KENTUCKY 
NEBRASKA 
WASHINGTON 
IOWA 
INDIANA 
MICHIGAN 
OREGON 
COLORADO 
TEXAS 
OHIO 

MINNESOTA 
ARKANSAS 
WISCONSIN 
TENNESSEE 
MISSOURI 
VIRGINIA 
CALIFORNIA 
VERMONT 
DELAWARE 
PENNSYLVANIA 
ILLINOIS 
MAINE 
FLORIDA 
LOUISIANA 
NEW JERSEY 
NORTH CAROLINA 
MARYLAND 
ALABAMA 
CONNECTICUT 
NEW YORK 
NEW HAMPSHIRE 
GEORGIA 
MISSISSIPPI 
MASSACHUSETTS 
RHODE ISLAND 
SOUTH CAROLINA 
DIST. OF COLUMBIA 



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FEMALES 

PER CENT 
10 20 30 40 




2. PROPORTION OF CHILDREN OF EACH SEX 10 TO 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 

1880-1920. 



PER CENT 
20 30 40 60 60 70 80_ 



WWJ 


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B^Z ma1 -e s 



(254) 



PLATE No. 226 

PROPORTION OF CHILDREN OF EACH SEX 10 TO 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES, 

ARRANGED BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1920 AND 1910. 



NEW ENGLAND 
PER CENT 



( 


) 10 20 30 


40 60 


60 70 


80 90 IC 




T*l 




& — ; — ; ;;;;;:: 




rjjjx 






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EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

PER CENT 

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 , 80 100 


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<f****J\ MALES 
CZXT3FEMALES 



(255) 



PLATE No. 227 



I. PROPORTION OF MARRIED AND OF SINGLE, WIDOWED, DIVORCED, 2. PROPORTION OF WOMEN 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN EACH 
AND UNKNOWN WOMEN AMONG GAINFULLY OCCUPIED WOMEN 15 SPECIFIED AGE PERIOD AND MARITAL CLASS ENGAGED IN GAINFUL 

YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1890-1920. OCCUPATIONS: 1920. wuini-ul 



1920 



1910 



1900 



1890 




j MARRIED 
V//////A SINGLE. WIDOWED, DIVORCED. AND UNKNOWN 



15 TO 19 YEARS 
20 TO 24 YEARS 
26 TO 44 YEARS 
46 YEARS AND OVER 




MARRIED 

SINGLE. WIDOWED . DIVORCED. AND UNKNOWN 



3. PROPORTION OF WOMEN 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN EACH 
SPECIFIED MARITAL CLASS ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 
1890-1920. 



1020 



1910 



iGOO ; 



1890 



PER CENT 
20 30 



60 



MARRIED 

SINGLE . WIDOWED . DIVORCED . 

AND UNKNOWN 



4. PROPORTION OF MARRIED AND OF SINGLE, WIDOWED, DIVORCED, 
AND UNKNOWN WOMEN 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN EACH 
PRINCIPAL CLASS OF THE POPULATION ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCU- 
PATIONS: 1920. 



NATIVE WHITE -NATIVE PARENTAGE 



NATIVE WHITE -FOREIGN OR MIXED 
PARENTAGE 



FOREIGN-BORN WHITE 



CHINESE. JAPANESE. AND ALL OTHER 



PER CENT 
10 20 30 40 60 SO 70 




SINGLE .WIDOWED . DIVORCED . AND 

UNKNOWN 



5. PROPORTION OF MARRIED AND OF SINGLE, WIDOWED, DIVORCED, AND UNKNOWN WOMEN AMONG WOMEN 15 
YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 

PER CENT 
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 

^%^^^ ALL OCCUPATIONS 

22 EXTRACTION OF MINERALS 

/j AGRICULTURE. FORESTRY. AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

^PUBLIC SERVICE (NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED) 

%% DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE 

^/////^ MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES 




<XX3t) vXK/////^^/////////////////////////////'////Y//'/// 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^g TRANSPORTATION 



" r__;;r;T::::;i :::i^ professional serv,ce 

i CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS 



MARRIED 

SINGLE. WIDOWED. DIVORCED- AND UNKNOWN 



(256) 



PLATE No. 228 



PROPORTION OF MARRIED WOMEN 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 

1920 AND 1910. 



SOUTH CAROLINA 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

MISSISSIPPI 

GEORGIA 

FLORIDA 

ALABAMA 

LOUISIANA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NORTH CAROLINA 

RHODE ISLAND 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MARYLAND 

ARKANSAS 

CONNECTICUT 

CALIFORNIA 

MAINE 

NEVADA 

ARIZONA 

TEXAS 

VIRGINIA 

TENNESSEE 

DELAWARE 

NEW YORK 

OREGON 

WASHINGTON 

VERMONT 

NEW JERSEY 

COLORADO 

ILLINOIS 

WYOMING 

MISSOURI 

OKLAHOMA 

MICHIGAN 

KENTUCKY 

OHIO 

MONTANA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW MEXICO 

INDIANA 

NEBRASKA 

IDAHO 

KANSAS 

IOWA 

UTAH 

MINNESOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WISCONSIN 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NORTH DAKOTA 




(257)- 



PLATE No. 229 



PER CENT DISTRIBUTION, BY MARITAL CONDITION, OF THE GAINFULLY OCCUPIED WOMEN 

OVER, BY STATES: 1920. 



15 YEARS OF AGE AND 



PER CENT 

50 



WISCONSIN 

MINNESOTA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW YORK 

IOWA 

NEW JERSEY 

UTAH 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

ILLINOIS 

WEST VIRGINIA 

OHIO 

INDIANA 

CONNECTICUT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEBRASKA 

RHODE ISLAND 

MISSOURI 

KANSAS 

MICHIGAN 

VERMONT 

MONTANA 

COLORADO 

MARYLAND 

KENTUCKY 

DELAWARE 

D1ST. OF COLUMBIA 

MAINE 

IDAHO 

NEW MEXICO 

CALIFORNIA 

WASHINGTON 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

VIRGINIA 

OREGON 

WYOMING 

OKLAHOMA 

TENNESSEE 

TEXAS 

NORTH CAROLINA 

NEVADA 

LOUISIANA 

ARIZONA 

ARKANSAS 

ALABAMA 

GEORGIA 

FLORIDA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

MISSISSIPPI 




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(258) 



PLATE No. 230 



PROPORTION OF MALES 10 TO 13 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1920. 
£3i 




1 [ LESS THAN I PER CENT 

I TO 5 PER CENT 

5 TO 15 PER CENT 
15 TO 25 PER CENT 
2Z 25 TO 35 PER CENT 
mj35 TO 50 PER CENT 
{ H50 PER CENT ANO OVER 



2. PROPORTION OF MALES 10 TO 13 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1910. 




(259) 



PLATE No. 231 

1. PROPORTION OF MALES 14 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1920. 




I I LESS THAN I PER OEHT 
I TO 5 PER CENT 
5 TO 16 PER CENT 
I G TO 25 PER CENT 

22 2S TO 35 per cent 

[UJ3E TO 50 PER CENT 
■ 50 PER CENT AND OVIH 



2. PROPORTION OF MALES 14 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1910. 




, _~~ J LESS THAN I PER CENT 
Y//A I TO 5 PER CENT 
K££fl 5 TO 15 PER CENT 
1&&1 I 5 TO 25 PER CENT 
QQ25 *0 35 PER CENT 
mj35 TO 50 PER CENT 
H50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(260) 



PLATE No. 232 



I. PROPORTION OF FEMALES 10 TO 13 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1920. 



/^>f 




I [ LES9 THAN I PER OENT 
I TO 6 PER CENT 
6 TO 15 PER CENT 
16 TO 25 PER CENT 

2Z 25 TO 35 pER CENT 

H] 3 5 TO 60 PER CENT 
■ 60 PER OENT AND OVCft 



2. PROPORTION OF FEMALES 10 TO 13 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1910. 




| ~ ] LESS THAN I PER CENT 
I TO 5 PER CENT 
5 TO 15 PER CENT 
15 TO 25 PER CENT 

2225 TO 35 PER CENT 

! Ml 35 T0 50 PER CENT 

HJ50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(261) 



PLATE No. 233 



PROPORTION OF FEMALES 14 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. PROPORTION OF FEMALES 14 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BY STATES: 1910. 




I [ LESS THAN I PER CENT 

I TO 5 PER CENT 
5 TO I 5 PER CENT 
I 5 TO 25 PER CENT 
222 25 TO 35 PER CENT 
liH 36 TO 50 PER CENT 

50 PER CENT AND OVER 



(262) 



PLATE No. 234 



PROPORTION OF MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN CERTAIN 

GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 



10 



20 



30 



40 



PER CENT 

50 



60 



70 









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ALL OCCUPATIONS 
AGRICULTURE. FORESTRY, AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: 

FISHERMEN AND OYSTERMEN 

STOCK HERDERS, DROVERS. AND FEEDERS 

DAIRY FARMERS 

STOCK RAISERS 

DAIRY FARM LABORERS 

FARMERS 

GARDENERS. FLORISTS, FRUIT GROWERS. AND NURSERYMEN 

GARDEN, GREENHOUSE, ORCHARD. AND NURSERY LABORERS 
MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES: 

SHOEMAKERS AND COBBLERS (NOT IN FACTORY) 

PAINTERS. GLAZIERS, VARNISHERS, ENAMELERS. ETC. 

LABORERS-METAL INDUSTRIES 

MANAGERS AND SUPERINTENDENTS (MANUFACTURING) 

LABORERS-LUMBER AND FURNITURE INDUSTRIES 

LABORERS-CLAY. GLASS. AND STONE INDUSTRIES 

MANUFACTURERS AND OFFICIALS 

BAKERS 

APPRENTICES 

COMPOSITORS. LINOTYPERS. AND TYPESETTERS 

FOREMEN AND OVERSEERS (MANUFACTURING) 

LABORERS-FOOD INDUSTRIES 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-LUMBER AND FURNITURE INDUSTRIES 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-METAL INDUSTRIES 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-CLAY, GLASS. AND STONE INDUSTRIES 

TAILORS AND TAILORESSES 

LABORERS- BAKERIES 

LABORERS-COTTON MILLS 

LABORERS-PRINTING AND PUBLISHING 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-SHOE FACTORIES 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-CHEMICAL AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES 

SEMISKILLED OPERATIVES-FOOD INDUSTRIES 

LABORERS-CIGAR AND TOBACCO FACTORIES 
TRANSPORTATION: 

LABORERS-ISTEAM RAILROAD) 

MAIL CARRIERS 

TELEGRAPH OPERATORS 

TELEPHONE OPERATORS 
TRADE: 

WHOLESALE DEALERS. IMPORTERS. AND EXPORTERS 

COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS 

BANKERS. BROKERS. AND MONEY LENDERS 

INSURANCE AGENTS AND OFFICIALS 

RETAIL DEALERS 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS AND OFFICIALS 

LABORERS. PORTERS, AND HELPERS IN STORES 

SALESMEN AND SALESWOMEN 
CLERKS IN STORES 
PUBLIC SERVICE (NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED): 
LABORERS (PUBLIC SERVICE) 

OFFICIALS AND INSPECTORS (CITY AND COUNTY) 
OFFICIALS AND INSPECTORS (STATE AND UNITED STATES) 
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: 

PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS 
ACTORS AND SHOWMEN 

ARTISTS, SCULPTORS. AND TEACHERS OF ART 
MUSICIANS AND TEACHERS OF MUSIC 
TEACHERS 
TRAINED NURSES 
DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE: 
SALOON KEEPERS 

LABORERS (DOMESTIC AND PROFESSIONAL SERVICE) 
BARBERS. HAIRDRESSERS. AND MANICURISTS 
JANITORS AND SEXTONS 

RESTAURANT. CAFE. AND LUNCH-ROOM KEEPERS 
HOTEL KEEPERS AND MANAGERS 
WAITERS 

LAUNDRY OPERATIVES 
COOKS 

CHARWOMEN AND CLEANERS 
SERVANTS 

BOARDING AND LODGING HOUSE KEEPERS 
MIDWIVES AND NURSES (NOT TRAINED) 
HOUSEKEEPERS AND STEWARDS 

LAUNDERERS AND LAUNDRESSES (NOT IN LAUNDRY) 
CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS: 

AGENTS. CANVASSERS. AND COLLECTORS 
MESSENGER, BUNDLE. AND OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS 
CLERKS (EXCEPT CLERKS IN STORES) 
BOOKKEEPERS. CASHIERS. AND ACCOUNTANTS 
STENOGRAPHERS AND TYPISTS 



(263) 



PLATE No. 235 



PROPORTION OF POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF GAINFUL 
OCCUPATIONS, CLASSIFIED AS INDUSTRIAL AND NONINDUSTRIAL, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1920. 



NEW ENGLAND 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 




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WEST NORTH CENTRAL 





(264) 



PLATE No. 236 



PROPORTION OF POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF GAINFUL 
OCCUPATIONS, CLASSIFIED AS INDUSTRIAL AND NONINDUSTRIAL, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1920. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 




(265) 



PLATE No. 237 



PROPORTION OF POPULATION 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, IN EACH STATE, ENGAGED IN EACH 
GENERAL DIVISION OF GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 



MISSISSIPPI 

ARKANSAS 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

ALABAMA 

GEORGIA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

TENNESSEE 

IDAHO 

KENTUCKY 

TEXAS 

OKLAHOMA 

NEW MEXICO 

LOUISIANA 

NEBRASKA 

MONTANA 

IOWA 

KANSAS 

VIRGINIA 

MINNESOTA 

FLORIDA 

VERMONT 

WYOMING 

WISCONSIN 

MISSOURI 

UTAH 

OREGON 

ARIZONA 

COLORADO 

INDIANA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

MAINE 

NEVADA 

WASHINGTON 

MICHIGAN 

DELAWARE 

CALIFORNIA 

MARYLAND 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

OHIO 

ILLINOIS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW YORK 

CONNECTICUT 

NEW JERSEY 

MASSACHUSETTS 

RHODE ISLAND 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 



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J AGRICULTURE. FORESTRY. AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 
(EXTRACTION OF MINERALS 

j MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES 
g)g)g(J TRANSPORTATION 

I I CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS 



gill TRADE 

| | PUBLIC SERVICE (NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED) 

[IIIIHJ PROFESSIONAL SERVICE 

DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE 



(266) 



PLATE No. 238 



PROPORTION OF MALES AND FEMALES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF 

GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 
PER CENT 
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 

ALL OCCUPATIONS 

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY. AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

EXTRACTION OF MINERALS 

MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES 

TRANSPORTATION 

TRADE 

PUBLIC SERVICE (NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED) 

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE 

DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE 

CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS 




1MALES 



j FEMALES 



2. PROPORTION WHICH GAINFUL WORKERS OF BOTH SEXES, IN EACH 
SPECIFIED AGE GROUP, CONSTITUTED OF ALL GAINFUL WORKERS, 
AND THE PROPORTION WHICH MALES AND FEMALES OF EACH AGE 
GROUP FORMED OF TOTAL MALE AND FEMALE WORKERS: 1920. 



PER CENT 



BOTH SEXES 9 
10 TO 13 YEARS MALES 



BOTH SEXES 3^ 
14 AND IE, YEARS MALESt 

FEMALES 



BOTH SEXES 

16 TO 19 YEARS MALES 

FEMALES 

BOTH SEXES 

20 TO 44 YEARS MALES 

FEMALES 

BOTH SEXES 

45 YEARS AND OVER MALES 

FEMALES 



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OF AGE AND OVER, BOTH SEXES, MALES AND FEMALES, ENGAGED 
IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 

PER CENT 
O 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 



ALL CLASSES 



NATIVE WHITE - 

NATIVE PARENTAGE 



BOTH SEXES 
MALES I 

FEMALES 



BOTH SEXES 

MALES 

FEMALES 



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4. PROPORTION OF MALES AND FEMALES OF EACH SPECIFIED AGE 
GROUP ENGAGED IN GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS: 1920. 



10 TO 13 YEARS 
|4 AND |5 YEARS 
16 AND 17 YEARS 
18 AND 19 YEARS 
20 TO 24 YEARS 
25 TO 44 YEARS 
46 TO 64 YEARS 
65 YEARS AND OVER 
AGE UNKNOWN 



PER CENT 

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 



MALES 

FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

MALES 
FEMALES 

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FEMALES 



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(267) 



AGRICULTURE 

PLATES 239-341 



723°— 24 1 18 (269) 



AGRICULTURE. 



Plate 
No. 

239 



240 



241 



242 



243 { 



Title. 

Relative proportion of improved and unimproved land 
area in farms to the total land area of the United States : 
1850-1920. 

Number of farms, January 1, 1920 (dot map). 

1. Improved and unimproved land in farms, and land not 

in farms, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

2. Improved and unimproved land in farms, and land not 

in farms, in the United States: 1850-1920. 

3. Number of farms in the United States: 1850-1920. 

1. Per cent of total land area in farms, by states: 1920 

(map) . 

2. Per cent of increase in population and agriculture: 

1910-1920. 

1. Average acreage of all land per farm, by states: 1920 

(map) . 

2. Average acreage of all land per farm, by states: 1910 



244 < 

245 
246 



247 



248 



249 < 



250 ^ 



251 <^ 



252 



253 < 



( (map) . 

1. Average acreage of improved land per farm, by states: 
1920 (map). 

2. Proportion of improved land in farms to total land 
area: 1910 (map). 

Improved land in farms, January 1, 1920 (dot map). 

1. Average size of farms, by states: 1920 and 1910. 

2. Average size of farms, by states: 1900 and 1890. 

Per cent of value of all farm property represented by each 
class of property, by states: 

1. 1920. 

2. 1910. 

3. Average value of farm land and buildings per acre: 

1850-1920. 

4. Value of farm property, by classes: 1850-1920. 
Average value of farm land and buildings per acre, by 

counties: 1920 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 
states: 1850-1860 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 

states: 1860-1870 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 
states: 1870-1880 (map). 

2. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 

states: 1880-1890 (map). 
1. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 
states: 1890-1900 (map). 
Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 
states: 1900-1910 (map). 

1. Per cent of increase in value of all farm property, by 

states: 1910-1920 (map). 

2. Value of agricultural products, by states : 1920 (map) . 

1. Value of implements and machinery per acre of im- 
proved land in farms, by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Value of live stock per acre of all land in farms, by 

states: 1920 (map). 
(270) 



Plate 
No. 



Title. 



254 



255 . 



258 ^ 



259 <^ 



260 



Number of farms — Per cent distribution by tenure, by 
states: 

1. 1920. 

2. 1910. 
All farm land — Per cent distribution by tenure, by states: 

1. 1920. 

2. 1910. 

256 Number of farms operated by tenants, January 1, 1920 

(dot map) . 

257 Per cent of all farms operated by tenants, by counties: 

1920 (map.) 

1. Per cent of all farm land operated by tenants, by 
states: 1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of all farm land operated by tenants, by 
states: 1910 (map). 

1. Per cent of improved farm land operated by tenants, 
by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of improved farm land operated by tenants, 
by states: 1910 (map). 

•1. White farmers — Per cent distribution by tenure, by 
states, 1920. 

2. Colored farmers — Per cent distribution by tenure, by 
states: 1920. 

3. Per cent distribution of farms in the United States, 
by tenure: 1880-1920. 

4. White farmers in the South — Per cent distribution, 
by tenure, 1900-1920. 

5. Colored farmers in the South — Per cent distribution, 
by tenure: 1900-1920. 

1. White farmers — Per cent operating rented farms, by 
states: 1920 (map). 

2. Colored farmers — Per cent operating rented farms, 
by states: 1920 (map). 

fl. White farmers — Per cent of farm land operated by 

tenants, by states: 1920 (map). 
2. Colored farmers — Per cent of farm land operated by 

tenants, by states: 1920 (map). 
-1. Number of farms — Per cent distribution by race and 

nativity of farmer, by states: 1920. 
2. Number of farms — Per cent distribution by race and 

nativity of farmer, by states: 1910. 

1. All farm land — Per cent distribution by race and 
nativity of farmer, by states: 1920. 

2. Foreign-born white farmers in the United States, by 
country of birth: 1920 and 1910. 

3. White farm tenants and owners in the South, by age: 
1920. 

4. Colored farm tenants and owners in the South, by age: 
1920. 

5. Farm tenants and owners in the United States, by age: 
. 1920. 



261 



262 



263 



264 



STATISTICAL ATLAJ 



Plati 
No. 

265 



266 ^ 



267 



268 



269 



270 < 



271 

272 
273 
274 
275 
276 

277 

278 
279 

280 



Title. 



281 



Per cent of all farms operated by colored farmers, by 
counties: 1920. 

1. Per cent of all farm land operated by colored farmers, 
by states: 1920 (map). 

2. Per cent of all farm land operated by colored farmers, 
by states: 1910 (map). 

fl. Per cent of improved farm land operated by colored 
farmers, by states: 1920 (Southern States only) (map). 

2. Per cent of improved farm land operated by colored 
farmers, by states: 1910 (Southern States only) (map). 

1. Per cent distribution of owner-operated farms accord- 
ing to mortgage status, by states: 1920. 

2. Ratio of mortgage debt to value of mortgaged farms, 
by states: 1920. 

3. Per cent distribution of owner-operated farms in the 
United States, according to mortgage status: 1890-1920. 

Mortgage debt on owner-operated farms, by states: 
1920 and 1910. 

1. Farm expenditures for labor, by states: 1919 and 1909. 

2. Farm expenditures for feed, by states: 1919 and 1909. 

3. Farm expenditures for fertilizer, 36 leading states: 

1919 and 1909. 

1. Per cent of all farms reporting telephones, by states: 

1920 (map). 
.!. Sales and purchases by farmers through cooperative 

organizations, 20 leading states: 1919. 
Number of automobiles on farms: 1920 (dot map). 
Beef cattle on farms, Jan. 1, 1920 (dot map). 
Dairy cows on farms, Jan. 1, 1920 (dot map). 
Swine on farms, Jan. 1, 1920 (dot map). 
Value of dairy products sold by farmers in 1919 (dot map) . 

1. Eggs produced on farms, by states: 1919 and 1909. 

2. Wool produced, 16 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

3. Butter made on farms and in factories: 1879-1919. 

1. Calves raised on farms, by states: 1919. 

2. Pigs raised on farms, by states: 1919. 

1. Value of all farm crops, by states: 1919 and 1909. 

2. All farm crops — value, by states: 1909 (map). 

1. Average value of all farm crops per farm, by states: 
1919 and 1909. 

2. Average value per acre of crops with acreage reports, 

by states: 1919 and 1909. 

1. Production of wheat in the United States: 1849-1919. 

2. Production of corn in the United States: 1849-1919. 

3. Production of wheat, 15 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

4. Production of corn, 20 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

5. Production of oats in the United States: 1849-1919. 

6. Production of buckwheat, 5 leading states: 1919 and 

1909. 

7. Production of oats, 15 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

8. Production of barley, 10 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 



Plate 
No. 




iENSUS 



271 



282 



1. Production of potatoes, 20 leading states: 1919 and 
1909. 

2. Production of sweet potatoes, 15 leading states: 1919 
and 1909. 

3. Production of rye, 10 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

4. Production of tobacco, 15 leading states: 1919 and 
1909. 

5. Value of vegetables raised for sale, 12 leading states: 
1919. 

6. Production of cotton in the United States: 1849-1919. 
.7. Production of cotton, 15 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 

Corn production in 1919 (dot map). 
Wheat production in 1919 (dot map). 
Oats production in 1919 (dot map) . 
Cotton production in 1919 (dot map). 

1. Per cent of all farms operated by tenants, by geo- 
graphic divisions: 1880-1920. 
12. Per cent of tenancy in each age group, for selected 
I states: 1920. 

1. Per cent of improved land in farms operated by ten- 
ants, owners, and managers, for selected states: 
1920. 

2. Relation between quality of soil and per cent of ten- 
ancy: Monroe, Northampton, Lehigh, and Carbon 
Counties, Pa. (map). 

'1. Per cent of farms operated by tenants, by counties: 

1920 (map). 
12. Per cent of farms operated by tenants, by counties: 

1880 (map). 
1. Number and per cent of tenants and owners, by age, 

for the North, South, and West: 1920. 
'2. Average value of farm property per farm, and per cent 
represented by land, for owners and tenants in 
selected States: 1920. 
Per cent of tenancy in each age group, for the North, 
South, and West: 1890-1920. 
. Per cent distribution of value of live stock, by classes, 
and average value per farm, for owners and tenants, 
in selected states: 1920. 
1. Per cent distribution of farms and farm acreage, by 

tenure, for the North, South, and West: 1920. 
^2. Per cent of total value of farm property represented 
by each class, for owners and tenants, in the North, 
South, and West: 1920. 

11. Per cent of tenants in each labor-income group, Yazoo- 
Mississippi Delta: 1913. 
2. Return on landlord's investment, in relation to ten- 
ant's labor income, Yazoo-Mississippi Delta: 1913. 



283 
284 
285 

286 



287 



288 



2S9 



DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION. 



Plate 


Title. 




Plate Title. 


No. 


DRAINAGE. 




No. 


IRRIGATION. 


294 


Approximate location and area of operating 
enterprises in the United States: 1920 (map) 


drainage 


323 


Approximate location and extent of irrigated areas in the 
United States: 1920 (map). 




Approximate location and area of operating 


drainage 




Approximate location and extent of irrigated land: 1920 




enterprises: 1920 (maps) — - 






(maps) — 


295 


Arkansas. 




324 


Arizona. 


296 


California. 




325 


Arkansas. 


297 


Colorado. 




326 


California. 


298 


Florida. 




327 


Colorado. 


299 


Georgia. 




328 


Idaho. 


300 


Idaho. 




329 


Kansas. 


301 


Illinois. 




330 


Louisiana. 


302 


Indiana. 




331 


Montana. 


303 


Iowa. 




332 


Nebraska. 


304 


Kansas. 




333 


Nevada. 


305 


Kentucky and Tennessee. 




334 


New Mexico. 


306 


Louisiana. 




335 


North Dakota. 


307 


Michigan. 




336 


Oregon. 


308 


Minnesota. 




337 


South Dakota. 


309 


Mississippi. 




338 


Texas. 


310 


Missouri. 




339 


Utah. 


311 


Montana. 




340 


Washington. 


312 


Nebraska. 




341 


Wyoming. 


313 


North Carolina. 








314 


North Dakota. 








315 


Ohio. 








316 


South Carolina. 








317 


South Dakota. 








318 


Texas. 








319 


Utah. 








320 


Washington. 








321 


Wisconsin. 








322 


Wyoming. 









(272) 



PLATE No. 239 



RELATIVE PROPORTION OF IMPROVED AND UNIMPROVED LAND AREA IN FARMS TO THE TOTAL LAND AREA 

OF THE UNITED STATES: 1850-1920. 



I860 



I860 





1870 



1880 





1890 



1900 





1910 



1920 





(273) 



h- 

< 




(274) 



PLATE No. 241 



IMPROVED AND UNIMPROVED LAND IN FARMS, AND LAND NOT IN FARMS, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



MILLIONS OF ACRES 

80 100 




2. IMPROVED AND UNIMPROVED LAND IN FARMS, AND LAND NOT IN 
FARMS, IN THE UNITED STATES: 1850-1920. 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF ACRES 
4 6 8 10 12 14 16 






20 



aazzziiii 












IMPROVED BZ83 UNIMPROVED ZW7Z\ NOT IN FARMS 



3. NUMBER OF FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES: 1350-1920. 



1920 
1910 
1900 
1890 
1880 
1870 
i860 

iceo 











MILL 

2 


IONS 


OF F 

) 


ARMS 

4 


( 






) 
















1 
























"^ 
























^^ 


































■ 































(275) 



PLATE No. 242 



PER CENT OF TOTAL LAND AREA IN FARMS, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION AND AGRICULTURE: 1910-1920. 



POPULATION 

URBAN 
RURAL 

AGRICULTURE 

NUMBER OF FARMS 
ALL LAND IN FARMS 

IMPROVED LAND IN FARMS 
VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY 
LAND AND BUILDINGS 
LAND ALONE 
BUILDINGS 
IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY 
LIVE STOCK 




(276) 



AVERAGE ACREAGE OF ALL LAND PER FARM, BY STATES: 1920. 



PLATE No. 243 




I 1 Less than 80 acres 
ITrm 80 to 120 acres. 
^^ 120 to 160 acres. 

160to 240 acres. 

240 to 320 acres. 
EBBl 320 to 640 acres. 
I""*) 640 acres and over. 



2. AVERAGE ACREAGE OF ALL LAND PER FARM, BY STATES: 1910. 




I I Less than 80 acres. 

E?%3 80 to 120 acres. 

Kggg 120 to 160 acres. 

Bag 160 to 320 acres. 

KB 320 to 640 acres. 

IH3 640 acres and over. 

The heavy lines (—) show geographic divisions. 



(277) 



PLATE No. 244 



AVERAGE ACREAGE OF IMPROVED LAND PER FARM, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. PROPORTION OF IMPROVED LAND IN FARMS TO TOTAL LAND AREA: 1910. 




I ' Less than 10 per cent. 

E573 10 to 25 per cent. 

V77A 25 to 50 per cent. 

63223 50 to 75 per cent. 

ESS 75 per cent and over. 

The heavy lines (— ) show geographic divisions. 



(278) 



"0 

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H 
m 




(279) 




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J.8V3 



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S 2 S z m z 
1VUJ.N30 HJ.UON 
J.S3M 




0NVI0N3 M3N 



$ o [o 

OUIOVd 



(280) 



PLATE No. 247 



PER CENT OF VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY REPRESENTED 
BY EACH CLASS OF PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1920. 



2. PER CENT OF VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY REPRESENTED 
BY EACH CLASS OF PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1910. 



PER CENT 
SO SO 40 60 60 70 



MAINE 
O 
z N. H. 

< 

<3 VT. 

Z 

u MA 88. 

u R. I. 

Z 

CONN. 



7ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ2Z 



90 100 



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////////////////////mem 



'//////////////////////, 



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s 



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2 WYO. 

y. COLO. 

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O 

2 ARIZ. 

UTAH 

NEV. 






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WWI LIVE STOCK 



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Q 

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v , ' .'.-.li'zv:: -/(//////^/////^m. 



\ . .1.' 1" ~~1 -J —' t r—^-- ^ 



zcn zzzzr^zz^zz:. 



g22 BUILDINGS 



IMPLEMENTSANO MACHINERY 
LIVE STOCK 





3. AVERAGE VALUE OF FARM LAND AND BUILDINGS PER 
ACRE: 1850-1920. 



DOLLARS 
20 30 40 



50 



60 



70 



1920 
I9IO 
























1900 






1890 
1880 






















1870 
















I860 








I860 









4. VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY, BY CLASSES: 1850-1920. 




BILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
30 40 50 



I I 



KB LAND AND BUILDINGS 
022 IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY 
LIVE STOCK 



(281) 



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(282) 



PLATE No. 249 



PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1850-1860. 




i l Not reported. 
V//-/X Less than 10 per cent. 
V7777\ 10 to 25 per cent. 
ESS 25 to 50 per cent. 
BSS8 50 to 100 per cent. 
EZ2J 100 per cent and over. 
■B Decrease. 

The heavy lines (— ) show geographic divisions. 



2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1860-1870. 




(283) 



PLATE No. 250 



I. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1870-1880. 




I I Not reported. 
W.'-'A Less than 10 per 
E7773 10 to 25 per cent 
68532 25 to 50 per cent. 
BS§8 50 to 100 per cent. 
gZZ 100 per cent and over. 
BH Decrease. 

The heavy lines («—) show geographic divisions. 



2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1880-1890. 
£31 




(284) 



PLATE No. 251 



I. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1890-1900. 




v/.'-'A Less than 10 per cent. 

V777* 10 to 25 per cent. 

15^1 25 to 50 per cent. 

ESS 50 to 100 per cent. 

Q2 100 per cent and over. 

HB Decrease. 

The heavy lines (^) show geographic divisions. 



2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1900 1910. 




723°— -24t 19 



(285) 



PLATE No. 252 



PER CENT OF INCREASE IN VALUE OF ALL FARM PROPERTY, BY STATES: 1910-1920. 




Less than 10 per cent. 

10 to 25 per cent. 

25 to 50 per cent. 

50 to 100 per cent. 
f^^A 100 per cent and over. 
Tlie heavy lines («=■>) show geographic divisions 



2. VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, BY STATES: 1920. 




(286) 



PLATE No. 253 



VALUE OF IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY PER ACRE OF IMPROVED LAND IN FARMS, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. VALUE OF LIVE STOCK PER ACRE OF ALL LAND IN FARMS, BY STATES: 1920. 




(287) 



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(288) 



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(291) 



PLATE No. 258 



PER CENT OF ALL FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. PER CENT OF ALL FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1910. 




%%**>* 



fi^ttif """"'I 



/ 1 

i utah WZ$%$k 



i &£&&£& 



ARIZ. I 



I I Less than 10 per cent. "*•— — -t_/~" 

EZZ-3 10 to 20 per cent. 
V77Z\ 20 to 30 per cent. 
R&a 30 to 40 per cent. 
Baa 40 to 50 per cent. 
BBj 50 to 60 per cent. 
Hill 60 per cent and over. 

The heavy lines (^) show geographic divisions, 




f,;',/'//yy>irQ.?////,\ 



(292) 



PLATE No. 259 



1. PER CENT OF IMPROVED FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1920. 




I I Less than 10 per cent 
mm 10 to 20 per cent. 
EZS3 20 to 30 per cent. 
B|B 30 to 40 per cent. 
EE3 40 to 50 per cent. 
!■■■! 50 per cent and over. 



2. PER CENT OF IMPROVED FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1910. 




(293) 



PLATE No. 260 



WHITE FARMERS-PER CENT DISTRIBUTION BY TENURE, BY 
STATES: 1920. 



2. COLORED FARMERS-PER CENT DISTRIBUTION BY TENURE, BY 
STATES: 1920. 






OHIO 


c 




1- 


INO. 


H^ 




<u 


ILL. 


K 


MICH. 


C 







WIS. 








MINN. 


< 


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c 




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l-z 


MO. 


ujO 


N. DAK. 


■St 




h 


S. DAK. 


tc 




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7 


NEBR. 




KANS. 




DEL. 




MD. 


O 




1- 


D. C. 


z 




4 


VA. 






< 


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N. 0. 


7? 




(1 


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GA. 




FLA. 


I 
I- 1 


KY. 






ocn 


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W^ 




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UTAH 




NEV. 


o 


WASH. 


LL 






OREG. 


< 




a 


CALIF. 



MANAGERS 



I TENANTS 



3. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY 
TENURE: 1880-1920. 

PER CENT 



60 "JO 80 BO 100 




(OWNERS AND MANAGERS 



! TENANTS 




4. WHITE FARMERS IN THE SOUTH— PER CENT DISTRIBUTION, BY 
TENURE: 1900-1920. 



PER CENT 

40 50 




Ktf3&&&! OWNERS AND MANAGERS g^B^TENANTS 

5. COLORED FARMERS IN THE SOUTH-PER CENT DISTRIBUTION, BY 
TENURE: 1900-1920. 

PER CENT 
40 60 




IOWNERS AND MANAGERS 



(294) 



PLATE No. 261 



I. WHITE FARMERS-PER CENT OPERATING RENTED FARMS, BY STATES: 1920. 



^53 




I I Less than 12J per cent. 
mm 12| to 25 per cent. 

25 to 37^ per cent. 

37J to 50 per cent. 

50 to 62J per cent. 
Egg 62£ to 75 per cent. 
IMiMl 75 to 87J per cent. 
[■■0 87$ per cent and over. 





l 


"■KlZ. 


1 

i 




i 




2. COLORED FARMERS-PER CENT OPERATING RENTED FARMS, BY STATES: 1920. 




(295) 



PLATE No. 262 

1. WHITE FARMERS-PER CENT OF FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. COLORED FARMERS-PER CENT OF FARM LAND OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY STATES: 1920. 




cud 



m 



Less than 12| per cent 
124 to 25 per cent. 
25 to 37 J per cent. 
37J to 50 per cent. 
50 to 62J per cent. 
62£ to 75 per cent. 
75 to 87J per cent. 
87 J per cent and over. 



(296) 



MOUNTAIN 






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CENTRAL CENTRAL 
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(297) 



PLATE No. 264 



I. ALL FARM LAND-PER CENT DISTRIBUTION BY RACE AND 
NATIVITY OF FARMER, BY STATES: 1920. 



2. FOREIGN-BORN WHITE FARMERS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY 
COUNTRY OF BIRTH: 1920 AND 1910. 




THOUSANDS 
100 



(J WASH 
^ OHEG. 
1 CALIF. 




* NOT TABULATED 
SEPARATELY IN 1910 



3. WHITE FARM TENANTS AND OWNERS IN THE SOUTH, BY AGE: 1920 



THOUSANDS 




4. COLORED FARM TENANTS AND OWNERS IN THE SOUTH, 
BY AGE: 1920. 



THOUSANDS 



160 120 



[ '-""'"'X NATIVE WHITE 

! Kigj ^OREIGN-SORN WHITE, 



NEGRO 

OTHER COLORED 




5. FARM TENANTS AND OWNERS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY AGE: 1920. 



THOUSANDS 



OOP 600 400 200 




(298) 



II 



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(299) 



PLATE No. 266 



I. PER CENT OF ALL FARM LAND OPERATED BY COLORED FARMERS, BY STATES: 1920. 



SOUTHERN STATES ONLY. 




2. PER CENT OF ALL FARM LAND OPERATED BY COLORED FARMERS, BY STATES: 1910. 



SOUTHERN STATES ONLY. 




(300) 



PLATE No. 267 

1. PER CENT OF IMPROVED FARM LAND OPERATED BY COLORED FARMERS, BY STATES: 1920. 

SOUTHERN STATES ONLY. 




I I Less than 10 per cent. 
rTTTTI 10 to 20 per cent. 
1^1 20to30percent. 
' I 30 to 40 percent. 
40to50percent. 



2. PER CENT OF IMPROVED FARM LAND OPERATED BY COLORED FARMERS, BY STATES: 1910. 



SOUTHERN STATES ONLY. 




723°— 24t- 



-20 



(301) 



PLATE No. 268 



1. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF OWNER-OPERATED FARMS ACCORDING 
TO MORTGAGE STATUS, BY STATES: 1920. 



MAINE 
N. H. 
VT. 
MASS. 
R. I. 
CONN. 



PER CENT 
o 10 SO 30 40 * 60 eo TO e 


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2. RATIO OF MORTGAGE DEBT TO VALUE OF MORTGAGED FARMS, BY 
STATES: 1920. 




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3. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF OWNER-OPERATED FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES, 
ACCORDING TO MORTGAGE STATUS: 1890-1920. 



PER CENT 
40 BO 60 




j FREE FROM MORTGAGE 



UNKNOWN 



I MORTGAGED 



(302) 



PLATE No. 269 



MORTGAGE DEBT ON OWNER-OPERATED FARMS, BY STATES: 1920 AND 1910. 



IOWA 

WISCONSIN 

MINNESOTA 

CALIFORNIA 

MISSOURI 

ILLINOIS 

TEXAS 

NEBRASKA 

NEW YORK 

MICHIGAN 

OHIO 

KANSAS 

NORTH DAKOTA 

INDIANA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MONTANA 

OKLAHOMA 

IDAHO 

KENTUCKY 

COLORADO 

WASHINGTON 

OREGON 

TENNESSEE 

VIRGINIA 

ARKANSAS 

GEORGIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ALABAMA 

MARYLAND 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

NEW JERSEY 

UTAH 

VERMONT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

LOUISIANA 

MAINE 

CONNECTICUT 

ARIZONA 

WYOMING 

FLORIDA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

NEW MEXICO 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NEVADA 

DELAWARE 

RHODE ISLAND 



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200 ' 260 300 



| 1920 

] 1910 



(303) 



PLATE No. 270 
I. FARM EXPENDITURES FOR LABOR, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF DOLCABS 




3. FARM EXPENDITURES FOR FERTILIZER, 36 LEADING STATES: 
1 91 9 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



E2E£Z3i903 



(304) 



PLATE No. 271 



1. PER CENT OF ALL FARMS REPORTING TELEPHONES, BY STATES: 1920. 




2. SALES AND PURCHASES BY FARMERS THROUGH COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATIONS, 
20 LEADING STATES: 1919. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



, . . . ] 



■ 



CALIFORNIA ^ 

MINNESOTA 

IOWA 

ILLINOIS 

NEW YORK 

NEBRASKA 

KANSAS 

south dakota 
wisconsin 
north dakota 
Michigan 

OHIO 

WASHINGTON 

MISSOURI 

INDIANA 

VIRGINIA 

LOUISIANA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

COLORADO 

OKLAHOMA 



128 




3 



^■^H SALES 
y.'.WA'.'M PURCHASES 



(305) 



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(306) 




(307) 



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(308) 




(309) 



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(310) 



PLATE No. 277 



I. EGGS PRODUCED ON FARMS, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF DOZENS 
40 60 80_ 



IOWA 

MISSOURI 

ILLINOIS 

OHIO 

INDIANA 

KANSAS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

TEXAS 

CALIFORNIA 

NEW YORK 

MINNESOTA 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 
NEBRASKA 

TENNESSEE 

OKLAHOMA 

KENTUCKY 

VIRGINIA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

ARKANSAS 

NORTH CAROLINA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ALABAMA 

GEORGIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

WASHINGTON 

NORTH DAKOTA 

MARYLAND 

OREGON 

COLORADO 

NEW JERSEY 

LOUISIANA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

MONTANA 

MAINE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

IDAHO 

FLORIDA 

CONNECTICUT 

UTAH 

VERMONT 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

DELAWARE 

WYOMING 

NEW MEXICO 

ARIZONA 

RHODE ISLAND 

NEVADA 






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2. WOOL PRODUCED, 16 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF POUNDS 
20 







3. BUTTER MADE ON FARMS AND IN FACTORIES: 1879-1919. 



1019 
1009 
1899 
1889 
1879 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF POUNDS 

8 8 10 12 14 



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I ON FARMS fflSSwwa IN FACTORIES 






(311) 



PLATE No. 278 



1. CALVES RAISED ON FARMS, BY STATES: 1919. 



2. PIGS RAISED ON FARMS, BY STATES: 1919. 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 
4 e 8 10 12 



TEXAS 

IOWA 

WISCONSIN 

MINNESOTA 

ILLINOIS 

KANSAS 

NEBRASKA 

MISSOURI 

NEW YORK 

OHIO 

MICHIGAN 

OKLAHOMA 

INDIANA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

CALIFORNIA 

COLORADO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

MISSISSIPPI 

TENNESSEE 

MONTANA 

KENTUCKY 

ARKANSAS 

ALABAMA 

GEORGIA 

VIRGINIA 

NEW MEXICO 

WYOMING 

OREGON 

WASHINGTON 

IDAHO 

LOUISIANA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

VERMONT 

UTAH 

ARIZONA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

MAINE 

MARYLAND 

FLORIDA 

NEVADA 

NEW JERSEY 

CONNECTICUT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

DELAWARE 

RHODE ISLAND 




IOWA 

ILLINOIS 

INDIANA 

MISSOURI 

OHIO 

NEBRASKA 

MINNESOTA 

WISCONSIN 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

TENNESSEE 

KANSAS 

KENTUCKY 

TEXAS 

GEORGIA 

MICHIGAN 

PENNSYLVANIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

VIRGINIA 

OKLAHOMA 

ALABAMA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ARKANSAS 

NEW YORK 

CALIFORNIA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

60UTH CAROLINA 

LOUISIANA 

FLORIDA 

COLORADO 

WEST VIRGINIA 

MARYLAND 

WASHINGTON 

IDAHO 

OREGON 

MONTANA 

NEW JERSEY 

MAINE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

UTAH 

VERMONT 

WYOMING 

NEW MEXICO 

CONNECTICUT 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

DELAWARE 

ARIZONA 

NEVADA 

RHODE ISLAND 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS 
20 40. 60 




(312) 



PLATE No. 279 



VALUE OF ALL FARM CROPS, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 




2. ALL FARM CROPS- VALUE, BY STATES: 1909. 




(313) 



PLATE No. 280 



1. AVERAGE VALUE OF ALL FARM CROPS PER FARM, BY STATES: 1919 
AND 1909. 



2. AVERAGE VALUE PER ACRE OF CROPS WITH ACREAGE REPORTS, 
BY STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS 



MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

VERMONT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

RHODE ISLAND 




OREGON 
CALIFORNIA 



(314) 



PLATE No. 281 



I. PRODUCTION OF WHEAT IN THE UNITED STATES: 1849-1919. 



2. PRODUCTION OF CORN IN THE UNITED STATES: 1849-1919. 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF, BUSHELS 




1916 
ID09 
1899 
1689 
1879 
1869 


3 




! 


t 




6 


B 


IC 












































































1859 






1849 










HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 
6 10 16 20 


25 


1819 
1909 
1899 
1889 
1879 
1869 
1859 
1849 








































































HHI 


-H 










■H 


_ 





3. PRODUCTION OF WHEAT, 15 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



4. PRODUCTION OF CORN, 20 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 




5. PRODUCTION OF OATS IN THE UNITED STATES: 1849-1919. 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 



I9IO 
1909 
18 99 
1889 
1879 
1869 

ieoo 

1849 



7. PRODUCTION OF OATS, 15 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 




MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 



IOWA 

ILLINOIS 

NEBRASKA 

INDIANA 

OHIO 

MISSOURI 

TEXAS 

MINNESOTA 

KENTUCKY 

TENNESSEE 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

KANSAS 

OKLAHOMA 

GEORGIA 

MICHIGAN 

WISCONSIN 

ALABAMA 

VIRGINIA 

NORTH CAROLINA 



^5z3 



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6. PRODUCTION OF BUCKWHEAT, 5 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 



PENNSYLVANIA 

NEW YORK 

OHIO 

WEST VIRGINIA 

MICHIGAN 



_^ 




i •■[ -r-r 



■m 1919 



8. PRODUCTION OF BARLEY, 10 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 

MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 

O 

CALIFORNIA 

MINNESOTA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

WISCONSIN 

NORTH DAKOTA 

KANSAS 

IOWA 

MICHIGAN 

NEBRASKA 

ILLINOIS 




(315) 



PLATE No. 282 



I. PRODUCTION OF POTATOES, 20 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 




2. PRODUCTION OF SWEET POTATOES, 15 LEADING STATES: 1919 
AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 



GEORGIA 

ALABAMA 

NORTH CAROLINA 

MISSISSIPPI 

VIRGINIA 

TEXAS 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

LOUISIANA 

TENNESSEE 

ARKANSAS 

FLORIDA 

OKLAHOMA 

NEW JERSEY 

DELAWARE 

MARYLAND 






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3. PRODUCTION OF RYE, 10 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



4. PRODUCTION OF TOBACCO, 15 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



MILLIONS OF BUSHELS 



NORTH DAKOTA 

MICHIGAN 

MINNESOTA 

WISCONSIN 

INDIANA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

ILLINOIS 

NEBRASKA 

PENNSYLVANIA 

KANSAS 



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5. VALUE OF VEGETABLES RAISED FOR SALE, 12 LEADING STATES: 1919. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



CALIFORNIA 

NEW YORK 

FLORIDA 

NEW JERSEY 

OHIO 

MARYLAND 

PENNSYLVANIA 

MASSACHUSETTS 

TEXAS 

MICHIGAN 

ILLINOIS 

VIRGINIA 



-, 






1 





i 


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2 





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6. PRODUCTION OF COTTON IN THE UNITED STATES: 1849-1919. 



MILLIONS OF BALES 
4 6 



1919 
1909 
1899 
1889 
1879 
I 869 
1859 
1849 




MILLIONS OF POUNDS 

no 300 



KENTUCKY 

NORTH CAROLINA 

TENNESSEE 

VIRGINIA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

OHIO 

PENNSYLVANIA 

WISCONSIN 

CONNECTICUT 

INDIANA 

MARYLAND 

MASSACHUSETTS 

GEORGIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

FLORIDA 




7. PRODUCTION OF COTTON, 15 LEADING STATES: 1919 AND 1909. 



HUNDREDS OF THOUSA.4D8 OF BALES 



TEXAS 

GEORGIA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

OKLAHOMA 

MISSISSIPPI 

ARKANSAS 

NORTH CAROLINA 

ALABAMA 

TENNESSEE 

LOUISIANA 

MISSOURI 

ARIZONA 

CALIFORNIA 

VIRGINIA 

FLORIDA 



_ 



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(321) 






PLATE No. 288 



PER CENT OF IMPROVED LAND IN FARMS OPERATED BY TENANTS, OWNERS, AND MANAGERS, FOR SELECTED STATES: 1920. 



20 



PER CENT 
40 60 



80 



100 



'///////////////////////////////////A 



IOWA 



INDIANA 




v//////////////////////////////////. 



w/m/m^ 



///////////////////////////////// 



NORTH DAKOTA 



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PENNSYLVANIA 



KANSAS 



GEORGIA 



CALIFORNIA 



VIRGINIA 



w///?////////^ 



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UTAH 



TEXAS 



NEW ENGLAND 




EZZ2 TENANTS 



OWNERS 



MANAGERS 



2. RELATION BETWEEN QUALITY OF SOIL AND PER CENT OF TENANCY: MONROE, NORTHAMPTON, LEHIGH, AND CARBON COUNTIES, PA. 




(322) 



PER CENT OF FARMS OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY COUNTIES: 1920. 



PLATE No. 289 




2. PER CENT OF FARMS OPERATED BY TENANTS, BY COUNTIES: 1880. 

[Areas left blank on the map represent counties which had less than 100 farms in 1880 




(323) 



PLATE No. 290 



?. NUMBER AND PER CENT OF TENANTS AND OWNERS, BY AGE, FOR THE NORTH, SOUTH, AND WEST: 1920. 

[Managers are included with owners.] 



AGE GROUP 


UNDER 


25 


26 TO 


34 


38 TO 


44 


45 TO 


64 


66 TO 


64 


<66 AND OVER 


UNDER 


26 


26 TO 


34 


36 TO 


44 


45 TO 


64 


66 TO 


64 


65 AND OVER 


UNDER 


29 


25 TO 


34 


35 TO 


4<f 


45 TO 


64 


65 TO 


64 


0& AND OVER 



THE NORTH 

NUMBER OF TENANTS NUMBER OP OWNERS 

THOUSANDS 



600 




THE SOUTH 




THE WEST 




ZEOSk TENANTS 



OWNERS AND 
MANAGERS 



PER CENT 

20 40 60 80 



100 






2. AVERAGE VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY PER FARM, AND PER CENT REPRESENTED BY LAND, 
FOR OWNERS AND TENANTS IN SELECTED STATES: 1920. 




| OWNERS Y//////A TENANTS 



(324) 



PLATE No. 291 



]. PER CENT OF TENANCY IN EACH AGE GROUP, FOR THE NORTH, SOUTH, AND WEST: 

1890 TO 1920. 



1820 



EEE1 1910 



1^^31900 



^^airao 




2. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF VALUE OF LIVE STOCK, BY CLASSES, AND AVERAGE VALUE 
PER FARM, FOR OWNERS AND TENANTS, IN SELECTED STATES: 1920. 



MULES 



ISBBO CATTLE K3EE3SWINF kWMMM SHEFP t .' .' '.'.•. '/M POULTR V 



VALUE 
PER CENT OF TOTAL 

90 SO 70 60 60 40 30 20 10 



SELECTED 
STATES 



VALUE PER FARM 
DOLLARS 

1,200 1,600 




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OWNERS 



ILL. 

OWNERS 



PA. 

OWNERS 
TENANTS 

s. c. 

OWNERS 



(325) 



PLATE No. 292 



1. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE, BY TENURE, FOR THE NORTH, 

SOUTH, AND WEST: 1920. 



llTlllll OWNERS 



MANAGERS jJ^^CASH TENANTS UJ||SHARE TENANTS 




2. PER CENT OF TOTAL VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY REPRESENTED BY EACH CLASS, 
FOR OWNERS AND TENANTS, IN THE NORTH, SOUTH, AND WEST: 1920. 



UNITED STATES 

OWNERS 



THE NORTH 



PER CENT 
40 60 60 



THE WEST 



THE SOUTH (WHITE) 
OWNERS 



TENANTS 



THE SOUTH (.COLORED) 
OWNERS 




(326) 



LAND IV^^l IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY 

BUILDINGS lllllill LIVE STOCK 



1. PER CENT OF TENANTS IN EACH LABOR-INCOME CROUP, YAZOO-MISSISSIPPI DELTA: 

1913. 



PLATE No. 293 



PER 
CENT 



SHARE CROPPERS 



SHARE RENTERS 



CASH RENTERS 



PER 
CENT 



Ll 



n 




LABOR 
INCOME 



I I I I I I I I I 



| I 'I I I I I I I 



LABOR 
INCOME 



1 1 I I I I 1 II 

3 o O O 8 8 8 o 8 — DOLLAR3 



2. RETURN ON LANDLORD'S INVESTMENT, IN RELATION TO TENANT'S LABOR INCOME, 
YAZOO-MISSISSIPPI DELTA: 1913. 



LAND LORD'S 
RETURN 


SHARE CROPPERS 


SHARE RENTERS 


CASH RENTERS 


LAND LORD'S 
RETURN 


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100 - 299 
300 - 499 
600 - 699 
700 - 999 
1.000 + 


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(327) 



Department of Commerce 
bureau of the census 



PLATE NO. 294 




Operating drainage enterprises shown in red 



f 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920 



PLATE No 294 




opornttug rtmtimiro outorprlson siv 



PLATE No. 295 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

ARKANSAS. 




(329) 



PLATE No. 296 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

CALIFORNIA. 




(330) 



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(331) 



PLATE No. 298 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1 1920. 

FLORIDA. 




^Boundary of Everglades Drainage District shown thus: 



(332) 



PLATE No. 299 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

GEORGIA. 




723°— 24f 22 



(333) 



PLATE No. 300 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

IDAHO. 







(334) 



PLATE No. 301+ 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1 920. 

ILLINOIS. 




(335) 



PLATE No. 302 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

INDIANA. 




(336) 




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(339) 



PLATE No. 306 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

LOUISIANA. 




(340) 



PLATE No. 307 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

MICHIGAN. 




(341) 



PLATE No. 308 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

MINNESOTA. 




(342) 



PLATE No. 309 
APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

MISSISSIPPI. 




(343) 



PLATE No. 310 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

MISSOURI. 




(344) 



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(348) 



PLATE No. 315 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

OHIO. 




723°— 24t 23 



(349) 



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(351) 



PLATE No. 318 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

TEXAS. 




(352) 



PLATE No. 319 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1 920. 

UTAH. 




(353) 



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(354) 



PLATE No. 321 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

WISCONSIN. 




(355) 



PLATE No. 322 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND AREA OF OPERATING DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: 1920. 

WYOMING. 




(356) 



Department of Commerce 
bureau of the census 



PLATE NO. 323 




Irrigated areas shown in red 



Department of Commerce 
bureau of the census 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED AREAS: 1920 



PLATE NO. 323 




Irrigated ureas shown in red 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

ARIZONA. 



PLATE No. 324 




(357) 



PLATE No. 325 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

ARKANSAS. 




(358) 



PLATE No. 326 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

CALIFORNIA. 




(359) 



PLATE No. 327 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

COLORADO. 




IRRIGATED AREA 

3,348385 ACRES 

B PER CENTOFTOTAL LAND AREA 




(360) 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

IDAHO. 



PLATE No. 328 




(361) 



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(362) 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

LOUISIANA. 



PLATE No. 330 




(363) 



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(365) 



PLATE No. 333 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

NEVADA. 




Carson Cit 



IRRIGATED AREA 
661.447 ACRES 



0.8 PER CENT OF TOTAL 
LAND AREA "^ 



(366) 



PLATE No. 334 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

NEW MEXICO. 




(367) 



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PLATE No. 338 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

TEXAS. 




(371) 



PLATE No. 339 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

UTAH. 




(372) 



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PLATE No. 341 



APPROXIMATE LOCATION AND EXTENT OF IRRIGATED LAND: 1920. 

WYOMING. 




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(374) 



MANUFACTURES 

PLATES 342-350 



(3T5) 



MANUFACTURES. 



Plate 
No. 

342 



343 

344 
345 

346 



Title. 

Value of all manufactured products and proportional 

value for each geographic division: 1919, 1914, 1909, 

1904, and 1899. 
Value of products of manufacturing industries, by states: 

1919 and 1914. 
Value added by manufacture, by states: 1919 and 1914. 
Value of all manufactured products and proportional 

value for each group: 1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, and 1899. 
Value of products for groups of industries: 1919, 1914, 

and 1909. 
(376) 



Plate 
No. 

347 
348 

349 



350 < 



Title. 

Value of products for leading industries: 1919 and 1914. 
Average number of wage earners, by states: 1919 and 

1914. 
Average number of wage earners by industries employing 

over 40,000 wage earners: 1919 and 1914. 

1. Value of manufactured products, by states: 1919 

(map) . 

2. Per cent of increase in population, 1910-1920, and in 

manufactures, 1909-1919. 



PLATE No. 342 

VALUE OF ALL MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS AND PROPORTIONAL VALUE FOR EACH GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION: 

1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, AND 1899. 

1919 




1914 




1909 




1904 




1899 




(377) 



PLATE No. 343 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1914. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 

4.000 5,000 6.000 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

OHIO 

MASSACHUSETTS 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

CALIFORNIA 

INDIANA 

WISCONSIN 

MISSOURI 

CONNECTICUT 

MINNESOTA 

TEXAS 

NORTH CAROLINA 

KANSAS 

MARYLAND 

WASHINGTON 

RHODE ISLAND 

IOWA 

GEORGIA 

LOUISIANA 

VIRGINIA 

NEBRASKA 

TENNESSEE 

ALABAMA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

OKLAHOMA 

KENTUCKY 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

OREGON 

COLORADO" 

FLORIDA 

ARKANSAS 

MISSISSIPPI 

VERMONT 

MONTANA 

DELAWARE 

UTAH 

ARIZONA 

WYOMING 

IDAHO 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NORTH DAKOTA 

NEVADA 

NEW MEXICO 



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(378) 



PLATE No. 344 



VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1914. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 

1.600 2.000 2.500 



NEW YORK 


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MISSOURI 








NORTH CAROLINA 






WASHINGTON 










MINNESOTA 


77777!^^^ 








RHODE ISLAND 


^^^^^ 








MARYLAND 


7777^^^^ 








TEXAS 










VIRGINIA 


^771^^ 








GEORGIA 


TWT^^ 








LOUISIANA 


^^^^ 








IOWA 


777^^ 








TENNESSEE 


I"" 








MAINE 


B" 






WEST VIRGINIA 








ALABAMA 


W m 






NEW HAMPSHIRE 


w m 






KANSAS 


w 






OREGON 








KENTUCKY 


TTTT 






SOUTH CAROLINA 


T* 




FLORIDA 


r 




NEBRASKA 


r 




MISSISSIPPI 


r 




■Hi 1919 


COLORADO 


{/77777777A 10 Id 


ARKANSAS 


p 




OKLAHOMA 


F 




DELAWARE 


r 




VERMONT 


S 1 




UTAH 


f 




MONTANA 


! 




WYOMING 


■ 




DIST. OF COLUMBIA 


P 




IDAHO 


P 




ARIZONA 


f 




SOUTH DAKOTA 


i 




NORTH DAKOTA 






NEW MEXICO 






NEVADA 











(379) 



PLATE No. 345 



VALUE OF ALL MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS AND PROPORTIONAL VALUE FOR EACH GROUP: 

1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, AND 1899. 

1919 





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1914 



909 





!904 



1899 





(380) 



PLATE No. 346 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS FOR GROUPS OF INDUSTRIES: 1919, 1914, AND 1909. 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
40 60 80 



100 



120 



FOOD AND 
KINDRED PRODUCTS 



IRON AND STEEL 
AND THEIR PRODUCTS 



TEXTILES 
AND THEIR PRODUCTS 



MISCELLANEOUS 
INDUSTRIES 



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CHEMICALS 
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VEHICLES FOR LAND 
TRANSPORTATION 



LUMBER AND ITS 
REMANUFACTURES 



PAPER AND 
PRINTING 



METALS OTHER THAN 
IRON AND STEEL 



LEATHER AND ITS 
FINISHED PRODUCTS 



RAILROAD 
REPAIR SHOPS 



STONE, CLAY. AND 
GLASS PRODUCTS 



TOBACCO 
MANUFACTURES 



LIQUORS AND 
BEVERAGES 



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1900 



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(381) 



PLATE No. 347 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS FOR LEADING INDUSTRIES: 1919 AND 1914. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
1.600 2.000 2.600 



3.000 



3.500 



4.000 



SLAUGHTERING, MEAT PACKING 

STEEL ROLLING MILLS 

AUTOMOBILES 

FOUNDRY AND MACHINE-SHOPS 

COTTON GOODS 

FLOUR MILLS 

PETROLEUM (REFINING) 

SHIPBUILDING (STEEL) 

LUMBER, TIMBER PRODUCTS 

RAILROAD REPAIR SHOPS 

CLOTHING (WOMEN'S) 

CLOTHING (MEN'S) 

BOOTS AND SHOES 

BAKERIE8 

WOOLEN AND WORSTED GOODS 

ELECTRICAL APPARATUS 

RUBBER GOODS 

LEATHER 

NEWSPAPERS, PERIODICALS (P.P) 

BLAST FURNACES 

PAPER AND WOOD PULP 

TOBACCO (CIGARS. CIGARETTES) 

SUGAR REFINING (CANE) 

KNIT GOODS 

AUTOMOBILE BODIES, PARTS 

SILK GOODS 

COPPER (SMELTING, REFINING) 

CONFECTIONERY, ICE CREAM 

FOOD PREPARATIONS 

BOOK AND JOB (PRINT , PUB.) 

BUTTER 

OIL AND CAKE (COTTONSEED) 

FURNITURE 

CARS (STEAM-RAILROAD) 

LUMBER (PLANING MILLS) 

BRASS, BRONZE AND COPPER HEH 

ENGINES (STEAM, GAS, WATER) 2 

CHEMICALS 

CANNING (FRUITS, VEGETABLES) 

LIQUORS (MALT) 

CONDENSED MILK 

GAS (MANUFACTURED) 

DYEING, FINISHING TEXTILES 

SOAP 

COKE (NOT INC. GAS-HOUSE) 

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS 

COFFEE AND SPICES 

STRUCTURAL IRONWORK 

FERTILIZERS 

GLASS 

PAINTS 

MILLINERY AND LACE GOODS 




(382) 



PLATE No. 348 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF WAGE EARNERS, BY STATES: 1919 AND 1914. 



THOUSANDS 

600 600 700 



NEW YORK 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

MASSACHUSETTS 

ILLINOIS 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

CONNECTICUT 

INDIANA 

WISCONSIN 

CALIFORNIA 

MISSOURI 

NORTH CAROLINA 

MARYLAND 

RHODE ISLAND 

WASHINGTON 

GEORGIA 

VIRGINIA 

MINNESOTA 

TEXAS 

ALABAMA 

LOUISIANA 
TENNESSEE 

MAINE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

WEST VIRGINIA 

IOWA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

FLORIDA 

KENTUCKY 

KANSAS 

OREGON 

MISSISSIPPI 

ARKANSAS 

NEBRASKA 

COLORADO 

VERMONT 

OKLAHOMA 

DELAWARE 

UTAH 

MONTANA 

IDAHO 

DIST. OF COLUMBIA 

ARIZONA 

WYOMING 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEW MEXICO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

NEVADA 



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(383) 



PLATE No. 349 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF WAGE EARNERS BY INDUSTRIES EMPLOYING OVER 40,000 WAGE EARNERS: 1919 AND 1914. 



RAILROAD REPAIR SHOPS 
FOUNDRY AND MACHINE-SHOP 
LUMBER AND TIMBER PRODUCTS 
COTTON GOODS 
STEEL ROLLING MILLS 
SHIPBUILDING (STEEL) 
ELECTRICAL APPARATUS 
BOOTS AND SHOES 
AUTOMOBILES 
CLOTHING (MEN'S) 
KNIT GOODS 

WOOLEN AND WORSTED GOODS 
CLOTHING (WOMEN'S ) 



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SLAUGHTERING, MEAT PACKING . PJJP^^^^j 



BAKERIES 

TOBACCO (CIGARS, CIGARETTES) 

FURNITURE 

AUTOMOBILE BODIES AND PARTS 

8ILK GOODS 

BOOK AND JOB ( PRINT. , PUB. ) 

NEWSPAPERS, PERIODICALS (P. P.) 

RUBBER GOODS 

PAPER AND WOOD PULP 

CONFECTIONERY AND ICE CREAM 

LUMBER! PL ANING-MILL) 

ENGINES (STEAM, GAS, WATER) 

GLASS 

BRICK, TERRA-COTTA, FIRE-ClAy 

BRASS, BRONZE, COPPER 

LEATHER 

CANNING (FRUITS, VEGETABLES) 

PETROLEUM (REFINING) 

DYEING, FINISHING TEXTILES 

BOXES (FANCY AND PAPER) 

CHEMICALS 

AUTOMOBILE REPAIRING 

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS 

MACHINE TOOLS 

CARS (STEAM-RAILROAD) 

MILLINERY AND LACE GOODS 

FLOUR-MILL AND GRISTMILL 

STRUCTURAL IRONWORK 

SHIPBUILDING (WOOD) 

GAS (ILLUMINATING AND HEATING) 

fiOXES (PACKING) 

HARDWARE 

BLAST FURNACES 



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2 3 



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NO RETURNS 



(384) 



PLATE No. 350 



I. VALUE OF MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS, BY STATES: 1919. 




2. PER CENT OF INCREASE IN POPULATION, 1910-1920, AND IN MANUFACTURES, 1909-1919. 



POPULATION 
URBAN 
RURAL 

MANUFACTURES 

ESTABLISHMENTS (NUMBER) 

WAGE EARNERS (average number) 

CAPITAL 

WAGES 

COST OF MATERIALS 

VALUE OF PRODUCTS 

VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE 






60 


PER CENT 
100 


ISO 


200 


™ 
























I 
■ 


















^^ 














n^^^m 
















^^^ 































(385) 



MINES AND QUARRIES 



PLATES 351-361 



tllSTi 



MINES AND QUARRIES. 



Plate 

No. 



Title. 



351 



352 ; 



1. Value of products, mining industries, by states: 1919, 
1909, and 1902. 

2. Per cent distribution of value of products of mining 
industries, by geographic divisions: 1919. 

1. Value of products, leading mining industries: 1919, 
1909, and 1902. 

2. Per cent distribution of value of products of mining 
industries, by industries: 1919. 

3. Value of products, mining industries, by states: 1919 

(map) . 

353 Value of products, leading mining industries, by states: 

1919. 

354 Value of products, leading mining industries, by states: 

1909. 

355 Coal fields of the United States: 1919 (map). 

(388) 



Plate 
No, 

356 



357 



358 



359 

360 
361 



Title. 

Principal petroleum and natural-gas fields of the United 
States: 1919 (map). 

1. Principal iron-ore producing localities: 1919 (map). 

2. Comparative production, anthracite and bituminous 

coal, by decades: 1829-1919. 

1. Annual production of anthracite and bituminous coal: 

1889-1919. 

2. Production of iron ore, United States and principal 

producing regions: 1879-1920. 

1. Production of iron ore, by principal states: 1879-1919. 

2. Per cent of production of iron ore, by states: 1919. 
Gold and silver producing localities: 1919 (map). 

Lead and zinc, and copper producing localities: 1919 
(map) . 






PLATE No. 351 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS, MINING INDUSTRIES, BY STATES: 1919, 1909, AND 1902. 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 

300 400 600 




(389) 



PLATE No. 352 

1. VALUE OF PRODUCTS, LEADING MINING INDUSTRIES: 1919, 1909, AND 1902. 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
100 200 300 400 

COAL. ANTHRACITE 

COAL. BITUMINOUS 



700 




PETROLEUM AND 

NATURAL GAS 



IRON ORE 




GOLD (placer mines) 



^■Biieig 

^^OTI909 
31902 



1.000 



2. PER CENT DISTRIBUTION OF VALUE OF PRODUCTS 
OF MINING INDUSTRIES, BY INDUSTRIES: 1919. 




3. VALUE OF PRODUCTS, MINING INDUSTRIES, BY STATES: 1919. 




MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
I I LESS THAN 

rTTTTffl' to 6 
VTZTA s to as 
B8888889 26 to eo 

ZZQ&O TO 100 
!!■■■■! 1 00 TO 200 
1^—1 200 AND OVER 



(390) 



PLATE No. 353 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS, LEADING MINING INDUSTRIES, BY STATES: 1919. 



PENNSYLVANIA! 



PENNSYLVANIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

ILLINOIS 

OHIO 

KENTUCKY 

INDIANA 

ALABAMA 

COLORADO 

VIRGINIA 

WYOMING 

IOWA 

KANSAS 

OKLAHOMA 

TENNESSEE 

UTAH 

MISSOURI 

WASHINGTON 



COAL. ANTHRACITE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



20 



1 60 



180 



200 



MO 



260 



300 



340. 



I I i r 



i i i i i i i r 



i r 



1 i i i i i i 

COAL. BITUMINOUS 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



1 I I T 




160 



180 



200 



LIMESTONE 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA 
OHIO 
INDIANA 
NEW YORK 
ILLINOIS 



u zu 



GRANITE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 





I 


2C 


VERMONT 


■ 




MASSACHUSETTS 


1 


1 


NORTH CAROLINA 


1 




WISCONSIN 


1 




NEW HAMPSHIRE 






MAINE 






MINNESOTA 


1 





SANDSTONE 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA) 

OHIO 

ILLINOIS 



OKLAHOMA 

TEXAS 

CALIFORNIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

KANSAS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

LOUISIANA 

ILLINOIS 

KENTUCKY 

WYOMING 

NEW YORK 

INDIANA 



PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
100 120 140 160 




PHOSPHATE ROCK 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



FLORIDA 
TENNESSEE 



q 20 

rn 



BASALT 


GYPSUM 


MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 


MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 


10 


20 


PENNSYLVANIA 


1 


n 


NEW YORK 1 


NEW JERSEY 


1 


i 


IOWA 1 1 


MASSACHUSETTS 


1 






CONNECTICUT 









MINNESOTA 
MICHIGAN 
ALABAMA 
NEW YORK 
WISCONSIN 



ARIZONA 
.MICHIGAN 



f 



IRON ORE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
40 60 80 100 



COPPER 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
20 40 60 



LEAD AND ZINC 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



OKLAHOMA 

MISSOURI 

IDAHO 



GOLD AND SILVER 
LODE MINES 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



1 



COLORADO 

NEVADA 

CALIFORNIA 



zo 

m 



EFI 



GOLD 
PLACER MINES 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



SLATE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA! 
VERMONT I 



MARBLE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



CALIFORNIA 



VERMONT 
TENNESSEE 



(391) 



PLATE No. 354 



VALUE OF PRODUCTS, LEADING MINING INDUSTRIES, BY STATES: 1909. 



COAL, ANTHRACITE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 
SO 70 80 SO 



PENNSYLVANIA 



I | I I I I I 



TT 



COAL, BITUMINOUS 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

WEST VIRGINIA 

OHIO 

ALABAMA 

COLORADO 

INDIANA 

IOWA 

KENTUCKY 

KANSAS 

WYOMING 

WASHINGTON 

TENNESSEE 

OKLAHOMA 

MISSOURI 

MONTANA 




n 



PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA 

OHIO 

CALIFORNIA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

ILLINOIS 

OKLAHOMA 

KANSAS 

TEXA8 



PRECIOUS METALS, DEEP MINES 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 

COLORADO 
NEVADA 
CALIFORNIA 
UTAH 
IDAHO 
SOUTH DAKOTA 










.(-LIONS OF D0LLAR8 




1 

MINNESOTA 

MICHIGAN 

ALABAMA 


) 


10 


20 30 40 


60 




^^~ 








1 






NEW YORK 










WISCONSIN 











COPPER 
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



1 



MONTANA 
ARIZONA 
MICHIGAN 
CALIFORNIA 


















1 ^? 










1 1 1 




UTAH 









1 



LEAD AND ZINC 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



MISSOURI 
WISCONSIN 
KANSAS 
OKLAHOMA 



1 



LIMESTONE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



GRANITE 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



PENNSYLVANIA 

ILLINOIS 

INDIANA 

OHIO 

NEW YORK 

MISSOURI 



VERMONT 

MASSACHUSETTS 

MAINE 

CALIFORNIA 

WISCONSIN 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 



PHOSPHATE ROCK 

MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



FLORIDA 
TENNESSEE 
SOUTH CAROLINA 



m 



(392) 




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(393) 



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(394) 



PLATE No. 357 



PRINCIPAL IRON-ORE PRODUCING LOCALITIES: 1919. 





WYO. 



• ' j KANSAS | -ff0.*^ l^f^ ^Si 



N. MEX. 

• 



" Lf— <r 



s/" 




2. COMPARATIVE PRODUCTION, ANTHRACITE AND BITUMINOUS COAL, 
BY DECADES: 1829-1919. 



MILLIONS OF TONS 
200 300 




ANTHRACITE 
V//////////A BITUMINOUS 



(395) 



PLATE No. 358 



ANNUAL PRODUCTION OF ANTHRACITE AND BITUMINOUS COAL: 
1889-1919. 



2. PRODUCTION OF IRON ORE, UNITED STATES AND PRINCIPAL 
PRODUCING REGIONS: 1879-1920. 





1890 








1895 








1800 








1805 








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(396) 



PLATE No. 359 



1. PRODUCTION OF IRON ORE, BY PRINCIPAL STATES: 1879-1919. 



MINNESOTA 

MILLIONS OF TON8 






s 


r 


£ 


15 


20 


28 


30 


36 


1619 
1909 
1899 
1889 
1879 










































1 
* NO PRODUCTION 






• 













40 



MICHIGAN 

MILLIONS OF TONS 








; 


10 


15 


1919 
1908 
1899 




































1889 










1879 


m 









ALABAMA 

MILLIONS OF TONS 



1919 

1909 



1899 
1889 



1879 




WISCONSIN 

MILLIONS OF TONS 
» 




NEW YORK 



1919 
1909 ■ 
1899 I 
1889 ■ 
1879 ■ 



MILLIONS OF TONS 
» 



PENNSYLVANIA 



MILLIONS OF TONS 



2. PER CENT OF PRODUCTION OF IRON ORE, BY STATES: 1919. 



< 


> 


6 


1919 


■ 




1909 






1899 






1889 






1879 


■H 





NEW JERSEY 



o 
I9I9P 

1909 

1899 

1889 

1879 



MILLIONS OF TONS 
5 



TENNESSEE 



o 

1919 J 
1909 
1899 
1889 
1879 | 



MILLIONS OF TONS 

a 




723°— 24f 26 



(397) 



PLATE No. 360 



GOLD AND SILVER PRODUCING LOCALITIES: 1919. 




I GOLD AND SILVER (LODE MINES) 
• GOLD (PLACER MINES) 



(398) 



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(399) 



COTTON 

PLATES 362-374 



(401) 



COTTON. 



Plate 
No. 



362 



363' 



364 
365 
366 



Title. 

Relative importance of the several countries in the pro- 
duction and consumption of cotton — 

1. Proportion of world's mill supply of cotton contributed 

by each country: 1922. 

2. Proportion of total consumption of cotton, by coun- 

tries, year ending July 31, 1923. 

3. Cotton production in specified years: 1790-1922. 
Cotton-producing area of the United States in 1922, and 

center of production: 1859, 1879, 1906, 1910, 1912, 

1914, 1916, 1918, 1919, and 1922 (map). 
Cotton ginned, by counties: 1922 (maps) — 
Mississippi and Alabama. 
Arkansas and Oklahoma. 
Louisiana and Florida. 
(402) 



Plate 
No. 

367 

368 

369 | 

370 | 
371 

372 

373 

374 



Title. 

Georgia and South Carolina. 
North Carolina and Tennessee. 

Texas. 

Per cent of cotton grown in each state, crop of 1922. 

1. Cotton ginnings to specified dates: 1905-1922. 

2. Area and yield of cotton : 1893-1922. 

Cotton consumed, by months: September, 1912, to July, 

1923. 
Cotton stocks, by months: September, 1912, to July, 

1923. 
Cotton imports, by months: September, 1912, to July, 

1923. 
Exports of domestic cotton, by specified countries and by 

months: September, 1912, to July, 1923. 



PLATE No. 362 



RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF THE SEVERAL COUNTRIES IN THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF COTTON. 



1. PROPORTION OF WORLD'S MILL SUPPLY OF COTTON CONTRIBUTED 2. PROPORTION OF TOTAL CONSUMPTION OF COTTON, BY COUNTRIES, 
BY EACH COUNTRY: 1922. YEAR ENDING JULY 31, 1923. 





3. COTTON PRODUCTION IN SPECIFIED YEARS: 1790-1922. 



rz 



MILLIONS 600 POUND BALES 
6 6 7 8 



10 II 



13 14 



1922 
1921 



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1920 
1915 
1910 
1905 
1900 
1890 
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I860 
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(405) 



PLATE No. 365 



COTTON GINNED, BY COUNTIES: 1922. 



ARKANSAS. 




COTTON GINNED: 1922 

I I NONE REPORTED 

[Mill LESS THAN 5,000 BALES 
V////A 6,000 TO 10,000 BALES 
bSSSSSi 10.000 TO 16,000 BALES 
BB3 16,000 TO 26,000 BALES 
[MM1I 25,000 TO 40,000 BALES 
W.000 BALES AND OVER 



OKLAHOMA. 




(406) 



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(408) 



COTTON GINNED, BY COUNTIES: 1922. 



PLATE No. 368 



NORTH CAROLINA. 




COTTON GINNED; 1922 

1^1 NONE REPORTED 
lllllf LESS THAN 5.000 BALES 
| 6.000 TO 10.000 BALES 
| 10.000 TO 15.000 BALES 
BZ8 l'- 000 T0 ".000 BALES 
Ulllll 25.000 TO 40,000 BALES 
I W.000 BALES ANDOVBK 



TENNESSEE. 




(MM) 



PLATE No. 369 



COTTON GINNED, BY COUNTIES: 1922. 



TEXAS. 



COTTON GINNED! 1821 

t I NONE REPORTED 

I Hill LESS THAN 8.000 BALES 
5.000 TO 10.000 BALES 
10,000 TO 16.000 BALES 
BZ3 18.000 TO 25.000 BALES 
BBII 20.000 TO 40.000 BALES 
I 40.000 BALES AND OVER 




PER CENT OF COTTON GROWN IN EACH STATE, CROP OF 1922. 




(410) 



MILLIONS OF BALES 



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(412) 



PLATE No. 372 



COTTON STOCKS, BY MONTHS: SEPTEMBER, 1912, TO JULY, 1923. 



MILLIONS OF BALES 




HWW/VJ Ilil CONSUMING ESTABLISHMENTS 

imam cotton-crowing states 



r,V ///////i ALL OTHEH STATES 
■ I IN PUBLIC STORAGE 





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(413) 



PLATE No. 373 



COTTON IMPORTS, BY MONTHS: SEPTEMBER, 1912, TO JULY, 1923. 



THOUSANDS OF BALES 



SEPT. 
£j OCT. 
2 NOV. 

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(414) 



PLATE No. 374 



EXPORTS OF DOMESTIC COTTON, BY SPECIFIED COUNTRIES AND BY MONTHS: SEPTEMBER, 1912, TO JULY, 1923. 




THOUSANDS OF BALES 



JANUARY 

FEBRUARY 

MARCH 

APRIL 

MAY 

JUNE 

JULY 

AUGUST 

SEPTEMBER 

OCTOBER 

NOVEMBER 

DECEMBER 

JANUARY 

FEBRUARY 

MARCH 

APRIL 

MAY 

JUNE 

JULY 



,,, ;l;;;i 




MM GREAT BRITAIN 

ZZZ1 GERMANY 

E8J5J 'FRANCE 

Y/','/,\ ALL OTHER EUROPE 

ALL OTHER COUNTRIES 



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(415) 



ENCUMBERED HOMES 

PLATES 375-389 



(417) 



ENCUMBERED HOMES. 



377 



Title. 
Plate 
No. 

1. Homes not on farms — per cent rented and owned, by 

sections and geographic divisions: 1890-1920. 

375 (2. Homes not on farms — per cent owned mortgaged, 
owned free, and rented, by geographic divisions: 
1890-1920. 

376 Homes not on farms — per cent owned mortgaged, owned 

free, and rented, by states: 1890-1920. 
1. Per cent of homes owned mortgaged, owned free, and 
rented, for cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 
1920. 
Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — ratio (per 
cent) of mortgage debt to value, by states: 1920 
and 1890. 

1. Owned homes not on farms — per cent free, and mort- 
gaged, by sections and geographic divisions: 1890- 
1920. 

2. Owned homes not on farms — per cent mortgaged, by 
states: 1920 and 1890. 

1. Owned homes not on farms — per cent mortgaged: 
1920 (map). 

2. Owned homes not on farms — per cent mortgaged: 
1890 (map). 

1. Owned homes — per cent mortgaged, for cities having 
100,000 inhabitants or more: 1920. 
Owned mortgaged homes — ratio (per cent) of mort- 
gage debt to value, for cities having 100,000 in- 
habitants or more: 1920. 
Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — value and 
mortgage debt, by geographic divisions: 1920 and 
1890. 
lis. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average value 
and average mortgage debt per home, by sections 
and geographic divisions: 1920 and 1890. 
'1. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average 
value and average mortgage debt per home, by 
states: 1920 and 1890. 
2 12. Owned mortgaged homes — average value and average 
mortgage debt per home, for cities having 100,000 
inhabitants or more: 1920. 



378 



379 



380 



Title. 



Plate 
No. 

383 



384 



385 



386 < 



387 



388 



3S9 i 



Owned mortgaged homes — average value and average 
mortgage debt per home, for cities having, in 1890, 
100,000 inhabitants or more: 1920 and 1890. 

1. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — ratio of debt 

to value: 1920 (map). 

2. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — ratio of debt 

to value: 1890 (map). 

1. Owned mortgaged homes — ratio (per cent) of mort- 

gage debt to value, for cities having, in 1890, 100,000 
inhabitants or more: 1920 and 1890. 

2. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — per cent of 

total number and total mortgage debt bearing 
specified rates of interest, for the United States: 
1920 and 1890. 

1. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average 

annual rate of interest, by geographic divisions: 
1920 and 1890. 

2. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average 

annual interest charge per home, by geographic 
divisions: 1920 and 1890. 

1. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average 

annual rate of interest, by states: 1920 and 1890. 

2. Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — average 

annual interest charge per home, by states: 1920 
and 1890. 

1. Owned mortgaged homes — average annual rate of 

interest, for cities having 100,000 inhabitants or 
more: 1920. 

2. Owned mortgaged homes — average annual interest 

charge per home, for cities having 100,000 inhabit- 
ants or more: 1920. 
1. Owned mortgaged homes — average annual interest 
charge per home, for cities having, in 1890, 100,000 
inhabitants or more: 1920 and 1890. 
Owned mortgaged homes not on farms — per cent of 
total number and total value in each value class, for 
the United States: 1920 and 1890. 



(418) 



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(419) 



PLATE No. 376 



HOMES NOT ON FARMS-PER CENT OWNED MORTGAGED, OWNED FREE, AND RENTED, BY STATES: 1890-1920. 



PER CENT 



§ MASS. 




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(420) 






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PLATE No. 379 



OWNED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-PER CENT MORTGAGED: 1920. 

[District of Columbia, 55.4 per cent, not shown separately on the map.] 




2. OWNED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-PER CENT MORTGAGED: 1890. 

[District of Columbia, 24 per cent, not shown separately on the map. No mortgaged homes were reported for Oklahoma in 1S90.] 




(423) 



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(424) 



PLATE No. 381 



1. OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-VALUE AND MORTGAGE DEBT, 
BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1920 AND 1890. 



HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS 



1920 
1890 



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lfAJ,"'\ TOTAL VALUE 
W// MORTGAGE DEBT 



2. OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-AVERAGE VALUE AND AVERAGE MORTGAGE 
DEBT PER HOME, BY SECTIONS AND GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: 1920 AND 1890. 



THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS 



UNITED STATES 



THE NORTH 



NEW ENGLAND 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



VEST NORTH CENTRAL 



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(425) 



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(426) 



PLATE No. 38i 



OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES-AVERAGE VALUE AND AVERAGE MORTGAGE DEBT PER HOME, 
FOR CITIES HAVING, IN 1890, 100,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1920 AND 1890. 



NEW YORK 

NEWARK 

DETROIT 

WASHINGTON 

BOSTON 

PITTSBURGH 

JERSEY CITY 

CLEVELAND 

CHICAGO 

BUFFALO 

ROCHESTER 

PROVIDENCE 

SAN FRANCISCO 

MILWAUKEE 

KANSAS CITY, MO. 

MINNEAPOLIS 

NEW ORLEANS 

CINCINNATI 

PHILADELPHIA 

ST. LOUIS 

OMAHA 

ST. PAUL 

DENVER 

INDIANAPOLIS 

BALTIMORE 

LOUISVILLE 



THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS 
6 



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(427) 



PLATE No. 384 



OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-RATIO OF DEBT TO VALUE: 1920. 

[District oT Columbia, 40.4 per cent , not shown separately on t He map.] 




2. OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-RATIO OF DEBT TO VALUE: 1890. 

[District of Columbia, 34.6per cent, not shown separately on the map. Nomortgagedhomes were reported for Oklahoma in 1890.] 




I I 25 to 30 per cent 
DMD 30 to 35 per cent 
iH§ 35 to 40 per cent 
(HI 40 to 45 per cent 
^3 45 to 50 per cent 
BBD 50 per cent and over 

(428) 



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(432) 



PLATE No. 389 



OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES-AVERAGE ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE PER HOME, FOR CITIES 
HAVING, IN 1890, 100,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1920 AND 1890. 



;':■••:■■-! 




2. OWNED MORTGAGED HOMES NOT ON FARMS-PER CENT OF TOTAL NUMBER AND TOTAL 
VALUE IN EACH VALUE CLASS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: 1920 AND 1890. 



VALUE OF MORT 
GAGED HOME 



LESS THAN $2,500 



$2,600 TO $6,000 



$6,000 TO $10,000 



$10,000 TO $26,000 



*26.000 AND OVER 




(433) 



STATISTICS OF STATES 



PLATES 390-391 



(435) 



STATISTICS OF STATES. 



Title. 



Plate 
No. 



390 



1. Revenue receipts and governmental-cost payments of 

the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

2. Per cent distribution of revenue receipts of the 48 states 

from the several sources of revenue for specified 
years: 1915-1922. 

3. Per capita revenue receipts, by principal classes, of the 

48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

4. Per capita payments for principal general departmental 

expenses of the 48 states for specified years: 1915- 
1922. 

5. Per cent distribution of governmental-cost payments 

of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

6. Per capita governmental-cost payments of the 48 

states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

(436) 



Plate 
No. 



391 



Title. 

1. Per cent distribution of principal general departmental 

expenses of the 48 states for specified years: 1915- 
1922. 

2. Gross debt, at the close of the year, of the 48 states 

for specified years: 1915-1922. 

3. Per capita gross debt, at the close of the year, of the 

48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

4. Per capita payments for specified general departmental 

outlays of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

5. Per capita sinking fund assets, at the close of the year, 

of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922. 

6. Per capita net debt, at the close of the year, of the 48 

states for specified years: 1915-1922. 






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(438) 



STATISTICS OF CITIES 

PLATES 392-395 



(439) 






STATISTICS OF CITIES. 



Plate 

No. 
392 



393 



394 



Title. 

Location of cities in the United States having a popula- 
tion of over 30,000 at the middle of the fiscal year 1922. 

1. Population in cities having a population of over 30,000 

and outside such cities for specified years: 1790-1922. 

2. Per cent of total population in cities having a popula- 

tion of over 30,000 and per cent outside such cities 
for specified years: 1790-1922. 

3. Net revenue receipts and net governmental-cost pay- 

ments of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 

4. Per capita net payments for governmental-costs, by 

principal classes, of 146 cities for specified years: 
1903-1922. 

1. Per capita net revenue receipts, by principal classes, 

of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 

2. Per cent distribution of net revenue receipts of 146 

cities from the several sources of revenue for specified 
years: 1903-1922. 

3. Per cent distribution of net governmental-cost pay- 

ments of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 

4. Per capita net payments for principal general depart- 

mental expenses of all cities of over 30,000 inhabit- 
ants for specified years: 1903-1922. 

(440) 



Plate 
No. 



395 



Title. 

1. Per cent distribution of principal general departmental 

expenses of all cities of over 30,000 inhabitants for 
specified years: 1903-1922. 

2. Per capita gross debt, at the close of the year, of 146 

cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 

3. Per capita net indebtedness, at the close of the year, 

of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 

4. Per capita payments for principal general departmental 

outlays of all cities of over 30,000 inhabitants for 
specified years: 1903-1922. 

5. Gross debt, at the close of the year, of 146 cities for 

specified years: 1903-1922. 

6. Per capita sinking fund assets, at the close of the year, 

of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922. 




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(441) 



PLATE No. 393 



POPULATION IN CITIES HAVING A POPULATION OF OVER 30,000 
AND OUTSIDE SUCH CITIES FOR SPECIFIED YEARS: 1790-1922. 



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YXAfSi CITIES WITH 30,000 OR MORE POPULATION 
V//////7A POPULATION OUTSIDE SUCH CITIES 



2. PER CENT OF TOTAL POPULATION IN CITIES HAVING A 
POPULATION OF OVER 30,000 AND PER CENT OUTSIDE SUCH 
CITIES FOR SPECIFIED YEARS: 1790-1922. 



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3. NET REVENUE RECEIPTS AND NET GOVERNMENTAL-COST PAYMENTS 
OF 146 CITIES FOR SPECIFIED YEARS: 1903-1922. 



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EXPENSES INTEREST OUTLAYS 



4. PER CAPITA NET PAYMENTS FOR GOVERNMENTAL-COSTS, BY PRINCIPAL 
CLASSES, OF 146 CITIES FOR SPECIFIED YEARS: 1903-1922. 



1922 

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BB^H EXPENSES OF GENERAL DEPARTMENTS 

I I EXPENSES OF PUBLIC SERVICE ENTERPRISES 



S3 INTE REST 

1S//A 0UTLAYS 



(442) 



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VITAL STATISTICS 

PLATES 396-412 



723°— 24 f 29 (445) 



VITAL STATISTICS. 



Plate 
No. 



Title. 



396 i 

397 

398 



399 



3. 



4. 



400 



401 



402 <^ 



403 <^ 



404 i 



1. Annual birth rates per 1,000 population, by months, in 

the registration area: 1918-1922. 

2. Births, by color, and for white children by parent 

nativity, in the registration area: 1922. 

3. Births in the registration area of white children of 

known parentage having at least one parent foreign 
born: 1922. 
Growth of the registration area for births: 1915-1922 

(map). 
Growth of the registration area for deaths: 1880-1922 
(map) . 

1. Per cent which the population and land area of the 

registration area formed of the total population and 
land area of the United States for the years 1880, 
1890, and 1900 to 1922, inclusive. 

2. Per cent of deaths in the registration area (exclusive of 

Hawaii) by color, by nativity of white persons, and 
by parent nativity of the native white: 1922. 

Number of deaths in the registration area (exclusive of 
Hawaii) at all ages, under 1 year of age, and from 1 
to 4 years of age, for each of the years 1900 to 1922. 

Per cent of deaths in the registration area (exclusive 

of Hawaii) under 1 year of age, from 1 to 4 years, 

and 5 years and over, for each of the years 1900tol922. 

General death rates of the United States (registration 

area) and certain foreign countries for each of the 

years from 1900 to 1922. 
Death rates from certain important causes of death in the 

registration area of the United States for the years 

1900 and 1910 to 1922. 

1. Death rates from all causes per 1,000 population in the 

registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

2. Death rates from typhoid fever per 100,000 population 

in the registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

1. Death rates from measles per 100,000 population in the 

registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

2. Death rates from scarlet fever per 100,000 population 

in the registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

1. Death rates from whooping cough per 100,000 popu- 

lation in the registration states of 1910: 1910 and 
1920. 

2. Death rates from diphtheria and croup per 100,000 

population in the registration states of 1910: 1910 
and 1920. 



Plate 
No. 



Title. 



405 



406 ^ 



407 



408 < 



409 < 



410 



411 



412 



1. Death rates from influenza per 100,000 population in 

the registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

2. Death rates from tuberculosis of the lungs per 100,000 

population in the registration states of 1910: 1910 
and 1920. 

1. Death rates from all other forms of tuberculosis per 

100,000 population in the registration states of 1910: 
1910 and 1920. 

2. Death rates from cancer and other malignant tumors 

per 100,000 population in the registration states of 
1910: 1910 and 1920. 

1. Death rates from diabetes per 100,000 population in 

the registration states of 1910: 1910 and 1920. 

2. Death rates from cerebral hemorrhage and softening 

per 100,000 population in the registration states of 
1910: 1910 and 1920. 
1. Death rates from organic diseases of the heart per 
100,000 population in the registration states of 1910: 
1910 and 1920. 
Death rates from pneumonia (all forms) per 100,000 
population in the registration states of 1910: 1910 
and 1920. 
Death rates from diarrhea and enteritis per 100,000 
population in the registration states of 1910: 1910 
and 1920. 
Death rates from acute nephritis and Bright's disease 
per 100,000 population in the registration states of 
1910: 1910 and 1920. 
1. Death rates from puerperal septicemia per 100,000 
female population in the registration states of 1910: 
1910 and 1920. 
Death rates from all other puerperal causes per 100,000- 
female population in the registration states of 1910: 
1910 and 1920. 
Death rates from violent deaths (suicide excepted) per 
100,000 population in the registration states of 1910: 
1910 and 1920. 
Infant mortality, by country of birth of mother, in the 

registration area: 1922. 
Infant mortality, by country of birth of mother, in the 
registration area: 1922. 



2. 



2. 



3. 



(446) 



PLATE No. 396 



ANNUAL BIRTH RATES PER 1,000 POPULATION, BY MONTHS, IN THE REGISTRATION AREA: 1918-1922. 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 

2. BIRTHS, BY COLOR, AND FOR WHITE CHILDREN BY PARENT NA- 3. BIRTHS IN THE REGISTRATION AREA OF WHITE CHILDREN OF KNOWN 
TIVITY, IN THE REGISTRATION AREA: 1922. PARENTAGE HAVING AT LEAST ONE PARENT FOREIGN BORN: 1922. 




UNITED STATES 

ITALY 

AUSTRIA AND. 

HUNG 

Poland 

RUSSIA 
CANADA 

IRELAND 



GERMANY 
OTHER FOREIGN 



y///////////////////////////////////M^^ 




FATHER NATIVE 

FATHER OTHER FOREIGN 

FATHER SAME AS MOTHER 

££££^1 FATHER FOREIGN 



(447) 






on 

d 

u 

r- 
< 

Q. 









3 
o 

U. 
< 



< 

E- 
on 

a 

UJ 

ai 

DC 
H 

U. 

O 

E-l 

o 
o 




i 



I 



(44S) 



I- 
< 



OO 
OO 



CO 

•x 

H 

< 
UJ 

Q 

D* 

O 

Uh 

< 

UJ 

OS 

< 



< 
OS 
H 

CO 

O 

UJ 
OS 

UJ 

Uh 

O 

a 

O 
OS 

a 




I 1 



I 



(449) 



PLATE No. 399 



I. PER CENT WHICH THE POPULATION AND LAND AREA OF THE 
REGISTRATION AREA FORMED OF THE TOTAL POPULATION AND 
LAND AREA OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE YEARS 1880, 1890, AND 
1900 TO 1922, INCLUSIVE. 




2. PER CENT OF DEATHS IN THE REGISTRATION AREA (EXCLUSIVE 
OF HAWAII) BY COLOR, BY NATIVITY OF WHITE PERSONS, AND BY 
PARENT NATIVITY OF THE NATIVE WHITE: 1922. 




BH3 POPULATION 



r CENSUS YEAR 



dm3l_AND AREA 



3. NUMBER OF DEATHS IN THE REGISTRATION AREA (EXCLUSIVE OF 
HAWAII) AT ALL AGES, UNDER 1 YEAR OF AGE, AND FROM 1 TO 4 YEARS 
OF AGE, FOR EACH OF THE YEARS 1900 TO 1922. 



4. PER CENT OF DEATHS IN THE REGISTRATION AREA (EXCLUSIVE OF 
HAWAII) UNDER I YEAR OF AGE, FROM I TO 4 YEARS, AND 5 YEARS 
AND OVER, FOR EACH OF THE YEARS 1900 TO 1922. 



1922 
1921 
1920 
1919 
1918 
1917 
1916 
1915 
1914 
1913 
1912 
1911 
I9IO 
1909 
1908 
1907 
1906 
J 906 
,1904 
1903 
1902 
1901 
1900 



rssy/m 



THOUSANDS 
400 600 800 1.000 1.200 1.400 



WW 1 



ZZ^ 



W71 



VAVA 



IZIZ& 



TftYA 



YZMZ1 



f a^m 



Y/sss^ 



r zm 



■aim 



izm 



mm 



ZZM 



EZZK 



WZ 



VSSftZi 



rs ztm :: 



&z?m 



zzzmi 



ICZ 



^^3 



zzm 



ZZ1Z2 



ZZ2J 



rzi 



~ zr .~rr.zi 



YffTl UNDER I YEAR 



*' o -- 


10 


. 50 


30 


40 


PER CENT 
60 


60 


70 


,80 


90 


10 


1922 






wn 










































































1921 






:/.y//. 


A 








































































1920 






z.ysA 


fl 








































































1919 






by/. 


\ 
































1918 






wow 


I 
































1817 






VA 


'A 
































1913 






—~ 


YA 


YA 
































1916 








vM 
































1914 








SAl/A 
































1913 








W/A 
































1912 








W/A 
































191 1 








vsw> 
































1910 




„;;., 




'm% 


V/A 


4 






























1909 




} ; 


t 


//A 


ffl 






























1908 




\',y. 


■ 


'/// 


T A 






























1907 




",'"%>'% 


\ 


Y/A 


fl 






























1906 




..'....Ciii. 


Wfi 


m 


YA 






























1905 




1-y/ 


{ 5 


YA> 


ft 






























1904 








V 


Y// 


a 






























1903 








, v 


W, 


a 






























1902 








'! 


YA 


a: 






























1901 






;■•■;• ^:;jb5« 


EZ 






























1900 


...... 




"••'.fefccj 


'/// 































UNDER I YEAR 



Y&A ' T0 4 VEAR5 1 1 6 TEARS AND C 



6 YEARS AND OVER 



(450) 



PLATE No. 400 



GENERAL DEATH RATES OF THE UNITED STATES (REGISTRATION AREA) AND CERTAIN FOREIGN COUNTRIES FOR 

EACH OF THE YEARS FROM 1900 TO 1922. 




1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 I 



1909 1910 1911 

YEARS 



12 1913 1914 1916 1916 1917 1916 1919 1920 1921 1922 



(451) 



PLATE No. 401 

DEATH RATES FROM CERTAIN IMPORTANT CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE REGISTRATION AREA OF THE UNITED STATES 

FOR THE YEARS 1900 AND 1910 TO 1922. 



§ 






Y 

. * o 



D , S £<V3E30E. 



tHt«i!?.- 



[•- 



\ 



\ 



\ 



>' 



TUBERC" 



N= 



< \ 






\ 



ACUTE AND CHRONIC 



NEPHRITIS^ 



- — T^KiTwT TUMORS = "l. ^*^— - *, — ^ — '— *= V— 



o — ^ : 






- - - CEREBRAL HEMORRHApf'. 
,_ » ■ ■ n » — m —^ M^ t * — J_j.^«J= •■*.": rA . 

* ~"V CANCER AND OTHER 



--SaTTgnant tumors—^^ --._ 7 1 * 




y^ 



1800 1910 1911 |8 

ft AND PARATYPHOID FEVER. 



(452) 



PLATE No. 402 



I. DEATH RATES FROM ALL CAUSES PER 1,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER I 
I 

YEAR 4 
l&O 



TO 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 

15 20 25 35 

TO 

19 



45 



24 



34 



44, 



ES 
TO 

64 



85 76YEARS 
TO AND 

74 OVER 
ISO 

























1 

1 

1 












920 








1 






\ 
\ 

T - 
II 
\\ 








1 


910 








f 


\\ 

\i 

\\ 

\\ 

ll 

\\ 


















// 


/- 


\\ 






















\\ 


















// 




\\ 


















// 






















// 




tt 


















1/ 






































mm m**^ 











125 



100 § 



UNDER I 

I TO 

YEAR 4 
150 



10 
TO 
14 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 

20 25 



65 75YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 
60 



































920 








ll 












1910 








il 
ll 


1 

\ 






















1 
\ 






















\ \ 






















\\ 






















\\ 






















\\ 








































J 

1/ 




\l 
















jr 








^\ 












sZ=^ 















2. DEATH RATES FROM TYPHOID FEVER PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER I 
I 

YEAR 4 
60 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 
20 25 35 



TO 



65 76 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

60 











) 


\ 

V 




















/ 
1 


\ 








920 












1 

1 




\ 




— 1 


910 










i 

1 






\ 
\ 
















1 

1 






\ 


k. 














1 

1 










■* 












1 












V 


\ 


/ 




- -. 


















/ 













































UNDER 
I 

YEAR 
601 



30 ? 



? 30 



w. 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
16 20 25 33 



TO 
19 



TO 

24 



TO 

34 



44 



/ 



/ 



-J- 



/ 



/ 



Iv- 



es 75YEAR& 
TO AND 
74 OVER 







19 20 
1910 



(453) 



PLATE No. 403 



I. DEATH RATES FROM MEASLES PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 
AGE PERIODS 
20 26 35 



86 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
in OVER 

160 




UNDER I 

I TO 

YEAR 4 
140 



5 

TO 
S 



P. 60 



10 
TO 
14 



IB 
TO 
19 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
20 25 35 



45 66 

TO TO 

64 64 



65 75 YEAR9 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

140 



1002 

o 



























































































V 












18 

— 19 


20 


















10 










\ 













































\\ 












































\\ 

v 






















V 














































^j. 


— 


~ _ _ 


_ 


__ 






_ , 





2. DEATH RATES FROM SCARLET FEVER PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



TO 



UNDER I 
I 
YEAR 4 
80 



Z 60 



MALES 




AGE PERIODS 




5 20 25 36 


46 


fO TO TO TO 


TO 


9 24 34 44 


54 



66 76 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 




UNDER 

I 
YEAR 

80 



Z 60 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
16 20 25 36 



46 



TO 

24 



TO 
34 



TO 
44 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

























/ 

/ 


\ 

\ 




















1 


\ 




















1 


\ 










— 19 

— 19 


20 








1 


\ 








— 


10 






f 


1 


\ 




















1 

1 

1 


\ 


\ 


















1 




\ 

\ 






















\ 

V \ 

\ \ 
























^ 

















UJ 
20 £ 



(454) 



PLATE No. 404 



1. DEATH RATES FROM WHOOPING COUGH PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER I 

I TO 

YEAR 4 
400 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 

15 20 25 35 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
15 20 25 35 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

400 




2. DEATH RATES FROM DIPHTHERIA AND CROUP PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER - 1 
I TO 

YEAR 4 



§ 100 



° 60 



MALES 












AGE PERIODS 












IS 20 25 


35 


45 


65 


65 


75 YbAR3 


TO TO TO 


TO 


TO 


TO 


TO 


AND 


19 24 34 


44 


54 


64 


74 


OVER 



20 



1 
1 






















1 


\ 

\ 




















1 


\ 
\ 




















1 

1 


\ 




















1 

1 . 


1 \ 












1920 

1910 




1 


\\ 












1 1 


\\ 














\\ 






















\\ 






















\ 


\ 












































\\ 





















































































100 o 



20 



UNDER 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
16 20 25 35 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 

74 OVER 




(455) 



PLATE No. 405 



I. DEATH RATES FROM INFLUENZA PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 





MALES 




AGE PERIODS 


16 


20 25 35 


TO 


TO TO TO 


19 


24 34 44 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



66 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

360 




UNDER 


I 


6 


1 


TO 


TO 


YEAR 


4 






46- 



58 B5 76YEARa 
to TO AND 
64 74 OVER 




2. DEATH RATES FROM TUBERCULOSIS OF THE LUNGS PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



65 76 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 
250 




UNDER I 

I TO 

YEAR 4 
250 



6 
TO 
9 



35 



45 



? 150 



O. 100 



55 76.YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

250 























































/ 


• 


\ 


















// 




\ 
\ 


i 
\ 
















// 






\ 




















































\ 






1 




— 


— 19' 

— 19 


>0 












. 


1 
1 




O 








^ — ^. 


yf^ 



















(450) 



PLATE No. 406 



1. DEATH RATES FROM ALL OTHER FORMS OF TUBERCULOSIS PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



65 65 75 YEARS 

TO TO AND 

64 74 OVER 




TO 



UNDER I 
I 

YEAR 4 
140 



? IOO 



Ul 40 

a. 



35 
TO 
44 



75 YEARS 
AND 
OVER 



1 






















141 


\ 

\ 
























\ 

\ 
























\ 
























\ 
























\ 




















L \ 
























\ \ 






















60 


\ 
\ \ 






















\ 
\ 




















40 


























\ \ 





















20 




\ > 


>*. 


■^* 


-_.— = 


^=-T 





--_ 


.-- 




/ 




























2. DEATH RATES FROM CANCER AND OTHER MALIGNANT TUMORS PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER I 



YEAR 
1. 000 1 



S 

TO 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 

20 25 



TO 
24 



TO 
34 



1920 
IQIO 



65 75YEARS 
TO AND 

74 OVER 
,1.000 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
20 25 35 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

I.OOO 




(457) 



PLATE No. 407 



I. DEATH RATES FROM DIABETES PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 




2. DEATH RATES FROM CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE AND SOFTENING PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



TO 



UNDER I 

I 
YEAR 4 

2.000 



1.500 



65 75 YEAP<5 
TO AND 
74 OVER 

























2.000 
























I.76D 






















II 






















1 


I.50O 






















1 
1 






















1 


1.250 










19 


20 










II 

1 








— 


— 19 


10 " 










1 


I.0CO 






















1 

1 






















II 


750 




















It 

1 




























































































jf 




; 


























a 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 



YEAR 4 9 14 


19 


24 34 


44 


64 


64 74 OVER 




















































2.800 


















































2.400 
























I 1 


2.000 












- 1920 

- I9IO 










I 1 


2.000 



















J 1 
1 


1.600 
















1 


1.600 






















1 


1.200 






















1 

7 


1.200 






















/ 


800 




















// 
// 
























// 
// 






400 
























409 






















































(458) 



PLATE No. 408 



1. DEATH RATES FROM ORGANIC DISEASES OF THE HEART PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER I 

I TO 

YEAR 4 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 

15 20 25 35 



TO 
19 



TO 

24 



TO 

34 



TO 

44 



35 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 



3,200 






















I 






















1 
























1 
























1 


2.400 






















II 
II 






















II 


2.000 










920 










1 


















1 
1 


1.600 


















1 






















II 
\l 


1.200 






















1 




















1 




300 
























































































jf 









- =i -=" 












_— 











FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 



TO 



UNDER I 
I 

YEAR 
2.250 



6 

TO 

8 



65 35 75 YEARS 

TO TO AND 

64 74 OVER 

2,260 



2.000 













































1 






















/ 






















/ 






















II 






















1 






















1 
II 






















1 










1920 










1 

11 








— 


— I9IO 










1 






















1 






















1 
1 




















/ 






















// 






















// 
// 




















. 


// 















































1.75ft 



2. DEATH RATES FROM PNEUMONIA (ALL FORMS) PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



o 
o 
- 750 

a 



MALES 
AGE PERIODS 



65 65 75 YEARS 

TO TO AND 

64 74 OVER 

























1 

I 


































































\ 






















\\ 
\\ 






















11 

\\ 






















\\ 












9 20 








I 
1 


1 








— 


— 1 


910 








II 

1/ 






















1 
































































y 




















.£>-" 
















r=C 


^^ 











UNDER 
I 
YEAR 
1.750 



O 1.260 



51 1.000 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 

16 20 25 35 

TO 



TO 

19 



TO 
24 



TO 
34 



44 



65 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 











































































\ 






















1.260 


A 




















1. 




tt — 




















1 


1.000 


\\ 










1 


920 








1 
. // 




\\ 








— 


aio 










760 


\\ 




















// 




\\ 




















If 


50Q 


— ft- 


















/ 


1 




\ 


















// 




260 




A 


























r- 




' 


, .— 


7^r= 


r=— 








O 



(459) 



PLATE No. 409 



DEATH RATES FROM DIARRHEA AND ENTERITIS PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



MALES 



FEMALES 



UNDER 2 
1 1 TO 

YEAR YEAR 4 


AGE PERIODS 
6 10 
TO TO 

g 14 


16 

TO 
44 


46 
TO 
64 


65 YEARS 
AND 
OVER 


UNDER . 2 

1 ' to 

YEAR YEAR 4 


AGE PERIODS 

6 10 
TO TO 
9 14 


16 45 65 YEAR9 
TO to AND 

44 64 OVER 


















4.00.0 

3,800 

3.000 2 
O 

2.600 g 

o 

0. 

o. 

2.000 o 
' o 
o 
o 

1.600 £ 
0. 

I.OOO 

600 




3.500 
3.000. 

z 

O 

<£ 2,600 

a 

Dj 
O 

"■ 2.000 
o 
o 
o. 

2 I.B00 

a 

ui 

a 






































\ 

\ 














3.600 




i 
















\ 
















!.EOO 


\ 
















\ 
\ 














3.000 




\ 




















\ 






— — — 19! 










Z 


1.000 


\ 

\ 






.0 — 








\ 








— 19 1 










o 

2.600 t 




I 
\ 


















\ 
\ 




















_l 

3 


-.600 








\ 
\ 














CL 


\ 














o 

2.000 °- 




\ 

\ 
















\ 














o 
o 




V \ 


















\ \ 














o 

1.600 2 




\ \ 
















\ \ 














K 


,600 


\ t 

\ \ 
















\ \ 














J. 000 




BP0 




\ 1 
















\ \ 




















\ 


















< 

\ 


















\ 


















\ 
\ 


















^vi 


















^ \ 

























O 




^v^ 


aaa 

























2. DEATH RATES FROM ACUTE NEPHRITIS AND BRIGHT'S DISEASE PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910AND 1920. 



UNDER I 
1 . 70 

YEAR 4, 



l.'600 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 
IS 20 25 35 



66 


es! 


75 YEARS 


TO 


TO 


AND 


64 


74 


OVER 



2 1. 

o 




UNDER I 



68 75 YEARS 
TO AND 
74 OVER 
1.600 




(460) 



PLATE No. 410 



DEATH RATES FROM PUERPERAL SEPTICEMIA PER 100,000 FEMALE 
POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



UNDER 

15 
YEARS 
40 



FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 
25 



TO 

29 



30 

TO 

34 



45 YEARS 
AND 
OVER 
40 









~"~ — 


t 










/ / 




\ 








I 






\ 
\ 








1, 
i 






X \ 








1/ 
i 






X s 


V 






'1 

// 








\\ 






1 








\\ 






1 








\\ 






1 








\\ 






1 








\\ 






1 










\ 


L 






19 


20 




\\ 


// 






19 


10 






j 












NX 
\\ 































z 
o 

H 

25 <J 



2. DEATH RATES FROM ALL OTHER PUERPERAL CAUSES PER 100,000 
FEMALE POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 
AND 1920. 

FEMALES 

AGE PERIODS 

25 90 



CINDER 


15 


16 


n> 


YEARS 


19 



20 



24 



29 



34 



35 



39 



40 45 YEARS 
TO AND 

44 OVER 





























































































/ 




\\ 

\ \ 








/ 

/ 






\\ 
\\ 






/ / 






\\ 






/ / 














/ / 










\ 




1 / 

/ 




1910 




\ 


// 










\ 


/ / 












\ 


// 












\ 



50 o 



20 Ul 



3. DEATH RATES FROM VIOLENT DEATHS (SUICIDE EXCEPTED) PER 100,000 POPULATION IN THE REGISTRATION STATES OF 1910: 1910 AND 1920. 



Under i e 
i to to 

YEAR 4 9 



10 
TO 
14 



MALES 

AGE PERIODS 
IS 20 25 33 

TO TO to TO 

19 



24 



34 



44 



65 
TO 

64 



65 
TO 
74 



75 YEARS 
AND 
OVER 



600 


























600 
























500 






















I 


























4(10 


4UU 










— 19 

— IS 


20 ~ 
10 










/ 


























/ 


300 


JUL) 






















/ 
























A 


/ 


?nn 


MJU 














-p- „- 





— -• 


s / 
















/ 
















100 




IOO 




K ~ 5: ?- 




■^^ 


















n 




























UNDER 
I 

YEAR 

000 



FEMALES 












AGE PERIODS 












IE 20 25 


35 


45 


65 


65 


75YEARS 


TO TO TO 


TO 


TO 


TO 


TO 


AND 


19 24 34 


44 


64 


64 


74 


OVER 



1920 
I9IO 




723°— 241 



-30 



(461) 



PLATE No. 411 



INFANT MORTALITY, BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH OF MOTHER, IN THE REGISTRATION AREA: I922. 



UNDER UNDER UNDER 

I 2 3 

MONTH MONTHS MONTHS 



UNDER 

6 
MONTHS 



UNDER 
9 

MONTHS 



UNDER 
12 




UNDER 




UNDER 


UNDER 


UNDER 


1 2 


3 


1 


2 


3 


DAYS 




WEEK 


WEEKS 


WEEKS 



UNDER 

I 
MONTH 



(462) 



PLATE No. 412 



INFANT MORTALITY, BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH OF MOTHER, IN THE REGISTRATION AREA: 1922. 



UNDER UNDER UNDER 

I 2 3 

MONTH MONTHS MONTHS 



UNDER 

e 

MONTHS 



UNDER 

9 

MONTHS 



UNDER 
12 

MONTHS 
120 




UNDER 




UNDER 


UNDER 


UNDER 


1 2 


3 


1 


2 


3 


DAYS 




WEEK 


WEEKS 


WEEKS 



UNDER 

I 
MONTH 



(463) 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Acquisitions of territory. See United States, etc. Plate No. 

Acreage, average, of all land per farm, by states: 

1910 243 

1920 243 

average, of improved land per farm, by states: 1920_ 244 

Acute nephritis and Bright's disease. See Death rates. 
Age and sex, distribution by single years of, for the total 

population: 1920 190 

Age periods and sex, distribution for certain principal 

population classes by: 1920 192 

distribution for total population and for certain 

principal population classes by : 1920 191 

marital condition of population 15 years of age and 

over for principal population classes by: 1920 193 

Agricultural products, centers of : 1850-1920 137 

- value of, by states: 1920 252 

Agriculture and population, per cent of increase in: 1910- 

1920 242 

Alaska, number and distribution of Indians, by linguistic 

stock: 1920 186 

per cent of Indians in total population, by judicial 

districts: 1920 187 

■ population, by judicial districts: 1920 61 

Area, center of, center of population, and median lines: 

1920, and median point: 1880-1920 122 

original. 

See United States, etc. 
See also Land area. 
Austria and Hungary, distribution of foreign white stock 

originating in, by states: 1920 and 1910 207 

Automobiles, number of, on farms: 1920 272 

Barley, production of, 10 leading states: 1919 and 1909__ 281 
Birth rates, annual, per 1,000 population, by months, in 

the registration area: 1918-1922 396 

Births, by color, and for white children by parent na- 
tivity, in the registration area: 1922 396 

- growth of registration area for: 1915-1922 397 

in the registration area of white children of known 

parentage having at least one parent foreign born: 1922 396 
Bright's disease. See Death rates. 
Buckwheat, production of, 5 leading states: 1919 and 

1909 281 

Butter made on farms and in factories: 1879-1919 277 

Calves raised on farms, by states: 1919 278 

Canada and Newfoundland, distribution of foreign white 

stock originating in, by states: 1920 and 1910 208 

— distribution of natives of, by states : 1920 202 

Cancer. See Death rates. 

Cattle, beef, on farms, January 1, 1920 273 

Celtic. See English, etc. 

Center, agricultural products. *See Centers of population, 

etc. 

- cotton production: 1859, 1879, 1906, 1910, 1912, 
1914, 1916, 1918, 1919, and 1922 363 

— farms. See Centers of population, etc. 

— manufactures. See Centers of population, etc. 



Center of population: 

January 1, 1920 

States: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, 
Plate No. 

Alabama 123 

Arizona 123 

Arkansas 123 

California 124 

Colorado 125 

Connecticut 125 

Delaware 125 

District of Columbia 125 

Florida 125 

Georgia 125 

Idaho 126 

Illinois 126 

Indiana 127 

Iowa 127 

Kansas 128 

Kentucky 128 

Louisiana 128 

Maine 128 

Maryland 128 

Massachusetts 128 

Michigan 129 

Minnesota 129 

Mississippi 130 

Missouri 130 

Montana 130 



Plate No. 
120 



and 1920— 

Nebraska 131 

Nevada 131 

New Hampshire 132 

New Jersey 132 

New Mexico 133 

New York 132 

North Carolina 133 

North Dakota 133 

Ohio 133 

Oklahoma 133 

Oregon 133 

Pennsylvania 134 

Rhode Island 134 

South Carolina 134 

South Dakota 134 

Tennessee 135 

Texas 135 

Utah 135 

Vermont 135 

Virginia 135 

Washington 136 

West Virginia 136 

Wisconsin 136 

Wyoming 136 



center of area, and median lines: 1920, and median 

point: 1880-1920 

— total, native white, foreign-born, negro, urban, and 



rural 

Centers, geographic 

Centers of population: 1790-1920, and centers of farms, 
agricultural products, and manufactures: 1850-1920- _ 

Cereals, center of: 1900-1920 

Cerebral hemorrhage and softening. See Death rates. 

Children of each sex 10 to 15 years of age, proportion of, 
engaged in gainful occupations: 1880-1920 

proportion of, engaged in gainful occupations, by 

states, arranged by geographic divisions: 1920 and 1910. 

Cities, total population of great cities at each census: 
1790-1920 - 

Cities having a population of over 30,000 and outside such 
cities for specified years, population in: 1790-1922 

Cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more in 1920, popula- 
tion of: 1920 and 1910 

Cities in the United States having a population of over 
30,000 at the middle of the fiscal year 1922, location of _ 

Cities of 100,000 inhabitants or more, per cent of total 
population born in state of residence, born in other 
states, or foreign born, for: 

1910 - 

1920 

See also Revenue receipts and payments, etc. 

(465) 



122 

121 

138 

137 
137 



225 
226 
146 
393 
143 
392 



200 
200 



466 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Plate No. 
Citizenship, foreign white men 21 years of age and over 

born in specified countries or groups of countries: 192CL 212 

foreign white persons born in specified countries or 

groups of countries: 1920 212 

foreign white women 21 years of age and over born 

in specified countries or groups of countries: 1920 212 

Coal, anthracite and bituminous: 

Annual production: 1889-1919 358 

Comparative production, by decades: 1829-1919 357 

Coal fields of the United States: 1919 355 

Color and nativity of farmer, number of farms — per cent 
distribution by, by states: 

1910 263 

1920 263 

Color or race, nativity, and parentage: 

By divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1900 143 

By states: 1920 and 1910 153 

For cities having, in 1920, 100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1920 and 1910 155 

Colored farm tenants and owners in the South, by age: 

1920 264 

Colored farmers, per cent distribution by tenure, by 

states: 1920 

per cent of all farm land operated by, by states : 

1910 

1920 

per cent of all farms operated by, by counties : 1920_ . 

per cent of farm land operated by tenants, by states: 



1920 

per cent of improved farm land operated by, by 

states : 

1910 

1920 

per cent operating rented farms, by states: 1920 

Colored farmers in the South, per cent distribution, by 
tenure: 1900-1920 

Cooperative organizations, sales and purchases by farmers 
through, 20 leading states: 1919 

Copper, and lead and zinc producing localities: 1919 

Corn production : 

Center of: 1850-1920 

In 1919 

In the United States: 1849-1919 

20 leading states: 1919 and 1909 

Cotton, area and yield of: 1893-1922__ 

domestic, exports of, by specified countries and by 

months: September, 1912, to July, 1923 

proportion of world's mill supply of, contributed by 

each country: 1922 

Cotton consumed, by months: September, 1912, to July, 
1923 — 

Cotton consumption, proportion of total, by countries 
(year ending July 31, 1923) 

Cotton ginned, by counties, 1922 — 

Plate No. 

Alabama 364 

Arkansas 365 

Florida 366 

Georgia 367 

Louisiana 366 

Mississippi 364 

'Cotton ginnings to specified dates: 1905-1922 

Cotton imports, by months: September, 1912, to Julv, 
1923 

Cotton production: 

Center of: 1850-1920 

Center of: 1859, 1879, 1906, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1916, 
1918, 1919, and 1922 



260 

266 
266 
265 

262 



North Carolina. 

Oklahoma 

South Carolina. 

Tennessee 

Texas 



267 
267 
261 

260 

271 
361 

137 
283 
281 
281 
370 

374 

362 

371 

362 

368 
365 
367 
368 
369 

370 

373 

137 

363 



Cotton production — Continued. Plate No. 

15 leading states: 1919 and 1909 282 

In 1919 286 

In specified years: 1790-1922 362 

In the United States: 1849-1919 282 

Per cent grown in each state: 1922 369 

Cotton stocks, by months: September, 1912, to July, 1923_ 372 

Cotton-producing area of the United States in 1922, and 
center of production : 1859, 1879, 1906, 1910, 1912, 
1914, 1916, 1918, 1919, and 1922 363 

Counties in which population decreased: 

1880-1920 ii 

1910-1920 ii 

Cows. See Dairy cows. 

Crops, average value per acre of, with acreage reports, by 

states: 1919 and 1909 . 280 

See also Farm crops. 

Croup. See Death rates. 

Dairy cows on farms January 1, 1920 274 

Dairy products, value of, sold by farmers in 1919 276 

Death rates, general, of the United States (registration 
area), and certain foreign countries for each of the 
years from 1900 to 1922 400 

from all causes per 1,000 population in the registra- 
tion states of 1910: 1910 and 1920 402 

from certain important causes of death in the regis- 
tration area of the United States for the years 1900 
and 1910to 1922 401 

per 100,000 population in the registration states of 

1910, from certain diseases: 1910 and 1920 — 

Acute nephritis and Bright's disease 409 

Cancer and other malignant tumors 406 

Cerebral hemorrhage and softening 407 

Diabetes 407 

Diarrhea and enteritis 409 

Diphtheria and croup 404 

Influenza 405 

Measles 403 

Organic diseases of the heart 408 

Pneumonia (all forms) 408 

Puerperal septicemia (female) 410 

Puerperal causes, all other (female) 410 

Scarlet fever 403 

Tuberculosis of the lungs 405 

Tuberculosis (all other forms) 406 

Typhoid fever 402 

Violent deaths (suicide excepted) 410 

Whooping cough 404 

Death registration area, per cent which the population 
and land area of, formed of the total population and 
land area of the United States for the years 1880, 1890, 
and 1900 to 1922, inclusive 399 

Death registration area (exclusive of Hawaii), number of 
deaths in, at all ages, under 1 year of age, and from 1 
to 4 years of age, for each of the years 1900 to 1922__ 399 

per cent of deaths in, by color, by nativity of white 

persons, and by parent nativity of the native white: 
1922 399 

per cent of deaths in, under 1 year of age, from 1 to 4 

years, and 5 years and over, for each of the years 1900 

to 1922 399 

Deaths, growth of registration area for: 1880-1922 398 

Debt, gross, at the close of the year, of the 48 states for 
specified years: 1915-1922 391 

gross, at the close of the year, of 146 cities for speci- 
fied years: 1903-1922 395 

— — gross, per capita, at the close of the year, of 146 
cities for specified years : 1903-1922 ' 395 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



467 



Plate No. 
Debt, gross, per capita, at the close of the year, of the 48 

states, for specified years: 1915-1922 391 

net, per capita, at the close of the year, of the 48 

states, for specified years: 1915-1922 391 

See also Indebtedness. 
Decrease, towns showing: 1910-1920 — 

Maine 64 

New Hampshire 65 



Vermont 

Decrease in population of counties: 1900-1920. See In- 
crease or decrease in population of counties. 
Decrease in population, per cent of: 1910-1920 — 

Hawaii 

Porto Rico 

See Increase or decrease in population. 
Decrease in total and rural population, per cent of, by 
counties: 1910-1920. See Increase or decrease in total 
and rural population. 
Denmark. See Norway, etc. 
Density of total and rural population, by counties: 1920 — 



65 



62 
63 



Plate No. 

Alabama 72 

Arizona 73 

Arkansas 74 

California 75 

Colorado 76 

Connecticut 77 

Delaware 78 

Florida 79 

Georgia 80 

Hawaii 119 

Idaho 81 

Illinois 82 

Indiana 83 

Iowa 84 

Kansas 85 

Kentucky 86 

Louisiana 87 

Maine 88 

Maryland 89 

Massachusetts (total) 90 

Michigan 91 

Minnesota 92 

Mississippi 93 

Missouri 94 

Montana 95 

Nebraska 96 



Nevada 97 

New Hampshire 

(total) 90 

New Jersey 98 

New Mexico 99 

New York 100 

North Carolina 101 

North Dakota 102 

Ohio 103 

Oklahoma 104 

Oregon 105 

Pennsylvania 106 

Rhode Island (total) 90 

South Carolina 107 

South Dakota 108 

Tennessee 109 

Texas (rural) 111 

Texas (total) 110 

Utah 112 

Vermont 113 

Virginia 114 

Washington 115 

West Virginia 116 

Wisconsin 117 

Wyoming 118 



See also Population per square mile. 
Diabetes. See Death rates. 
Diarrhea and enteritis. See Death rates. 
Diphtheria and croup. See Death rates. 
Diseases, death rates from. See Death rates. 
Drainage enterprises, approximate location and area of, 
operating: 1920 — 

Plate No. 

Arkansas 295 

California 296 

Colorado 297 

Florida 298 

Georgia 299 

Idaho 300 

Illinois ,_ 301 

Indiana 302 

Iowa 303 

Kansas 304 

Kentucky 305 



Louisiana . 


. 306 


Michigan.. . 


_ 307 


Minnesota 


_ 308 


Mississippi 


_ 309 


Missouri 


_ 310 


Montana 


_ 311 


Nebraska _ 


_ 312 


North Carolina . . 


_ 313 


North Dakota. 


. 314 


Ohio 


. 315 


South Carolina 


u. 316 



Drainage enterprises, etc. — Continued. 



Plate No. 

South Dakota 317 

Tennessee 305 

Texas 318 

Utah 319 



Plate No. 

Washington 320 

Wisconsin 321 

Wyoming 322 



approximate location and area of, operating, in the 

United States: 1920 294 

Dwellings, number of, per square mile, by states: 

1910 220 

1920 220 

Eggs produced on farms, by states: 1919 and 1909 277 

England, Scotland, and Wales, distribution of foreign 
white stock originating in, by states: 1920 and 1910.^ 208 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 203 

English, unable to speak, foreign-born white population 10 

years of age and over: 1920 and 1910 219 

English and Celtic, distribution of foreign white stock 
having specified mother tongues, for selected states: 

1920and 1910 210 

Enteritis. See Death rates. 
Expenditures, farm. See Farm expenditures. 
Expenses, per capita net payments for principal general 
departmental, of all cities of over 30,000 inhabitants 

for specified years: 1903-1922 394 

per capita payments for principal general depart- 
mental, of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922_ 390 
per cent distribution of principal general depart- 
mental, of all cities of over 30,000 inhabitants for 

specified years: 1903-1922 395 

per cent distribution of principal general depart- 
mental, of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922_ 391 
Exports of domestic cotton, by specified countries and by 

months: September, 1912, to July, 1923 374 

Families, number of, per square mile, by states: 

1910 221 

1920 221 

Farm crops, average value of all, per farm, by states: 

1919 and 1909 280 

value of all, by states: 

1909 279 

1919 and 1909 279 

See also Crops. 

Farm expenditures, for feed, by states: 1919 and 1909 270 

- for fertilizer, 36 leading states: 1919 and 1909 270 

-for labor, by states: 1919 and 1909 270 

Farm implements and machinery, value of, per acre of 

improved land in farms, by states: 1920 253 

Farm land, all, per cent distribution by race and nativity 

of farmer, by states: 1920 264 

all, per cent distribution by tenure, by states: 

1910 255 

1920 255 

average acreage of all, per farm, by states: 

1910 243 

1920 243 

average acreage of improved, per farm, by states: 

1920 244 

colored farmers, per cent of, operated by tenants, by 

states: 1920 262 

per cent of all, operated by colored farmers, by states : 

1910 266 

1920 266 

per cent of all, operated by tenants, by states: 

1910 258 

1920 258 

per cent of improved, operated by tenants, by states: 

1910 _' 259 

1920 259 



468 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Plate No. 
Farm land, white farmers, per cent of, operated by ten- 
ants, by states: 1920 262 

See also Land in farms, Improved land in farms, and 
Unimproved land in farms. 
Farm land and buildings, average value of, per acre : 1850- 

1920 247 

— value of, per acre, by counties: 1920 248 

Farm property, average value of, per farm, and per cent 
represented by land, for owners and tenants in selected 

states: 1920 290 

per cent of increase in value of all, by states: 

1850-1860 249 

1860-1870 249 

1870-1880 250 

1880-1890 250 

1890-1900 251 

1900-1910 251 

1910-1920 252 

■ per cent of total value of, represented by each class, 



for owners and tenants, in the North, South, and West: 
1920 

per cent of value of all, represented by each class of 



292 



property, by states: 

1910 247 

1920 . 247 

— value of, by classes: 1850-1920 247 



Farm tenants and owners, by age : 1920 — 
In the South — 

Colored 264 

White 264 

In the United States 264 

Farm values, center of: 1850-1920 137 

Farmers, sales and purchases by, through cooperative 

organizations, 20 leading states: 1919 271 

Farms, average size of, by states: 

1900and 1890 246 

1920and 1910 246 

centerof: 1850-1920 137 

mortgaged, ratio of mortgage debt to value of, by 

states: 1920 268 

number of: 

January 1, 1920 240 

- in the United States: 1850-1920 241 

operated by tenants, January 1 , 1920 256 

per cent distribution by race and nativity of farmer, 

by states — 

1910 263 

1920 263 

Per cent distribution by tenure, by states — 

1910 254 

1920 254 

operated by tenants, per cent of: 

By counties — 

1880 289 

1920 . 257 

1920 289 

By geographic divisions: 1880-1920 287 

owner-operated, mortgage debt on, by states: 1920 

and 1910 269 

See also Mortgage debt. 

per cent distribution of, in the United States, by 

tenure: 1880-1920 260 

per cent distribution of owner-operated, according 

to mortgage status, by states: 1920 268 

■ per cent distribution of owner-operated, in the 

United States, according to mortgage status: 1890-1920 268 



Plate No. 
Farms, per cent of all, operated by colored farmers, by 

counties: 1920 265 

per cent of all, reporting telephones, by states : 

1920 271 

per cent of total land area in, by states: 1920 242 

relative proportion of improved and unimproved 

land area in, to the total land area of the United States: 
1850-1920 239 

value of live stock per acre of all land in, by states: 

1920 253 

■ rented, per cent farmers operating, by states: 1920 — 

Colored 261 

White 261 

Farms and farm acreage, per cent distribution of, by ten- 
ure, for the North, South, and West : 1920 292 

Feed, farm expenditures for, by states: 1919andl909 270 

Females, ratio of males to, in total population, by states: 

1910 189 

1920 189 

— ■ 10 to 13 years of age engaged in gainful occupations, 
proportion of, by states: 

1910 232 

1920 232 

14 and 15 years of age engaged in gainful occupations, 

proportion of, by states: 

1910 233 

1920 233 

Females and males. See Males and females, etc. 
Fertilizer, farm expenditures for, 36 leading states: 1919 

and 1909 270 

Foreign white men 21 years of age and over, born in 

specified countries or groups of countries, citizenship of: 

1920 212 

Foreign white persons, born in specified countries or 

groups of countries, citizenship of : 1920 212 

Foreign white stock, by linguistic groups, elements of: 

1920 and 1910 209 

by principal countries of origin: 

1910 205 

1920 205 

by principal mother tongues: 1920andl910 209 

per cent distribution of, by principal countries of 

origin: 1920, 1910, and 1900 206 

Foreign white stock having specified mother tongues, dis- 
tribution of, for selected states: 1920 and 1910 — 

English and Celtic 210 

French 210 

German 211 

Italian 211 

Norwegian 210 

Polish 211 

Swedish 211 

Yiddish and Hebrew 210 

Foreign white stock originating in selected countries and 
groups of countries, distribution of, by states: 1920 and 
1910— 

Austria and Hungary 207 

Canada and Newfoundland 208 

England, Scotland, and Wales 208 

Germany 207 

Ireland." 208 

Italy . 207 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 207 

Russia 208 

Foreign white women 21 years of age and over born in 
specified countries or groups of countries, citizenship of: 
1920 212 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



469 



Plate No. 
Foreign-born population, by principal countries of birth: 

1920 and 1910 201 

by states: 1920andl910 154 

center of: 1880-1920 121 

distribution of natives of principal foreign countries 

and groups of countries, by states: 1920 — 

Canada and Newfoundland 202 

England, Scotland, and Wales 203 

Germany 203 

Ireland 203 

Italy 203 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 202 

Poland 202 

Russia 202 

distribution of total population of each state, as 



born in state of residence, in other states, or foreign born : 

1910 199 

1920 199 

in 1920, distributed as arriving in the United States 

before or after 1911 204 

- of the United States, by country of birth: 1920 201 

per cent of total population born in state of residence, 



born in other states, or foreign born, for cities having 
100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1910 

1920 

Foreign-born white, distribution by age periods and sex 

for: 1920 

per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 

1910 

1920 

1920 and 1910 218 

per cent in total jjopulation, by counties: 1920 — 



200 
200 

191 



21G 
216 



Plate No. 

Arizona 169 

California 170 

Colorado 166 

Connecticut 158 

Idaho 170 

Illinois 161 

Indiana 161 

Iowa 163 

Kansas 163 

Maine 156 

Massachusetts 156 

Michigan 162 

Minnesota 164 

Missouri 164 

Montana 167 

Nebraska 166 



Nevada 168 

New Hampshire 157 

New Jersey 159 

New Mexico 169 

New York 159 

North Dakota 165 

Ohio 160 

Oregon 171 

Pennsylvania 160 

Rhode Island... 158 

South Dakota 165 

Utah 168 

Vermont 157 

Washington 171 

Wisconsin 162 

Wyoming 167 



Foreign-born white, per cent in total population, by states: 

1910. 150 

1920 150 

states showing increase in: 1910-1920 148 

Foreign-born white and native white of foreign or mixed 
parentage combined, per cent in total population, by 
states : 

1910 151 

1920 151 

Foreign-born white farmers in the United States, by 

country of birth: 1920 and 1910 264 

Foreign-born white population, per cent naturalized, by 

country of birth: 1920 212 

10 years of age and over unable to speak English: 

1920and 1910 219 

French, distribution of foreign white stock having speci- 
fied mother tongue, for selected states: 1920 and 1910_ 210 



Plate No. 

Geographic centers 138 

Geographic divisions: 1920 2 

German, distribution of foreign white stock having speci- 
fied mother tongue, for selected states: 1920 and 1910_ 211 
Germany, distribution of foreign white stock originating 

in, by states: 1920 and 1910 207 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 203 

Gold and silver producing localities: 1919 360 

Governmental-cost payments. See Payments, govern- 
mental cost, and Revenue receipts. 
Hawaii, per cent of Hawaiians and part-Hawaiians in 

total population of, by counties: 1920 188 

per cent of increase or decrease in population, by 

counties: 1910-1920 62 

Hawaiians and part-Hawaiians. See Hawaii 
Heart, organic diseases of. See Death rates. 
Hebrew. See Yiddish, etc. 

Homes, per cent of , owned free, owned encumbered, and 
rented, in total number of homes, by states: 1920 and 

1910 222 

per cent of, owned mortgaged, owned free, and 

rented, for cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1920 377 

Homes not on farms: 

Per cent owned mortgaged, owned free, and rented — 

By geographic divisions: 1890-1920 375 

By states: 1890-1920 376 

Per cent rented, and owned, by sections and geo- 
graphic divisions: 1890-1920 375 

Homes not on farms owned: 

Per cent free, and mortgaged, by sections and geo- 
graphic divisions: 1890-1920 378 

Per cent mortgaged — 

1890 379 

1920 379 

By states: 1920 and 1890 378 

Homes not on farms owned mortgaged: 

Average annual interest charge per home — 

By geographic divisions: 1920 and 1890 386 

By states: 1920 and 1890 387 

Average annual rate of interest — 

By geographic divisions : 1920 and 1890 386 

By states: 1920 and 1890 i 387 

Average value and average mortgage debt per home — 
By sections and geographic divisions: 1920 and 

1890 381 

By states: 1920 and 1890 382 

Per cent of total number and total mortgage debt 
bearing specified rates of interest, for the United 

States: 1920 and 1890 385 

Per cent of total number and total value in each value 

class, for the United States: 1920 and 1890 389 

Ratio of debt to value — 

1890 384 

1920 384 

Ratio (per cent) of mortgage debt to value, by states: 

1920 and 1890 377 

Value and mortgage debt, by geographic divisions: 

1920 and 1890 . . . 381 

Homes owned, per cent mortgaged for cities having 100,- 

000 inhabitants or more: 1920 380 

Homes owned mortgaged: 

Average annual interest charge per home for — 

Cities having, in 1890, 100,000 inhabitants or 

more: 1920 and 1890 389 

Cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1920 388 



470 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Homes owned mortgaged — Continued. Plate No. 

Average annual rate of interest for cities having 100,- 

000 inhabitants or more: 1920 388 

Average value and average mortgage debt per home 
for — 

Cities having, in 1890, 100,000 inhabitants or 

more: 1920 and 1890 383 

Cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1920 382 

Ratio (per cent) of mortgage debt to value for — 

Cities having, in 1890, 100,000 inhabitants or 

more: 1920 and 1890 385 

Cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 

1920 380 

Hungary. See Austria, etc. 

Illiterates, per cent in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 1910 and 1920 214-218 

See also Population. 
Implements. See Farm implements and machinery. 

Improved acreage, center of: 1900-1920 137 

Improved and unimproved land in farms, and land not in 

farms, by states: 1920 and 1910 241 

■ and land not in farms in the United States: 1850- 

1920 241 

Improved farm land, per cent of, operated by colored 
farmers, by states: 

1910 267 

1920 267 

Improved land, average acreage of, per farm, by states: 

1920 244 

Improved land in farms, January 1, 1920 245 

per cent of, operated by tenants, owners, and man- 
agers, for selected states: 1920 288 

proportion to total land area: 1910 244 

relative proportion of improved and unimproved land 

area in farms to the total land area of the United States : 

1850-1920 239 

Increase, per cent of, in population and agriculture: 1910- 

1920 242 

■ per cent of, in the total population of the United 

States and each geographic division: 1910-1920 and 

1900-1910 9 

Increase in population, by geographic divisions: 1910-1920 9 

■ per cent of, 1910-1920, and in manufactures, 1909- 

1919 350 

Increase in population of territory, rural in 1910, per cent 

of, by states: 1900-1910 145 

rural in 1920, per cent of, by states: 1910-1920 145 

■ urban in 1910, per cent of, by states: 1900-1910. .. 144 

■ urban in 1920, per cent of , by states: 1910-1920. __ 144 

Increase in total population, by states, per cent of: 1910- 

1920 and 1900-1910 12 

■ comparison of rate of, with rate of change of immi- 

Cration: 1850-1920 10 

■ distribution of the per cent of, by geographic divi- 
sions: 1910-1920 and 1900-1910 9 

Increase in total, total white, and negro population, per 

cent of: 1790-1920, and in native white: 1850-1920___ 139 
Increase in value of all farm property, per cent of, by 

states: 1850-1920 249-252 

Increase or decrease in population of counties: 1900-1920 — 
Plate No. 

Missouri 66 

Nevada 66 

New Hampshire 67 

Vermont 67 



Delaware _ 
Iowa_ 


67 
66 


Maine 


67 


Mississippi 


66 



Plate No. 
Increase or decrease in total population, per cent of, by 
states : 

1880-1890 8 

1890-1900 8 

1900-1910 7 

1910-1920 7 

Increase or decrease in population of Hawaii, by counties, 

percentof: 1910-1920 62 

Increase or decrease in population of Porto Rico, by 

municipalities, per cent of : 1910-1920 63 

Increase or decrease in total and rural population, per 
cent of, by counties: 1910-1920 — 
Plate No. 



Increase or decrease in total population, per cent of, by 
counties : 

1900-1910 

1910-1920 



Alabama 13 

Arizona 14 

Arkansas 15 

California 16 

Colorado 17 

Connecticut 18 

Delaware 19 

District of Columbia 20 

Florida 21 

Georgia 22 

Idaho 23 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 25 

Iowa 26 

Kansas 27 

Kentucky 28 

Louisiana 29 

Maine 30 

Maryland 31 

Massachusetts 32 

Michigan 33 

Minnesota 34 

Mississippi 35 

Missouri 36 

Montana 37 



Nebraska 38 

Nevada 39 

New Hampshire 32 

New Jersey 40 

New Mexico 41 

New York 42 

North Carolina 43 

North Dakota 44 

Ohio 45 

Oklahoma 46 

Oregon 47 

Pennsylvania 48 

Rhode Island 32 

South Carolina 49 

South Dakota 50 

Tennessee 51 

Texas (rural) 53 

Texas (total) 52 

Utah 54 

Vermont 55 

Virginia 56 

Washington 57 

West Virginia 58 

Wisconsin 59 

Wyoming 60 



Indebtedness, net, per capita, at the close of the year, 

of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922 395 

See also Debt. 
Indian population of the United States, distribution of, 
by states: 

1910 185 

1920 185 

Indians, Alaska, number and distribution of, by linguis- 
tic stock: 

1920 186 

per cent of, in total population of Alaska, by judicial 

districts: 1920 187 

Industries, manufacturing, leading, value of products for: 

1919and 1914 347 

manufacturing, value of products for groups of: 

1919, 1914, and 1909 346 

Infant mortality, by country of birth of mother, in the 

registration area: 1922 411-412 

Influenza. See Death rates. 

Interstate migration, distribution of population born in 
each state as living in state of birth or in other states: 

1910 198 

1920 198 

net gain or loss through: 

1910 197 

1920 197 

of native population: 

1910 '— 196 

1920 196 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



471 



Plate No. 
Interstate migration, per cent which population born in 
each state and living in other states formed of total 
born in each state: 

1910 194 

1920 . 194 

— — per cent which population born in other states 
formed of total native population living in each state: 

1910 195 

1920 195 

states having gained or lost through: 1920 200 

See also Migration. 
Ireland, distribution of foreign white stock originating 

in, by states: 1920 and 1910 208 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 203 

Iron ore, production of: 

By principal states: 1879-1919 359 



Per cent of production , by states: 1919 

Principal producing localities: 1919 

United States and principal producing regions: 1879- 

1920 

Irrigated areas, approximate location and extent of, in 

the United States: 1920 

Irrigated land, approximate location and extent of: 

1920— 

Plate No. 

Arizona 324 

Arkansas 325 

California 326 

Colorado 327 

Idaho 328 

Kansas 329 

Louisiana 330 

Montana 331 

Nebraska 332 



359 
357 

358 

323 



Nevada 333 

New Mexico 334 

North Dakota 335 

Oregon 336 

South Dakota 337 

Texas 338 

Utah 339 

Washington 340 

Wyoming 341 



Italian, distribution of foreign white stock having speci- 
fied mother tongue, for selected states: 1920 and 1910 211 
Italy, distribution of foreign white stock originating in, 

by states: 1920 and 1910 207 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 203 

Labor, farm expenditures for, by states: 1919 and 1909_ 270 
Land area and population of the registration area, per 
cent which the, formed of the total population and land 
area of the United States for the years 1880, 1890, and 

1900 to 1922, inclusive 399 

Land area in farms, per cent of 8 total, by states: 1920 242 

relative proportion of improved and unimproved to 

the total land area of the U. S.: 1850-1920 239 

Land in farms, improved, January 1, 1920 245 

proportion of improved, to total land area: 1910 244 

Land in farms, improved and unimproved and land not 
in farms: 

By states: 1920 and 1910 241 

In the United States: 1850-1920 241 

Lead and zinc, and copper producing localities: 1919 361 

Linguistic groups, elements of foreign white stock by: 

1920 and 1910 209 

Live stock, per cent distribution of value of, by classes, 
and average value per farm, for owners and tenants, 

in selected states: 1920 291 

value of, per acre of all land in farms, by states: 1920 253 

Machinery. See Farm implements and machinery. 
Males, 10 to 13 years of age engaged in gainful occupa- 
tions, proportion of, by states: 

1910 230 

1920 230 



Plate No. 
Males, 14 and 15 years of age engaged in gainful occupa- 
tions, proportion of, by states: 

1910 1 231 

1920 231 

ratio to females in total population, by states: 

1910 189 

1920 189 

See also Men. 
Males and females, of. each specified age group engaged 

in gainful occupations, proportion of: 1920 238 

10 years of age and over engaged in certain gain- 
ful occupations, proportion of : 1 920 234 

10 years of age and over engaged in each general 

division of gainful occupations, proportion of: 1920__ 238 

proportion that males and females 10 years of age and 

over engaged in gainful occupations formed of the total 
population 10 years of age and over occupied, by states: 

1920 and 1910 225 

proportion that males and females 10 years of age 

and over with gainful occupations formed of all males 
and females 10 years of age and over: 1920 and 1910__ 224 
Managers, tenants, and owners, per cent of improved land 

in farms operated by, for selected states: 1920 288 

Manufacture, value added by, by states: 1919 and 1914_ 344 

Manufactured products, value of , by states : 1919 350 

value of all, and proportional value for each geo- 
graphic division: 1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, and 1899 342 

value of all, and proportional value for each group: 

1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, and 1899 345 

Manufactures, center of : 1850-1920 137 

per cent of increase in, 1909-1919, and in popula- 
tion, 1910-1920 350 

Manufacturing industries, value of products, by states: 
1919 and 1914 343 

value of products for groups of: 1919, 1914, and 1909- 346 

Marital condition of population 15 years of age and over, 
by sex and age periods, for principal population classes: 
1920 193 

Measles. See Death rates. 

Median lines, center of population, and center of area: 

1920, and median point: 1880-1920 122 

Median point. See Median lines, etc. 

Men, foreign white, 21 years of age and over, born in 
specified countries or groups of countries, citizenship 

of: 1920 212 

See also Males, etc. 
Migration of native population from and to each state: 

1910 196 

1920. 196 

See also Interstate migration, etc. 
Mining industries, per cent distribution of value of 
products: 

By geographic divisions: 1919 351 

By industries: 1919 352 

value of products : 

By states — 

1919 352 

1919, 1909, and 1902 351 

Leading industries — 
By states — 

1909 354 

1919 353 

1919, 1909, and 1902 352 

Mortgage debt, on owner-operated farms, by states: 1920 
and 1910 269 



472 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Plate No. 
Mortgage debt, ratio of, to value of mortgaged farms, by 

states: 1920 268 

Mortgaged farms, ratio of mortgage debt to value of, by 

states: 1920 268 

Mortgaged homes. See Homes, etc. 

Mother tongues, principal, foreign white stock by: 1920 

and 1910 209 

— specified, distribution of foreign white stock having, 

for selected states: 1920 and 1910 210-211 

See aho Foreign white stock, etc. 
Municipalities. »See Cities, etc. 

Native population, per cent which population born in 
other states formed of total native population living in 
each state: 

1910 195 

1920 195 

Native white, distribution by age periods and sex for cer- 
tain principal population classes: 1920 192 

Native white of foreign parentage, distribution by age 
periods and sex for certain principal population classes: 

1920 192 

Native white of foreign or mixed parentage, per cent in 
total population, by states: 

1910 149 

1920 149 

Native white of foreign or mixed parentage and foreign- 
born white combined, per cent in total population, by 
states : 

1910 151 

1920 151 

Native white of mixed parentage, distribution by age 
periods and sex for certain principal population classes: 

1920 192 

Native white of native parentage, distribution by age 
periods and sex for certain principal population classes : 

1920 192 

per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 

over, by states: 

1910 215 

1920 215 

1920and 1910 218 

per cent in total population, by states : 1920 148 

per cent in white population, by states: 

1910 147 

1920 147 

Native white persons of native parentage 10 years of age 
and over, per cent distribution of, engaged in gainful 

occupations: 1920 223 

Native white population, center of: 1920 121 

Nativity. See Color or race, etc. 
Natural gas fields. See Petroleum, etc. 

Negro population, by states: 1920 and 1910 154 

-center of: 1790 and 1880-1920 121 

cities of 10,000 inhabitants or more in 1920, having 

50 per cent or more of their population negro in either 

1910 or 1920 174 

counties in Southern states having at least 50 per 

cent of their population negro: 

1860 173 

1880 173 

1900 173 

1920 173 

for 1920 and 1910, in cities having 100,000 inhabit- 
ants or more and at least 10,000 negroes in 1920 174 

states in which increase was more than 1,000 and 

was at a higher rate than increase in total population : 
1910-1920 174 



Plate No. 

Negroes, distribution by age periods and sex: 1920 191 

— ■ — per cent black and mulatto in total population of 
Porto Rico, by municipalities: 1920 1X4 

per cent in total population, by counties: 1920 — 



Plate No. 

Alabama 180 

Arkansas 182 

Delaware 175 

DistrictofColumbia. 175 

Florida-.. 179 

Georgia 178 

Kentucky 181 

Louisiana 179 

Maryland 176 



Mississippi 180 

North Carolina 176 

Oklahoma 182 

South Carolina 178 

Tennessee 181 

Texas 183 

Virginia 177 

West Virginia 177 



- per cent illiterate in population 10 years of age and 
over, by states: 

1910 217 

1920 217 

1920 and 1910 218 

— per cent in total population, by states: 

1910 172 

1920 172 

Newfoundland. See Canada, etc. 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, distribution of foreign 

white stock originating in, by states: 1920 and 1910 207 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 202 

Norwegian, distribution of foreign white stock having spec- 
ified mother tongue, by selected states: 1920 and 1910. 210 

Number of farms, center of: 1850-1920 137 

Oats production: 

Center of : 1850-1920 137 

15 leading states: 1919 and 1909 281 

In 1919 285 

In the United States: 1849-1919 2S1 

Occupations, gainful, per cent distribution, by marital 
condition, of the gainfully occupied women 15 years of 

age and over, by states: 1920 229 

per cent distribution of native white persons of native 

parentage 10 years of age and over engaged in: 1920__ 223 

— proportion of children of each sex 10 to 15 years of 

age engaged in: 1880-1920 225 

proportion of children of each sex 10 to 15 years of 

age engaged in, by states, arranged by geographic divi- 
sions: 1920 and 1910 226 

proportion of each principal class of population 10 

years of age and over, both sexes, males, and females, 

engaged in: 1920 1 238 

proportion of females 10 to 13 years of age engaged 



in, by states : 

1910 

1920 . 

proportion of females 14 and 15 years of age engaged 

in, by states: 

1910 . 

1920 

— proportion of males 10 to 13 years of age engaged 
in, by states: 

1910 

1920 

■ proportion of males 14 and 15 years of age en- 
gaged in, by states: 

1910 231 

1920 231 

proportion of males and females of each specified 

age group engaged in: 1920 238 

proportion of males and females 10 years of age and 

over engaged in certain: 1920 , 234 



232 
232 



233 
233 



230 
230 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



473 



Plate No. 
Occupations, gainful, proportion of males and females 10 
years of age and over engaged in each general division 
of: 1920 238 

— proportion of married and of single, widowed, 
divorced, and unknown women among gainfully oc- 
cupied women 15 years of age and over: 1890-1920 227 

proportion of married and of single, widowed, 

divorced, and unknown women among women 15 years 

of age and over in each general division of : 1920 227 

proportion of married and of single, widowed, 

divorced, and unknown women 15 years of age and 
over in each principal class of the population engaged 
in: 1920 227 

— proportion of married women 15 years of age and 
over engaged in, by states: 1920 and 1910 228 

— proportion of population 10 years of age and over 
engaged in, by states: 1920, 1910, and 1900 223 

— proportion of population 10 years of age and over 
engaged in each general division of, classified as in- 
dustrial and nonindustrial, by geographic divisions: 
1920 235-236 

proportion of population 10 years of age and over, 

in each state, engaged in each general division of. 

1920 237 

proportion of women 15 years of age and over in each 

specified age period and marital class engaged in : 1920_ . 227 
proportion of women 15 years of age and over in 

each specified marital class engaged in : 1890-1920 227 

— proportion that males and females 10 years of age 
and over engaged in, formed of the total population 10 
years of age and over occupied, by states: 1920 and 
1910 225 

proportion that males and females 10 years of age and 

over with, formed of all males and females 10 years of 
ageandover: 1920andl910 224 

- proportion which gainful workers of both sexes, in 
each specified age group, constituted of all gainful 
workers, and the proportion which males and females of 
each age group formed of total male and female workers : 
1920 238 

Owned homes. See Homes, etc. 

Owner-operated farms, mortgage debt on, by states: 1920 
and 1910 269 

- per cent distribution of, according to mortgage 
status, by states : 1920 268 

per cent distribution of, in the United States, accord- 
ing to mortgage status: 1890-1920 268 

Owners, tenants, and managers, per cent of improved land 

in farms operated by, for selected states: 1920 288 

Owners and farm tenants, in the United States, by age: 

1920 264 

colored, in the South, by age: 1920 264 

white, in the South, by age: 1920 264 

Owners and tenants, average value of farm property per 
farm, and per cent represented by land for, in selected 
states : 1920 290 

number and per cent of, by age, for the North, 

South, and West: 1920 290 

— percent distribution of value of live stock, by classes, 

and average value per farm for, in selected states: 1920, _ 291 

— per cent of total value of farm property represented 

by each class for, in the North, South, and West : 1920_ _ 292 
Parentage. See Color or race, nativity, and parentage, 

etc. 
Payments, governmental-cost, and revenue receipts of the 

48 states for specified years: 1915-1922 390 



Plate No. 

Payments, governmental-cost, net, and net revenue re- 
ceipts of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922 393 

governmental-cost, net, per cent distribution of, of 

146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922 394 

governmental-cost, per cent distribution of, of the 48 

states, for specified years: 1915-1922 390 

per capita, for principal general departmental ex- 
penses of the 48 states, for specified years : 1915-1922 __ 390 

per capita, for principal general departmental outlays, 

of all cities of over 30,000 inhabitants for specified years: 
1903-1922 395 

per capita, for specified general departmental outlays, 

of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922 391 

per capita, governmental-cost, of the 48 states for 

specified years : 1915-1922 390 

per capita, net, for governmental-costs, by principal 

classes, of 146 cities for specified years: 1903-1922 393 

See also Expenses. 
Petroleum and natural gas, principal fields of the United 

States: 1919 356 

Pigs raised on farms, by states: 1919 278 

Pneumonia. See Death rates. 

Poland, distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 202 

Polish, distribution of foreign white stock having specified 

mother tongue, for selected states: 1920 and 1910 211 

Population, Alaska, by judicial districts: 1920 61 

Population, born in each state and living in other states, 
per cent which, formed of total born in each state: 

1910 194 

1920 194 

born in other states, per cent which, formed of total 

native population living in each state: 

1910 195 

1920 195 

Population, center of: 

January 1, 1920 120 

Center of area and median lines: 1920, and median 

point: 1880-1920 122 

Each state: 1880-1920. See Center of population of 

each state. 
Total, native white, foreign-born, negro, urban, and 
rural 121 

centers of : 1790-1920 137 

comparison of rate of increase in total, with rate of 

change of immigration : 1850-1920 10 

counties in which, decreased: 

1880-1920 11 

1910-1920 11 

decrease. See Increase or decrease. 

density of, by counties: 1920. See Density of total 

and rural population. 

distribution of, born in each state as living in state of 

birth or in other states: 

1910 198 

1920 198 

distribution of, of each state as born in state of resi- 
dence, in other states, or foreign born: 

1910 199 

1920 199 

distribution of the per cent of increase in total, by 

geographic divisions: 1910-1920 and 1900-1910 9 

growth of, in area enumerated in 1790, with growth in 

remainder of country: 1790-1920 10 

Hawaii, per cent of increase or decrease of, by coun- 
ties: 

1910-1920 62 



474 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Plate No. 
Population, illiterate, per cent in population 10 years of 
age and over, by states: 
All classes — 

1910 214 

1920 214 

1920ancl 1910 218 

Foreign-born white — 

1910 216 

1920 216 

1920and 1910 218 

Native white of native parents — 

1910 215 

1920 215 

1920 and 1910 218 

Negro — 

1910 217 

1920 217 

1920 and 1910 218 

increase in, by geographic divisions: 1910-1920 9 

See also Increase. 

increase or decrease in, per cent of, by counties: 1910- 

1920. See Increase or decrease in total and rural popu- 
lation. 

increase or decrease of counties: 1900-1920. See 

Increase or decrease in population of counties. 

per cent attending school in total, and in certain 

classes at each year of age: 

6-20, inclusive: 1910 213 

7-20, inclusive: 1920 213 

per cent of increase in, and agriculture : 1910-1920- _ 242 

per cent of increase in, 1910-1920, and in manu- 
factures, 1909-1919 350 

per cent which the population and land area of the 

registration area formed of the total population and land 
area of the United States for the years 1880, 1890, and 
1900 to 1922, inclusive 399 

Porto Rico, per cent of increase or decrease in, by 

municipalities: 1910-1920 63 

rural. See Rural population, and rural territory. 

rural territory in 1910, per cent of increase in, by 

states: 1900-1910 145 

rural territory in 1920, per cent of increase in, by 

states: 1910-1920 145 

■ 10 years of age and over, proportion engaged in each 

general division of gainful occupations, classified as in- 
dustrial and nonindustrial, by geographic divisions: 
1920 235-236 

10 years of age and over, proportion engaged in gain- 
ful occupations, by states: 1920, 1910, and 1900 223 

10 years of age and over, proportion in each state, 

engaged in each general division of gainful occupations: 

1920 237 

10 years of age and over, proportion of each principal 

class, both sexes, males, and females, engaged in gainful 

occupations: 1920 238 

Population, total: 

By geographic divisions: 1920 and 1910 9 

By states: 1920 and 1910 12 

Center of: 1790-1920 121 

Distribution by age periods and sex for certain prin- 
cipal population classes: 1920 191 

Distribution by classes: 1850-1920 152 

Population in cities having a population of over 30,000, 
and outside such cities, for specified years: 1790- 

1922 393 

in places of 8,000 inhabitants or more at each census: 

1790-1920 143 



Plate No. 
Population of cities having, in 1920, 100,000 inhabitants 

or more: 1920 and 1910 143 

Population per square mile: 

1790-1920 139 

By counties — 

1910 69 

1920 68 

By states — 

1890 71 

1900 71 

1910 70 

1920 70 

1920and 1910 139 

Population, total, increase or decrease in, per cent of: 
By counties — 

1900-1910 6 

1910-1920 5 

By states — 

1880-1890 8 

1890-1900 8 

1900-1910 7 

1910-1920 7 

total, of great cities at each census: 1790-1920 146 

total, per cent of, in cities having a population of over 

30,000 and per cent outside such cities for specified 

years: 1790-1920 393 

total, per cent of, born in state of residence, born in 

other states, or foreign born, for cities having 100,000 
inhabitants or more: 

1910 200 

1920 200 

total, per cent of increase, of the United States, and 

each geographic division: 1910-1920, and 1900-1910__ 9 

total, per cent of increase in, by states: 1910-1920, 

and 1900-1910 12 

total, total white, and negro, per cent of increase in : 

1790-1920, and per cent of increase in native white: 

1850-1920 139 

total 10 years of age and over occupied, proportion 

that males and females 10 years of age and over engaged 
in gainful occupations formed of the, by states: 1920 

and 1910 225 

total white, distribution by age periods and sex for 

total population and for certain principal population 

classes: 1920 191 

urban. See Urban population. 

urban and rural: 1880-1920 143 

urban territory in 1910, per cent of increase in, by 

states: 1900-1910 144 

urban territory in 1920, per cent of increase in, by 

states: 1910-1920 144 

Porto Rico, per cent of increase or decrease in population, 

by municipalities: 1910-1920 63 

Potatoes, production of, 20 leading states: 1919 and 1909_ 282 

See also Sweet potatoes. 
Puerperal causes and Puerperal septicemia. See Death 

rates. 
Race. See Color or race, nativity, and parentage. 
Race and nativity of farmer, all farm land, per cent dis- 
tribution by, by states: 1920 264 

number of farms, per cent distribution b}', by states : 

1910 263 

1920 263 

Registration area for births, annual birth rates per 1,000 

population, by months: 1918-1922 396 

births by color, and for white children by parent 

nativity in: 1922 l 396 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



475 



Plate No. 
Registration area for births, births of white children of 
known parentage having at least one parent foreign 
born in: 1922 396 

growth of: 1915-1922 397 

Registration area for deaths, death rates from certain 

important causes, for the years 1900 and 1910 to 1922. _ 401 

— general death rates of the United States, and certain 
foreign countries for each of the years from 1900 to 1922. 400 

growth of: 1880-1922 398 

Registration area for deaths, number of deaths in (exclu- 
sive of Hawaii) , at all ages, under 1 year of age, and from 
1 to 4 years of age, for each of the years 1900 to 1922__ 399 

— per cent of deaths in (exclusive of Hawaii), by color, 
by nativity of white persons, and by parent nativity of 

the native white: 1922 399 

— per cent of deaths in (exclusive of Hawaii), under 
1 year of age, from 1 to 4 years, and 5 years and over, 

for each of the years 1900 to 1922 399 

— per cent which the population and land area of, 
formed of the total population and land area of the 
United States for the years 1880, 1890, and 1900 to 1922, 
inclusive 399 

Registration states. See Death rates, etc. 

Revenue receipts, net, from the several sources of revenue, 
per cent distribution, of 146 cities for specified years: 
1903-1922 394 

net, and net governmental-cost payments of 146 

cities for specified 3'ears: 1903-1922 393 

per capita, by principal classes, of the 48 states for 

specified years: 1915-1922 390 

— per capita, net, by principal classes, of 146 cities for 
specified years: 1903-1922 394 

and governmental-cost payments of the 48 states for 

specified years: 1915-1922 390 

from the several sources of revenue, per cent distri- 
bution of, of the 48 states for specified years: 1915-1922 390 

Rural population, center of : 1910 and 1920 121 

density of total and rural, by counties: 1920. 

See Density of total and rural population. 

per cent of increase or decrease, by counties: 1910- 

1920. 

See Increase or decrease in total and rural population. 

per square mile, by counties: 

1910 4 

1920 3 

urban and: 1880-1920 143 

Rural territory, in 1910, per cent of increase in popula- 
tion of , by states : 1900-1910 145 

■ in 1920, per cent of increase in population of, by 

states: 1910-1920 145 

Russia, distribution of foreign white stock originating in, 

by states: 1920 and 1910 208 

distribution of natives of, by states: 1920 202 

Rye, production of, 10 leading states: 1919 and 1909. __ 282 
Scarlet fever. See Death rates. 

School attendance, per cent in total population and in 
certain classes at each year of age : 

6-20, inclusive: 1910 213 

7-20, inclusive: 1920 213 

Scotland. See England, etc. 

Sex. See Age and sex and Age periods and sex. 

Silver and gold producing localities: 1919 360 

Sinking fund assets, per capita, at the close of the year, 
for specified years: 

Cities (146): 1903-1922 395 

States (48): 1915-1922 391 



Plate No. 
Sweden. See Norway, etc. 

Swedish, distribution of foreign white stock having speci- 
fied mother tongue, for selected states: 1920 and 1910_ 211 
Sweet potatoes, production of, 15 leading states: 1919 and 

1909 282 

See also Potatoes. 

Swine on farms, January 1, 1920 275 

Telephones, per cent of all farms reporting, by states: 

1920 271 

Tenancy, per cent of, in each age group: 

Selected states: 1920 287 

The North, South, and West: 1890-1920 291 

relation between quality of soil and per cent of : 

Monroe, Northampton, Lehigh, and Carbon Counties, 

Pennsylvania 288 

Tenants, labor income, return on landlord's investment, 

in relation to, Yazoo-Mississippi Delta: 1913 293 

number of farms operated by: January 1, 1920 256 

per cent of, in each labor-income group, Yazoo- 
Mississippi Delta: 1913 293 

per cent of all farm land operated by, by states: 

1910 258 

1920 258 

per cent of farms operated by: 

By counties — 

1880 289 

1920 257 

1920 289 

By geographic divisions: 1880-1920 287 

per cent of improved farm land operated by, by 

states : 

1910 259 

1920 259 

Tenants, owners, and managers, per cent of improved 

land in farms operated by, for selected states: 1920 288 

Tenants and owners, average value of farm property per 
farm, and per cent represented by land, for, in selected 

states: 1920 290 

number and per cent of, by age, for the North, 

South, and West: 1920 290 

per cent distribution of value of live stock, by classes, 

and average value per farm, for, in selected states : 1920_ 291 

per cent of total value of farm property represented 

by each class, for, in the North, South, and West: 1920. 292 
Tenure, per cent distribution by: 
Farm land (all) , by states — 

1910 _ 255 

1920 255 

Farmers, colored — 

By states: 1920 260 

In the South: 1900-1920 260 

, white — 

By states: 1920 260 

In the South: 1900-1920 260 

Farms, number of, by states — 

1910 254 

1920 254 

Farms and farm acreage, for the North, South, and 

West: 1920 292 

Farms in the United States : 1880-1920 260 

Tobacco, production of, 15 leading states: 1919 and 1909. 282 

Total area in farms, center of : 1850-1920 137 

Tuberculosis of the lungs and Tuberculosis, all other 

forms. See Death rates. 
Tumor. See Death rates. 
Typhoid fever. See Death rates. 



47(5 



STATISTICAL ATLAS. 



Plate No. 
Unimproved and improved land in farms, and land not in 
farms: 

By states: 1920 and 1910 241 

In the United States: 1850-1920 241 

Unimproved land area in farms, relative proportion of im- 
proved and, to the total land area of the United States: 

1850-1920 239 

United States, geographic divisions: 1920 2 

original area and acquisitions of territory : 1790-1920 1 

Urban and rural population: 1880-1920 143 

Urban population : 

Center of: 1910 and 1920 121 

Increase in, by classes of cities: 1890-1920 143 

Per cent in total population, by states — 

1890 141 

1900 141 

1910 140 

1920 140 

1890-1920 142 

1920 and 1910 139 

Urban territory in 1910, per cent of increase in population 

of, by states: 1900-1910 144 

in 1920, per cent of increase in population of, by 

states: 1910-1920 144 

Value, average, of all farm crops per farm, by states: 1919 

and 1909 280 

average, per acre of crops with acreage reports, by 

states: 1919 and 1909 280 

Value added by manufacture, by states: 1919 and 1914_ 344 
Value of implements and machinery, per acre of improved 

land in farms, by states: 1920 253 

live stock, per acre of all land in farms, by states: 

1920 253 

Value of products, agriculture: 

By states: 1920 252 

Dairy products sold by farmers in 1919 276 

Farm crops, all, by states — 

1909 279 

1919and 1909 279 

Vegetables raised for sale, 12 leading states: 1919 282 

manufactures : 

All manufactured and proportional value — 

For each geographic division: 1919, 1914, 1909, 

1904, and 1899 342 

For each group: 1919, 1914, 1909, 1904, and 

1899 345 

By states — 

1919 350 

1919 and 1914 , 343 

Groups of industries: 1919, 1914, and 1909 346 



Plate No. 
Value of products, manufactures — Continued. 

Leading industries: 1919 and 1914 347 

mining industries: 

By states — 

1919 352 

1919, 1909, 1902 351 

Leading industries — 
By states — 

1909 354 

1919 353 

In 1919, 1909, and 1902 352 

Per cent distribution of — 

By geographic divisions: 1919 351 

By mining industries: 1919 352 

Vegetables raised for sale, value of, 12 leading states: 1919. 282 
Violent deaths. See Death rates. 
Wage earners, average number: 

By industries employing over 40,000 wage earners: 

1919 and 1914 349 

By states: 1919 and 1914 348 

Wales. See England, etc. 
Wheat production: 

Center of: 1850-1920 137 

15 leading states: 1919 and 1909 281 

In 1919 284 

In United States: 1849-1919 281 

White farm tenants and owners, in the South, by age : 1920 . 264 
White farmers, foreign-born, in the United States, by 

country of birth: 1920 and 1910 264 

per cent distribution by tenure, by states: 1920 260 

per cent of farm land operated by tenants, by states: 

1920 262 

per cent operating rented farms, by states: 1920 261 

White farmers in the South, per cent distribution, by 

tenure: 1900-1920 260 

White population, per cent of native white of native par- 
entage in, by states: 

1910 147 

1920 147 

total, distribution by age periods and sex for certain 

principal population classes: 1920 191 

Whooping cough. See Death rates. 

Women, foreign white, 21 years of age and over, born in 
specified countries or groups of countries, citizenship of: 

1920 212 

See also Females. 
Wool produced on farms, 16 leading states: 1919andl909_ 277 
Yiddish and Hebrew, distribution of foreign white stock 
having specified mother tongues, for selected states: 

1920 and 1910 210 

Zinc. See Lead, etc. 



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U.S. Bur. of the Census. Census 
Statistical atlas of A 
the United States. 8069 

UN3 
1925 



CB/Bureau of the Census Library 



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